A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
1k views

foreign key constraints on same table

I have a table structure like this. tblquestion ( nQuestionId1 INT UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT NOT_NULL, nQuestionId2 INT UNSIGNED ALLOW NULL ); Here..nQuestionId2 has a foreign key ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Constructing Circularly Referenced Tables

I'm attempting to construct two tables in Oracle, A and B; each of these tables reference each other. In my script, I have the foreign key constraints 'in-line' of the create table statements. Of ...
2
votes
1answer
900 views

How can I check the integrity of disabled foreign key relationships for each individual table? (SQL Server 2008)

I'm porting a huge legacy database that many different legacy frontends depend on. When I'm finished, a new frontend will be running alongside all the old legacy frontends minus the frontend I ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Have foreign key constraint and index key for the same column(s)

I am creating a composite index key for 2 columns and then adding foreign keys to its appropriate table. Do I need to create a multiple index key reference and then create separate foreign keys? My ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Unique across tables

I have a table containing users. Each user has a primary email and a flag indicating if the user is deleted or not (we never hard-delete users). However, each user can also have additional emails. ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Foreign key set to cascading but fails to update - why?

As mentioned elsewhere, I am rather new to SQL and databases. Getting my hands dirty at the moment and trying all the different possibilities. I have a server running MySQL and set up the following ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Error Creating Foreign Key in Oracle

I have 2 tables: PRODUCTS PREFIX SUFFIX ATTR1 ATTR2 ----------------------------------------------------- 001 AAA 50 100 001 BBB 20 300 010 ...
2
votes
1answer
8k views

How to solve the error Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 [closed]

Please suggest me how to solve the error How to solve the error Msg 547, Level 16, State 0, Line 1 The ALTER TABLE statement conflicted with the FOREIGN KEY constraint "MyForeignKeyName". The ...
2
votes
3answers
913 views

Altering table Foreign Keys produces an error (errno:150) (MySQL)

This is the first database I set up so I apologize if my problem is something obvious. I'm playing around with my table design and tried to create some link tables with FKs to avoid redundant data. ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Need for indexes on foreign keys

I'm struggling with indexes, primary keys and foreign keys... And the need of having them all. If I have two tables, both of them have an integer as a primary key. The first table references ...
2
votes
1answer
534 views

MySQL Unique Index Keylength

I am hashing keys from one table that provides a 256 bit (64 char length) alphanumeric string that I intend to use in a second table as a foreign key. The engine of choice here is InnoDB. There are ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Linking identifiers across tables in MySQL (Foreign Keys)

Given a simplified example of two tables table Contact(ID int primary key, Name text not null) table ContactPhone(ContactID int not null, PhoneNumber text not null) Is there a way to tell MySQL ...
2
votes
1answer
658 views

Question on Design for User + User Groups + User Types + Subscriptions Model

I am redeveloping an existing web application with both weak source code and a weak underlying database design. I'm trying to develop things in a way that future expansion will be much easier, ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Is there any point in specifying the precision and scale of a number for a foreign key?

I am running Oracle 11gR2 11.2.0.3. I have two tables: table1 contains a column named SUBJECT_ID, whose datatype is NUMBER(7,0) (numbers range from 13 to 48480) table2 contains a a column named ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is it possible to create a foreign key with a condition?

I have a table site that has a field categoryid_root and a table category which has the fields id and parentid I want to create a relationship between: site.categoryid_root and category.id but with ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Column name or number of supplied values does not match table definition error

I have a table, with two foreign keys defined on two columns of that table. The problem is that, when I insert the values from SQL Server, I get an error: Column name or number of supplied values ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Composite primary key from multiple tables / multiple foreign keys

I want to build a composite primary key made up of foreign keys from two different tables. I'm still pretty green to this... A great answer was given to building a composite key from multiple foreign ...
2
votes
1answer
279 views

Do you need to include all foreing keys of a parent table in the child table?

Suppose you have a table my_table ----------- id name foreign_id And you are creating another table that will reference my_table. I think that this would be enough: other_table ----------- id name ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Is it acceptable to have circular foreign key references\How to avoid them?

Is it acceptable to have a circular reference between two tables on the foreign key field? If not, how can these situations be avoided? If so, how can data be inserted? Below is an example of ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Efficient manual cleanup of foreign keys in MySQL [closed]

I have an all-InnoDB database in MySQL (Percona) 5.6 that was previously using FK constraints. I had to give up on them as I kept running into locking issues, so I removed the constraints and added ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Foreign key, key split in two tables

I have to record a list of events made of action, reason (optional, may be multiple), user. I have a master table with all the valid action, and another with all the valid action-reason combination. ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Can triggers be used to implement automated polymorphic association?

(Apologies for any bad formatting or ignorance of common practices within this community; this is my first question here.) I'm attempting to (re)design a MySQL database for a personal social ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Relational modeled design to store versioned files

The scenario I have images in a database table and some of these need to be altered then re-saved(not overwriting the original) whilst providing a reference back to the original. I also save the ...
2
votes
2answers
312 views

How to establish a Two-to-One table relationship (PK-FK-CK)?

My question is about DB design and its principles. I am working on a Python application where objects are mapped to database tables. I have Projects and People objects, mapped to their respective ...
2
votes
3answers
465 views

Many to many link tables with history? [closed]

While creating a PostgreSQL database of customer subscribed services with DNS domains, I want to: enable customers to subscribe to multiple services each service can have multiple domain names per ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Two primary keys to one foreign key

racing_couple ID (PRIMARY) breeding_couple ID (PRIMARY) egg IDpar(FOREIGN KEY) I have 2 IDs from 2 different tables (racing_couple and breeding_couple) and they are primary keys. In 3. table (egg) ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

prevent MySQL Workbench to add index for foreignkey constraint when it is first part of primary

I know for each foreign key we should make an index on its column, But it is not necessary when that column in first part of PRIMARY index. MySQL accepts this query: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS ...
2
votes
1answer
908 views

Foreign key with multiple table options

I'm not sure if the title is very good, feel free to suggest a better one. People can "comment" on different objects of my site,similarly to StackExchange (for example they can comment on a Question, ...
2
votes
1answer
697 views

Will a row update check all child tables which have foreign key relationships in InnoDB?

I have a master table and around 60 to 70 child tables, all are InnoDB tables and have foreign key relationships with the master table. Foreign key relations are On-Delete Cascade and On-Update ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

InnoDB foreign key and index duplication?

I'm have a part table like this: part_id INT manufacturer_id INT supplier_id INT part_number VARCHAR(50) part_description VARCHAR(120) with foreign ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Table structure for validating data using category and subcategory fields

I am creating a simple budget application, and the primary table will be a transaction table that contains things like the amount of the transaction, date, account, the category and subcategory (the ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Storing URLs in a database

I am thinking about storing URL's in my database, but I am not sure whether the way I use is an efficient way to do things or not. Table name : url url_id (Primary Key & Auto Increment) url_value ...
2
votes
0answers
302 views

AFTER DELETE trigger will not fire during a cascade delete

I've got two tables, corresponding to Nodes in a graph and Aisles to which they may belong. In addition, each Aisle has a Node at which it starts and ends. Aisle Table: Aisle char(4) Start_Node ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

See indices implicitly created for foreign key constaints in MySQL

When I add a foreign key constraint to my table, SHOW INDEX doesn't show any new indices, but the overall space used by the indices in that table increases. Apparently, the index for the field I put a ...
2
votes
0answers
131 views

Is it recommended to have redundant foreign key columns?

Imagine I have the models A, B, C e D, where A have many Bs, B have many Cs and C have manyDs: Without redundance A | id | ... | ------------ | ... | ... | B | id | a_id | ... | ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Deferrable Foreign Key Constraints

What are the consequences of making a foreign key constraint DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE instead of NONDEFERRABLE? This answer on StackOverflow mentions the performance impact that comes with no ...
1
vote
3answers
93 views

Need suggestion for placing foreign keys in the databases

I have the database for customers. The customers table is something like this +------------------+ | Customers | +------------------+ | id (PK) | | business_email | | business_name ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

Difference between On Delete Cascade & On Update Cascade in mysql

I have two tables in MySQL database- parent, child. I'm trying to add foreign key references to my child table based on the parent table. Is there any significant difference between ON UPDATE CASCADE ...
1
vote
3answers
718 views

Normalization: 'zip code' as a primary key

I've seen frequently that you should not have all address fields (zip, street, city, state, country, etc) in the same table as your user info table (pk_id, name, email... ). This would be in ...
1
vote
3answers
449 views

Mysql error while creating FK

here is structure of both tables category table CREATE TABLE category ( `catID` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `title` varchar(60) NOT NULL, `created_at` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Usage of RESTRICT or No ACTION in FOREIGN KEY Constraints

Sorry if this question is naive, but I was unable to understand possible usage of RESTRICT or No ACTION. Consider a simple database of CREATE TABLE column1 ( first_id int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Replication fails because of a non-existent foreign key

I have been trying to get a previously working replication to start working. I have tried many settings, but I can't seem to make it work. Here is the scenario. I dropped all the FK constraints ...
1
vote
1answer
860 views

Slow delete caused by many foreign keys

My DB has about 90 tables. Most of the tables have an UpdatedBy and AddedBy column that have foreign keys pointing back to the user table. With even moderate amounts of data spread throughout the ...
1
vote
1answer
432 views

Table for optional parent/child relationship

Assuming we have the following table: Item, Parent, Child and Parent is the parent of child. The item can either belong to a parent or child and not both. I have other tables that are similar to ...
1
vote
3answers
527 views

How to model a 1..1 Composition Relationship

We have a couple of entities/relationships of the following kind: Entity Event has a TimePoint The TimePoint contains time information about the event. It belongs to that event and cannot be used by ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Understanding the output of \d <table> in psql

Say I run the following command: \d mtb.big_table I get the output shown below. My questions are: What are column modifiers? (what does default now() mean?) Under Indexes, Why do some indices ...
1
vote
3answers
72 views

What is the benefit of two FK, when one of them can be deduced from another table?

The third party Microsoft SQL Server database I'm working on is using the structure which can be illustrated with this example: Let's take three tables: Shop which is the topmost level and ...
1
vote
1answer
183 views

Multiple primary keys

I am new to database design and have been looking at some example data models here. One thing I don't understand is if you have a table like client_addresses from the link above: ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Oracle: finding rows without children in a table with a foreign key?

Suppose I have two tables with a foreign key relationship. How can I find the rows in the parent table for which there is no corresponding child record? For example: create table a(x number primary ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Insert New Foreign Key Row for new Strings

Lets say I have a table new_data like this: ndx | someval | somemachine serial | integer | integer ---------------------------- And let's say I have a reference table new_data_someval_ref: ...