I've been fortunate enough to have the use of a 20GB Linode instance running Ubuntu 64 bit. I want to try to optimize PostGres for this service, but I don't know what I should prioritize changing.
I have several datasets of 20,000 or so rows and the calculations that are being performed are memory intensive queries (spatial analyses) with a small number of rows being written after each request. The total number of users is very small (10 - 50).
I've read through this article on the Postgresql site but I don't know enough about how this works, to know what I should prioritize. I've also looked at advice on what to change for geo type work here.
For example, I tried changing the
200MB (which is much less than 75% of 20GB). This resulted in the following error message:
- Restarting PostgreSQL 9.1 database server
- The PostgreSQL server failed to start. Please check the log output: 2013-03-10 12:21:58 EDT FATAL: could not create shared memory segment: Invalid argument 2013-03-10 12:21:58 EDT DETAIL: Failed system call was shmget(key=5432001, size=47742976, 03600). 2013-03-10 12:21:58 EDT HINT: This error usually means that PostgreSQL's request for a shared memory segment exceeded your kernel's SHMMAX parameter. You can either reduce the request size or reconfigure the kernel with larger SHMMAX. To reduce the request size (currently 47742976 bytes), reduce PostgreSQL's shared memory usage, perhaps by reducing shared_buffers or max_connections. If the request size is already small, it's possible that it is less than your kernel's SHMMIN parameter, in which case raising the request size or reconfiguring SHMMIN is called for. The PostgreSQL documentation contains more information about shared memory configuration.
I returned this to it's original value and tried changing:
work_mem = 50MB maintenance_work_mem = 256MB
My problem is that I don't know which values I should try changing, or how I should prioritize which values are key to experiment with and test. What should I specifically do to optimize this database?