Take the 2-minute tour ×
Database Administrators Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for database professionals who wish to improve their database skills and learn from others in the community. It's 100% free, no registration required.

I am running mysql server in master/slave configuration mode. There are multiple slaves replicating from a master. They are working fine and their replication status is monitored.

One of the slaves serves for a special purpose. The devs have given me a set of update queries to be run on replicated slave db on slave A.

They are updating old records in a table in a db (modifying a column data for lot of records).

Questions

  • Is there any way I can figure out if the given query will break the replication ?
  • For the future, how do I determine if the query will break the replication or not ?
share|improve this question
add comment

1 Answer 1

Given that MySQL Replication is dual-thread, it is importatnt to recognize how Replication looks when it is broken. There are four main topics is this area

SQL Thread Dies

The SQL Thread is responsible for

  • Getting the Next SQL Statement fromt the Relay Logs
  • Executing the SQL Statement
  • Rotating Relay Logs by Deleting any Relay Log that had all its SQL Entries Executed

If any SQL error happens, the SQL Thread simply dies and the following is posted to its Slave Status:

  • Error Number
  • Error Message
  • SQL statement that experienced the Error
  • Current database
  • Master Log File where the SQL Originated
  • Master Log Position where the SQL Originated

This gives an opportunity to troubleshoot, skip the error, run the SQL statement by hand, start replication back up. Sometimes it may be a SQL-based error, such as error 1062 (Duplicate Key). Other times, it may be related to the Storage Engine or the OS.

To figure out if an SQL statement will break replication, you should take any DML (INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE) and make a corresponding SELECT using the WHERE clause of the DML. Then, run that SELECT to see if the data you are about to manipulate really exists or not.

I/O Thread Dies

The I/O Thread is responsible for four(4) things:

  • Downloading SQL from the Binary Log Entries of a Master
  • Recording SQL into its Local Relay Logs as a FIFO queue
  • Acknowledging Communication Failure
  • Attempting the Reestablish of I/O Thread

Any network latency may cause the I/O Thread to simply die and retry connection. Once a while under those circumstances, the Slave's viewpoint of the Master's log file and position (as logged in its relay logs) may be out-of-sync with what Master actually recorded in its binary logs.

Other side effects may include corrupt relay log entries

  • caused by bad network transmission, which can be corrected by running CHANGE MASTER TO from the last SQL statement from the Master that the Slave executed.
  • caused by corrupt binary log entries on the Master which was successfully transmitted to the relay logs, which can be corrected by
    • RESET MASTER; on the Master to Zap all binary logs
    • setting up replication from the new current binary log
    • using pt-table-sync to correct differences

Temporary Table Usage

Troubleshooting this is like playing "pin the tail on donkey". Most developers are unaware of this until it happens and you try to fix it not realizing where the cause of this began. Here is the scenation: If you use CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE on a Master, it will replicate to the Slave. During the time the table is in use, it will be kept in existence in the SQL Thread. If you issue STOP SLAVE;, the SQL Thread is voluntarily killed along with all temporary tables the SQL Thread was holding. You do not realize that this has occurred until you issue START SLAVE; and the SQL Threads dies again because the needed temp table no longer exists.

To fix this, you have perform surgery on the master's binary logs and replication as follows:

  • Step 01) Locate the exact log file and position the CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE was issued on the Master
  • Step 02) Locate the name of the database that the CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE was meant for
  • Create the table using CREATE TABLE instead of CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE
  • Step 03) Run CHANGE MASTER TO using the file and position from Step 01
  • Step 04) Run START SLAVE; until Replication catches up or another table's nonexistence (due to CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE) breaks replication for this same issue
  • Step 05) If replication breaks again because of CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE on a different table, go back to Step 01

Network Inconsiderations

Once upon a time, there was a tendency for MySQL to say Replication was running when, in fact, it was not. This can happen when the network has intermittency that may delay data transmission of binary logs but not severe enough to timeout the I/O Thread. Since the MySQL process can be inconsiderate by being a little insensitive to the network, I affectionately call this "Network Inconsideration". While the bug report on this is closed, it is good to have multiple ways to check MySQL Replication as to its ability to run, especially the I/O Thread. Using MySQL 5.5, you could adjust the sensitivity of the I/O Thread using the the heartbeat and timeout parameters centered around Semisynchronous Replication.

share|improve this answer
    
+1 from me really a very researched answer. –  Abdul Manaf Jan 4 '12 at 12:33
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.