A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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Save dataset within another table best practice

I want to save one dataset within another table, this dataset should be persistent. For example Table1: FIELDS (A,B,C) Table2: FIELDS (D, DuplicateTable1) I can think of 2 possiblities: Have ...
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33 views

Spotting foreign key relations in a database that doesn't define all relationships as constraints?

At work I use a rather old MS Access database which defines some relations between tables, but does not outright define all of them. If the database application used an ORM, I would think that this ...
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144 views

Crow Feet notation and identifying -vs- non-identifying relationships

Is it possible to distinguish between identifying and non-identifying relationships using the Crow Feet notation? Case in point: In table Book, part of the book's Primary Key is a FK to the Author ...
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1answer
44 views

Why use foreign keys if cascade action is not need?

I'm testing some queries with MySQL and tried to create two tables were there should be a reference between IDs. Something like: CREATE TABLE user ( id int(11) UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT, name ...
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1answer
79 views

Implementing a simple ERD in MySQL: is the implementation below 100% compliant with the ERD?

ERD Consider the following ERD: Tables From it, I derived the following tables: Company ------------------ c_id c_name ------------------ CompanyEmail ------------------ c_id ...
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1answer
74 views

How to design to avoid two-way reference between two tables [duplicate]

I am having a problem with foreign keys between two tables. I am trying to model a relationship between members of a club and their relatives. This is a straightforward many-to-one relationship, with ...
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3answers
348 views

How to model a 1..1 Composition Relationship

We have a couple of entities/relationships of the following kind: Entity Event has a TimePoint The TimePoint contains time information about the event. It belongs to that event and cannot be used by ...
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2answers
92 views

Reasons for db2 foreign key error (-667) despite all rows appearing sane?

I have some csv formatted table dumps and loaded those into a new database with the tables defined by a DDL script from the source database (both acquired by somebody else so I cannot have a look at ...
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1answer
74 views

Relational modeled design to store versioned files

The scenario I have images in a database table and some of these need to be altered then re-saved(not overwriting the original) whilst providing a reference back to the original. I also save the ...
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1answer
112 views

How do I validate all my constraints in postgresql?

It seems like I have been bitten by the first bug described in the release notes of postgresql 9.3.4: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/devel/static/release-9-3-4.html I now have e.g. duplicate primary ...
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33 views

Insert / Edit Rows by Selecting FK row

When inserting or editing rows ("Edit Top 200 Rows") for a table with a FK constraint, can the editor be configured to select the foreign row, rather than me having to look up the FK?
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1answer
967 views

How can I create a Foreign Key to a Compound Primary Key with a single column?

I am working with a 'lookup' style table that is already in place, which has a compound primary key (not my design) in Microsoft SQL Server 2012. I want to add a foreign key to it in another table, ...
2
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1answer
737 views

Foreign key with multiple table options

I'm not sure if the title is very good, feel free to suggest a better one. People can "comment" on different objects of my site,similarly to StackExchange (for example they can comment on a Question, ...
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2answers
44 views

EAV-like table with both primary column pointing to the same foreign column

Background: I'm a programmer who, while had to work with simple databases several times, never had to work with complex ones. I.e. I'm proficient with basic stuff, but clueless about advanced features ...
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1answer
945 views

How to solve the error Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 [closed]

Please suggest me how to solve the error How to solve the error Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 The ALTER TABLE statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint "MyForeignKeyName". The ...
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1answer
196 views

Create table shows ERROR 1005(HY000) errno 150

i tried to create tables as per given in my textbook in MySQL server as follows: create table department (dept_name varchar(20), building varchar(15), budget numeric(12,2), ...
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38 views

Analyze a Database to Find Failed Foreign Key Constraints

I aggressively deleted a ton of data after using this query: SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 0; Is there any easy way I can analyze the entire database to check to see if I have any hanging records that ...
2
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2answers
152 views

How to establish a Two-to-One table relationship (PK-FK-CK)?

My question is about DB design and its principles. I am working on a Python application where objects are mapped to database tables. I have Projects and People objects, mapped to their respective ...
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0answers
50 views

Why is adding a FK constraint slow in MySQL?

I'm doing some experimentation in MySQL 5.1.53 and I've run across a case that I just don't understand. CREATE TABLE A ( `pk` INT(11) NOT NULL, `fk` INT(11) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY `pk_A` ...
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1answer
87 views

CentOS and Ubuntu differences with information_schema

I have a Vagrant VM running CentOS 6.5. My localhost is Ubuntu 12.04, both running MySQL. I have the exact same database on both (structured exactly the same, different testing seed data in both). ...
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2answers
1k views

Postgres - Create table with foreign key constraint too slow

I have a table called "Account" that is a heavily used table, has 17 columns and has upwards of 300,000 rows. I am trying to create a new table, "NewTable", that has a foreign key constraint to ...
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0answers
39 views

Table Field to Reference Field in Other Tables

Suppose I want to map a set of input values to database table fields E.g. employeeFirstName --> emp.fName employeeLastName --> emp.lName ... --> ... In theory I can create a ...
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2answers
39 views

MySQL foreign key error

I need to update rows in a child table,but I am getting following error while I run the code, Company Table CREATE TABLE `company` ( `Company_id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `Company_name` ...
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2answers
369 views

Foreign key with multiple references

I have the following three tables in mysql database named "THE_COLLEGE" mysql> desc students; +----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+ | Field | Type | Null | Key | ...
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1answer
690 views

Allow self-referential foreign keys to be null from an alter-table

I am trying to establish a hierarchical relationship between rows in an existing table. There are two fields of interest: a not-nullable primary key field id, and a second nullable field parentId. ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Many to Many and Weak Entities

I have an entity that cannot exist without being defined by another, and I want this entity to participate in a many to many relationship. Example: An artist has an album (the album cannot exist ...
3
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1answer
115 views

Enforcing constraints “two tables away”

I ran into some trouble modeling an electrical schematic in SQL. The structure I'd like to capture is part ←────────── pin ↑ ↑ part_inst ←───── pin_inst where "inst" is short ...
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1answer
56 views

What problem prevents well defined behavior of a foreign key on a non-unique column?

In my noob opinion, it strikes me that in a serialized environment, this shouldn't be a problem. Is that correct? If not, please explain to me why a foreign key's behavior on a non-unique column is ...
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2answers
105 views

Primary key for link/junction table with time-dependent data

I want to link two tables in such a way that for any given time period the relationship is one-to-one, but over time the relationship can change. As an minimal example, suppose I want to list the ...
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1answer
57 views

Multiple source CASCADE DELETE behavior

I'm having trouble understanding Postgres's CASCADE DELETE behavior. If table_A REFERENCES table_B, and the column referenced could have multiple instances of the same value, will the table_A row be ...
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1answer
36 views

Understanding the output of \d <table> in psql

Say I run the following command: \d mtb.big_table I get the output shown below. My questions are: What are column modifiers? (what does default now() mean?) Under Indexes, Why do some indices ...
3
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1answer
949 views

Why is SQL Server using a clustered index scan for a self referencing FK cascade delete

I have made an example to allow me to show what my issue is: Setup: CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Test]( [TestId] [bigint] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL, [ParentTestId] [bigint] NULL, CONSTRAINT [PK_Test] ...
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1answer
1k views

MYSQL - Problem with foreign keys on same table

In Mysql 5.5, I have a table, in which I store some informations about "events".. In order to have a chronological order, I made two columns that reference to the previous and to the next event. So I ...
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3answers
1k views

Is using multiple foreign keys separated by commas wrong, and if so, why?

There are two tables: Deal and DealCategories. One deal can have many deal categories. So the proper way should be to make a table called DealCategories with the following structure: DealCategoryId ...
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1answer
65 views

Better way to manage data integrity, without having too many composite FK's

I have following tables: class_table (class_id = Auto Incremented Primary Key (AIPK) of this table) user_table (class_id, user_id (AIPK of this table)) course_table(class_id, course_id (AIPK of this ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Why does altering a table and adding a foreign key create an extra constaint?

Edit: It was a default constraint as a result of setting a default value when adding the column. The name gave it away when starting with 'DF__'. Anyway, solved it by adding the column and manually ...
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2answers
593 views

Replication fails because of a non-existent foreign key

I have been trying to get a previously working replication to start working. I have tried many settings, but I can't seem to make it work. Here is the scenario. I dropped all the FK constraints ...
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0answers
55 views

join performance, index vs. index+foreignkey

I'm using an orm framework that handles data (and its integrity) on top of mysql. So far I ignored foreign keys because the orm handles that just fine. I recently read that foreign keys can enhance ...
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2answers
441 views

Is it bad idea to create foreign keys on the tables in a different schemas in the same database for big applications?

I am working on the transfer a big pl/sql web-based application to the dedicated server. This application is located in one schema with 70 packages of programm code. This application was made ...
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65 views

Error adding constraint foreign key to bridge table

Hi there I am fairly new to sql development. I am current following the head first into mysql book and is on chapter 6. On chapter 6 there is a table in third normal form but it does not contains the ...
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2answers
245 views

Use single table with foreign key or two twin tables for text entries?

I have a table answers that has several columns including the content iself such as ID | q_id | list_id | user_module_id | content | updated_timestamp The content column is a varchar since we want ...
2
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1answer
292 views

Two-column foreign key constraint only when third column is NOT NULL

Given the following tables: CREATE TABLE verified_name ( id SERIAL PRIMARY KEY, name TEXT NOT NULL, email TEXT NOT NULL, UNIQUE (name, email) ); CREATE ...
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3answers
262 views

Normalization: 'zip code' as a primary key

I've seen frequently that you should not have all address fields (zip, street, city, state, country, etc) in the same table as your user info table (pk_id, name, email... ). This would be in ...
2
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1answer
581 views

Need for indexes on foreign keys

I'm struggling with indexes, primary keys and foreign keys... And the need of having them all. If I have two tables, both of them have an integer as a primary key. The first table references ...
0
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1answer
109 views

Implementing foreign keys on generalized data model

Suppose the ASCII tree below is a UML generalized concept model. To represent these entities/classes in UML, lets assume [mammal] a super class, and the level 1 classes, [wild] and [domestic] are sub ...
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2answers
129 views

How to normalize data en-masse?

Goal: Extract address fields from a users table into a separate addresses table linked by foreign key. I have created the structure below, and have millions of rows to deal with. I need to do this ...
5
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2answers
4k views

MySQL, foreign key, can't create table error 150

UPDATE: Sorry, it was because i forgot to add UNSIGNED attribute to the lang_id column. Original: I'm trying to create a table with foreign key in MySQL. I get this error: #1005 - Can't create table ...
3
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2answers
138 views

Pair of 2-tuple composite FKs pointing to same table (closure table pattern)

I don't have much experience with DB design, and having a hard time figuring out what's wrong with the following: Table father has a composite PK (col1, col2) Table closure has ancestor(a-col1, ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Good idea to include summary of frequently accessed data from another foreign-keyed table?

Sorry for poor title, I'll try to explain it in more detail here. I have an application that often gets a row from table A, then looks up a column from that in a foreign key mapping table (table B), ...
2
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3answers
309 views

Many to many link tables with history? [closed]

While creating a PostgreSQL database of customer subscribed services with DNS domains, I want to: enable customers to subscribe to multiple services each service can have multiple domain names per ...