MySQL : Open-Source, Relational Database Management System

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Clarification on MySQL innodb_flush_method variable

Let me begin by admitting that I'm very ignorant of the inner workings of hard disks. So when I read over the manual for the variable innodb_flush_method, it confused me. Can I get an explanation in ...
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Where is the INNODB Performance Leak?

I have a weird problem which I cannot seem to fix. I'm more an web programmer than a Server/DB Admin, so I hope someone here can help me. The Situation I am working on a system which handles a lot ...
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MySQL table with 100,000 records queried often

I have a single database of about 100 tables to store various kinds of information. The most important table is our order table which is used to store customers orders and is over 100000 records as ...
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What is the reason of Host 'host_name' is blocked in MySQL?

When I use incorrect password to connect to mysql server, and the test count is over the max_connect_errors, and I find the Aborted_connects is also arise as the count I test, but the host is still ...
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Best way to design tournament database

I'm creating a webpage for placing bets on all matches of the upcoming Euro 2012 football tournament. Need some help deciding what approach to take for the knockout phase. I have created a mockup ...
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MySQL instance stalling “doing SYNC index”

Problem An instance of MySQL 5.6.20 running (mostly just) a database with InnoDB tables is exhibiting occasional stalls for all update operations for the duration of 1-4 minutes with all INSERT, ...
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Disable explicit commits in JDBC, detect them in SQL, or put the database in a readonly state

Background: I'm working on http://sqlfiddle.com (my site), and am trying to prevent one avenue of abuse possible there. I'm hoping that by asking about a problem I'm currently addressing, I don't ...
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How to manage millions of users?

I am about to launch something really big. I need to prepare my server and database. I would like to group each set of 100,000 users in separate user tables but I do not know how to associate one ...
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Benefits of using backtick (`) in MySQL queries?

In MySQL we can create queries with or without the backtick (`) symbol. Example: SELECT * FROM TEST; SELECT * FROM `TEST`; Both works fine in mysql-console. Is there any technical difference ...
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How is LIKE implemented?

Can anyone explain how the LIKE operator is implemented in current database systems (e.g. MySQL or Postgres)? or point me to some references that explain it? The naive approach would be to inspect ...
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What is the default order of records for a SELECT statement in MySQL?

Suppose you have the following table and data: create table t(k int, v int,index k(k)) engine=memory; insert into t values(10, 1), (10, 2), (10, 3); When issuing select * from t where k = 10 with ...
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Is it unwise to run replication on same physical server?

I'm contemplating setting up a Master-Slave replication for my database. The slave server will be used for redundancy and possibly a reports server. However, one of the biggest issues I'm running into ...
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Where can I find example databases for MySQL, SQL Server and Oracle?

I want to experiment with the 3 large database management systems. For this purpose it would be cool to have the same database (the same tables, etc.) for each of those. Where can I find sql scripts ...
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Splitting Tables in MySQL. Good practice?

I have started working on an existing project and the previous developer had split up a table into 10 separate tables with identical schemas but different data. The tables look like this: ...
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Does MySQL cache queries?

I'm interfacing a MySQL database with PHP Data Objects (PDO) and executing an extensive SQL query. Normally, it takes about 1500 ms; I still need to optimize it. When I run the PHP script twice ...
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MySQL data type for 128 bit integers

I need to store 128 bits unsigned integers into MySQL and I was wondering what is the best data type to store such big numbers. Right now, I'm using binary(16) but that involves a lot of conversion ...
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Mysql int vs varchar as primary key (InnoDB Storage Engine?

I am build a web application (project management system) and I have been wondering about this when it come to performance. I have an Issues table an inside it there are 12 foreign keys linking to ...
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Installing default MySQL Tables in Windows (mysql_install_db)

In Linux, the default MySQL grant tables can be created with the mysql_install_db script, but that does not work on Windows. How can the default grant tables be installed on Windows? (No, I’m not ...
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Replicate RDS-MySQL to a non-amazon host?

I have a fairly large MySQL (5.1) database running in Amazon as an RDS instance. I'm working on migrating it out of Amazon. To do that smoothly I'd like to set up the new hardware as a read-only ...
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Restore mysql database with different name

How can we restore mysql database with different name from mysqldump file. I dont't want to open dump file and edit it. Any other better methods?
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InnoDB create table error: “Row size too large”

We have some engineers that flatten a normalized db structure into a temporary table for the purposes of generating a report. The columns are specified as TEXT NOT NULL (I know "why are they doing ...
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Reasons for occasionally slow queries?

We are running MySQL 5.1 on Windows Server 2008 R2. We have been doing some diagnostics on our database of late and have found some disturbing artifacts which we can't explain. We added some code to ...
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kill all queries - MySQL

Sometimes during a SNAFU I have to run kill query xxxxxxx twenty or thirty times. Any sort of kill all command I am missing? On account of how I don't like typing.
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What does 'ibfk' stand for in MySQL?

If I create a foreign key constraint for table 'photos' in phpmyadmin, I later see that the constraint is named 'photos_ibfk_1', and the next constraint is called 'photos_ibfk_2', etc. From this I ...
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How to convert mysql to postgresql?

I am desperately looking for a conversion tool to convert a big mysql database to postgresql. I need the tool/script to be: Free Works under Linux Simple to use and not buggy You actually tried and ...
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innodb_file_format Barracuda

I have a couple questions for those more familiar. Most of my instances have been running Antelope despite having support for Barracuda. I was looking to play around with some compresses innodb ...
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Must an index cover all selected columns for it to be used for ORDER BY?

Over at SO, someone recently asked Why isn't ORDER BY using the index? The situation involved a simple InnoDB table in MySQL comprising three columns and 10k rows. One of the columns, an integer, ...
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Power went out - Did query finish?

Is there a way to check and see if a query finished? I ran 3 very long running update queries (+/- 25 hours each) as I went out the door for vacation last week. Unfortunately, somewhere during the ...
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move data folder and drive mysql centos

i need to move the data to a different folder and drive on my cent os db server. i added new hard drive (since we ran low on space), i have a 1tb of hard drive and i have a new 2tb i want to put the ...
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MySQL High Performance for Lots of SELECTs/INSERTs/UPDATEs/DELETEs

I am creating a module where every user often gets a record into a table for 10 to 300 seconds. When the time expires a record gets deleted. The case is: there will be a lot of users and records will ...
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Is the overhead of frequent query cache invalidation ever worth it?

I'm currently working on a MySQL database where we are seeing a large number of invalidations from the query cache, primarily because of the high number of INSERT, DELETE and UPDATE statements that ...
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MySQL transaction size - how big is too big?

I have an import process that runs every so often and I want it to be an 'all or nothing' kind of deal, aka: a transaction. There are many aspects, and the imports may yield anywhere between ...
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Database redesign opportunity: What table design to use for this sensor data collection?

Background I have a network of approximately 2000 sensors, each of which has about 100 data points that we collect on 10 minute intervals. These data points are typically int values, but some are ...
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Adding an index very slow…is there a mysql cmd to get an ETA or show progress?

I'm currently running an alter query on my table (20M entries) in order to add an index. it's running for more than 3 days already (stuck on 'copy to tmp table'). is there a way I can see the ...
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Calculate MATCH() AGAINST() scores from UNIFIED QUERY not FOR EACH TABLE

I am trying to have a score for entire section of SELECT statements SELECT *,MATCH(`result`) AGAINST('keyword') as `score` FROM `table1` WHERE MATCH(`result`) AGAINST('keyword') UNION SELECT ...
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Which DBMS are fast enough for an online game (few thousand players)?

I'm currently making an MMORPG game, which could have a few thousand players online at the same time (probably not; just wishful thinking). First we wanted to use MySQL, but I have heard it isn't fast ...
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SSD vs HDD for databases

I am trying to purchase a new Server to run MySQL Server on. This new server will be a slave of my main machine. However, this server will be dedicated for reporting only "Lots of reads and complex ...
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Is innodb_file_per_table advisable?

We have an application where just one of the table will be growing into million of lines but the rest will just below a million. So what is the advice should we go with innodb_file_per_table or leave ...
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Why is DROP DATABASE taking so long? (MySQL)

New CentOS installation. I was running an import of a large DB (2GB sql file) and had a problem. The SSH client seemed to lose the connection and the import seemed to freeze. I used another window to ...
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For absolute performance, is SUM faster or COUNT?

This relates to counting the number of records that match a certain condition, e.g. invoice amount > $100. I tend to prefer COUNT(CASE WHEN invoice_amount > 100 THEN 1 END) However, this is ...
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Alter table on live production databases

How do most "popular" (MySQL, Postgres...) database system handle altering tables on live production databases (like adding, deleting or changing the type of colums)? I know the correct way is to ...
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What to set innodb_buffer_pool and why..?

I have 170GB of InnoDB index and Data. I have to readjust the innodb_buffer_pool size for better performance.The Max table size of a InnoDB table(Index+data) is 28GB. So what should be the optimal ...
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Why using innodb_file_per_table?

There are many articles exaggerating (IMHO of course) the need for innodb_file_per_table. I understand that with innodb_file_per_table, there should be a better control over the individual tables; ...
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Is splitting a 'users' table for authentication purposes a good idea?

Suppose I have a user table in my site in which there are around 2-3 Million users (records) in the table. For speeding up my login process, is it a good approach to split my user table, one for ...
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MySQL error: Access denied for user 'a'@'localhost' (using password: YES)

I use the root account created the account 'a'@'%'. But I can't use the it to connect to MySQL server when I specify the host parameter. I can successfully connect without the -h parameter. Please see ...
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How do I show the binlog_format on a MySQL server?

How do I show the binlog_format on a MySQL server? And if I dont like it how do I set it to XX permanently? Where XX is STATEMENT, ROW or MIXED.
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How to stress test a SQL server?

I've been tasked to stress test our MSSQL Server and MySQL Server. I would like to know if there are any tools or scripts which I could use on our current systems and the new system to compare ...
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What is the safest way to switch the binlog format at runtime?

Because of the following warning in mysqld.log: [Warning] Unsafe statement written to the binary log using statement format since BINLOG_FORMAT = STATEMENT. The statement is unsafe because it ...
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Percona vs MySQL

What is Percona? How does it differ from MySQL? When should we consider switching (or upgrading) from stock MySQL to Percona? To add some specifics in our situation we almost exclusively use ...
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What could be causing strange query timeouts between PHP and MySQL?

I am the senior developer on a Software-as-a-Service application used by many different customers. Our software runs on a cluster of Apache / PHP application servers, powered by a MySQL backend. On ...