MySQL : Open-Source, Relational Database Management System

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What are the trade offs for incrementing ids vs. fulltext keys for foreign key designs?

In a lot of relational database designs there are fields that are referenced in other tables. For example consider a user table with a unique username and a second table storing address data. One ...
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Any better way out of MySQL InnoDB log “in the future”?

I've got this InnoDB error in MySQL 5.0. Mysqld was stopped cleanly, but I managed to lose ib_logfile0 & ib_logfile1 afterward. Now after a clean startup, InnoDB has done its "crash recovery". ...
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What are the benefits of using MySQL Cluster?

I have never dipped my hands in MySQL Cluster and want to know how it can benefit me. When is it best to use it, and does it have performance benefits?
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Generating Invoices and Tracking

Every 2 weeks, the system will generate the invoices for the companies. Company will receive an invoice on the 1st and 16th every month. (It will run via Cron Job every 2 week. It scan through the ...
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Is it possible to change ENUM() lists?

I wasn't sure if changing ENUM() list isn't possible so I made a test. In MySQL v5.1.58 I made a test InnoDB table that contains one field called 'bool' of type ENUM('yes', 'no'). Then I executed... ...
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What is the usage of performance_schema in MySQL 5.5?

I have upgraded to MySQL version 5.5. There, I had observed performance_schema in the schema list. What is the usage of this new schema..? How can we monitor using this schema..? What are the ...
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Audit logins on MySQL database

Is there a way to audit logins to MySQL? I'd like to be able to create a username for each employee and thereby create an audit trail of logins. However, googling has turned up no good results. The ...
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MySQL LDAP authentication

Is LDAP authentication and authorization in MySQL possible? What are the requirements (MySQL version, third-party software etc.)? How it's organized? Thanks.
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MySQL status variable Handler_read_rnd_next is growing a lot

In MYSQL status, Handler_read_rnd_next value is very high. I am aware that, this value will be incremented when a query is executed which is not having proper indexes. But, even when we execute ...
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How to create a database for unknown kinds of data?

I am in the process of designing a database for a new PHP/MySql-based application. My problem is that I do not and cannot represent what should be saved in the database because it is unlimited and ...
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slow load speed of data from mysqldump

I've got a moderate size MySQL database with about 30 tables, some of which are 10 million records, some 100 million. The mysqldump of all the tables (into separate files) is fairly fast, takes maybe ...
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MySQL : DROP TABLE Starting with a Prefix

EXAMPLE : I have more than 30 tables starting with a prefix "dp_" and about 12 starting with "ex_". QUESTION : How can I drop all tables starting "dp_" in one query ?
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How to select specific rows if a column exists or all rows if a column doesn't

I'm writing a script that gets a count of rows for a few tables, however for some tables I want to only get a count of rows where a flag is set (in this case active=1). Is there a way I can do this ...
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Data Compression Through Base36 Encoding

I'm trying to store a lot of large numbers that truncate when stored as INT values. Unfortunately they are too large for this type. I'm thinking about using Base36 encoding to accomplish this. Are ...
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What is the default order of records for a SELECT statement in MySQL?

Suppose you have the following table and data: create table t(k int, v int,index k(k)) engine=memory; insert into t values(10, 1), (10, 2), (10, 3); When issuing select * from t where k = 10 with ...
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Modify DEFINER on Many Views

I have am having problems backing up my databases after an update. I have been poking around on my system trying to figure out why. One query I ran returned this result. Got error: 1449: The user ...
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Why is DROP DATABASE taking so long? (MySQL)

New CentOS installation. I was running an import of a large DB (2GB sql file) and had a problem. The SSH client seemed to lose the connection and the import seemed to freeze. I used another window to ...
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What is the purpose of the USING parameter in SQL?

Working with some code on a standard MySQL database, and I came across this statement: SELECT * FROM foo LEFT JOIN bar USING ('bar_id') WHERE foo_id = 1 What's throwing me is: what is USING for, ...
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Replicating a remote MySQL database to MS SQL Server 2008

I want to replicate the contents of a MySQL database to a MS SQL Server 2008 database. Is this possible? Can anyone outline the steps required in order to achieve this? Thanks.
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How to drop empty tables

Is it possible to drop all empty tables from my huge database (mysql)? I'm looking for a sql command to automatically remove all those empty tables. Currently, I have 305 tables in my dataset, and ...
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Is there a performance gain by handling data with stored procedures versus feeding it into functions after retrieval?

Title sums it up. I'm reasonably well off with PHP, and comfortable getting it to do what I need it to with values pulled from MySQL, however in the interest of expanding my knowledge I've been ...
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For a MySQL query, how do you determine physical and logical I/O?

I'm used to having a showplan in Microsoft SQL and have gotten lazy with using tools to tune MySQL queries. How can I determine physical/logical I/O for a query in MySQL? (EXPLAIN shows the index ...
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Alternative Database Tools for Web Admin

I currently use phpmyadmin for most of my database administration. It works well enough, but I'm interested in other tools that might work more quickly/efficiently/etc... What are the best and/or ...
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Deleting all duplicates

I am trying to delete all the duplicates but keeping single record only (shorter id). Following query deletes duplicates but take lot of iterations to delete all copies and keeping original ones. ...
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I am using the MEMORY storage engine but MySQL still writes to my disk…Why?

I am using the MEMORY Engine for all tables associated with a particular MYSQL query because speed of access is paramount to my project. For some reason, I have noticed that a large amount of disk ...
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Slow MySQL Database Import with mysqldump and USE .. SOURCE

I have about 12 tables in MySQL innoDB, one of them has 11 million records in it. I used this command to back things up: mysqldump -u [USERNAME] -p [DBNAME] | gzip > [/path_to_file/DBNAME].sql.gz ...
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MySQL Cluster RAM requirement

From MySQL 5.1, the data doesn't need to be entirely in memory anymore. I've read that the indexed columns (I think the entire index structure) must still be in memory (MySQL High Availability, 2010, ...
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How do you re-sync the Master MySQL DB with Slave DB changes if the Master goes offline?

MySQL Server 1 is running as Master. MySQL Server 2 is running as Slave. With both DBs online, they are in "perfect sync". If Slave goes offline, there's no problem if Master still online; they will ...
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Are relations slower than a big, inefficient table?

I've been asked in my job to violate the first normal form (repeating groups across columns, using empty / null values) several times, "for the sake of computer processing power". In a nutshell, a ...
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What tools are there for data masking? (MySQL, Linux)

I'm looking for (ideally free, open-source) data masking tools. Do any such exist? Note: this related question deals with tools for generating test data, but in this question I'm more interested in ...
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Deleting large amounts (4 million rows) of mysql data efficiently, on a very regular basis

We have a mysql table that at any given time has about 12 million rows. We need to delete old data to keep the size of the table somewhat manageable. Right now we are running this query daily, at ...
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Why would an UPDATE SET REPLACE() statement match rows, but change none and give no warnings?

I'm seeking a certain string in a field and want to replace it with a new string. Specifically, I want all references to one URL to be changed to another URL. I've crafted this SQL statement and am ...
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How to Best Implement nearest neighbour search in mysql?

So, in short, What should be the data type of latitude and longitude? What SQL command I should call to get the first 100 nearest restaurants for example? Detail: I have 100k biz record each with ...
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Does mysqldump export indices, by default?

I played around a little with mysqldump and I was wondering, if it does export indices (FULLTEXT, INDEX,...) by default. I read up on it and I found this option: --disable-keys, -K which suggests, ...
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Why does MySQL say I'm out of memory?

I was trying to execute a fairly large INSERT...SELECT in MySQL with JDBC, and I got the following exception: Exception in thread "main" java.sql.SQLException: Out of memory (Needed 1073741824 bytes) ...
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MySQL and window functions

It seems that MySQL does not support window functions. E.g. the simple: COUNT(*) OVER() AS cnt does not work. What I am not sure is if this applies to commercial version as well (I assume the ...
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MySQL deadlock - cannot restart normally?

MySQL version 5.5.13-1 A snippet from the SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS\G: LATEST DETECTED DEADLOCK ------------------------ 111218 10:22:34 *** (1) TRANSACTION: TRANSACTION 1318D95B, ACTIVE 0 sec ...
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What Mechanism does MySQL use to schedule Backups on Windows Server 2008?

When scheduling database backups on MySQL Server (v5.1.45-community) running on Windows Server 2008, what mechanism is used to trigger the backups to run? I think it's using the Windows Task ...
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What's a good way to add a PRIMARY KEY to a large InnoDB table?

I have a table with around 30 million rows in MySQL 5.5 using the InnoDB storage engine. This table has a foreign key that links to another table with around 3 million rows. I want to add a primary ...
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Can you “su -” in MySQL?

If I have root on a mysql database and I want to drop privileges to that of a normal user, without using their password, can I do it? if so how? think # su - username on unix. Basically, I'm just ...
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What's the maximum number of tables that can be referenced in a query in MySQL?

In the days of SQL Server 2000 and 2005, the maximum number of tables in a query was 256. Does MySQL have a similar limitation? I know that such query of such size means that either there's ...
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Autoincrement primary key in CREATE TABLE … AS SELECT

I created table using a complicated select query via CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT.... How can I add an autoincrement primary key in this query? For example: create table `user_mv` select ...
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PHP -> Mysql persistent connection pooling WITHOUT mysql_pconnect - Possible?

I have been trying to figure out a nice way of doing this for a while now. But have had a hard time finding the right pieces to do this. I am guessing this must be possible. To put it in simple terms ...
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From where does the MySQL Query Optimizer read index statistics?

I'm trying to determine from where the MySQL optimizer obtains the list of indexes that are available for a table when it estimates the cost of (prepares) a query from.
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How do I do a complex GROUP BY in MySQL?

I have a table that contains several keys into other tables (where each key is comprised of multiple columns). I would like to be able to group rows together that have an equal key, but I don't want ...
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MySQL Indexing VarChar

I am trying to index my blogentries database for better performance but found an issue. Here is the structure: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `blogentries` ( `id_id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, ...
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Appropriate multi-language schema, or overkill?

UPDATE 2: I've actually ended up using this, and it's great after a couple tweaks. Here's my post on its actual design, and in action: http://tim.hithlonde.com/2013/lemon-schema-works/ I am building ...
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Is there such thing as Custom Data Types?

Does MySQL have any support for custom data types? For example, zip codes might be stored in a varchar(10) field, but they could be compacted in to an int, with options for blank, and a flag as to ...
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Is MySQL Replication Affected by a High-Latency Interconnect?

We've got a vanilla master and slave MySQL setup that reside in different data centers, and another slave in the same datacenter as the master. The bandwidth between the datacenter is pretty high (in ...
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Optimization problem: compound clustered keys, flag conditions and index-merge

Three tables: product: with columns: ( a, g, ...a_lot_more... ) a: PK, clustered g: bit-column main: with columns: ( c, f, a, b, ...a_lot_more... ) c: PK, clustered f: bit-column (a, b): UQ ...