All versions of MySQL (not Microsoft SQL Server). Please also add a version-specific tag like mysql-5.7 if that is relevant to the question.

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14
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1answer
458 views

Does anyone have a good recommendation for a book which teaches sharding?

Does anyone have a good recommendation for a book which teaches db sharding (from scratch at best) I have read like 40 different websites talking about sharding. I'm not saying online sites/blogs ...
13
votes
3answers
18k views

What is the default order of records for a SELECT statement in MySQL?

Suppose you have the following table and data: create table t(k int, v int,index k(k)) engine=memory; insert into t values(10, 1), (10, 2), (10, 3); When issuing select * from t where k = 10 with ...
13
votes
2answers
10k views

How to select specific rows if a column exists or all rows if a column doesn't

I'm writing a script that gets a count of rows for a few tables, however for some tables I want to only get a count of rows where a flag is set (in this case active=1). Is there a way I can do this ...
13
votes
4answers
79k views

MySQL: how to restore table stored in a .frm and a .ibd file?

I have previously saved a copy of /var/lib/mysql/ddms directory ("ddms" is the schema name). Now I installed a new MySQL on a freshly installed Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS by running apt-get install ...
13
votes
5answers
30k views

MySQL server has gone away obstructing import of large dumps

I am trying to import a large sql dump (2GB) to my local mysql on my mac. I have been able to do this in the past (I was using MAMP), but now I get a ERROR 2006 (HY000) at line 7758: MySQL server ...
13
votes
5answers
16k views

Why do MySQL threads often show “freeing items” status when the query cache is disabled?

When I run SHOW PROCESSLIST, there are often a large number of INSERT/UPDATE threads in the "freeing items" state. The MySQL manual suggests that at least part of the reason for a thread to be in ...
13
votes
1answer
13k views

Is there a graceful or safe restart for mysql like for apache httpd?

I would like to restart mysql gracefully just like httpd where threads are served before restart. I would dislike queries breaking.
13
votes
2answers
12k views

Amazon RDS for MySQL vs installing MySQL on an Amazon EC2 instance

At work, we host all our webservers on Amazon EC2 and usually have used MySQL databases installed on the same box as our Apache webserver, and communicated with them on localhost. We now face a need ...
13
votes
3answers
15k views

Why am I getting `Impossible WHERE noticed after reading const tables` in explain query?

I have a unique compound key like fr(fromid,toid) in the table, when I run the query with explain I get the following result: Impossible WHERE noticed after reading const tables` The query I ran: ...
13
votes
1answer
12k views

Dump only the Stored Procedures in MySQL

I need to dump only the stored procedures : no data, no table creation. How can I do this using mysqldump?
13
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2answers
2k views

Database redesign opportunity: What table design to use for this sensor data collection?

Background I have a network of approximately 2000 sensors, each of which has about 100 data points that we collect on 10 minute intervals. These data points are typically int values, but some are ...
13
votes
2answers
5k views

Is the overhead of frequent query cache invalidation ever worth it?

I'm currently working on a MySQL database where we are seeing a large number of invalidations from the query cache, primarily because of the high number of INSERT, DELETE and UPDATE statements that ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Infrastructure for Highly Concurrent, High Write DB

My requirements are: 3000 Connections 70-85% Write vs Read Currently, we are maxing out a High-CPU, Extra Large Instance at 700 connections. All 8 cores are maxed. We think it's the number of ...
13
votes
2answers
24k views

MySQL: Tree-Hierarchical query

SUB-TREE WITHIN A TREE in MySQL In my MYSQL Database COMPANY, I have a Table: Employee with recursive association, an employee can be boss of other employee. A self relationship of kind (SuperVisor ...
12
votes
7answers
15k views

Too many columns in MySQL

I have a table with 1699 columns and when I'm trying to insert more columns I get the too many columns in the table error. In this table I have only 1000 rows. For me the most important thing is the ...
12
votes
5answers
14k views

How to manage millions of users?

I am about to launch something really big. I need to prepare my server and database. I would like to group each set of 100,000 users in separate user tables but I do not know how to associate one ...
12
votes
6answers
21k views

slow load speed of data from mysqldump

I've got a moderate size MySQL database with about 30 tables, some of which are 10 million records, some 100 million. The mysqldump of all the tables (into separate files) is fairly fast, takes maybe ...
12
votes
6answers
8k views

Splitting Tables in MySQL. Good practice?

I have started working on an existing project and the previous developer had split up a table into 10 separate tables with identical schemas but different data. The tables look like this: ...
12
votes
2answers
11k views

For absolute performance, is SUM faster or COUNT?

This relates to counting the number of records that match a certain condition, e.g. invoice amount > $100. I tend to prefer COUNT(CASE WHEN invoice_amount > 100 THEN 1 END) However, this is ...
12
votes
3answers
12k views

Is innodb_file_per_table advisable?

We have an application where just one of the table will be growing into million of lines but the rest will just below a million. So what is the advice should we go with innodb_file_per_table or leave ...
12
votes
2answers
18k views

What is the safest way to switch the binlog format at runtime?

Because of the following warning in mysqld.log: [Warning] Unsafe statement written to the binary log using statement format since BINLOG_FORMAT = STATEMENT. The statement is unsafe because it ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What to do when a field in a table approaches the max signed or unsigned 32 bit integer?

In any given database that hold user records in the form of an unique auto-increment field (for the sake of the example, inter-user messages)... what to do when the time comes and it approaches the ...
12
votes
4answers
16k views

How to estimate/predict data size and index size of a table in MySQL

I am finding what is the best way to estimate size of a table for that i have studied lot of blogs and forums but unable to find any accurate answer For an example we have a table City with InnoDB ...
12
votes
7answers
72k views

How to import a .sql file in MySQL?

I am trying to import a .sql file using MySQL Workbench and I get this error: ERROR 1046 (3D000) at line 28: No database selected I have first created an empty database called with the same name as ...
12
votes
5answers
22k views

Cannot open table mysql/innodb_index_stats [duplicate]

After a fresh install of XAMPP and import from my linux live db that is working to the windows Dev-stage, I started encountering problems with INSERT. Everything else seems to work well. The errors I ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

innodb_file_format Barracuda

I have a couple questions for those more familiar. Most of my instances have been running Antelope despite having support for Barracuda. I was looking to play around with some compresses innodb ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Why don't my .my.cnf settings work?

I have a .my.cnf file in my home directory on my desktop that includes: [dbid] user = myusername password = mypassword database = dbname host = server.location.com If I recall correctly, before ...
12
votes
2answers
10k views

What is the optimal way to upgrade production RDS instance?

I have MySQL small RDS instance as part of my production system and I want to upgrade it to medium instance with provided IOPS. As old-school DBA I'm aware about "add slave; promote to master; ...
12
votes
3answers
21k views

How to easily convert utf8 tables to utf8mb4 in MySQL 5.5

I have a database which now needs to support 4 byte characters (Chinese). Luckily I already have MySQL 5.5 in production. So I would just like to make all collations which are utf8_bin to ...
12
votes
2answers
32k views

What is the difference between optimize table and analyze table in mysql

What is the difference between optimize table and analyze table in mysql? I have read the online docs, but not sure what the difference is.
12
votes
2answers
35k views

MySQL creates temporary tables on disk. How do I stop it?

We are running a site (Moodle) that the users currently find slow. I think I have tracked down the problem to MySQL creating temporary tables on disk. I watch the variable created_tmp_disk_tables in ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

Reasons for occasionally slow queries?

We are running MySQL 5.1 on Windows Server 2008 R2. We have been doing some diagnostics on our database of late and have found some disturbing artifacts which we can't explain. We added some code to ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an execution difference between a JOIN condition and a WHERE condition?

Is there a performance difference between these two example queries? Query 1: select count(*) from table1 a join table2 b on b.key_col=a.key_col where b.tag = 'Y' Query 2; select ...
12
votes
1answer
8k views

MySQL transaction size - how big is too big?

I have an import process that runs every so often and I want it to be an 'all or nothing' kind of deal, aka: a transaction. There are many aspects, and the imports may yield anywhere between ...
12
votes
1answer
23k views

Mysql Innodb: InnoDB: ERROR: the age of the last checkpoint is InnoDB: which exceeds the log group capacity

I really need some mysql expertize. I am a newbi to mysql and I am seeing some server crash of my db in the past 1 week. I am using mysql 5.1.36 on Ubuntu. This is a dedicated mysql server with Dual ...
12
votes
2answers
11k views

Order by column should have index or not?

I have added indexes to table which are used for searching result. I am showing results by ASC or DESC order. So that column should have index or not? I have 2 more indexes on that table. How ...
12
votes
1answer
6k views

How to migrate large blob table from mysql to postgresql?

I'm now in process of migrating my MySQL database to PostgreSQL. Almost everything went fine (well, after lots of googling for correct mysqldump params etc.) except one table I have - actually the ...
12
votes
1answer
50k views

How does MySQL return a result set from a stored procedure?

I'm trying to get my head around stored procedures for use in a web application. It seems to me that whatever the last statement is in a MySQL stored procedure is seems to be what gets treated as that ...
12
votes
3answers
7k views

Best way to design tournament database

I'm creating a webpage for placing bets on all matches of the upcoming Euro 2012 football tournament. Need some help deciding what approach to take for the knockout phase. I have created a mockup ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Fastest way to change a 600GB table indexed key datatype from INT to BIGINT

I need to change a datatype from INT to BIGINT in a 600GB MySQL table. The column has a unique index. I might be good with unsigned INT, but I assume changing to that or BIGINT will be pretty much ...
11
votes
5answers
101k views

How to update one table based on another table's values on the fly?

I have a table in the name of ips as below: CREATE TABLE `ips` ( `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', `begin_ip_num` int(11) unsigned DEFAULT NULL, `end_ip_num` int(11) unsigned DEFAULT ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

Benefits of using backtick (`) in MySQL queries?

In MySQL we can create queries with or without the backtick (`) symbol. Example: SELECT * FROM TEST; SELECT * FROM `TEST`; Both works fine in mysql-console. Is there any technical difference ...
11
votes
5answers
13k views

Where can I find the mysql slow log?

Just as the title says, where can I see it ? Are there any config options for it ( like how many ms would determine if a query is slow or not ) ?
11
votes
2answers
14k views

How do I show the binlog_format on a MySQL server?

How do I show the binlog_format on a MySQL server? And if I dont like it how do I set it to XX permanently? Where XX is STATEMENT, ROW or MIXED.
11
votes
3answers
17k views

Why is 'LOAD DATA INFILE' faster than normal INSERT statements?

I've read an article that mentioned we can achieve 60,000 inserts per second by LOAD DATA IN FILE statement that read from csv files and insert it into database. Why should it differ from normal ...
11
votes
6answers
11k views

How to convert a MySQL database to PostgreSQL?

Is there any command line tool for converting the MySQL database to PostgreSQL? I'd also like to know if there is a way to convert the database using the normal mysqldump command.
11
votes
3answers
10k views

Best of MyISAM and InnoDB

Is it possible to make InnoDB to use indexes same as MyISAM instead of clustered index due to limitation of RAM while getting benefit of its concurrency performance?
11
votes
2answers
4k views

Does MySQL cache queries?

I'm interfacing a MySQL database with PHP Data Objects (PDO) and executing an extensive SQL query. Normally, it takes about 1500 ms; I still need to optimize it. When I run the PHP script twice ...
11
votes
4answers
13k views

Mysql int vs varchar as primary key (InnoDB Storage Engine?

I am build a web application (project management system) and I have been wondering about this when it come to performance. I have an Issues table an inside it there are 12 foreign keys linking to ...
11
votes
2answers
15k views

kill all queries - MySQL

Sometimes during a SNAFU I have to run kill query xxxxxxx twenty or thirty times. Any sort of kill all command I am missing? On account of how I don't like typing.