A type of integrity constraint used in a RDBMS platform to ensure that a value in a column matches one of a range of key values from another table.

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Foreign key with multiple references

I have the following three tables in mysql database named "THE_COLLEGE" mysql> desc students; +----------+-------------+------+-----+---------+-------+ | Field | Type | Null | Key | ...
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898 views

Is there a workaround for lack of support of cascade triggers with MySQL?

As things stand, cascaded foreign key actions do not activate triggers with MySQL. I don't want to get into the debate as to whether or not this is good, I just would like to know whether there is a ...
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2answers
361 views

Foreign Key constraint on fixed value field - Ever appropriate?

I have a short (15 rows) look-up table that lists the valid values for several columns in the database. I don't think it can be considered a One-True-Lookup-Table, it is about a single definite ...
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1answer
121 views

Can I place the attribute in the Entity, when the foreign key is also already present?

I am using DBdesigner Fork for generating ER diagram. I have the 'Company' as an entity for which can I place the attribute of 'idShares', despite of having the foreign key of Shares Entity in the ...
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2answers
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Foreign Key Constraint fails

I have the following tables: // Base Scans CREATE TABLE `basescans` ( `id` INT(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `name` VARCHAR(100) NULL DEFAULT NULL, `status_id` INT(10) UNSIGNED ...
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1answer
267 views

InnoDB Foreign key updating vs. manual in-application updating

I've been working on a "legacy" schema in MySQL Workbench that uses a lot of relations. All of the tables are MyISAM, however, and there are no foreign keys. However, I'm working on a new area of the ...
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How to pass the value of PK to FK

Ok, so here it goes. I have a table called employee. then I have another table called languages. I need to copy the value of PK of employee table to foreign key in Languages table, rather than ...
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1answer
65 views

How to resolve foreign key references across different databases (iSeries and SQL Server)

I've got a system that has a DB2 iSeries database. We are rewriting a portion of the system and implementing it using SQL Server and Entity Framework. Originally, I was lead to believe that there ...
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32 views

Update all foreign keys to a different primary key

In a MySQL database, I have a table full of business information. Lots of businesses have been inserted twice due to human error, so the same information exists with two different primary keys. ...
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1answer
36 views

Can you enforce uniqueness in MySQL based on column in foreign table?

I am refactoring one of my database tables and I've come up with an issue. Specifically, I have a table with four columns. We'll call the first three my.a, my.b and my.c. I have a uniqueness ...
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20 views

Compound key that only allows nulls if they are null in the referenced table

I want to create a compound foreign key constraint that only allows a null value in one of the columns if there is a matching row with a null value in the referenced table. Additionally, the ...
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Implementing a consistent mailbox

I am trying to implement something like a mailbox for short messages between users. I am using Postgresql 9.4.1 with SQLAlchemy (Python3). There is a table of users: users = Table('users',metadata, ...
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MySQL - Cannot add new Foreign Key

I'm using magento and it does some re-index for a product flat table structure. In this process a new table is created. The SQL for that table is something like: CREATE TABLE ...
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86 views

How to write a query which recursively returns all foreign key references to a column?

I need to obtain a list of foreign keys which refer to a given column, as well as all foreign keys which refer to those keys, and so on. Order does not matter. I have SELECT s.name, t.name, ...
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Select all foreign key relationship chains from any set of potentially gapped table names

I am using this query to find all foreign key relationships: SELECT con.relname AS child_table, att2.attname AS child_column, cl.relname AS parent_table, att.attname AS parent_column ...
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1answer
302 views

Adding foreign keys constraint on databases used

We have a server with about 20 databases, all duplicates of the same original db, and we just noticed the original is missing all the foreign keys constraint for some unknown reason. So of course all ...
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Is it best practice to include partition keys within foreign keys when referencing partitioned tables?

The large tables in our database are partitioned by an id in order to separate data and speed up IO. The table of the data is partitioned by the partition key, but the primary key is only on an ...
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20 views

Can I include extra columns in a m->m mapping table? [duplicate]

I guess this is sort of an odd question, but consider this scenario. table classes (id_pk) table students (id_pk) table students_classes_map (students_id_fk_pk, classes_id_fk_pk, finalExamScore ...
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1answer
157 views

Sybase ASA: Saving and dropping all foreign keys and most Primary Keys for (Bulk) Insert

Background Information: I am trying to migrate from an ASA 12 Database, to a ASA 12 Database by using a Remote Server. I have to migrate a lot of Rows (not all), spread over a lot of tables (not ...
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627 views

Crow Feet notation and identifying -vs- non-identifying relationships

Is it possible to distinguish between identifying and non-identifying relationships using the Crow Feet notation? Case in point: In table Book, part of the book's Primary Key is a FK to the Author ...
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133 views

join performance, index vs. index+foreignkey

I'm using an orm framework that handles data (and its integrity) on top of mysql. So far I ignored foreign keys because the orm handles that just fine. I recently read that foreign keys can enhance ...
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2answers
231 views

Multiple relationships between the same entities

Is there a name for when 2 entities can have multiple relationships between them?
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1answer
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How to add FK on a column of composite type in PostgreSQL?

I have a table which contains a composite type and I am trying to connect a column of it to another table's PK. CREATE TABLE aaa (col1 SERIAL PRIMARY KEY); CREATE TYPE bbb AS (col2 INTEGER); CREATE ...
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219 views

How can I look up table relationships in SQL if I don't have physical/logical models? [closed]

What is the best way to look up/learn table relationships in a database that I'm not familiar with and I don’t have any Logical/Physical models available? Is there a tool that I can use? I’ve been ...
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35 views

A separate table or ENUM? [duplicate]

There is a table person (which has among autoincremented primary key field id such fields as firtsname and lastname). There is a table employee whose primary (but not autoincremented) personid is a ...
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716 views

How to represent class table inheritance (current DBMS-specific way please)?

I want to implement class either-or table inheritance (Account, CatAccountDetails, DogAccountDetails) in SQL Server. I found a recommendation for MySQL here (How do I map an IS-A relationship into a ...
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1answer
208 views

Pitfalls of creating a foreign key constraint on a system table?

I have a number of tables which hold metadata about the tables and packages in the system. This is intended to be a resource for analysts and documentation so it is not used to create data. One of ...
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43 views

Classes and objects (but not ORD)

I am looking for help laying out a database that stores information similar to a class definition and then also instances of those 'classes' (but not referring to an ORD). The specific example is ...
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1answer
189 views

Are these custom module Drupal tables lacking foreign keys? mysqldump with table structures without data is included

I am troubleshooting a some tables in MySQL used by a custom Drupal module. Documentation for these tables is poor so I used mysqldump to get the structures in the Drupal database without the data. I ...
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2answers
175 views

How do automaticly delete rows from other tables

I have a MySql DB. I have a table - recipes. Also have 2 tables -ingredients and instructions. both have for each entry - a foreign key to the related recipe. I want that when I delete an entry from ...
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Dealing with Invisible Referencers

Using Oracle database, suppose I have a parent table parent defined in schema A, and a child table child defined in schema B. To achieve this, schema A granted references privilege on parent to schema ...
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3answers
45 views

Reset Key Names to Defaults?

I'm working with some tables/columns that were renamed at some point, but the names of the primary/foreign keys are still based on the previous names. In SSMS is there any (preferably automatic) way ...
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PostgreSQL - insert/update violates foreign key constraints

I am a new one in postgreSQL. I have 3 tables, one table references the other 2 table's primary keys. But I couldn't insert data into the Table3. See the code below : DROP TABLE Table1 CASCADE; ...
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How can a primary key be inserted as foreign key?

Hi I am building an order intake form that will have information submitted belonging to 3 tables. The order table will have the primary key used for the property and customer table. How can I ...
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2answers
879 views

VARCHAR primary key - MySQL

Currently, I have a categories table with 2 columns - category VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY and parent VARCHAR(50). The parent column is a foreign key (FK) to the category column. This seems like ...
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1answer
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Create relationship between two tables with composite primary key

I've created a table [t1] with two fields and a composite primary key, show in below: create table t1( id int, name nchar(10), primary key(id,name) ); I want to create a second table ...
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4answers
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SqlServer: can one table's PK be the FK of other two table's? [duplicate]

I have three tables project, users and proj_user. The PK of proj_user table is the FK of project and users table's pk e.g.(project_id,user_id) My question is, is it possible for the project_id and ...
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1answer
90 views

Batch converting indexes to keys [closed]

I have a legacy MS SQL Server database where all the primary and foreign keys were created as indexes. I am developing the new version of our software with Entity Frameworks, which I have learned ...
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1answer
229 views

Get unmatched rows for foreign key

Consider two tables: CREATE TABLE Users( id INT PRIMARY KEY, name VARCHAR(128) ) Engine=InnoDB CREATE TABLE Tags( id INT PRIMARY KEY, user REFERENCES Users(id), tag VARCHAR(128) ) ...
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Delete rows in parent table based on criteria in child table - Oracle

I have a table B with a foreign key to table A. I want to DELETE some rows in table B, and I also want to DELETE their parent rows in table A. However, the delete criteria is based on table B. The ...
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3answers
223 views

Can i have one foreign key to both parent and it's childs in postgresql?

I want to have a foreign key to reference table and it's children. Here's how I tried and failed: CREATE TABLE parent ( id serial, CONSTRAINT parent_pk PRIMARY KEY(id) ); CREATE TABLE child ( ...
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2answers
436 views

One field with multiple values?

I know that what I'm asking can't be done or shouldn't be done, but I really don't know how to do it. This is the problem: 2 tables: - Drivers (id_driver, name, etc...) - Trucks (id_truck, model, ...
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1answer
412 views

deleting a table referenced by many foreign keys

I have a table that I want to drop and create again, because I want to add the IDENTITY property to a column, wich is not possible directly. The problem is that I can't drop it, because my column is ...
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161 views

Primary key for link/junction table with time-dependent data

I want to link two tables in such a way that for any given time period the relationship is one-to-one, but over time the relationship can change. As an minimal example, suppose I want to list the ...
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1answer
231 views

Implementing foreign keys on generalized data model

Suppose the ASCII tree below is a UML generalized concept model. To represent these entities/classes in UML, lets assume [mammal] a super class, and the level 1 classes, [wild] and [domestic] are sub ...
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1answer
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Derived value not calculating as expected using combination of FK and Triggers (MySQL)

I'm having trouble with calculating a derived value using a combination of triggers and foreign key constraints. There are 3 tables involved in this arrangement responses ------------------------ ...
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1answer
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Index cleanup/usage help

My question is this: When running sp_blitz, I get a lot of these 2 warnings/suggestions: Index Hoarder: Unused NC index and Feature-Phobic Indexes: Potential filtered index (based on column ...
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1answer
49 views

Oracle: Traversing a graph of my foreign keys?

Given a table, what is a query that will show foreign key constrains, both immediate and nested? I.e. if T2 has an FK on T1, and T3 has an FK on T2, I would like to show T1 -> T2 -> T3.
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1answer
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Can't add a foreign key constraint in a table on Postgresql

I'm trying to add a foreign key of "prefectures" table in "centresdevote" table. But I'm having this error while trying to add a foreign key to "centresdevote" table. I had no problem adding foreign ...
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1answer
38 views

Get table name by foreign key

I have a two tables in the database. First table has a foreign key to second table. Can I get second table name by the foreign key from first table?