The following excerpt is from Oracle concepts. Maybe this is a stupid question, but I really need your help to understand it.
My question is:
- What's does the thread mean in the context thread checkpoints?
- Does it means redo log thread(all redo log files that belong to a specific instance)?
- What does a certain target means?
Thanks all! English is not my mother tongue, and I feel a little difficult to fully understand this.
When Oracle Database Initiates Checkpoints The checkpoint process (CKPT) is responsible for writing checkpoints to the data file headers and control file. Checkpoints occur in a variety of situations. For example, Oracle Database uses the following types of checkpoints: ■ Thread checkpoints ^^^^^^ The database writes to disk all buffers modified by redo in a specific thread before ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ a certain target. The set of thread checkpoints on all instances in a database is ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ a database checkpoint. Thread checkpoints occur in the following situations: – Consistent database shutdown – ALTER SYSTEM CHECKPOINT statement – Online redo log switch – ALTER DATABASE BEGIN BACKUP statement ■ Tablespace and data file checkpoints The database writes to disk all buffers modified by redo before a specific target. A tablespace checkpoint is a set of data file checkpoints, one for each data file in the tablespace. These checkpoints occur in a variety of situations, including making a tablespace read-only or taking it offline normal, shrinking a data file, or executing ALTER TABLESPACE BEGIN BACKUP. ■ Incremental checkpoints An incremental checkpoint is a type of thread checkpoint partly intended to avoid writing large numbers of blocks at online redo log switches. DBWn checks at least every three seconds to determine whether it has work to do. When DBWn writes dirty buffers, it advances the checkpoint position, causing CKPT to write the checkpoint position to the control file, but not to the data file headers. Other types of checkpoints include instance and media recovery checkpoints and checkpoints when schema objects are dropped or truncated.