A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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Dealing with Invisible Referencers

Using Oracle database, suppose I have a parent table parent defined in schema A, and a child table child defined in schema B. To achieve this, schema A granted references privilege on parent to schema ...
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147 views

Foreign Keys with Composite Key

Imagine I have a table with the following dependency: (Name, BoughtFrom, TimeBought) --> Cost Where the three attributes in bold form a composite primary key for the table. Now then, I want to ...
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5k views

PostgreSQL - insert/update violates foreign key constraints

I am a new one in postgreSQL. I have 3 tables, one table references the other 2 table's primary keys. But I couldn't able to insert data into the Table3. See the code below : DROP TABLE Table1 ...
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1answer
113 views

Get unmatched rows for foreign key

Consider two tables: CREATE TABLE Users( id INT PRIMARY KEY, name VARCHAR(128) ) Engine=InnoDB CREATE TABLE Tags( id INT PRIMARY KEY, user REFERENCES Users(id), tag VARCHAR(128) ) ...
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925 views

Delete rows in parent table based on criteria in child table - Oracle

I have a table B with a foreign key to table A. I want to DELETE some rows in table B, and I also want to DELETE their parent rows in table A. However, the delete criteria is based on table B. The ...
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101 views

Primary key for link/junction table with time-dependent data

I want to link two tables in such a way that for any given time period the relationship is one-to-one, but over time the relationship can change. As an minimal example, suppose I want to list the ...
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1answer
51 views

Multiple source CASCADE DELETE behavior

I'm having trouble understanding Postgres's CASCADE DELETE behavior. If table_A REFERENCES table_B, and the column referenced could have multiple instances of the same value, will the table_A row be ...
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104 views

Implementing foreign keys on generalized data model

Suppose the ASCII tree below is a UML generalized concept model. To represent these entities/classes in UML, lets assume [mammal] a super class, and the level 1 classes, [wild] and [domestic] are sub ...
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132 views

Derived value not calculating as expected using combination of FK and Triggers (MySQL)

I'm having trouble with calculating a derived value using a combination of triggers and foreign key constraints. There are 3 tables involved in this arrangement responses ------------------------ ...
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29 views

Move Commonly-Repeated Fields into a new Table

I'm still at the design stage for a new system, and I've noticed there are several places where different types of object share similar fields. In this case, we have customers, offices, warehouses ...
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1answer
33 views

Batch converting indexes to keys [closed]

I have a legacy MS SQL Server database where all the primary and foreign keys were created as indexes. I am developing the new version of our software with Entity Frameworks, which I have learned ...
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1answer
35 views

Foreign key double inheritance SQLITE

I'm designing a domotic system database and I'm trying to figure out how to represent two foreign keys. This is the cardinality I want. Consider 1...N Areas (rooms, halls, kitchens, etc.): Area 1 - ...
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34 views

Why use foreign keys if cascade action is not need?

I'm testing some queries with MySQL and tried to create two tables were there should be a reference between IDs. Something like: CREATE TABLE user ( id int(11) UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT, name ...
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1answer
76 views

CentOS and Ubuntu differences with information_schema

I have a Vagrant VM running CentOS 6.5. My localhost is Ubuntu 12.04, both running MySQL. I have the exact same database on both (structured exactly the same, different testing seed data in both). ...
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1answer
784 views

MYSQL - Problem with foreign keys on same table

In Mysql 5.5, I have a table, in which I store some informations about "events".. In order to have a chronological order, I made two columns that reference to the previous and to the next event. So I ...
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2answers
57 views

Foreign key for rows added later

I'm using a queue to crawl pages and track links between them. I have a table called page with a primary key called page_id. I have a table called links with two columns: link_from, link_to The ...
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1answer
443 views

MySQL cannot create foreign key, errors 1005, 150

I'm trying to add a foreign key to a MySQL InnoDB table, linking a BIGINT with a table within the same database. I'm using MySQL Workbench to do this. It generates a script: ALTER TABLE ...
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1answer
23 views

Which of tables key to reference?

MySQL. There is a table users with autoincrement primary key id. There is also a table employees (every employee is a user but not vice versa). The employees primary key is userid. The field userid ...
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1answer
879 views

Foreign Key - One Child Table to Multiple Parent Tables

Maybe I'm thinking of this problem in the wrong way, but we maintain an AccessControl table that is a child to several parent tables (e.g. CompanyItems, SystemFiles, etc.). I'm trying to make sure we ...
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2answers
237 views

Naming foreign key columns

Now I hear that the best practice for naming foreign key columns is the name of the table and field (and maybe the function if there are multiple foreign keys to the same table), for example, a ...
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1answer
44 views

Query executes fast, but keeps the table locked for some time

Executing the following query is very fast (75ms), but removing the comment from the last row it becomes slow (2.5s), and the time increases exponentially with the number of rows in the table. It ...
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1answer
28 views

How to relate to information_schema

Is it possible to create a foreign key that relates to information_schema? For an application implementation, I would like to store extra column information in another table, but I want to ensure ...
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1answer
34 views

Save dataset within another table best practice

I want to save one dataset within another table, this dataset should be persistent. For example Table1: FIELDS (A,B,C) Table2: FIELDS (D, DuplicateTable1) I can think of 2 possiblities: Have ...
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1answer
66 views

Implementing a simple ERD in MySQL: is the implementation below 100% compliant with the ERD?

ERD Consider the following ERD: Tables From it, I derived the following tables: Company ------------------ c_id c_name ------------------ CompanyEmail ------------------ c_id ...
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1answer
32 views

Insert / Edit Rows by Selecting FK row

When inserting or editing rows ("Edit Top 200 Rows") for a table with a FK constraint, can the editor be configured to select the foreign row, rather than me having to look up the FK?
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36 views

MySQL foreign key error

I need to update rows in a child table,but I am getting following error while I run the code, Company Table CREATE TABLE `company` ( `Company_id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `Company_name` ...
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1answer
101 views

Can a foreign key have a default value equal to 0?

I have a column whose default value is 0 .Can I make that column as foreign_key
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1answer
267 views

Mysql foreign key cascade delete

Does mysql have a way to delete all sub links if a row was deleted from a "parent" table? Example table setup is below, the issue I am trying to avoid is having to maintain a script that deletes the ...
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2answers
50 views

Guaranteeing a FK relationship through multiple tables

I'm using MySQL / InnoDB, and using foreign keys to preserve relationships across tables. In the following scenaro (depicted below), a 'manager' is associated with a 'recordLabel', and an 'artist' is ...
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1answer
55 views

Foreign key in MySQL

I am learning about database, I need to know something about the foreign key in MySQL. Consider the following two tables. UserGroupType. UserGroup. UserGroupType: UserGroup: In this table ...
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1answer
420 views

HOW to “SUM” and “JOIN” for single query of a poll results?

I have a poll database as CREATE TABLE poll_answer answer_id, answer varchar(255), poll_id int(11), FOREIGN KEY(poll_id) REFERENCES polls(poll_id) ON DELETE CASCADE, PRIMARY KEY(answer_id) ) ...
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1answer
65 views

best relationship for this design?

There is a table users with autoincrement primary key id. There is also a table employees (every employee is a user but not vice versa). The employees primary key is userid. The field userid is not ...
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1answer
210 views

Retrieving all PK and FK with pgadmin

I have a big database that I need to extract all primary keys and foreign keys from each table. I have pgAdmin III. Is there a way to do this automatically and not go over each table manually?
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1answer
55 views

Check for records that break a foreign constraint (created with foreign_key_checks = 0)?

Is there an easy way to check for any records in a table that breaks any constraint? The constraint was created on a populated table using "foreign_key_checks=0".
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4k views

To drop a table, do I have to drop all foreign key constraints or can I just NOCHECK them?

I know you cannot drop a table that has active foreign key constraints. So I was wondering is it safe to: ALTER TABLE myTable NOCHECK CONSTRAINT all DROP TABLE myTable Rather than dropping the ...
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1answer
229 views

Modify MySQL foreign key related column without dropping foreign key relation

I need to modify a foreign key related column. When I tried to alter it I got "Error on rename of 'x' to 'y' (errno: 150)" error. So I googled and found foreign key relation is the 'villain'. I ...
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1answer
104 views

Is it acceptable to have a surrogate/primary key of one table be the primary/foreign key of another table?

For my purposes I'm trying to apply this to Microsoft SQL, but would like to know if there are restrictions for other DBMS regarding this. I don't know how to represent UML as ascii characters so if ...
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1answer
121 views

Handling error of foreign key

How to set a FK value NULL upon receiving error for foreign key constraint? Consider a simple table a CREATE TABLE test ( id int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT ex_key int(11), FOREIGN ...
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2answers
248 views

Merging Results while avoiding Key Constraint Error?

I have a table with a primary key which is two integer fields, each a foreign key to a different table. (Multi to Multi table) In one of the foreign tables two rows are merged and this table is ...
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2answers
1k views

Query PostgreSQL 9.0 table on foreign key value?

Noob-type question: Say I have two tables, candies and colors. The colors table holds just code/value pairs like 01 yellow, 02 blue, 03 green, etc. and is referenced in the candies table by code. ...
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20 views

Problems with foreign keys in a mysql database

I am trying to link both these tables with a foreign key. But I keep getting error message "ERROR 1452: Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails " the foreign key is pwalk_id ...
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1answer
21 views

Database relationship refresher

All, After several years of programming applications, I'm looking to refresh my understanding of databases. What I knew to begin with was fairly basic, and honestly, it's disappeared over time. I ...
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16 views

Redesign tables, multiple foreign key and related table to same table

Hello I have this database: Table Teams is used in each one table. Match table contains teamA and teamB and round contains team that win the SET and team that start the set. But I dont know how I ...
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1answer
171 views

Cannot add foreign key constraint while creating table

My Error Code is 1215 which finds problem with the foreign key constraint. I know all fields are the same data types. I can't see where the problem is. Any help would be much appreciated! Thanks! ...
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21 views

Approaching multiple values in same column

I'm developing an Android-application that scrapes the schedule for my university and presents it nicely since the current system is a nightmare. I'm processing a lot of data and it gets down to ...
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0answers
30 views

Spotting foreign key relations in a database that doesn't define all relationships as constraints?

At work I use a rather old MS Access database which defines some relations between tables, but does not outright define all of them. If the database application used an ORM, I would think that this ...
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0answers
275 views

getting SQL Error (1452): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (Unknown error code)

I am getting error with MySQL NDB Cluster 7.3.5 as described below: I have two tables: -User Profiles -User Services User services is a child table which contains foreign key constraint ...
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1answer
102 views

Create table shows ERROR 1005(HY000) errno 150

i tried to create tables as per given in my textbook in MySQL server as follows: create table department (dept_name varchar(20), building varchar(15), budget numeric(12,2), ...
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28 views

Analyze a Database to Find Failed Foreign Key Constraints

I aggressively deleted a ton of data after using this query: SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS = 0; Is there any easy way I can analyze the entire database to check to see if I have any hanging records that ...
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44 views

Why is adding a FK constraint slow in MySQL?

I'm doing some experimentation in MySQL 5.1.53 and I've run across a case that I just don't understand. CREATE TABLE A ( `pk` INT(11) NOT NULL, `fk` INT(11) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY `pk_A` ...