While shrinking is dangerous indeed for the reasons mentioned here. There is a happy medium between Jimbo's answer and John's answer... You should always seriously consider whether or not you want to shrink your database.
In an ideal world - you'd create your DB with plenty of free space to grow into. I call this "Right Sizing" your database. You would allow this free space to be there and not strive to give it back and keep your total size right at your used size.. Why? Because your database will eventually grow again.. Then you'll shrink again.. And you'll be stuck in this horrible pattern of useless shrinks followed by growths - and the entire time, as a few have pointed out, you'll be increasing your index fragmentation.
I've blogged about this where I admonished folks to "Don't touch that shrink button!" but sometimes... Sometimes you need to. If you have a large database, just freed significant space and don't expect to grow back into it ever - well then it is okay to consider shrinking as a one time operation as long as you can take care of your index fragmentation afterwards through rebuilding them. The shrink operation can be time consuming so you'd want to plan it for a time where you can pay that price of a shrink running. The approach of creating an empty DB and copying data into it works - but that can become very difficult with larger databases and a lot of data.
If you plan on adding that space back to the DB through normal usage and growth patterns into the future, then you may just want to leave the space there.
You said you "cleared" your transaction log. I'd be curious to know how you did this but as you read the post I shared and the others in the series you'll see some tips on transaction log management. But in short - if you are in Full Recovery mode you should be taking regular log backups to keep the log reusing itself. Otherwise - with no log backups while in Full Mode - the log file keeps growing and growing and growing and always saves what you've done because you told SQL you don't just want to maintain that log for crash recovery but want to keep a manual backup of it to replay transactions/undo transactions to recover to a specific point in time for recovery purposes... If you are in simple and seeing the log grow excessively, this can be a sign (typically) that you are doing a LOT of work in one transaction (whether you said
BEGIN TRAN ... do work.... COMMIT TRAN or whether you just issued one big
DELETE statement and deleted a whole mess of data in one implicit transaction.)
I am also assuming that you are looking for this free space on your file system. If you are looking for it within SQL and within that large file you have - it could be that you are waiting on ghost cleanup to complete if looking immediately after your operation. Paul Randal blogs about Ghost Cleanup.