A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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How can I look up table relationships in SQL if I don't have physical/logical models? [closed]

What is the best way to look up/learn table relationships in a database that I'm not familiar with and I don’t have any Logical/Physical models available? Is there a tool that I can use? I’ve been ...
2
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1answer
82 views

Is it necessary to drop foreign keys before adding a null column to a table and then re-add them?

I have generated some SQL Server(2008) upgrade scripts using SqlCompare. The primary objective is to add a null column. However, the generated script wants to drop foreign keys in a couple of other ...
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1answer
4k views

“Cannot add or update a child row” when deleting a record?

I have the two following tables: survey_main ---------- id name answers_main -------------- id survey_id I have the following foreign key constraint on the answers_main table: CONSTRAINT ...
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1answer
135 views

How to link a customer to a country when the city/state isn't known

We have a situation where medical systems are sold to hospital groups, but at the time of the order, we don't always know into which state and city the system will be installed. We always know the ...
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1answer
2k views

Converting ER diagram to tables and relationships in sql

Department : Branch is 1 : M Branch : Course is 1 : M Branch : Student is 1 : M Branch : Applicant is M : N Applicant : Student is 1 : 1 These are the conditions prescribed in the ER diagram. ...
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1answer
2k views

Removing foreign key when it is not named

I've created a table named 'student' as : create table student( stud_id number primary key, stud_name varchar2(30) not null, branch_id varchar2(4) references branch(branch_id), course_id ...
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2answers
1k views

Two primary keys to one foreign key

racing_couple ID (PRIMARY) breeding_couple ID (PRIMARY) egg IDpar(FOREIGN KEY) I have 2 IDs from 2 different tables (racing_couple and breeding_couple) and they are primary keys. In 3. table (egg) ...
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1answer
840 views

Cannot create FOREIGN KEY for a table [closed]

I'm not a professional DBA, I encountered a problem when I's attempting to create FOREIGN KEY for a specific table by the following SQL script (I'm using MySQL): ALTER TABLE mmy_answer ADD CONSTRAINT ...
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1answer
295 views

Multiple foreign keys with shared columns for weak entities

this is my first question at stackexchange. I have a parent table (P) with two child (CC and CD): CREATE TABLE P ( A CHAR(3), B CHAR(2), CONSTRAINT PK_P PRIMARY KEY(A, B) ) CREATE TABLE CC ...
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1answer
85 views

Foreign key in MySQL

I am learning about database, I need to know something about the foreign key in MySQL. Consider the following two tables. UserGroupType. UserGroup. UserGroupType: UserGroup: In this table ...
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1answer
342 views

Modify MySQL foreign key related column without dropping foreign key relation

I need to modify a foreign key related column. When I tried to alter it I got "Error on rename of 'x' to 'y' (errno: 150)" error. So I googled and found foreign key relation is the 'villain'. I ...
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1answer
193 views

How to represent it with UNIQUE indexes and foreign keys?

"Group" is a group of pupils. "Topic" is a topic of lessons. To every group corresponds exactly one topic. (So there may be multiple groups per topic.) To a pupil corresponds multiple groups, but ...
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1answer
1k views

prevent MySQL Workbench to add index for foreignkey constraint when it is first part of primary

I know for each foreign key we should make an index on its column, But it is not necessary when that column in first part of PRIMARY index. MySQL accepts this query: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS ...
13
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1answer
3k views

How to write a query which finds all circular references when a table references itself?

I have the following schema (names changed), which I cannot change: CREATE TABLE MyTable ( Id INT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, ParentId INT NOT NULL ); ALTER TABLE MyTable ADD FOREIGN KEY ...
12
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2answers
17k views

Good explanation of cascade (ON DELETE/UPDATE) behavior

I don't design schemas everyday, but when I do, I try to setup cascade updates/deletes correctly to make administration easier. I understand how cascades work, but I can never remember which table is ...
2
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1answer
2k views

If foreign keys/cascade deletes are bad, why use a database-server with that feature?

I noticed wordpress/rails etc do not use foreign keys constraint or cascade deletes features from database. Instead they handle this in PHP/Ruby/scripting level! I have read this and this. Most ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Auto-increment key and Foreign Key as composite for relational database

I do not have any experience in databases other than what I have from just playing with workbench and trying to understand how I need to setup this database for a project. I have been searching the ...
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1answer
638 views

HOW to “SUM” and “JOIN” for single query of a poll results?

I have a poll database as CREATE TABLE poll_answer answer_id, answer varchar(255), poll_id int(11), FOREIGN KEY(poll_id) REFERENCES polls(poll_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, PRIMARY KEY(answer_id) ) ...
0
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1answer
712 views

MySQL cannot create foreign key, errors 1005, 150

I'm trying to add a foreign key to a MySQL InnoDB table, linking a BIGINT with a table within the same database. I'm using MySQL Workbench to do this. It generates a script: ALTER TABLE ...
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1answer
1k views

Is it possible to force drop of mysql tables with FK?

For dropping a table in which a Foreign Key is used in other tables, it is necessary to drop all other tables having FK connection with the corresponding table. Is there a short way to drop a table, ...
2
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2answers
232 views

Performance effect of indexing foreign keys

My database is for an HR application with performance reviews and I am interested in whether I should index my foreign key. There are two tables involved. The first is a ratings table with 2 columns: ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Schema design: Use of association (aka: bridge/junction) table vs foreign key constraint with composite index containing a non-key field

This is an inventory database for IT assets. The models used are trimmed in order to focus on the problem at hand. Using SQL Server 2008. Thanks for taking the time to read and for any input you can ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Insert Row With Foreign Key Equal to ID - Circular Reference

In MySQL database I have an events table which has a circular reference to itself with the following columns. id (PK) | user_id (FK) | event_id (FK) | title Each new row inserted has a circular ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Table Design for user-specific and user-agnostic criteria

I want to design a table that is general enough to accommodate an increasing number of achievements as I come up with new accomplishments to reward. Initially, I thought to design the table as ...
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0answers
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A separate table or ENUM? [duplicate]

There is a table person (which has among autoincremented primary key field id such fields as firtsname and lastname). There is a table employee whose primary (but not autoincremented) personid is a ...
5
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1answer
121 views

Many:Many with Shared Relation

I'm modelling data with multiplicity like this: Each Composition/Anthology related pair must share a Composer. Also, each Anthology must contain at least one Composition. How would you recommend I ...
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1answer
354 views

Foreign Key to Multicolumn Primary Key?

I have three connected table in my design. Basic logic is when a category deleted, also delete records in category_product table which has deleted category's id in its cat_id column. But when I tried ...
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1answer
348 views

Table for optional parent/child relationship

Assuming we have the following table: Item, Parent, Child and Parent is the parent of child. The item can either belong to a parent or child and not both. I have other tables that are similar to ...
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1answer
67 views

best relationship for this design?

There is a table users with autoincrement primary key id. There is also a table employees (every employee is a user but not vice versa). The employees primary key is userid. The field userid is not ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Which of tables key to reference?

MySQL. There is a table users with autoincrement primary key id. There is also a table employees (every employee is a user but not vice versa). The employees primary key is userid. The field userid ...
2
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1answer
105 views

How to enforce a nullable foreign key?

I have a relation between two tables. The foreign key table can have a row related in the primary table. There's a way to enforce the value of the FK column to be NULL or one of the values of the PK ...
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3answers
72 views

What is the benefit of two FK, when one of them can be deduced from another table?

The third party Microsoft SQL Server database I'm working on is using the structure which can be illustrated with this example: Let's take three tables: Shop which is the topmost level and ...
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1answer
761 views

Getting the data from a foreign key table

I have a table that relates a user to client using both their table id's UsersClients Table --------------------- | userid | clientid | --------------------- | 2 | 32 | | 3 ...
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1answer
514 views

Is there a workaround for lack of support of cascade triggers with MySQL?

As things stand, cascaded foreign key actions do not activate triggers with MySQL. I don't want to get into the debate as to whether or not this is good, I just would like to know whether there is a ...
1
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2answers
254 views

Foreign Key constraint on fixed value field - Ever appropriate?

I have a short (15 rows) look-up table that lists the valid values for several columns in the database. I don't think it can be considered a One-True-Lookup-Table, it is about a single definite ...
2
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1answer
200 views

Foreign Keys with Composite Key

Imagine I have a table with the following dependency: (Name, BoughtFrom, TimeBought) --> Cost Where the three attributes in bold form a composite primary key for the table. Now then, I want to ...
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2answers
268 views

MySQL - Normalization over meaningless data - Compound Primay Keys or Surrogate ID field

Please forgive my title; if you have a suggestion for it, feel free to comment. I have a database: DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `books`; CREATE TABLE `books` ( `isbn` VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL, `title` ...
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1answer
1k views

Foreign Key - One Child Table to Multiple Parent Tables

Maybe I'm thinking of this problem in the wrong way, but we maintain an AccessControl table that is a child to several parent tables (e.g. CompanyItems, SystemFiles, etc.). I'm trying to make sure we ...
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0answers
567 views

How to represent class table inheritance (current DBMS-specific way please)?

I want to implement class either-or table inheritance (Account, CatAccountDetails, DogAccountDetails) in SQL Server. I found a recommendation for MySQL here (How do I map an IS-A relationship into a ...
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2answers
395 views

Naming foreign key columns

Now I hear that the best practice for naming foreign key columns is the name of the table and field (and maybe the function if there are multiple foreign keys to the same table), for example, a ...
7
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3answers
735 views

What alternatives exist when a table requires too many foreign keys?

We have a base table that defines parts and holds information like part number, description, price, weight, etc. We also have approximately 400 tables that reference the base table and provide ...
3
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2answers
331 views

Foreign key constraints with MySQL/InnoDB

I am try to do some performance testing with varchar foreign keys vs int foreign keys and was wondering how foreign key constraints effect performance of MySQL. I assume that they effect ...
6
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2answers
3k views

How to retrieve foreign key constraints data

I'm looking for a query allowing to retrieve foreign key infos (each line: referrencing table & field, referrenced table & field) of an entire schema. I've found this, but does not gives all ...
3
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1answer
255 views

Is it possible to check all constraints in a MySQL database?

MySQL offers the ability to temporarily disable the foreign key checks, thus allowing inconsistent data to enter the database. Is it possible to check an entire MySQL database, table by table, row by ...
1
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1answer
503 views

Missing PK/FK after database migration

We recently had a server migration. A new server is now the PROD server, and what used to be the PROD server is now the staging environment. Apparently, the data was transferred correctly, but the ...
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1answer
158 views

Multiple primary keys

I am new to database design and have been looking at some example data models here. One thing I don't understand is if you have a table like client_addresses from the link above: ...
3
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1answer
915 views

MySQL 5.5.8 InnoDB Foreign Key, JOIN performance

We are using aws/rds, MySQL 5.5.8. all InnoDB. For performance purposes, we have merged some data-elements into varchar fields; mini-sized int and date type fields; added covering indexes; ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Check for records that break a foreign constraint (created with foreign_key_checks = 0)?

Is there an easy way to check for any records in a table that breaks any constraint? The constraint was created on a populated table using "foreign_key_checks=0".
3
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1answer
571 views

Dump PostgreSQL schema with foreign keys and referenced data

The official PostgreSQL documentation states that pg_dump can use the --schema=SCHEMA option to selectively dump a given schema. However according to the same documentation (read Note on ...
4
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1answer
176 views

Symmetric self-referential many-to-many

I'm trying to model a hierarchy of categories where a category can have multiple parents ( an overlapping tree model as described in this book ) I have the following tables video_categories int ...