When you log on Oracle database with SQLplus, it looks for a login.sql file in the current directory. If the file exists, it's executed.
It's usefull to set preferences...
There is an equivalent when I log to a PostgreSQL database with psql ?
Yes, there is. It's stored in
More details in the manual: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/app-psql.html#AEN85369