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So I'm wanting to summarize the balance of the accounts in my business application. My (simplified for our purposes) data model looks like:

--Main account table that holds the single accounts
create table account (
id int primary key,
descr varchar(50))

--This table holds the budgeted amount for the account.  This table also holds the
--'actual' adopted amount.  The difference is that budgeted is what they thought it
--should be, while adopted is what the board accepted.  They can be different
create table account_amount (
id int primary key,
acct_id int foreign key references account (id),
amount money,
type tinyint)

--Each monitary action against an account is contained here.  This is the transactional
create table account_journal (
id int primary key,
acct_id int foreign key references account (id),
amount money)

I want to create a view to summarize the balance for me, so I've got something like this:

create view account_balance as
select, isnull(aaBudgeted.amount,0) as budgeted, isnull(aaAlloted.amount,0) as alloted
, sum(isnull(aj.amount,0)) as journaled_activity,
, isnull(aaAlloted.amount,0) + sum(isnull(aj.amount,0)) as balance
from account a left join acct_amount aaBudgeted on = aaBudgeted.acct_id
and aaBudgeted.type = 2
left join acct_amount aaAlloted on = aaAlloted.acct_id
and aaAlloted.type = 1 and aaAlloted.is_current = 1
left join acct_journal aj on aj.acct_id =
where a.fiscal_year = 2012
group by, aaBudgeted.amount, aaAlloted.amount

My question has to with the:

isnull(aaAlloted.amount,0) + sum(isnull(aj.amount,0)) as balance

line above. Do I want to be referencing an aggregate column twice like this? Is SQL Server 2k (don't get me started) smart enough to NOT sum the values twice? What are my options?

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Not sure if you're willing to re-structure the query, and I haven't really parsed the query myself, but if you want to be safe you can always use subqueries. I typically do that not just to avoid any potential optimizer ambiguities but also because I'm lazy. – Aaron Bertrand Sep 9 '11 at 18:38
Definitely an option. Let's say though that I wanted to make this an indexed view, then that would prevent the sub querey and the summing of nullable fields. – Nick DeVore Sep 9 '11 at 18:48
You've already eliminated the possibility of it being an indexed view - SUM(), left joins, etc. – Aaron Bertrand Sep 9 '11 at 18:51
up vote 2 down vote accepted

The aggregate will only be calculated once, so you're ok as you are. That said, I tend to use a subquery (as per @Aaron's comment) but purely for readability.

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