A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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Is there any reason not to use foreign keys in MySQL?

I've never really used foreign keys before but I am building a project where they could come in handy. I have looked at some other large software such as some forum systems and they don't use foreign ...
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1answer
746 views

Deferrable Foreign Key Constraints

What are the consequences of making a foreign key constraint DEFERRABLE INITIALLY IMMEDIATE instead of NONDEFERRABLE? This answer on StackOverflow mentions the performance impact that comes with no ...
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3answers
244 views

ORA-02270: no matching unique or primary key for this column-list

I getting an error report of: Error report - SQL Error: ORA-02270: no matching unique or primary key for this column-list 02270. 00000 - "no matching unique or primary key for this column-list" ...
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2answers
2k views

VARCHAR primary key - MySQL

Currently, I have a categories table with 2 columns - category VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY and parent VARCHAR(50). The parent column is a foreign key (FK) to the category column. This seems like ...
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3answers
98 views

Need suggestion for placing foreign keys in the databases

I have the database for customers. The customers table is something like this +------------------+ | Customers | +------------------+ | id (PK) | | business_email | | business_name ...
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3answers
1k views

Normalization: 'zip code' as a primary key

I've seen frequently that you should not have all address fields (zip, street, city, state, country, etc) in the same table as your user info table (pk_id, name, email... ). This would be in ...
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3answers
552 views

Mysql error while creating FK

here is structure of both tables category table CREATE TABLE category ( `catID` bigint(20) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `title` varchar(60) NOT NULL, `created_at` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT ...
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2answers
4k views

Usage of RESTRICT or No ACTION in FOREIGN KEY Constraints

Sorry if this question is naive, but I was unable to understand possible usage of RESTRICT or No ACTION. Consider a simple database of CREATE TABLE column1 ( first_id int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, ...
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4answers
135 views

Selecting data from another table using a foreign key [duplicate]

I have two tables A & B. Table A id | name | num Table B id | date | roll id in table B is a foreign key which relates to the id in table A. I want to get the contents of table B where id ...
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2answers
157 views

novice-design: Are FOREIGN KEYs always necessary? Joins on columns which are not PK

I've been wondering if following approach is bad or really very bad:). Question#1: can we use indicator_id to combine data from indicator_values and indicator_details tables (without using FOREIGN ...
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1answer
505 views

How to select multiple id from same table

Here is the simplified version of my problem. I have these tables: Master table id - name - surname - fathers name - mothers name Names id - name Surnames id - surname I want to query master ...
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2answers
224 views

Oracle: finding rows without children in a table with a foreign key?

Suppose I have two tables with a foreign key relationship. How can I find the rows in the parent table for which there is no corresponding child record? For example: create table a(x number primary ...
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1answer
2k views

Slow delete caused by many foreign keys

My DB has about 90 tables. Most of the tables have an UpdatedBy and AddedBy column that have foreign keys pointing back to the user table. With even moderate amounts of data spread throughout the ...
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3answers
712 views

How to model a 1..1 Composition Relationship

We have a couple of entities/relationships of the following kind: Entity Event has a TimePoint The TimePoint contains time information about the event. It belongs to that event and cannot be used by ...
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1answer
53 views

Automatic index creation for primary vs. foreign keys in Postgresql

For PostgreSQL 9.4 (http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.4/static/ddl-constraints.html) it is stated that A foreign key must reference columns that either are a primary key or form a unique ...
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4answers
39 views

Foreign and primary keys question

I have have looked for an answer for my questions everywhere but they seem confusing to me.Can a foreign key be a primary key in the same table? Can a foreign key be a primary key in another table? ...
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1answer
58 views

Why does In-Memory feature not support foreign keys?

Why does Sql-Server 2014 In-Memory feature not support primary/foreign key relations? Can anyone explain what the problem with foreign key relationships and in-memory is? I guess just and only this ...
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1answer
64 views

Enforce a single NULL end date per foreign key value using an index

I want to implement a Check Constraint across a date range and foreign key. I have a table created as: Primary Key Foreign Key DateStart DateEnd The ForeignKey can appear many times in the table ...
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1answer
73 views

Understanding the output of \d <table> in psql

Say I run the following command: \d mtb.big_table I get the output shown below. My questions are: What are column modifiers? (what does default now() mean?) Under Indexes, Why do some indices ...
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3answers
72 views

What is the benefit of two FK, when one of them can be deduced from another table?

The third party Microsoft SQL Server database I'm working on is using the structure which can be illustrated with this example: Let's take three tables: Shop which is the topmost level and ...
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1answer
224 views

Multiple primary keys

I am new to database design and have been looking at some example data models here. One thing I don't understand is if you have a table like client_addresses from the link above: ...
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2answers
42 views

Parent -> Child -> Grandchild with a foreign key back to Parent, Bad Practice?

Basically the foreign key on options is there to make it so that if you want to know what product an option belongs to you don't have to go through variants. A variant is like Color, Size Etc.. An ...
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1answer
123 views

Database design for dentists

I have a homework, where I should create a database for a dental clinic using MySQL Workbench. This database will be used later for a web app for dentists. Here is a picture of the database design: ...
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1answer
99 views

Index cleanup/usage help

My question is this: When running sp_blitzindex, I get a lot of these 2 warnings/suggestions: Index Hoarder: Unused NC index and Feature-Phobic Indexes: Potential filtered index (based on ...
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2answers
395 views

Can I use `on delete set null` on a compound foreign key which contains a primary key column?

The docs say: Restricting and cascading deletes are the two most common options. RESTRICT prevents deletion of a referenced row. NO ACTION means that if any referencing rows still exist when the ...
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2answers
117 views

Insert New Foreign Key Row for new Strings

Lets say I have a table new_data like this: ndx | someval | somemachine serial | integer | integer ---------------------------- And let's say I have a reference table new_data_someval_ref: ...
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1answer
295 views

Performance of checking for data in related tables

NB: this question is purely academic / to help improve my understanding of SQL Server performance. Given a master table which relates to one or more other tables, how would you determine the best ...
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1answer
66 views

What problem prevents well defined behavior of a foreign key on a non-unique column?

In my noob opinion, it strikes me that in a serialized environment, this shouldn't be a problem. Is that correct? If not, please explain to me why a foreign key's behavior on a non-unique column is ...
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1answer
1k views

MySQL: update instead of delete if foreign key constraint?

I have a bit of a strange question. I know about insert on duplicate key update. My question is, is there something similar for deletes that fail because of foreign key constraints? For example: ...
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1answer
278 views

How to link a customer to a country when the city/state isn't known

We have a situation where medical systems are sold to hospital groups, but at the time of the order, we don't always know into which state and city the system will be installed. We always know the ...
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1answer
2k views

Foreign Key - One Child Table to Multiple Parent Tables

Maybe I'm thinking of this problem in the wrong way, but we maintain an AccessControl table that is a child to several parent tables (e.g. CompanyItems, SystemFiles, etc.). I'm trying to make sure we ...
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1answer
1k views

Usefulness of Foreign Key WITHOUT reference option

Sorry, if this is naive question, but I searched a lot and did not get a vivid answers. Consider a simple InnoDB FOREIGN KEY without ON DELETE or ON UPDATE I think this will avoid INSERT of a value ...
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3answers
139 views

If A is next to B, how to automatically assert that B is next to A

I am working in Access 2010. Let's say I have a database that tracks where packages sit in a warehouse. Table: Packages PackageID (PK) PackageHeight PackageWidth PackageWeight PackageOwner (etc) ...
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1answer
41 views

PostgreSQL Foreign Key

Very basic questions. I have 3 tables, very obvious whats the use of them: -------- CONTACT -------- ID (SERIAL) - PK NAME (VARCHAR) --------------- CONTACT_DETAILS ---------------- ID (SERIAL) - PK ...
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1answer
46 views

Relationships mess

Say I have a table ads, and each ad has several medias - held in a medias table. Each media can be one of several types. Types are in a media_types table. So, for example, an ad has two medias: one ...
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1answer
23 views

MySQL getting errno: 150 on table creation from Workbench

I'm inexperienced with MySQL and I am trying to build a few tables and getting errno 150 which I believe could be to do with Foreign Keys. Here is my SQL as generated by Workbench. Thanks in advance ...
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2answers
32 views

Recreate all foreign keys in all tables as deferrable (batch)

I want to make all foreign keys in my database deferrable. But there is no possibility to alter an existing constraint. So I need to drop and add again each foreign key. How to do it automatically?
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1answer
80 views

Discover missing foreign keys and/or indexes

We have a pretty big database (around 700GB of data), which has been inherited to us, and has had several DBAs. With time we've realized that there are several missing foreign keys and indexes. I'd ...
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3answers
89 views

Is it a good idea to use a personal number as a primary key for a customer table?

We are designing a new system to handle customers at our firm and me and another developer are split on wether we should use the customers personal numbers as a primary key. My preference would be to ...
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1answer
2k views

adding autoincrement to id already part of foreign key

I would like to add the autoincrement property for all my table's columns named id in a schema. However, most of them are part of a foreign key constraint. Is there any other way to do it without ...
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1answer
408 views

PostgreSQL: Foreign key on string column

I'm currently in a process of redesigning a legacy database. One of the tables primary key is a varchar(254). I need to create a table relating to it. So for example: create table "Item" ( ...
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1answer
38 views

is there some way to give me the order in which inserts should be made so all FK constraint are met? [closed]

I have a mysql 5.6 schema with about 60 tables. I need to write some code (not sure if it will be Sql or java) to populate the data. The schema has lots of FK etc. Is there some good way (I am ...
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1answer
100 views

“Transitive” keys

I have a central table, A, which will have a key that I'll call A_ID. Now, I have a table B in a "one to many" relationship with A (many B's map to one A). Each link will, of course, have a link ...
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1answer
69 views

Schema design - Reference slightly different data in different tables

I'm trying to design a schema for a MySQL database and got stuck on the following. My database stores documents which should have relations with blocks of content. create table document ( `id` ...
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1answer
851 views

How do I validate all my constraints in postgresql?

It seems like I have been bitten by the first bug described in the release notes of postgresql 9.3.4: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/devel/static/release-9-3-4.html I now have e.g. duplicate primary ...
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1answer
8k views

MYSQL - Problem with foreign keys on same table

In Mysql 5.5, I have a table, in which I store some informations about "events".. In order to have a chronological order, I made two columns that reference to the previous and to the next event. So I ...
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1answer
7k views

“Cannot add or update a child row” when deleting a record?

I have the two following tables: survey_main ---------- id name answers_main -------------- id survey_id I have the following foreign key constraint on the answers_main table: CONSTRAINT ...
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2answers
179 views

Usage of foreign key when the referenced table data will not change

I have to design a table where user has 10 fields and 6 are dropdown. Some are single selections and some multiple. Dropdown data is supposed to change very rarely. For e.g., the user is presented ...
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1answer
2k views

Foreign Key to Multicolumn Primary Key?

I have three connected table in my design. Basic logic is when a category deleted, also delete records in category_product table which has deleted category's id in its cat_id column. But when I tried ...
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1answer
4k views

Getting the data from a foreign key table

I have a table that relates a user to client using both their table id's UsersClients Table --------------------- | userid | clientid | --------------------- | 2 | 32 | | 3 ...