A collation is a set of rules that determine how data is sorted and compared for comparing characters in a character set.

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Converting a Unicode value to a non-Unicode value (SQL Server)

Unicode 9619 is a character called "Dark shade" (http://unicode-table.com/en/search/?q=9619) ▓. Using the SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS collation and 1252 code page, I would expect that casting / ...
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SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 Execution Plan not getting missing index suggestions

I have several SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2 that have server collation Latin1_General_BIN. These instances will not give me the missing index suggestion with performing an execution plan. I have other ...
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What's the meaning of the Collation Code (blank, 90, 100, 110) in SQL Server 2012

During the installation of SQL Server 2012, in the Collation tab, i can choose between French_CI_AS and French_100_CI_AS. What do they mean and which one is newer? When there's no Code, is it newer ...
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Custom Collation on MySQL Unknown

I've created a new collation as per the instructions mysql. In fact this tutorial was the exact use-case I needed. I've added the collation, and restarted mysql. When I try to run ALTER TABLE ...
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SQL Server Collation for Arabic, Hebrew, English and French

I have new SQL Server database which need to have support in 3 different languages. What character sets and collations do I need to choose if I want my database to support the following: Hebrew ...
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1answer
43 views

Cannot remove char 0x00 from NVARCHAR column

So , I know all about the Replace function and a bug with char(0). I have a column (NVARCHAR(128)) that has some CHAR(0x00) from a bad import. I'm using SQL Server 2008 R2 The collation for the ...
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33 views

Speed up changing of collation?

I'm trying to change collation on all our databases, and doing it on one of the databases (~15gb) took me 42 minutes in testing even though I put it on SSD disc. Do anyone know any way to speed it up? ...
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52 views

PL/pgSQL - Indexes vs Collation vs Pattern Ops

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.3. Having already read articles and answers on DBA stackexchange: Why would you index text pattern ops on a text column PostgreSQL documentation: Indexes - Opclass Pattern ...
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19 views

MySQL,- changing collation causes big problems

For one of my tables I have changed the collation from latin1_swedish_ci to utf8-unicode_ci. Then one of my queries, run from a synchronization script, ran amok. It cause sessions to lockup and not be ...
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2answers
66 views

Using collate: When to use and when not to use

In one of my applications we had tsql like shown below SELECT DISTINCT [Dblist].[DbName] AS [DbName] FROM [Common].dbo.[Dblist] WHERE dbname not in ( SELECT [name] FROM ...
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Treating certain Arabic characters as identical

In Arabic we have characters like ا (alef) and أ (alef with hamza). Users write them interchangeably and we want to search them interchangeably. SQL Server treats them as separate characters. How ...
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46 views

Should I use utf8_unicode_ci or utf8_slovak_ci?

I was using utf8_slovak_ci collation until now, but I read that utf8_unicode_ci sorts very wide range of languages. Does it mean, I do not need to use separate collation for every language and I can ...
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82 views

Avoiding Functions() in the Where clause

Okay, while analyzing queries against a SQL Server 2008 R2 database, I happened upon the following query: (@p__linq__0 nvarchar(4000)) SELECT TOP (1) [Extent1].[OrderSOId] AS [OrderSOId], [Extent1] ...
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1answer
63 views

Does changing the collation of a column change TIMESTAMP (rowversion) values?

I need to run ALTER TABLE ... ALTER COLUMN ... COLLATE Czech_CI_AS ... for multiple columns in a database. All those tables have TIMESTAMP column which is used for database synchronization. Will ...
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1answer
56 views

In DB2 LUW 9.5, is there any way to change the collating sequence without recreating the db?

The documentation says "no" :-) I'm looking for some heady old DBA to whisper dark secrets about cludgy hacks that I'll get fired for sure for using ;-)
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66 views

Python - ascii encoding error when updating field content in SQL Server table

I know there are plenty of posts and blog explanations about unicode errors, but I still can't figure out to handle it in my particular case. I've already asked this question on GIS.StackExchange but ...
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1answer
196 views

Why is there a collation conflict between system views

I'm using the following statement to retrieve a list of triggers from the database: select tr.name from sys.triggers tr union all select tr.name from sys.server_triggers tr; However on my local SQL ...
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35 views

How can I find duplicate key violations in a different collation?

I have a MySQL table that has the collation for one of its varchar columns in the primary key set to utf8_general_ci. I want to change the collation to utf8_unicode_ci so it stops treating "gmail.com" ...
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53 views

utf8mb4 in SQL Server Express

We have some web applications based on databases using utf8mb4 as character set and utf8mb4_Standard as collation. We saw that we can use any character we want with this setting. In SQL Server ...
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2answers
3k views

How to choose a collation for international database?

I'm designing a database which will store data in different languages (using UTF-8), so I think the best way to display the queries results is ordering it according to the user's language during the ...
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2answers
106 views

Thai and English in a postgresql

I have a postgresql DB with Thai and English values/strings in several tables. Currently I have the following settings | Encoding | Collate | Ctype | | UTF8 | en_US.UTF-8 | en_US.UTF-8 ...
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1answer
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Moving from SQL 2005 [SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS] to 2008 - will I lose any features by using 'backwards compatibility'

We're moving from SQL 2005 [Instance and DB have collation of SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS] to SQL 2008 [which defaults to Latin1_General_CI_AS]. I completed a SQL 2008 R2 installation, and used ...
4
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1answer
165 views

SQL Server: TSQL or safe steps needed: Change collation en masse for group of tables

Looking for a safe TSQL (preferred) or safe steps (rather automated if possible) to change collation on dozens of tables in one throw. Background: We have a db, SQL Server 2005, with ~100 tables. ...
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800 views

Inserting Serbian Latin and Cyrillic characters

I am using SQL Server 2012 Express as part of my asp.net development workstation. Database and table collation is set to Latin1_General_CI_AI. Attribute types are nvarchar(max) and varchar(max). ...
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MySQL: Illegal mix of collations

I've tried using a stored procedure to create indices, and got the following error: ERROR 1267 (HY000): Illegal mix of collations (utf8_general_ci,IMPLICIT) and ...
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83 views

DB collation is used for comparison instead of column collation

I am moving data from one SQL Server to another. lets call them source and destination SQL server. The source SQL Server has collation SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS and the destination has collation ...
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1answer
44 views

SORT_SEQUENCE is wrong in as400 library indexes. Can this cause performance issues?

I have 4 AS400s running JDEdwards. Lately a performance issue occured as described here: AS400 Performace issue Although i am not an expert in AS400 , i tried to find out the cause. I think it came ...
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Why would you index text_pattern_ops on a text column?

Today Seven Databases in Seven Weeks introduced me to per-operator indexes. You can index strings for pattern matching the previous queries by creating a text_pattern_ops operator class index, as ...
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1answer
2k views

Set value of character_set_client to utf8mb4

I'm trying to convert my DB to utf8mb4 by following this guide. I have set: [client] default-character-set = utf8mb4 [mysql] default-character-set = utf8mb4 [mysqld] init-connect='SET NAMES ...
5
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636 views

sql_slovak_cp1250_ci_as vs Slovak_CI_AS

Can someone explain to me what is the difference between collation sql_slovak_cp1250_ci_as vs Slovak_CI_AS? I have a db set to sql_slovak_cp1250_ci_as and shared hosting supports only Slovak_CI_AS. ...
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149 views

mysql/mariadb: ifnull changes collation

It seems that 'ifnull' changes the default collation that is set to be used. I have tried on both mysql and mariadb: Server version: 5.5.34-MariaDB-1~precise-log mariadb.org binary distribution ...
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1answer
51 views

PosgtreSQL - Change multiple fields collation in one query

I have small database with few text fields with "default" collation. I don't want to recreate database. What is the query to alter all problematic fields at once? To change the single one I can use ...
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2k views

MySQL - Server collation utf8_unicode_ci vs table collation utf8_bin: compatibility and performance

I'm not sure whether this belongs to SE DBA, but it sounds more logical ... Our MySQL 5.5.32 on Ubuntu 12.04 64 uses utf8_unicode_ci for the Server collation and some tables, like phpBB3, uses ...
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Multiple charsets and Collations for a Multinational Database

After decades of business speaking with companies that adhere to the general Latin1 Collation, my company is facing the issue of storing information in a different charset and collation: Greek. So, ...
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Recover original utf8 data from latin1 mysql db [duplicate]

We forgot to change charsets in our mysql db after migration on new server. Current situation: mysql> show variables like 'character%'; +--------------------------+----------------------------+ | ...
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697 views

Why are there different levels of MySQL collation/charsets?

Looking at the MySQL server variables the server and database collation are set to latin1_swedish_ci but the collaction_connection is utf8_general_ci. Additionally, the collation/charset is set at ...
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67 views

MySQL hang during “show collation” on Amazon RDS

MySQL is hanging when I try to do SHOW COLLATION on my Amazon RDS instance. I can use SHOW COLLATION fine with my local database, and other SQL commands work fine on my RDS instance. But Amazon SHOW ...
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109 views

Implicitly (or proxy) convert to Nvarchar on incoming queries from legacy or 3rd party applications

We have a 3rd party application of which we don't have the source code. This application executes queries on our database without using the "N" prefix before literal strings. It does this in inserts ...
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875 views

changing TEMPORARY TABLE default collation

when I use CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE to create a temporary table, the collation of this table is utf8_unicode_ci by default. why by default it is utf8_unicode_ci? How can I change the default?
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SQL Server 2000 dateformat permanent change

I am using SQL Server 2000 for an old system web site. I've just hit an issue that is going to cause me endless hassles down the road. When I installed the server on my local system I took all the ...
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Dutch characters in DB2 problem

Ok, first of all, I have really limited knowledge about databases. Problem that I have is next: I inserted few rows with data that contains Dutch characters, such as names of different countries. ...
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Why are non-digits LIKE [0-9]?

My server's default collation is Latin1_General_CI_AS, as determined by this query: SELECT SERVERPROPERTY('Collation') AS Collation; I was surprised to discover that with this collation I can match ...
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1answer
216 views

Server default collation change or not change

The default collation of our new server is SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS. However the collation of the other databases which are used as the source to migrate data into the target databases on this ...
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How can I change collation for all tables and columns in MySQL database?

I have a problem with MySQL collation. It turns out that MySQL uses latin1_swedish_ci by default. Collation setup step has been missed on MySQL database instantiation for some reason. Thus, ...
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Correct Code Page or Collation in SQL Server for Portuguese characters

I'm inserting data (Bulk insert and merge update) for a Portuguese data source (CSV files) into my database. Although the DB collation is Latin1-General, case-insensitive, accent-sensitive, ...
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MySQL collate error occurs when sent by PHP app but does not occur in phpMyAdmin

I have a query that uses: t3.`value` LIKE "%someval%" COLLATE utf8_general_ci I load the page in my browser and get this error printed to the screen: COLLATION 'utf8_general_ci' is not valid for ...
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How to determine the collation of a table in PostgreSQL?

I want to script a check of the collations used on my tables in PostgreSQL, but googling for Postgresql detect collation is not working well for me, and the documentation is not making this an easy ...
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593 views

SQL Server: Collation of the resource database

I'm trying to use stopwords so that some words are skipped by the Full-Text Indexer. I can add those stopwords in the table sys.fulltext_stopwords. When trying to get a list of stopwords and ...
9
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SQL Server 2005/2008 UTF-8 Collation/Charset

I can't find option(s) directly to set UTF-8 rellated Collations/Charsets in SQL Server 2005/2008, same as is possible to set in another SQL engines, but in SQL Server 2005/2008 are there only Latin ...