MySQL : Open-Source, Relational Database Management System

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Scalability limitations of PostgreSQL and MySQL

I've heard that performance of non-sharded relational database such as MySQL or PostgreSQL "breaks" beyond 10 TB. I suspect that limits as such do exist as one would not come up with Netezza, ...
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Mysql int vs varchar as primary key (InnoDB Storage Engine?

I am build a web application (project management system) and I have been wondering about this when it come to performance. I have an Issues table an inside it there are 12 foreign keys linking to ...
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MySQL Sharding vs MySQL Cluster

Considering performance only, can a MySQL Cluster beat a custom data sharding MySQL solution? sharding = horizontal partitioning When I refer to sharding, I'm considering sharding made in the ...
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Reasons for occasionally slow queries?

We are running MySQL 5.1 on Windows Server 2008 R2. We have been doing some diagnostics on our database of late and have found some disturbing artifacts which we can't explain. We added some code to ...
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MySQL and window functions

It seems that MySQL does not support window functions. E.g. the simple: COUNT(*) OVER() AS cnt does not work. What I am not sure is if this applies to commercial version as well (I assume the ...
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MySQL table_cache and Opened_tables

I have seen people use the comparison of Open_tables and Opened_tables to assess whether the table_cache is too small in MySQL. However, I believe that Opened_tables is cumulative across uptime, so ...
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Why are simple SELECTs on InnoDB 100x slower than on MyISAM?

I have quite an annoying problem. I want to use INNODB as my main database engine and give up on MyISAM as I need the former for using galera-cluster for redundancy. I copied (description follows) ...
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MySQL transaction size - how big is too big?

I have an import process that runs every so often and I want it to be an 'all or nothing' kind of deal, aka: a transaction. There are many aspects, and the imports may yield anywhere between ...
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MySQL table with 100,000 records queried often

I have a single database of about 100 tables to store various kinds of information. The most important table is our order table which is used to store customers orders and is over 100000 records as ...
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Best way to design tournament database

I'm creating a webpage for placing bets on all matches of the upcoming Euro 2012 football tournament. Need some help deciding what approach to take for the knockout phase. I have created a mockup ...
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Use MySQL to regularly do multi-way joins on 100+ GB tables?

Background: I’ve created a web application that I would like to be able to scale reasonably well. I know I'm not Google or Twitter, but my app uses a fairly large amount of data for each user and thus ...
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How to select specific rows if a column exists or all rows if a column doesn't

I'm writing a script that gets a count of rows for a few tables, however for some tables I want to only get a count of rows where a flag is set (in this case active=1). Is there a way I can do this ...
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Where can I find the mysql slow log?

Just as the title says, where can I see it ? Are there any config options for it ( like how many ms would determine if a query is slow or not ) ?
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How is LIKE implemented?

Can anyone explain how the LIKE operator is implemented in current database systems (e.g. MySQL or Postgres)? or point me to some references that explain it? The naive approach would be to inspect ...
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How is INFORMATION_SCHEMA implemented in MySQL?

The INFORMATION_SCHEMA is, in theory, a set of views specified in the SQL standard that allow the user to inspect the system's metadata. How is it this implemented in MySQL? When I connect to a fresh ...
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Is innodb_file_per_table advisable?

We have an application where just one of the table will be growing into million of lines but the rest will just below a million. So what is the advice should we go with innodb_file_per_table or leave ...
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Is it unwise to run replication on same physical server?

I'm contemplating setting up a Master-Slave replication for my database. The slave server will be used for redundancy and possibly a reports server. However, one of the biggest issues I'm running into ...
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Where can I find example databases for MySQL, SQL Server and Oracle?

I want to experiment with the 3 large database management systems. For this purpose it would be cool to have the same database (the same tables, etc.) for each of those. Where can I find sql scripts ...
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Splitting Tables in MySQL. Good practice?

I have started working on an existing project and the previous developer had split up a table into 10 separate tables with identical schemas but different data. The tables look like this: ...
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eCommerce orders table. Save prices, or use an audit/history table?

Im designing my first eCommerce schema. I've been reading around the subject for a little while, and am a bit confused about the relationship between an order_line_item and a product A product can ...
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MySQL data type for 128 bit integers

I need to store 128 bits unsigned integers into MySQL and I was wondering what is the best data type to store such big numbers. Right now, I'm using binary(16) but that involves a lot of conversion ...
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Restore mysql database with different name

How can we restore mysql database with different name from mysqldump file. I dont't want to open dump file and edit it. Any other better methods?
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kill all queries - MySQL

Sometimes during a SNAFU I have to run kill query xxxxxxx twenty or thirty times. Any sort of kill all command I am missing? On account of how I don't like typing.
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Are there any MySQL Benchmarking tools? [closed]

I've heard a long time ago that there is this tool that helps you tweek mysql settings for better performance but i can't seam to find it. I am aware that I can use ab for apache to simulate high ...
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innodb_file_format Barracuda

I have a couple questions for those more familiar. Most of my instances have been running Antelope despite having support for Barracuda. I was looking to play around with some compresses innodb ...
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What does 'ibfk' stand for in MySQL?

If I create a foreign key constraint for table 'photos' in phpmyadmin, I later see that the constraint is named 'photos_ibfk_1', and the next constraint is called 'photos_ibfk_2', etc. From this I ...
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Order by column should have index or not?

I have added indexes to table which are used for searching result. I am showing results by ASC or DESC order. So that column should have index or not? I have 2 more indexes on that table. How ...
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Why am I getting `Impossible WHERE noticed after reading const tables` in explain query?

I have a unique compound key like fr(fromid,toid) in the table, when I run the query with explain I get the following result: Impossible WHERE noticed after reading const tables` The query I ran: ...
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PostgreSQL vs. MySQL - Advantages / Disadvantages with a spatial component

We are the in the process of building out a web application that has a spatial data component. In the beginning our spatial data comparisons will take a given point and return matched overlapping ...
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How to migrate large blob table from mysql to postgresql?

I'm now in process of migrating my MySQL database to PostgreSQL. Almost everything went fine (well, after lots of googling for correct mysqldump params etc.) except one table I have - actually the ...
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How to properly kill MySQL?

I have CentOS 64bit with CPanel installed and I use service mysql stop However, it keeps doing ..... for minutes and it never stops. It used to be instant. Any idea why it does that and how to fix? ...
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Must an index cover all selected columns for it to be used for ORDER BY?

Over at SO, someone recently asked Why isn't ORDER BY using the index? The situation involved a simple InnoDB table in MySQL comprising three columns and 10k rows. One of the columns, an integer, ...
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Clarification on MySQL innodb_flush_method variable

Let me begin by admitting that I'm very ignorant of the inner workings of hard disks. So when I read over the manual for the variable innodb_flush_method, it confused me. Can I get an explanation in ...
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Where is the INNODB Performance Leak?

I have a weird problem which I cannot seem to fix. I'm more an web programmer than a Server/DB Admin, so I hope someone here can help me. The Situation I am working on a system which handles a lot ...
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Database redesign opportunity: What table design to use for this sensor data collection?

Background I have a network of approximately 2000 sensors, each of which has about 100 data points that we collect on 10 minute intervals. These data points are typically int values, but some are ...
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What is the reason of Host 'host_name' is blocked in MySQL?

When I use incorrect password to connect to mysql server, and the test count is over the max_connect_errors, and I find the Aborted_connects is also arise as the count I test, but the host is still ...
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MySQL instance stalling “doing SYNC index”

Problem An instance of MySQL 5.6.20 running (mostly just) a database with InnoDB tables is exhibiting occasional stalls for all update operations for the duration of 1-4 minutes with all INSERT, ...
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Find total duration of each consecutive series of rows

MySQL Version The code will run in MySQL 5.5 Background I have a table like the following one CREATE TABLE t ( id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT , patient_id INT NOT NULL , bed_id INT NOT NULL , ...
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1answer
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Disable explicit commits in JDBC, detect them in SQL, or put the database in a readonly state

Background: I'm working on http://sqlfiddle.com (my site), and am trying to prevent one avenue of abuse possible there. I'm hoping that by asking about a problem I'm currently addressing, I don't ...
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Benefits of using backtick (`) in MySQL queries?

In MySQL we can create queries with or without the backtick (`) symbol. Example: SELECT * FROM TEST; SELECT * FROM `TEST`; Both works fine in mysql-console. Is there any technical difference ...
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How to estimate/predict data size and index size of a table in MySQL

I am finding what is the best way to estimate size of a table for that i have studied lot of blogs and forums but unable to find any accurate answer For an example we have a table City with InnoDB ...
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Why using innodb_file_per_table?

There are many articles exaggerating (IMHO of course) the need for innodb_file_per_table. I understand that with innodb_file_per_table, there should be a better control over the individual tables; ...
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MySQL Set UTC time as default timestamp

How do I set a timestamp column whose default value is the current UTC time? MySQL uses UTC_TIMESTAMP() function for UTC timestamp: mysql> SELECT UTC_TIMESTAMP(); +---------------------+ | ...
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Installing default MySQL Tables in Windows (mysql_install_db)

In Linux, the default MySQL grant tables can be created with the mysql_install_db script, but that does not work on Windows. How can the default grant tables be installed on Windows? (No, I’m not ...
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Is there a graceful or safe restart for mysql like for apache httpd?

I would like to restart mysql gracefully just like httpd where threads are served before restart. I would dislike queries breaking.
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Percona vs MySQL

What is Percona? How does it differ from MySQL? When should we consider switching (or upgrading) from stock MySQL to Percona? To add some specifics in our situation we almost exclusively use ...
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Replicate RDS-MySQL to a non-amazon host?

I have a fairly large MySQL (5.1) database running in Amazon as an RDS instance. I'm working on migrating it out of Amazon. To do that smoothly I'd like to set up the new hardware as a read-only ...
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Any better way out of MySQL InnoDB log “in the future”?

I've got this InnoDB error in MySQL 5.0. Mysqld was stopped cleanly, but I managed to lose ib_logfile0 & ib_logfile1 afterward. Now after a clean startup, InnoDB has done its "crash recovery". ...
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importing large SQL file phpmyadmin

I am trying to import this SQL file in phpmyadmin and got this message #1064 - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right ...
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InnoDB create table error: “Row size too large”

We have some engineers that flatten a normalized db structure into a temporary table for the purposes of generating a report. The columns are specified as TEXT NOT NULL (I know "why are they doing ...