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I am encountering deadlocks while trying to update multiple rows (a batch) using INSERT..ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE. Does MySQL lock all the rows in one batch or does it lock only the row it is updating at a point of time?

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This would depend on the Storage Engine.

  • MyISAM : Table-level locks are performed. Consequently, all rows are locked.

  • InnoDB : Row-level locks are employed. Since InnoDB is transactional, all rows are locked implcitly. Those locks would be visible when you run SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS\G. If you want to manually lock those rows beforehand to prevent sharing, you could run SELECT ... FOR UPDATE.

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