A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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3
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1answer
14k views

Column name or number of supplied values does not match table definition error

I have a table, with two foreign keys defined on two columns of that table. The problem is that, when I insert the values from SQL Server, I get an error: Column name or number of supplied values ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

One foreign key for two columns

I have two tables, Results and Teams Teams has the following columns: team_id team_name Results has the following columns: match_id home_team (foreign key references teams [team_id]) away_team (...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Normalized Data Store - Confused with prefixes to use

I'm designing a Staging+NDS+DDS Data Warehouse system, where an ETL is going to normalize data from [Staging] and load it into [NDS], which will hold all history. I've pretty much finished the T-SQL ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

Foreign keys can't be added because they exist but they don't exist!

I have a conundrum. I am re-engineering a sqlserver 2005 database, and in the course of doing so have attempted to correct a simple lookup table flaw between tblUsers, tblUserRoles, and tblRoles (...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

MySQL #1005 - Can't create table 'startet' (errno: 150)

Can anyone figure out why phpMyAdmin won't create the last table? It works fine if I drop the last foreign key, but I need it in there to get my assignment approved... CREATE TABLE nasjon ( ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

multi-column FKs with NULL values

I understand that in PostgreSQL if there is a multi-column FK from table B to table A and one or more of the FK columns in table B are nullable then the FK is still considered as "honored" for the ...
1
vote
1answer
427 views

ON DELETE CASCADE not working

Trying to implement a simple user follower system in MySQL, using a junction table: CREATE TABLE users ( id int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, email varchar(255) NOT NULL, username varchar(25) ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

MySQL: Is there a way to update a field so that all foreign key related fields are updated as well?

I'm assuming the answer to this question is yes but it is hard to Google this type of question and not get overly ambiguous results. I am working with a database that was dumped from a Magento ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

is there some way to give me the order in which inserts should be made so all FK constraint are met? [closed]

I have a mysql 5.6 schema with about 60 tables. I need to write some code (not sure if it will be Sql or java) to populate the data. The schema has lots of FK etc. Is there some good way (I am ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Query perfomance with multiple JOINs on MyISAM-based DB

I'm working with Enron Email Dataset in MySQL database. After I executed data import from the dump file into MyISAM-based DB, I got the set of tables without any connections between them via foreign ...
2
votes
0answers
504 views

AFTER DELETE trigger will not fire during a cascade delete

I've got two tables, corresponding to Nodes in a graph and Aisles to which they may belong. In addition, each Aisle has a Node at which it starts and ends. Aisle Table: Aisle char(4) Start_Node ...
17
votes
2answers
7k views

Why would a table use its primary key as a foreign key to itself

Looking through a database, I came across a table that used its primary key as a foreign key to itself. I've seen that a table can have a foreign key to itself to build a hierarchy structure, but it ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Which foreign keys do I use if they are repeated

I have the following two tables company_relationships |ID|Company_ID|Affiliate_ID|<Relationship Info>| +--+----------+------------+-------------------+ jobs |ID|Company_ID|<Job Info>| ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Insert New Foreign Key Row for new Strings

Lets say I have a table new_data like this: ndx | someval | somemachine serial | integer | integer ---------------------------- And let's say I have a reference table new_data_someval_ref: ...
0
votes
3answers
765 views

Can i have one foreign key to both parent and it's childs in postgresql?

I want to have a foreign key to reference table and it's children. Here's how I tried and failed: CREATE TABLE parent ( id serial, CONSTRAINT parent_pk PRIMARY KEY(id) ); CREATE TABLE child ( ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

Foreign Keys to tables where primary key is not clustered index

I'm focusing on SQL Server here, but I think this is a database agnostic question, really. I have a table whereby a Guid is logically the primary key. However, uniqueidentifiers apparently make ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

One field with multiple values?

I know that what I'm asking can't be done or shouldn't be done, but I really don't know how to do it. This is the problem: 2 tables: - Drivers (id_driver, name, etc...) - Trucks (id_truck, model, ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

VARCHAR primary key - MySQL

Currently, I have a categories table with 2 columns - category VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY and parent VARCHAR(50). The parent column is a foreign key (FK) to the category column. This seems like ...
0
votes
1answer
304 views

create foreign keys for pivot tables

I'm trying to optimise and speed up a mysql 5.6 datatabase. I have two tables with a many to many relationship: Reservation and Resource. Each Reservation can have many Resources and each Resource ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Mysql Create table shows ERROR 1005 errno 150

I am trying to make a junction table, but I getting a ERROR 1005 errno 150 CREATE TABLE 61furiousFistPokemon( cardNumber int NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY, pokemonName VARCHAR(12), type VARCHAR(10), stage ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Help on MySQL joins

I'm building a system to monitor currency prices. Part of my database structure looks like this: My system is trying to pull the api ticker for each exchange with this query: SELECT distinct E....
0
votes
0answers
340 views

insert record to child table which doesn't map to parent table - possible?

Actually I've 2 relevant questions: insert record to child table which doesn't map to parent table - possible? ON DELETE NO ACTION - when a record in parent table is deleted, it should affect ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Suggestion for Tooth Chart Data Structure

Hello I'm not sure if this is an OK question here but here goes, I'm quite confused on how am I going to make the data structure of my tooth chart database. I had first this thought of making a data ...
-1
votes
1answer
73 views

alternative foreign key syntax

in mysql you can assign primary key constraint to a column using two different syntax: after the column is defined, separated by coma, optionally in a new line id int auto_increment, primary key(id) ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Clustered columnstore indexes and foreign keys

I am performance tuning a data warehouse using indexes. I am fairly new to SQL Server 2014.Microsoft describes the following: "We view the clustered columnstore index as the standard for storing ...
0
votes
2answers
159 views

How to I establish a 1 to 1 relationship

I have a table Nurse: CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Nurse]( [EmployeeId] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL, [WardId] [int] NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT [PK_Nurse] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [EmployeeId] ASC )...
1
vote
0answers
149 views

Select all foreign key relationship chains from any set of potentially gapped table names

I am using this query to find all foreign key relationships: SELECT con.relname AS child_table, att2.attname AS child_column, cl.relname AS parent_table, att.attname AS parent_column ...
2
votes
1answer
9k views

Composite primary key from multiple tables / multiple foreign keys

I want to build a composite primary key made up of foreign keys from two different tables. I'm still pretty green to this... A great answer was given to building a composite key from multiple foreign ...
5
votes
1answer
634 views

Should an INSERT cause an exclusive lock on a foreign key?

I'm working on a deadlock issue. Process A is doing a simple INSERT into TableA which has a FK to TableB Process B is doing a complicated SELECT on a join that includes TableA and TableB I'll ...
0
votes
4answers
124 views

SqlServer: can one table's PK be the FK of other two table's? [duplicate]

I have three tables project, users and proj_user. The PK of proj_user table is the FK of project and users table's pk e.g.(project_id,user_id) My question is, is it possible for the project_id and ...
3
votes
2answers
303 views

Foreign key without referenced columns specification

I noticed in the SQL Server documentation that the list of referenced columns is not a required parameter of a foreign key constraint: <column_constraint> ::= [ CONSTRAINT constraint_name ]...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Why dropping all foreign keys from a script is not working? [closed]

I have sysadmin rights on a SQL Server 2008 R2 box. I found a script that can drop all foreign keys and re-add them for us when we need to after a testing import. So I execute the below code with no ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

“Transitive” keys

I have a central table, A, which will have a key that I'll call A_ID. Now, I have a table B in a "one to many" relationship with A (many B's map to one A). Each link will, of course, have a link ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

MySQL - Foreign Key Problem [duplicate]

I'm trying to get to grips with Foreign Keys in MySQL (5.6), and can't figure out why the below doesn't work: CREATE TABLE `test`.`parenttable` ( `id` INT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `...
3
votes
2answers
708 views

Postgresql - Do Foreign Key Constraints Automatically Create Indexes?

Per the PGSQL 9.3 docs: Because this is not always needed, and there are many choices available on how to index, declaration of a foreign key constraint does not automatically create an index on ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

See indices implicitly created for foreign key constaints in MySQL

When I add a foreign key constraint to my table, SHOW INDEX doesn't show any new indices, but the overall space used by the indices in that table increases. Apparently, the index for the field I put a ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Adding foreign key to MySQL does nothing

I have two systems: a dev system and a production system. On the dev system, I added a foreign key to a table using this statement, which has been created by phpMyAdmin: ALTER TABLE `Woerterbuchseite`...
0
votes
1answer
810 views

deleting a table referenced by many foreign keys

I have a table that I want to drop and create again, because I want to add the IDENTITY property to a column, wich is not possible directly. The problem is that I can't drop it, because my column is ...
1
vote
1answer
609 views

Adding foreign keys constraint on databases used

We have a server with about 20 databases, all duplicates of the same original db, and we just noticed the original is missing all the foreign keys constraint for some unknown reason. So of course all ...
7
votes
3answers
25k views

Difference between On Delete Cascade & On Update Cascade in mysql

I have two tables in MySQL database- parent, child. I'm trying to add foreign key references to my child table based on the parent table. Is there any significant difference between ON UPDATE CASCADE ...
3
votes
5answers
358 views

How do I prove that the act of removing foreign keys doesn't corrupt existing data?

TL;DR: Prove that in practice, the execution of the alter table table_name drop foreign key constraint_name statement does not corrupt existing data. The important consideration is the execution of ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Foreign key, key split in two tables

I have to record a list of events made of action, reason (optional, may be multiple), user. I have a master table with all the valid action, and another with all the valid action-reason combination. ...
1
vote
0answers
169 views

Is it best practice to include partition keys within foreign keys when referencing partitioned tables?

The large tables in our database are partitioned by an id in order to separate data and speed up IO. The table of the data is partitioned by the partition key, but the primary key is only on an ...
8
votes
2answers
262 views

Should I add transitive foreign keys?

Simple example: there is a table of customers. create table Customers ( id integer, constraint CustomersPK primary key (id) ) All the other data in the database should link to a Customer, so e....
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Can I include extra columns in a m->m mapping table? [duplicate]

I guess this is sort of an odd question, but consider this scenario. table classes (id_pk) table students (id_pk) table students_classes_map (students_id_fk_pk, classes_id_fk_pk, finalExamScore ...
0
votes
2answers
654 views

What's the use of assigning foreign keys on MySQL [duplicate]

Aside from indexing the value of the foreign key, what is/are the advantage of assigning foreign keys to databases? I've seen a lot of databases that does not assign foreign keys, but is relational by ...
0
votes
0answers
211 views

Same column relational Id to multiple tables

Is it appropriate to use a column as a relational id to multiple tables? For example: referenceId - int relational id to various tables tableReference - String defining the table This way I can ...
2
votes
2answers
403 views

Should I drop a foreign key if I use a soft delete?

"ON UPDATE" scenario never happens in my application. As soft delete is used, "ON DELETE" cascade and restrict scenario never happen as well now. Then, should I just drop foreign key because I have ...
2
votes
1answer
681 views

MySQL InnoDB table accepts Non-Existent Foreign Key

Using EasyPHP 14.1 VC11 and phpMyAdmin (4.1.4) to create a website project in my home computer. The MySQL version is 5.6.15 according to the EasyPHP administration page. Working on Windows 7 64-bit. ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

size of a primary key and foreign key

Do a primary key and a foreign key referencing it must have the same column size in sql server 2008 ? could someone indicate me a link to a documentation explaining this ? Thank you for help.