Database design is the process of specifying the logical and/or physical parts of a database. The goal of database design is to make a representation of some "universe of discourse" - the types of facts, business rules and other requirements that the database is intended to model.

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Are there any performance benefits to using a hash table with no clustered index?

I have this table: CREATE TABLE [dbo].[relatea] ( [mid] [varchar](16) NOT NULL, [sid] [varchar](16) NOT NULL ) It stores hash matches. Is there any benefit to having this as a heap? It has ...
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275 views

Design: How do you decide when items are related vs when they are attributes?

I've been trying to figure this out for a while. Let's say you have a person, for example. An attribute of a person is his or her social security number, right? But a person also has a social ...
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1answer
739 views

What makes an OLTP database an OLTP database?

This is a pretty broad question. I know the definition of OLTP. But it seems like unless you have an environment that has a clear distinction between OLTP and OLAP, in the sense of a database that ...
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2k views

Unknown Db file format - best way to find out?

A client has given me the data he wants visualised in my project - but I don't know what DB format it's in. He's pretty unclear, also.. I have access to the table structures, but don't know how to ...
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2answers
115 views

Implementing versioning system with MySQL

I know this has been asked here and here, but I have the same idea with a different possible implementation and I need some help. Initially I had my blogstories table with this structure: | Column ...
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1answer
3k views

2NF decomposition + database normalization

If anyone knows about 2NF I'd greatly appreciate if you could tell me if my understanding of it correct my book does not even mention it (except to say is of "historical significance") and I haven't ...
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2answers
476 views

Using 100's of schemas in a database SQL2008R2?

We are in SSAS type of environment with 100's of clients. Currently each client gets a database and we have 200 per instance on SQL Server 2008R2. This presents limitations with snapmanager being ...
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3answers
1k views

How to normalize Time Sheet data?

I am having a terrible time finding an appropriate way to store this data in a database. The current excel (simple) version looks something like this: http://i.stack.imgur.com/BEZOw.png Staff and ...
6
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1answer
749 views

Better to use a RANGE RIGHT or RANGE LEFT Partition Scheme

I'd like to know if it is better to use a RANGE RIGHT partition scheme or a RANGE LEFT partition scheme? Is one of these options by default a better choice, or is it heavily dependent on the actual ...
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3answers
315 views

Tracking changes on a table

I have a users table. I want to keep track of all the changes I have done,name,phone etc. I've thought to create an extra table changes that will store the id of the previous and the next version of ...
6
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2answers
817 views

Extracting entity from attribute in entity-relationship diagram

I am developing a database model where I need to capture information about rent contracts for parking places within a parking. I have thus defined an entity called PARKING CONTRACT. Requirements (r.) ...
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2answers
344 views

How many fields is too much for a primary key?

I am creating a table to store information about the placement of objects in a grid (game map). For example, I have a 10x10 grid and I want to store, in the database, that cell (5,5) has a blue box, ...
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2k views

How can I save a severely fragmented database/table?

I've recently made a discovery that might explain my slow SQL run times. I found out that the default in SSMS is to allow mdf growth of 1MB at a time. When the size of one table alone is roughly 23 ...
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1answer
1k views

What should every DBA know? [closed]

As a SysAdmin who "wears all the hats", I find myself increasingly pulled into database projects. I took one database course back in college and since then I've always scoured resources online (like ...
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2answers
2k views

How to implement soft deletes?

What is your method of implementing soft deletes in a database? Ideally the solution would allow for decent performance on large tables take relationships into account take unique keys into account ...
6
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3answers
711 views

Representing N:N relation as a functional dependency in a database design

As a software developer, I already have some experience in designing a more or less normalized database schema, but I haven't received any formal training in it before. This semester, I took a ...
6
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1answer
49 views

PostgreSQL and table inheritance

I'm not sure if this is the right place for this, so please feel free to tell me if it is off-topic or there is a better place to post. I am working on a fantasy sports based project, and the number ...
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1answer
1k views

SSIS package with BULK data load

I analyzed a C# program over the weekend for a customer that basically does the following: Truncate Table Fetch Data (source on these is either remote database or local database where job runs) ...
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2answers
9k views

Allowing Foreign Key to be Null

I'm trying to create a relationship between two tables where one column in TABLE A is the foreign key for a column in TABLE B. However, there is one row in TABLE B that is currently null in that ...
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2answers
913 views

How should I model an “either/or” relationship?

Say I have an entity named Software and two sub-types FreeSoftware and NonFreeSoftware. The NonFreeSoftware entity has attributes such as purchase date, vendor, etc.. The FreeSoftware entity has ...
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1answer
202 views

Use multiple columns for location or supertype/subtype?

Given an Equipment entity, it has a location, generically called Whereabouts. This could be a reference to: a User entity (the employee who will use and be responsible for the eqipment for the next ...
6
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1answer
369 views

Dimension Help - Deciding Fact or Dimension

We have the following Dim and Facts: Customer Dim: SCD Type 2, Info about the customer ie first purchase date, name, address, etc Product Dim: SCD Type 2, about our products Customer Snapshot ...
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2answers
396 views

Definition for “logical difference”?

I'm currently reading "SQL and Relational Theory" by C.J. Date. And although I'm quite far in the book, I've got a few basic questions. I want to know what the term "logical difference" means, The ...
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1k views

Full text search through many tables in MySQL

We have high traffic NEWS websites, I want to add a feature that every user can search through over all content of site, such as news, polls, comments, galleries,etc . Each of contents type has its ...
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323 views

Hierarchical structure with limited number of records per user

I am planning schema for an affiliate network. For all hierarchical queries I am using Postgres tablefunc extension but here is another problem. Any user can refer only 3 other users at max. So for ...
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2answers
3k views

Bitmask Flags with Lookup Tables Clarification

I've received a dataset from an outside source which contains several bitmask fields as varchars. They come in length as low as 3 and as long as 21 values long. I need to be able to run SELECT queries ...
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1answer
172 views

What is a good way to determine the performance I should expect from a PostgreSQL server?

Trying to figure out how I should expect my database to perform. Basically, I need to determine when the server I have set up is reaching its performance limits - which would help me plan server ...
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1answer
1k views

Designing a database for a site that stores content from multiple services?

I'm building a site that implements David Allen's Getting Things Done that pulls in your email, Facebook newsfeed, tweets from those you follow on Twitter, and more services are planned. The problem ...
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4answers
442 views

Database Design for updatable sequential records

I am working on creating a data model for storing data related to production tracking. I work for an engineering firm that models and analyzes data for our clients. There are several steps in the ...
6
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1answer
504 views

ERWIN create and use database

I'm trying to generate physical database from my logical model using ERWIN 7. All is well in the script that is generated automatically, there is only the problem that the model is created in the ...
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2answers
3k views

What exactly is a database engine?

I have gone through the definition on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database_engine several times: A database engine (or "storage engine") is the underlying software component that a database ...
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6answers
149 views

How to do a bulk load of a database when application are relying on it?

In a daily routine, I need to drop and do a bulk load of a database. The problem is that I have a WebApp relying on that database. So I can't drop the database just like this. What would be a good ...
5
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2answers
614 views

Introducing an 'age' category in a patients database

I want to do the following in my DB related to patients: when patient inserts his birthday it shows his age category as: infants, children, adult, elderly... etc. to help me classify my patients how ...
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391 views

How to design index for faster deletes

I want to speed up following piece of code delete from ssn_sdo where (art_id=@art_id and skl_id=@skl_id and @level=0 ) or (art_id=@art_id and skl_id=@skl_id and @level=1 and ...
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219 views

Is there a name for this “restricted one to many” relationship? Can it be enforced in the DB?

In an application I'm working on, we have a kind of "restricted one-to-many" relationship. I'm wondering if this has a name, and whether it's possible to enforce at the database level. A standard ...
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4answers
367 views

Don't know how to transform variable entity into relational table

INTRODUCTION AND RELEVANT INFORMATION: The following example illustrates the problem I face: Animal has a race, which can be a cat or a dog. Cat can be either Siamese or Persian. Dog can be a German ...
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2answers
1k views

What are the advantages of a database design with single table for MtM relationships?

The database that backs our software product has a table design like the following: Positions ID Name Parts 1 One 12345 2 Two 12346 3 Three 12347 Collections ID ...
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1answer
1k views

PostgreSQL versus MySQL for EAV structures storage

Is there any practical difference or what are the advantages of using Postgres 9.x versus MySQL 5.x for storing EAV (Entity-Attribute-Value) structures, especially in terms of read performance?
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2answers
2k views

Ready-to-Use Database models example

Where can I find ready-to-use database models ? I don't need a database with data in it, but only schemas (UML diagrams). Perhaps something like the data models at this link, but much more complex ...
5
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2answers
6k views

How to choose a collation for international database?

I'm designing a database which will store data in different languages (using UTF-8), so I think the best way to display the queries results is ordering it according to the user's language during the ...
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3answers
2k views

What is a common way to save 'debit' and 'credit' information?

I'm working on an accounting system, and for each transaction I need to save if this is either debit or credit. I can think of two ways (MySQL database): METHOD 1 Amount (decimal) Type (enum, ...
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3answers
11k views

How to model inheritance of two tables mysql

I have some tables where I store data and depending on the type of person (worker,civil) that did a job I want to store it a table 'event', now these guys rescue an animal (thereis a table animal). ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What's difference between standard view and indexed view in SQL Server [closed]

I learn that the indexed view holds the data from base tables while standard view does not holds data.Is it means that the indexed view need memory and standard view don't? Indexed view needs to be ...
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4answers
5k views

Database design for a time tracking application

I'm designing the database schema for a time tracking application and I need a little piece of advice. The application must permit the user to enter for each day of the week the amount of time he ...
5
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1answer
449 views

Bad Design or Complicated Query?

Problem: For fun I am building a Database for lottery results to get some statistics off of. As of now I am only interested in a Pick 3 style lotto and might introduce more later. How would you ...
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5answers
2k views

Using timestamp plus integer as primary key

In Sql Server, what would the drawbacks and disadvantages be of using a primary key that is: Two Character Table Identifier + YEAR + MONTH + DAY + HOUR + MINUTE + MILLISECOND + random integer between ...
5
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2answers
138 views

Storing a Billing Address Best Practice in Orders Table

Can someone help me understand this user's answer for a CustomerLocation table. I really want a good method for storing addresses in the orders table. What I'm looking for is how I can set up my ...
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1answer
498 views

What is the correct way to ensure unique entries in a temporal database design?

I'm having trouble with the design of a temporal database. I need to know how to make sure I have only one active record for any given timeframe for a store. I have read this answer, but I'm afraid I ...
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2answers
2k views

What Is The Point of a Primary Key?

Why do I need to have a primary key on my database for it to function correctly? In every tutorial I read, you need to make the id key the primary key. What does the primary key do differently than ...
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4answers
3k views

Are there any free online collaboration database schema tools? [closed]

I am interested in a free and simple MySQL tool which can offer online collaboration functionality in creating database general schema. Do you know any?