MySQL : Open-Source, Relational Database Management System

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1answer
9k views

Order by column should have index or not?

I have added indexes to table which are used for searching result. I am showing results by ASC or DESC order. So that column should have index or not? I have 2 more indexes on that table. How ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Why are simple SELECTs on InnoDB 100x slower than on MyISAM?

I have quite an annoying problem. I want to use INNODB as my main database engine and give up on MyISAM as I need the former for using galera-cluster for redundancy. I copied (description follows) ...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

Best way to design tournament database

I'm creating a webpage for placing bets on all matches of the upcoming Euro 2012 football tournament. Need some help deciding what approach to take for the knockout phase. I have created a mockup ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Fastest way to change a 600GB table indexed key datatype from INT to BIGINT

I need to change a datatype from INT to BIGINT in a 600GB MySQL table. The column has a unique index. I might be good with unsigned INT, but I assume changing to that or BIGINT will be pretty much ...
12
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5answers
2k views

Infrastructure for Highly Concurrent, High Write DB

My requirements are: 3000 Connections 70-85% Write vs Read Currently, we are maxing out a High-CPU, Extra Large Instance at 700 connections. All 8 cores are maxed. We think it's the number of ...
11
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2answers
24k views

Is it safe to delete mysql-bin files?

I have MM Replication in mysql, and I want to squeeze some free space in the box be deleting unnecessary files, I came across these mysql-bin files inside /var/db/mysql/ There are hundreds of those ...
11
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5answers
9k views

Where can I find the mysql slow log?

Just as the title says, where can I see it ? Are there any config options for it ( like how many ms would determine if a query is slow or not ) ?
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3answers
11k views

What is the default order of records for a SELECT statement in MySQL?

Suppose you have the following table and data: create table t(k int, v int,index k(k)) engine=memory; insert into t values(10, 1), (10, 2), (10, 3); When issuing select * from t where k = 10 with ...
11
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5answers
17k views

Why is DROP DATABASE taking so long? (MySQL)

New CentOS installation. I was running an import of a large DB (2GB sql file) and had a problem. The SSH client seemed to lose the connection and the import seemed to freeze. I used another window to ...
11
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3answers
15k views

Why is 'LOAD DATA INFILE' faster than normal INSERT statements?

I've read an article that mentioned we can achieve 60,000 inserts per second by LOAD DATA IN FILE statement that read from csv files and insert it into database. Why should it differ from normal ...
11
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3answers
10k views

Is innodb_file_per_table advisable?

We have an application where just one of the table will be growing into million of lines but the rest will just below a million. So what is the advice should we go with innodb_file_per_table or leave ...
11
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5answers
25k views

MySQL server has gone away obstructing import of large dumps

I am trying to import a large sql dump (2GB) to my local mysql on my mac. I have been able to do this in the past (I was using MAMP), but now I get a ERROR 2006 (HY000) at line 7758: MySQL server ...
11
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2answers
4k views

Does MySQL cache queries?

I'm interfacing a MySQL database with PHP Data Objects (PDO) and executing an extensive SQL query. Normally, it takes about 1500 ms; I still need to optimize it. When I run the PHP script twice ...
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4answers
11k views

Mysql int vs varchar as primary key (InnoDB Storage Engine?

I am build a web application (project management system) and I have been wondering about this when it come to performance. I have an Issues table an inside it there are 12 foreign keys linking to ...
11
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2answers
8k views

innodb_file_format Barracuda

I have a couple questions for those more familiar. Most of my instances have been running Antelope despite having support for Barracuda. I was looking to play around with some compresses innodb ...
11
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2answers
6k views

MySQL Sharding vs MySQL Cluster

Considering performance only, can a MySQL Cluster beat a custom data sharding MySQL solution? sharding = horizontal partitioning When I refer to sharding, I'm considering sharding made in the ...
11
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3answers
12k views

Why am I getting `Impossible WHERE noticed after reading const tables` in explain query?

I have a unique compound key like fr(fromid,toid) in the table, when I run the query with explain I get the following result: Impossible WHERE noticed after reading const tables` The query I ran: ...
11
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2answers
5k views

Reasons for occasionally slow queries?

We are running MySQL 5.1 on Windows Server 2008 R2. We have been doing some diagnostics on our database of late and have found some disturbing artifacts which we can't explain. We added some code to ...
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5answers
32k views

How to properly kill MySQL?

I have CentOS 64bit with CPanel installed and I use service mysql stop However, it keeps doing ..... for minutes and it never stops. It used to be instant. Any idea why it does that and how to fix? ...
11
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3answers
14k views

MySQL table_cache and Opened_tables

I have seen people use the comparison of Open_tables and Opened_tables to assess whether the table_cache is too small in MySQL. However, I believe that Opened_tables is cumulative across uptime, so ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Must an index cover all selected columns for it to be used for ORDER BY?

Over at SO, someone recently asked Why isn't ORDER BY using the index? The situation involved a simple InnoDB table in MySQL comprising three columns and 10k rows. One of the columns, an integer, ...
11
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1answer
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MySQL transaction size - how big is too big?

I have an import process that runs every so often and I want it to be an 'all or nothing' kind of deal, aka: a transaction. There are many aspects, and the imports may yield anywhere between ...
11
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3answers
8k views

move data folder and drive mysql centos

i need to move the data to a different folder and drive on my cent os db server. i added new hard drive (since we ran low on space), i have a 1tb of hard drive and i have a new 2tb i want to put the ...
11
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1answer
5k views

How to migrate large blob table from mysql to postgresql?

I'm now in process of migrating my MySQL database to PostgreSQL. Almost everything went fine (well, after lots of googling for correct mysqldump params etc.) except one table I have - actually the ...
11
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1answer
4k views

MySQL table with 100,000 records queried often

I have a single database of about 100 tables to store various kinds of information. The most important table is our order table which is used to store customers orders and is over 100000 records as ...
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2answers
2k views

Database redesign opportunity: What table design to use for this sensor data collection?

Background I have a network of approximately 2000 sensors, each of which has about 100 data points that we collect on 10 minute intervals. These data points are typically int values, but some are ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Use MySQL to regularly do multi-way joins on 100+ GB tables?

Background: I’ve created a web application that I would like to be able to scale reasonably well. I know I'm not Google or Twitter, but my app uses a fairly large amount of data for each user and thus ...
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4answers
4k views

Benefits of using backtick (`) in MySQL queries?

In MySQL we can create queries with or without the backtick (`) symbol. Example: SELECT * FROM TEST; SELECT * FROM `TEST`; Both works fine in mysql-console. Is there any technical difference ...
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7answers
17k views

slow load speed of data from mysqldump

I've got a moderate size MySQL database with about 30 tables, some of which are 10 million records, some 100 million. The mysqldump of all the tables (into separate files) is fairly fast, takes maybe ...
10
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2answers
8k views

How to select specific rows if a column exists or all rows if a column doesn't

I'm writing a script that gets a count of rows for a few tables, however for some tables I want to only get a count of rows where a flag is set (in this case active=1). Is there a way I can do this ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Why do we use Group by 1 and Group by 1,2,3 in SQL query?

In SQL queries, we do use Group by clause to apply aggregate functions. But what is the purpose behind using numeric value instead of column name with Group by clause? For example: Group by 1.
10
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1answer
11k views

How is INFORMATION_SCHEMA implemented in MySQL?

The INFORMATION_SCHEMA is, in theory, a set of views specified in the SQL standard that allow the user to inspect the system's metadata. How is it this implemented in MySQL? When I connect to a fresh ...
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5answers
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Is it unwise to run replication on same physical server?

I'm contemplating setting up a Master-Slave replication for my database. The slave server will be used for redundancy and possibly a reports server. However, one of the biggest issues I'm running into ...
10
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3answers
6k views

Where can I find example databases for MySQL, SQL Server and Oracle?

I want to experiment with the 3 large database management systems. For this purpose it would be cool to have the same database (the same tables, etc.) for each of those. Where can I find sql scripts ...
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6answers
7k views

Splitting Tables in MySQL. Good practice?

I have started working on an existing project and the previous developer had split up a table into 10 separate tables with identical schemas but different data. The tables look like this: ...
10
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4answers
2k views

eCommerce orders table. Save prices, or use an audit/history table?

Im designing my first eCommerce schema. I've been reading around the subject for a little while, and am a bit confused about the relationship between an order_line_item and a product A product can ...
10
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3answers
5k views

MySQL data type for 128 bit integers

I need to store 128 bits unsigned integers into MySQL and I was wondering what is the best data type to store such big numbers. Right now, I'm using binary(16) but that involves a lot of conversion ...
10
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2answers
12k views

kill all queries - MySQL

Sometimes during a SNAFU I have to run kill query xxxxxxx twenty or thirty times. Any sort of kill all command I am missing? On account of how I don't like typing.
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5answers
5k views

Are there any MySQL Benchmarking tools? [closed]

I've heard a long time ago that there is this tool that helps you tweek mysql settings for better performance but i can't seam to find it. I am aware that I can use ab for apache to simulate high ...
10
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3answers
58k views

MySQL: how to restore table stored in a .frm and a .ibd file?

I have previously saved a copy of /var/lib/mysql/ddms directory ("ddms" is the schema name). Now I installed a new MySQL on a freshly installed Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS by running apt-get install ...
10
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2answers
7k views

Percona vs MySQL

What is Percona? How does it differ from MySQL? When should we consider switching (or upgrading) from stock MySQL to Percona? To add some specifics in our situation we almost exclusively use ...
10
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2answers
15k views

Should I increase max_connections in AWS RDS t1-micro for MySQL?

I have an AWS RDS t1-micro running MySQL 5.5. It gives me too many connections error. I checked and it allows 34 maximum connections concurrently. What I have read is that i can increase this max ...
10
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2answers
5k views

What does 'ibfk' stand for in MySQL?

If I create a foreign key constraint for table 'photos' in phpmyadmin, I later see that the constraint is named 'photos_ibfk_1', and the next constraint is called 'photos_ibfk_2', etc. From this I ...
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3answers
20k views

Any better way out of MySQL InnoDB log “in the future”?

I've got this InnoDB error in MySQL 5.0. Mysqld was stopped cleanly, but I managed to lose ib_logfile0 & ib_logfile1 afterward. Now after a clean startup, InnoDB has done its "crash recovery". ...
10
votes
2answers
25k views

How do I shrink the innodb file ibdata1 without dumping all databases?

InnoDB stores all tables in one big file ibdata1. After dropping a big table, the file is keeping its size no matter how big the table was. How can I shrink that file without having to dump and ...
10
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2answers
16k views

Why is MySQL is creating so many temporary tables on disk?

Can any configuration mistake lead to creating too many temp tables by mysql..mysql tuner shows Current max_heap_table_size = 200 M Current tmp_table_size = 200 M Of 17158 temp tables, 30% were ...
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2answers
5k views

PostgreSQL vs. MySQL - Advantages / Disadvantages with a spatial component

We are the in the process of building out a web application that has a spatial data component. In the beginning our spatial data comparisons will take a given point and return matched overlapping ...
10
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1answer
7k views

Clarification on MySQL innodb_flush_method variable

Let me begin by admitting that I'm very ignorant of the inner workings of hard disks. So when I read over the manual for the variable innodb_flush_method, it confused me. Can I get an explanation in ...
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3answers
1k views

Is a 5+ column primary key bad for large (100 million+) table?

I was reading about some real life DB issues, and one project had a 100 million row plus table that had 5 columns as its primary. I'm thinking this is bad, but can anyone tell me exactly why? EDIT: ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Where is the INNODB Performance Leak?

I have a weird problem which I cannot seem to fix. I'm more an web programmer than a Server/DB Admin, so I hope someone here can help me. The Situation I am working on a system which handles a lot ...