A declarative mechanism such as a check or foreign key that enforces some data integrity rule in a database.

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MySQL import LOCK doesn't prevent PRIMARY key issues

I am using Django and only want to backup mysql data (not it's structure; Django will do that, and it will otherwise mess up Django-South's migration checks). Some info; my tables are almost all ...
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2answers
66 views

Postgresql constrains on FK

I am trying to design a (part of a) database which has to accomplish the following: There is a students table, containing a bunch of students. There are educations in the database. Each student can ...
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97 views

How can I achieve a unique constraint with two fields? [duplicate]

I have a table with e.g. Name and IsDeleted fields. I want to add a row constraint so that only one Name value can have IsDeleted as 'false'. There can be many duplicate Name values, but they must all ...
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Why does mysql show Primary key constraint on a View?

As far as I know views cannot have a primary key. However the result of SELECT FROM KEY_COLUMN_USAGE says differ. PRIMARY | S_MOBILE_ITEM_VIEW | ID | ...
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2answers
1k views

Constraints based on other columns

Is it possible to limit what values are allowed in a coulumn based off of other values in the row? For example, my table: ID Test_mode Active -- --------- ------ 1 1 Null 2 0 ...
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156 views

Creating a partial unique constraint for MySQL

I have the same question as asked in a previous post: PostgreSQL multi-column unique constraint and NULL values. But the solution there is not applicable as I am using MySQL instead of PostgreSQL. My ...
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2answers
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Transactions, references and how to enforce double entry bookkeeping? (PG)

Double entry bookkeeping is a set of rules for recording financial information in a financial accounting system in which every transaction or event changes at least two different nominal ...
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3k views

Stored Procedure Create Table from Variable with Variable Constraint

I have managed use a store procedure to create a copy of a table with a variable name. But I am struggling to understand how to incorporate a constraint into the stored procedure. The problem: The ...
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1answer
502 views

Getting error while importing large data through csv

I am new Postgres. I am getting constraint violation errors while importing a large CSV file. I want to disable all of the database constraints temporarily - I do not know how to do this.
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194 views

H2 SELECT NULLABLE or other equivalent to check a column has NOT NULL constraint or not

I would like to check if a column has a NOT NULL constraint in order to start an automated upgrade of the table definition. However in H2 the SQL SELECT NULLABLE FROM TABLE_NAME doesn't return me the ...
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397 views

Custom unique column constraint, only enforced if one column has a specific value

Is it possible to have a custom unique column constraint as follows? Suppose I have two cols, subset and type, both strings (though the data types probably doesn't matter). If type is "true", then ...
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PostgreSQL EXCLUDE USING error: Data type integer has no default operator class

In PostgreSQL 9.2.3 I am trying to create this simplified table: CREATE TABLE test ( user_id INTEGER, startend TSTZRANGE, EXCLUDE USING gist (user_id WITH =, startend WITH &&) ); ...
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337 views

Defining constraints in `CREATE TABLE` statements

Recently I have been using a Database Abstraction Layer built by a Python web-framework called web2py (click for their DAL syntax). They include the option to include your constraints within the ...
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1answer
440 views

SQL Azure: Drop Constraint and Index

This may be a stupid question, but I'm not a DBA and just wanna make sure of what I'm doing before I make a mistake. Here is my question: When dropping Constraints, are their indexes dropped as well? ...
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2answers
661 views

Only one NULL for one part of primary key

I have two date columns : "start date" and "finish date". I want to make sure that there can be only one null value in the "finish date" column (which should be current state if it's NULL) for one ...
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1answer
139 views

Microsoft Access - performance difference between index and constraint?

I've looked around a bit but haven't come across anything talking specifically about MS Access. So: what, if any, is the performance difference between a field with a constraint and a field with an ...
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1answer
157 views

Symmetric self-referential many-to-many

I'm trying to model a hierarchy of categories where a category can have multiple parents ( an overlapping tree model as described in this book ) I have the following tables video_categories int ...
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1answer
445 views

ERROR: Error 1005: Can't create table 'progetto.museo' (errno: 121)

I've found on the web that: You will get this message if you're trying to add a constraint with a name that's already used somewhere else and If the table you're trying to create includes a ...
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1answer
214 views

Is it possible to check all constraints in a MySQL database?

MySQL offers the ability to temporarily disable the foreign key checks, thus allowing inconsistent data to enter the database. Is it possible to check an entire MySQL database, table by table, row by ...
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Optimal way to ignore duplicate inserts?

Background This problem relates to ignoring duplicate inserts using PostgreSQL 9.2 or greater. The reason I ask is because of this code: -- Ignores duplicates. INSERT INTO db_table ...
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1answer
225 views

I need help using hierarchyid datatype and requiring a unique constraint on a varchar field

I want to resolve a bunch of tables that had parent->child->grandchild relationships into a single table using hierarchyid identifiers. Here is what I came up with based on what I had. CREATE ...
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2answers
1k views

SQL set allowed values for a column

I want to make an ALTER TABLE expression which adds a new column and sets a default value and additionaly defines the allowed values for that column. It's a text column, and allowed should be only ...
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1answer
45 views

How to constrain data

I have 3 tables which are related and a constraint on one of them which I can enforce in software but I don't know how to enforce in the database. I have a series of providers who send a set of data. ...
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MySQL unique constraint across two columns

I have a table defining relationships Src smallint(5) unsigned NOT NULL, Dst smallint(5) unsigned NOT NULL, other fields I need to add a constraint that says if a given values is present in one of ...
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1answer
233 views

Restrict record to be update or deleted according to dates inside row for SQL Server 2005

I have transaction replication between two SQL Servers. For testing purposes I deleted a lot of records at the subscriber that still existed at the publisher. I now know that if someone updates, ...
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1answer
61 views

Is it any potential problem with having 2 constraints suppored by one index in Oracle?

I have the following table : CREATE TABLE action (action_id INT NOT NULL, action_type_id INT NOT NULL, action_date DATE NOT NULL); CREATE INDEX IDX_ACTION_ACT_TYPE_ACT ON action(action_id, ...
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Finding violations of the symmetry constraint

Suppose I have a table Friends with columns Friend1ID, Friend2ID. I chose to represent each friendship with two records, say (John, Jeff) and (Jeff, John). Thus, each pair of friends should show up ...
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Oracle Procedure to Enable/Disable all constraints

I have this nice piece of code: begin for i in ( select constraint_name, table_name from user_constraints where constraint_type ='R' and status = 'ENABLED' ) LOOP execute immediate ...
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Altering nullability of column in SQL Server

Say I have the following table: CREATE TABLE test(test_id int not null identity primary key, field1 int not null, field2 int ); CREATE INDEX IDX_test_field1 ON test(field1); CREATE INDEX ...
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1answer
939 views

MySQL: Unique constraint on large column

I am trying to create an InnoDB table that contains a VARCHAR column that can hold up to 3071 characters. I would like to enforce a UNIQUE constraint on the data of this column. MySQL appears to ...
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1answer
2k views

Will FK ON UPDATE CASCADE work?

Intuitively, adding the option ON UPDATE CASCADE to a foreign key constraint will have the effect of updating all referencing columns with the updated value of the key. Would that really work? ...
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4answers
477 views

Can this business logic be enforced by a conditional database constraint?

I am trying to duplicate the business logic embodied an intranet C# web application in the database so that other databases can access it and work under the same rules. This "rule" seems difficult to ...
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2answers
430 views

Would existing constraints and indexes applied to an old table, apply to a new table renamed like the old one after it's dropped?

everything is in the question. I have a table named tableA on which we have indexes and foreign keys and constraints. I have to modify content in a column called column1. This being a production ...
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2answers
4k views

SQL Server : how to drop all constraints on a table in T-SQL

I´d like to drop all constraints on all tables in my database, because I need to change the relationships of many of the tables. Is there any way to do that with T-SQL? I cannot find any solution ...
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1answer
166 views

Constrain input to a few different strings

Hi I can't seem to get a constraint working the way I expect in postgreSQL. From within pgadmin I execute the following SQL query. -- Check: "TypeCheck" -- ALTER TABLE "ComLog" DROP CONSTRAINT ...
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171 views

How to set unique columns combination

see this table: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `default_messages_users` ( `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `message_id` int(11) NOT NULL, `owner_user_id` int(11) NOT NULL, `to_user_id` ...
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1answer
3k views

disable constraints before using pg_restore.exe

When I try to execute pg_restore.exe of a dump file from a database, it throws dozens of errors, all the same: ERROR: insert or update on table "someTable" violates foreign key constraint ...
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How do I create a rule for a Primary Key

I am using SQL Server 2005 and I need to create a primary key with an alpha character and 3 numbers together: p001 b201 I know I need to create a rule and bind that rule to the primary ...
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2answers
415 views

UDF in check constraint — downside?

I have a table where all actions affect single rows (insert and update, no delete's but if there were, they would be individual as well). I'm considering using a UDF in a check constraint so I can ...
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3answers
361 views

SQL Server : explicitly create an index on a primary key and unique fields

UPDATED: I'll make the question clearer as the first answer isn't quite what I was looking for. How can I execute this create table statement and ensure that the two automatically created indexes ...
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2answers
144 views

Unique Contraint/Index Based On Values

I have a table that has the following column definitions: ID (INT, PK) Name (VarChar) Active (Bit) Bunch_of (Other_columns) Question: I want to have a Constraint on Name/Active such that we can ...
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2answers
233 views

Proper use of NULL, and utilizing CHECK constraints for business logic vs stored procedures

This question regards the proper use of NULL and utilizing CHECK constraints for business logic vs stored procedures. I have the following tables setup. I normalized the tables to avoid using ...
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3answers
415 views

Need to add a Table Level Constraint to prevent bad data - Constraint is not working

I have a table that has a flag that can be set to 0 or 1. I need to make sure for every claim record in that table that the flag is only set 1 once. So in other words I may have multiple records for ...
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3answers
185 views

is id and phone number enough to uniquely identify a row in phone numbers

Was designing a table a customer_phone_numbers table a while back, which only purpose was to allow us to store as many phone numbers as a user wanted to have on file. I originally came to the ...
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1answer
3k views

MySQL get next unique value without auto increment

I have an MySQL database (InnoDB) that I'm developing for tracking Work Orders at my organization. There are multiple 'sites', and each site has work order numbers starting at 100. WorkorderID ...
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Dealing with Invisible Referencers

Using Oracle database, suppose I have a parent table parent defined in schema A, and a child table child defined in schema B. To achieve this, schema A granted references privilege on parent to schema ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do my ON UPDATE/ON DELETE rules disappear?

I'm trying to connect a couple of Mysql tables with foreign keys and ON UPDATE/DELETE rules. My rules are working on all tables except the last one (OrderContains). Why aren't my rules working? I am ...
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Is there a name for this “restricted one to many” relationship? Can it be enforced in the DB?

In an application I'm working on, we have a kind of "restricted one-to-many" relationship. I'm wondering if this has a name, and whether it's possible to enforce at the database level. A standard ...
5
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1answer
186 views

Oracle: DB *partial* constraint?

I am pretty new to Oracle and the database world. I am not sure if the title makes any sense at all, so I'll just go ahead and explain my situation. I currently have a table at hand that records ...
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2answers
5k views

What to use, CASCADE DELETE rule or ON DELETE trigger for one to many constraint?

I would like to ask about how to handle this relationship. For better view I've tried to simplify and convert my situation into how I think StackOverflow question voting has (sorry if not :-) I ...