A collation is a set of rules that determine how data is sorted and compared for comparing characters in a character set.

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How to change SQL Server collation

How could I change the SQL Server 2008 R2 Express Default Collation for the whole server and a particular database? Is there a way to do it using visual interface of SQL Server Management Studio? In ...
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Which collation should I choose for a muiti-language website?

Does a collation have any influence over a query speed? Does the size of a table change depending of the collation? If I want to build a website that must support all possible languages (lets take ...
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Why are non-digits LIKE [0-9]?

My server's default collation is Latin1_General_CI_AS, as determined by this query: SELECT SERVERPROPERTY('Collation') AS Collation; I was surprised to discover that with this collation I can match ...
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SQL Server 2005/2008 UTF-8 Collation/Charset

I can't find option(s) directly to set UTF-8 rellated Collations/Charsets in SQL Server 2005/2008, same as is possible to set in another SQL engines, but in SQL Server 2005/2008 are there only Latin ...
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Treating certain Arabic characters as identical

In Arabic we have characters like ا (alef) and أ (alef with hamza). Users write them interchangeably and we want to search them interchangeably. SQL Server treats them as separate characters. How ...
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Why would you index text_pattern_ops on a text column?

Today Seven Databases in Seven Weeks introduced me to per-operator indexes. You can index strings for pattern matching the previous queries by creating a text_pattern_ops operator class index, as ...
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1answer
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How to determine the collation of a table in PostgreSQL?

I want to script a check of the collations used on my tables in PostgreSQL, but googling for Postgresql detect collation is not working well for me, and the documentation is not making this an easy ...
6
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1answer
515 views

Dependant T-SQL comparison collation

Is there any way to set the collation for a string comparison based on an independent variable or column value? Something akin to SELECT COL1, col2 FROM [TABLE] WHERE COL3 LIKE '%string%' ...
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1answer
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Moving from SQL 2005 [SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS] to 2008 - will I lose any features by using 'backwards compatibility'

We're moving from SQL 2005 [Instance and DB have collation of SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS] to SQL 2008 [which defaults to Latin1_General_CI_AS]. I completed a SQL 2008 R2 installation, and used ...
5
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1answer
785 views

sql_slovak_cp1250_ci_as vs Slovak_CI_AS

Can someone explain to me what is the difference between collation sql_slovak_cp1250_ci_as vs Slovak_CI_AS? I have a db set to sql_slovak_cp1250_ci_as and shared hosting supports only Slovak_CI_AS. ...
5
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1answer
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MySQL: Illegal mix of collations

I've tried using a stored procedure to create indices, and got the following error: ERROR 1267 (HY000): Illegal mix of collations (utf8_general_ci,IMPLICIT) and ...
5
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Is there a (non-binary) MySQL collation that doesn't treat different mathematical symbols as the same character?

I've run into a real headache with MySQL's collations and non-BMP characters (ones with Unicode codepoints above U+FFFF). Basically, given a table and data like: CREATE TABLE `math` ( `id` int(11) ...
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3answers
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Is there a collation to sort the following strings in the following order 1,2,3,6,10,10A,10B,11?

I have a database with a VARCHAR column that contains integers of varying length. I want to sort them so 10 comes after 9, not 1, and 70A comes after 70. I was able do this with PATINDEX(), a CTE, and ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How to choose a collation for international database?

I'm designing a database which will store data in different languages (using UTF-8), so I think the best way to display the queries results is ordering it according to the user's language during the ...
4
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3answers
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SQL Server Collation for Arabic, Hebrew, English and French

I have new SQL Server database which need to have support in 3 different languages. What character sets and collations do I need to choose if I want my database to support the following: Hebrew ...
4
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1answer
396 views

Converting a Unicode value to a non-Unicode value (SQL Server)

Unicode 9619 is a character called "Dark shade" (http://unicode-table.com/en/search/?q=9619) ▓. Using the SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS collation and 1252 code page, I would expect that casting / ...
4
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1answer
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SQL Server: TSQL or safe steps needed: Change collation en masse for group of tables

Looking for a safe TSQL (preferred) or safe steps (rather automated if possible) to change collation on dozens of tables in one throw. Background: We have a db, SQL Server 2005, with ~100 tables. ...
4
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1answer
363 views

How do I resolve Postgresql error, 'no collation was derived for column “foo” with collatable type citext'?

Just recently I upgraded from Postgresql 8.4.11 to 9.1.3. I used pg_dump in the process. Now I'm getting an error: ERROR: no collation was derived for column "vin" with collatable type citext ...
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What's the meaning of the Collation Code (blank, 90, 100, 110) in SQL Server 2012

During the installation of SQL Server 2012, in the Collation tab, i can choose between French_CI_AS and French_100_CI_AS. What do they mean and which one is newer? When there's no Code, is it newer ...
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Installed SQL Server 2000 with wrong collation.. how to correct for entire server instance?

I installed SQL 2000 Developer (yes, old, don't ask) on my laptop ... with the wrong collation. Oops! It's showing Latin1_General_CI_AS, but it turns out I need to use SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS ...
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2answers
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How can I extract a lessequal char from SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS?

When I create a table like this create table char_test( item varchar(10) collate SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS ) go I can store varchars containing ≥ insert into char_test values ('≥'); When ...
3
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1answer
666 views

Dutch characters in DB2 problem

Ok, first of all, I have really limited knowledge about databases. Problem that I have is next: I inserted few rows with data that contains Dutch characters, such as names of different countries. ...
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Multiple charsets and Collations for a Multinational Database

After decades of business speaking with companies that adhere to the general Latin1 Collation, my company is facing the issue of storing information in a different charset and collation: Greek. So, ...
3
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1answer
77 views

PL/pgSQL - Indexes vs Collation vs Pattern Ops

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.3. Having already read articles and answers on DBA stackexchange: Why would you index text pattern ops on a text column PostgreSQL documentation: Indexes - Opclass Pattern ...
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1answer
753 views

Casesensitive vs. Caseinsensitive Collatesequences?

I just started working with the SQLite database places.sqlite. Fact is that this database uses case sensitive collate sequences making writing queries as funny as in Oracle. I want to know, are ...
2
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1answer
56 views

PosgtreSQL - Change multiple fields collation in one query

I have small database with few text fields with "default" collation. I don't want to recreate database. What is the query to alter all problematic fields at once? To change the single one I can use ...
2
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1answer
152 views

Why cp1256 collation is not 1 byte in MySQL?

I've read an article that cp1256 collation takes 1 byte for Arabic characters, but when I created an index on the column that was cp1256 with type of varchar(900), only 767 characters picked up for ...
2
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2answers
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SQL Server 2008 collation arabic

We are currently having a problem loading arabic into a SQL Server 2008 database. We want to load بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ but in the database it changes to بِسْمِ اللَّهِ ...
2
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2answers
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Using collate: When to use and when not to use

In one of my applications we had tsql like shown below SELECT DISTINCT [Dblist].[DbName] AS [DbName] FROM [Common].dbo.[Dblist] WHERE dbname not in ( SELECT [name] FROM ...
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1answer
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Set value of character_set_client to utf8mb4

I'm trying to convert my DB to utf8mb4 by following this guide. I have set: [client] default-character-set = utf8mb4 [mysql] default-character-set = utf8mb4 [mysqld] init-connect='SET NAMES ...
2
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1answer
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What is the impact of LC_CTYPE on a PostgreSQL database?

So, I've few Debian servers with PostgreSQL on it. Historically, those servers and PostgreSQL are localized with the Latin 9 charset and back then it was fine. Now we have to handle things like ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Help Changing Collate of ALL databases

I have approximately 80 Databases with various collations. I would like to modify the collation of all 80 databases. I have the following code: USE [COLLATE_ADM] GO SET ANSI_NULLS ON GO SET ...
2
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1answer
3k views

What's the differences between utf8_general_ci and utf8_unicode_ci and utf8_binary collation in MySQL?

I'm can't find the documentation of MySQL on this topic. Anyone can give some explanations please?
2
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1answer
860 views

Unicode support of PostgreSQL and its performance

How is the Unicode support of PostgreSQL? If I want to save Unicode data does it have to go through the conversion process while storing and retrieving? If yes then what is the performance of such ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Operator “~<~” uses varchar_pattern_ops index while normal ORDER BY clause doesn't?

Let's say I have a table with 1 000 000 records. Structure of table is: create table individual ( id serial primary key, surname varchar(128), "name" varchar(128), patronymic ...
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2answers
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changing TEMPORARY TABLE default collation

when I use CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE to create a temporary table, the collation of this table is utf8_unicode_ci by default. why by default it is utf8_unicode_ci? How can I change the default?
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Why are there different levels of MySQL collation/charsets?

Looking at the MySQL server variables the server and database collation are set to latin1_swedish_ci but the collaction_connection is utf8_general_ci. Additionally, the collation/charset is set at ...
2
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1answer
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SQL Server 2005 collation issue during installation

Every time I try to install SQL Server 2005 on to a Windows 7 machine it installs properly but the collation installed is sql_latin1_general_as instead of sql_latin1_general_cp1_ci_as. I have read ...
2
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1answer
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Should I use utf8_unicode_ci or utf8_slovak_ci?

I was using utf8_slovak_ci collation until now, but I read that utf8_unicode_ci sorts very wide range of languages. Does it mean, I do not need to use separate collation for every language and I can ...
2
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0answers
118 views

Avoiding Functions() in the Where clause

Okay, while analyzing queries against a SQL Server 2008 R2 database, I happened upon the following query: (@p__linq__0 nvarchar(4000)) SELECT TOP (1) [Extent1].[OrderSOId] AS [OrderSOId], [Extent1] ...
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691 views

SQL fulltext accent insensitive

I am using SQL Server fulltext containstable and the column which is indexed has collation Czech_CS_AS, so why when I have word "byt" it returns records with word "být" too. I thought that the ...
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1answer
4k views

Invalid default value for DateTime when changing to utf8_general_ci

I'm trying to run a script to modify a database, this query ALTER TABLE cmContentVersion CONVERT TO CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci; gives this error ERROR 1067 (42000) at line 68: ...
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SQL Server 2000 dateformat permanent change

I am using SQL Server 2000 for an old system web site. I've just hit an issue that is going to cause me endless hassles down the road. When I installed the server on my local system I took all the ...
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Why is there a collation conflict between system views

I'm using the following statement to retrieve a list of triggers from the database: select tr.name from sys.triggers tr union all select tr.name from sys.server_triggers tr; However on my local SQL ...
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Inserting Serbian Latin and Cyrillic characters

I am using SQL Server 2012 Express as part of my asp.net development workstation. Database and table collation is set to Latin1_General_CI_AI. Attribute types are nvarchar(max) and varchar(max). ...
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Correct Code Page or Collation in SQL Server for Portuguese characters

I'm inserting data (Bulk insert and merge update) for a Portuguese data source (CSV files) into my database. Although the DB collation is Latin1-General, case-insensitive, accent-sensitive, ...
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MySQL Duplicate entry for a greek word

I have a column which is unique and when I add Αγάθη and Αγαθή (which are different) it says #1062 - Duplicate entry 'Αγαθή' for key 'word'. My collation is set to utf8_general_ci. Is there any ...
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1answer
141 views

Not able to solve issue: Incorrect string value: '\xC5\xABt\xC4\x97'

I am facing database error Incorrect string value: '\xC5\xABt\xC4\x97'. I did a lot search and tries a few ways, include move from utf8 to utf8mb4. But still not able to solve it. Following are the ...
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MySQL - Server collation utf8_unicode_ci vs table collation utf8_bin: compatibility and performance

I'm not sure whether this belongs to SE DBA, but it sounds more logical ... Our MySQL 5.5.32 on Ubuntu 12.04 64 uses utf8_unicode_ci for the Server collation and some tables, like phpBB3, uses ...
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1answer
65 views

utf8 and utf8mb4

I am converting a few of my tables to utf8mb4 as well as the connection from PHP to MySQL to utf8mb4. This is so that I can support characters used for Emoji in my website. I have two questions ...