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I have previously saved a copy of /var/lib/mysql/ddms directory ("ddms" is the schema name). Now I installed a new MySQL on a freshly installed Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS by running apt-get install mysql-server, I believe version 5.1 was installed. After I copy the ddms directory under /var/lib/mysql, some of its tables work fine, these are the tables with an associated set of three files: a .frm file, a .MYD file and a .MYI file.

However, there are two tables with a different set of files: a .frm file and a .ibd file. These two tables didn't show up in the table list in phpMyAdmin. When I look at the error log, it says:

[ERROR] Cannot find or open table ddms/dictionary_item from
the internal data dictionary of InnoDB though the .frm file for the
table exists. Maybe you have deleted and recreated InnoDB data
files but have forgotten to delete the corresponding .frm files
of InnoDB tables, or you have moved .frm files to another database?
or, the table contains indexes that this version of the engine
doesn't support.

Please help with restoring these two tables. Thanks.

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migrated from stackoverflow.com Apr 23 '12 at 2:40

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2 Answers

InnoDB tables cannot be copied the same way that MyISAM tables can.

Just copying the .frm and .ibd files from one location to another is asking for trouble. Copying the .frm and .ibd file of an InnoDB table is only good if and only if you can guarantee that the tablespace id of the .ibd file matches exactly with the tablespace id entry in the metdata of the ibdata1 file.

I wrote two posts in DBA StackExchange about this tablespace id concept

Here is excellent link on how to reattach any .ibd file to ibdata1 in the event of mismatched tablespace ids : http://www.chriscalender.com/?tag=innodb-error-tablespace-id-in-file. After reading this, you should come to the immediate realization that copying .ibd files is just plain crazy.

You could apply the suggestions from the Chris Calendar link, or you could go back to the old installation of mysql, startup up mysql, and then mysqldump the ddms database. Then, import that mysqldump into your new mysql instance. Trust me, this would be far easier.

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I recently experienced this same issue. Here are the steps I used to solve it without having to mess around with the tablespace id as RolandoMySQLDBA mentions above. I'm on a Mac and so I used MAMP in order to restore the Database to a point where I could export it in a MySQL dump.

You can read the full blog post about it here: http://www.quora.com/Jordan-Ryan/Web-Dev/How-to-Recover-innoDB-MySQL-files-using-MAMP-on-a-Mac

You must have:

-ibdata1

-ib_logfile0

-ib_logfile1

-.FRM files from your mysql_database folder

-Fresh installation of MAMP / MAMP Pro that you are willing to destroy (if need be)

  1. SSH into your web server (dev, production, no difference) and browse to your mysql folder (mine was at /var/lib/mysql for a Plesk installation on Linux)
  2. Compress the mysql folder
  3. Download an archive of mysql folder which should contain all mySQL databases, whether MyISAM or innoDB (you can scp this file, or move this to a downloadable directory, if need be)
  4. Install MAMP (Mac, Apache, MySQL, PHP)
  5. Browse to /Applications/MAMP/db/mysql/
  6. Backup /Applications/MAMP/db/mysql to a zip archive (just in case)
  7. Copy in all folders and files included in the archive of the mysql folder from the production server (mt Plesk environment in my case) EXCEPT DO NOT OVERWRITE:

    -/Applications/MAMP/db/mysql/mysql/

    -/Applications/MAMP/db/mysql/mysql_upgrade_info

    -/Applications/MAMP/db/mysql/performance_schema

  8. And voila, you now should be able to access the databases from phpMyAdmin, what a relief!

But we're not done, you now need to perform a mysqldump in order to restore these files to your production environment, and the phpmyadmin interface times out for large databases. Follow the steps here:

http://nickhardeman.com/308/export-import-large-database-using-mamp-with-terminal/

Copied below for reference. Note that on a default MAMP installation, the password is "root".

How to run mysqldump for MAMP using Terminal

EXPORT DATABASE FROM MAMP[1]

Step One: Open a new terminal window

Step Two: Navigate to the MAMP install by entering the following line in terminal cd /applications/MAMP/library/bin Hit the enter key

Step Three: Write the dump command ./mysqldump -u [USERNAME] -p [DATA_BASENAME] > [PATH_TO_FILE] Hit the enter key

Example:

./mysqldump -u root -p wp_database > /Applications/MAMP/htdocs/symposium10_wp/wp_db_onezero.sql

Quick tip: to navigate to a folder quickly you can drag the folder into the terminal window and it will write the location of the folder. It was a great day when someone showed me this.

Step Four: This line of text should appear after you hit enter Enter password: So guess what, type your password, keep in mind that the letters will not appear, but they are there Hit the enter key

Step Five: Check the location of where you stored your file, if it is there, SUCCESS Now you can import the database, which will be outlined next.

Now that you have an export of your mysql database you can import it on the production environment.

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+1 for the sheer bravery and effectiveness of your bold approach. –  RolandoMySQLDBA Mar 12 at 15:14
    
Thanks @RolandoMySQLDBA –  jordan8037310 Apr 2 at 3:53
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