A collation is a set of rules that determine how data is sorted and compared for comparing characters in a character set.

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Should I use utf8_unicode_ci or utf8_slovak_ci?

I was using utf8_slovak_ci collation until now, but I read that utf8_unicode_ci sorts very wide range of languages. Does it mean, I do not need to use separate collation for every language and I can ...
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Custom Collation on MySQL Unknown

I've created a new collation as per the instructions mysql. In fact this tutorial was the exact use-case I needed. I've added the collation, and restarted mysql. When I try to run ALTER TABLE ...
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How can I find duplicate key violations in a different collation?

I have a MySQL table that has the collation for one of its varchar columns in the primary key set to utf8_general_ci. I want to change the collation to utf8_unicode_ci so it stops treating "gmail.com" ...
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Implicitly (or proxy) convert to Nvarchar on incoming queries from legacy or 3rd party applications

We have a 3rd party application of which we don't have the source code. This application executes queries on our database without using the "N" prefix before literal strings. It does this in inserts ...
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Converting a Unicode value to a non-Unicode value (SQL Server)

Unicode 9619 is a character called "Dark shade" (http://unicode-table.com/en/search/?q=9619). Using the SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS collation and 1252 code page, I would expect that casting / ...
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PL/pgSQL - Indexes vs Collation vs Pattern Ops

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.3. Having already read articles and answers on DBA stackexchange: Why would you index text pattern ops on a text column PostgreSQL documentation: Indexes - Opclass Pattern ...
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Avoiding Functions() in the Where clause

Okay, while analyzing queries against a SQL Server 2008 R2 database, I happened upon the following query: (@p__linq__0 nvarchar(4000)) SELECT TOP (1) [Extent1].[OrderSOId] AS [OrderSOId], [Extent1] ...
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SQL fulltext accent insensitive

I am using SQL Server fulltext containstable and the column which is indexed has collation Czech_CS_AS, so why when I have word "byt" it returns records with word "být" too. I thought that the ...
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mysql/mariadb: ifnull changes collation

It seems that 'ifnull' changes the default collation that is set to be used. I have tried on both mysql and mariadb: Server version: 5.5.34-MariaDB-1~precise-log mariadb.org binary distribution ...
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MySQL hang during “show collation” on Amazon RDS

MySQL is hanging when I try to do SHOW COLLATION on my Amazon RDS instance. I can use SHOW COLLATION fine with my local database, and other SQL commands work fine on my RDS instance. But Amazon SHOW ...
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SQL Server: Collation of the resource database

I'm trying to use stopwords so that some words are skipped by the Full-Text Indexer. I can add those stopwords in the table sys.fulltext_stopwords. When trying to get a list of stopwords and ...
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What would make a MySQL database create tables in a different collation other than its default?

I am adding tables to a Wordpress database on my localhost and it is changing my collation from utf8_general_ci to latin1_swedish_ci. I'm kinda stumped because I'm not familiar with working directly ...
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Why not use SQL_Latin1_General_CI_AS for a global system?

What would be some really good reasons to not use the SQL_Latin1_General_CI_AS collation on a system which handles English, German, Japanese, and Chinese data? I'm having a really hard time finding ...
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Python - ascii encoding error when updating field content in SQL Server table

I know there are plenty of posts and blog explanations about unicode errors, but I still can't figure out to handle it in my particular case. I've already asked this question on GIS.StackExchange but ...
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utf8mb4 in SQL Server Express

We have some web applications based on databases using utf8mb4 as character set and utf8mb4_Standard as collation. We saw that we can use any character we want with this setting. In SQL Server ...