A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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786 views

Normalization: 'zip code' as a primary key

I've seen frequently that you should not have all address fields (zip, street, city, state, country, etc) in the same table as your user info table (pk_id, name, email... ). This would be in ...
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3answers
480 views

Mysql error while creating FK

here is structure of both tables category table CREATE TABLE category ( `catID` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `title` varchar(60) NOT NULL, `created_at` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT ...
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2answers
3k views

Usage of RESTRICT or No ACTION in FOREIGN KEY Constraints

Sorry if this question is naive, but I was unable to understand possible usage of RESTRICT or No ACTION. Consider a simple database of CREATE TABLE column1 ( first_id int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, ...
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3answers
2k views

Replication fails because of a non-existent foreign key

I have been trying to get a previously working replication to start working. I have tried many settings, but I can't seem to make it work. Here is the scenario. I dropped all the FK constraints ...
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1answer
1k views

Slow delete caused by many foreign keys

My DB has about 90 tables. Most of the tables have an UpdatedBy and AddedBy column that have foreign keys pointing back to the user table. With even moderate amounts of data spread throughout the ...
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1answer
461 views

Table for optional parent/child relationship

Assuming we have the following table: Item, Parent, Child and Parent is the parent of child. The item can either belong to a parent or child and not both. I have other tables that are similar to ...
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3answers
558 views

How to model a 1..1 Composition Relationship

We have a couple of entities/relationships of the following kind: Entity Event has a TimePoint The TimePoint contains time information about the event. It belongs to that event and cannot be used by ...
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1answer
58 views

Understanding the output of \d <table> in psql

Say I run the following command: \d mtb.big_table I get the output shown below. My questions are: What are column modifiers? (what does default now() mean?) Under Indexes, Why do some indices ...
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3answers
72 views

What is the benefit of two FK, when one of them can be deduced from another table?

The third party Microsoft SQL Server database I'm working on is using the structure which can be illustrated with this example: Let's take three tables: Shop which is the topmost level and ...
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1answer
188 views

Multiple primary keys

I am new to database design and have been looking at some example data models here. One thing I don't understand is if you have a table like client_addresses from the link above: ...
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2answers
85 views

Oracle: finding rows without children in a table with a foreign key?

Suppose I have two tables with a foreign key relationship. How can I find the rows in the parent table for which there is no corresponding child record? For example: create table a(x number primary ...
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2answers
89 views

Insert New Foreign Key Row for new Strings

Lets say I have a table new_data like this: ndx | someval | somemachine serial | integer | integer ---------------------------- And let's say I have a reference table new_data_someval_ref: ...
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1answer
61 views

What problem prevents well defined behavior of a foreign key on a non-unique column?

In my noob opinion, it strikes me that in a serialized environment, this shouldn't be a problem. Is that correct? If not, please explain to me why a foreign key's behavior on a non-unique column is ...
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1answer
70 views

Better way to manage data integrity, without having too many composite FK's

I have following tables: class_table (class_id = Auto Incremented Primary Key (AIPK) of this table) user_table (class_id, user_id (AIPK of this table)) course_table(class_id, course_id (AIPK of this ...
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1answer
858 views

MySQL: update instead of delete if foreign key constraint?

I have a bit of a strange question. I know about insert on duplicate key update. My question is, is there something similar for deletes that fail because of foreign key constraints? For example: ...
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1answer
183 views

How to link a customer to a country when the city/state isn't known

We have a situation where medical systems are sold to hospital groups, but at the time of the order, we don't always know into which state and city the system will be installed. We always know the ...
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1answer
861 views

Usefulness of Foreign Key WITHOUT reference option

Sorry, if this is naive question, but I searched a lot and did not get a vivid answers. Consider a simple InnoDB FOREIGN KEY without ON DELETE or ON UPDATE I think this will avoid INSERT of a value ...
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3answers
133 views

If A is next to B, how to automatically assert that B is next to A

I am working in Access 2010. Let's say I have a database that tracks where packages sit in a warehouse. Table: Packages PackageID (PK) PackageHeight PackageWidth PackageWeight PackageOwner (etc) ...
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1answer
54 views

computed column as foreign key allow null

I have two tables. TABLE A: One of them stores some integer identificators, which are unique, but actually are structured entities. I will call them full_id. Actually its a two parted ...
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1answer
35 views

is there some way to give me the order in which inserts should be made so all FK constraint are met? [closed]

I have a mysql 5.6 schema with about 60 tables. I need to write some code (not sure if it will be Sql or java) to populate the data. The schema has lots of FK etc. Is there some good way (I am ...
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1answer
80 views

“Transitive” keys

I have a central table, A, which will have a key that I'll call A_ID. Now, I have a table B in a "one to many" relationship with A (many B's map to one A). Each link will, of course, have a link ...
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1answer
62 views

Schema design - Reference slightly different data in different tables

I'm trying to design a schema for a MySQL database and got stuck on the following. My database stores documents which should have relations with blocks of content. create table document ( `id` ...
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1answer
198 views

Performance of checking for data in related tables

NB: this question is purely academic / to help improve my understanding of SQL Server performance. Given a master table which relates to one or more other tables, how would you determine the best ...
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1answer
523 views

How do I validate all my constraints in postgresql?

It seems like I have been bitten by the first bug described in the release notes of postgresql 9.3.4: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/devel/static/release-9-3-4.html I now have e.g. duplicate primary ...
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1answer
396 views

Mysql foreign key cascade delete

Does mysql have a way to delete all sub links if a row was deleted from a "parent" table? Example table setup is below, the issue I am trying to avoid is having to maintain a script that deletes the ...
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1answer
6k views

“Cannot add or update a child row” when deleting a record?

I have the two following tables: survey_main ---------- id name answers_main -------------- id survey_id I have the following foreign key constraint on the answers_main table: CONSTRAINT ...
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1answer
1k views

Foreign Key to Multicolumn Primary Key?

I have three connected table in my design. Basic logic is when a category deleted, also delete records in category_product table which has deleted category's id in its cat_id column. But when I tried ...
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1answer
2k views

Getting the data from a foreign key table

I have a table that relates a user to client using both their table id's UsersClients Table --------------------- | userid | clientid | --------------------- | 2 | 32 | | 3 ...
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2answers
266 views

Use single table with foreign key or two twin tables for text entries?

I have a table answers that has several columns including the content iself such as ID | q_id | list_id | user_module_id | content | updated_timestamp The content column is a varchar since we want ...
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1answer
835 views

Missing PK/FK after database migration

We recently had a server migration. A new server is now the PROD server, and what used to be the PROD server is now the staging environment. Apparently, the data was transferred correctly, but the ...
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1answer
45 views

Dropping Foreign Key In Production Environment

I have been asked to drop foreign keys on a number of databases in our production environment. I am relatively new to MySQL... what do I need to be aware of when doing this? E.g. full table locks, ...
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1answer
35 views

Foreign key default value

I have a master table and another table with foreign key. I can easily add data to master table. But whenever I want to add data to the connected table, I get a message saying Foreign key doesn't have ...
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1answer
31 views

Rename PK column names when they are FK in another tables

I need to change the names on PK columns and that has relations with another tables meaning they are FK also so this is what I am doing: SET @OLD_UNIQUE_CHECKS=@@UNIQUE_CHECKS, UNIQUE_CHECKS=0; SET ...
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1answer
72 views

How to get a surrogate key value in order to put a foreign key in and create relationship?

I am trying to create two relationships between three tables, using foreign keys with values of primary keys, which are surrogate keys. But I don't understand how to enter the right value in the ...
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1answer
230 views

How to temporarily disable foreign keys in Amazon RDS PostgreSQL?

I'm migrating existing test environment to Amazon RDS PostgreSQL. The test framework has a feature of reloading data in certain tables to an earlier state. For this it disables foreign keys, deletes ...
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1answer
151 views

PostgreSQL: Foreign key on string column

I'm currently in a process of redesigning a legacy database. One of the tables primary key is a varchar(254). I need to create a table relating to it. So for example: create table "Item" ( ...
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2answers
139 views

Mysql might have too many indexes

I am using the php framework Laravel for my application, together with mysql 5.6, in order to have full-text search with innoBD. But I am not sure if I have too many indexes. My application allows ...
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1answer
90 views

Transactional Replication - Replication Order of Related Tables

** This was previously asked on Stackoverflow - I removed it from there and recreated here ** I have an issue with SQL Server Transactional Replication. My topology is as follows (and this cannot be ...
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1answer
675 views

#1025 - Error on rename of table errno: 150 : Table was deleted while tried to assign foreign key

When I tried to assign foreign key to a table named mydb.table1 it was deleted from my database, I could not understand the reason and tried to move on. For this tried to create same table with create ...
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1answer
164 views

How to insert values into a junction table?

I add values into my two tables using the code below, but I also have a junction table called book_main_cover and I want to add data into this table to make a connection between book_id and ...
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1answer
26 views

Relation between tables [closed]

This question may be too easy to ask, but I can't understand how to do it. I am new in SQL. I have two tables. Table I book_id (AI & Primary Key) book_name book_year Table ...
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1answer
125 views

ON DELETE CASCADE not working

Trying to implement a simple user follower system in MySQL, using a junction table: CREATE TABLE users ( id int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, email varchar(255) NOT NULL, username varchar(25) ...
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1answer
36 views

Help on MySQL joins

I'm building a system to monitor currency prices. Part of my database structure looks like this: My system is trying to pull the api ticker for each exchange with this query: SELECT distinct ...
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2answers
55 views

Suggestion for Tooth Chart Data Structure

Hello I'm not sure if this is an OK question here but here goes, I'm quite confused on how am I going to make the data structure of my tooth chart database. I had first this thought of making a data ...
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1answer
326 views

Adding foreign keys constraint on databases used

We have a server with about 20 databases, all duplicates of the same original db, and we just noticed the original is missing all the foreign keys constraint for some unknown reason. So of course all ...
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1answer
387 views

MySQL InnoDB table accepts Non-Existent Foreign Key

Using EasyPHP 14.1 VC11 and phpMyAdmin (4.1.4) to create a website project in my home computer. The MySQL version is 5.6.15 according to the EasyPHP administration page. Working on Windows 7 64-bit. ...
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1answer
27 views

Determining Homogeneity by Common Foreign Keys

I manage a MySQL database of ten or so tables. In higher code, I have a list of primary keys belonging to entries of some table A. These A entries have foreign keys to entries in another table B. The ...
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1answer
135 views

More Details for MySQL's errorno:150

When MySQL can't create a table due to a foreign key constraint problem, it returns the following error Can't create table 'dbname.table_name' (errno: 150) Is there anyway to have MySQL tell you ...
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1answer
4k views

How to insert data into tables which reference each other?(MySQL)

I'm a student and right now I have a problem that I couldn't solve by myself(after searching on the Internet). I'm not going to give my «homework» because I want to learn what I'm doing but I will ...
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1answer
133 views

How to design to avoid two-way reference between two tables [duplicate]

I am having a problem with foreign keys between two tables. I am trying to model a relationship between members of a club and their relatives. This is a straightforward many-to-one relationship, with ...