MySQL : Open-Source, Relational Database Management System

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Alternative Database Tools for Web Admin

I currently use phpmyadmin for most of my database administration. It works well enough, but I'm interested in other tools that might work more quickly/efficiently/etc... What are the best and/or ...
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How to search a MySQL database with encrypted fields

Suppose I need to encrypt certain table-fields of a MySQL database. Additionally, I need to search some of those fields I did encrypt. How would one search those fields anyway? Decrypting each ...
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Deleting all duplicates

I am trying to delete all the duplicates but keeping single record only (shorter id). Following query deletes duplicates but take lot of iterations to delete all copies and keeping original ones. ...
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How to Best Implement nearest neighbour search in mysql?

So, in short, What should be the data type of latitude and longitude? What SQL command I should call to get the first 100 nearest restaurants for example? Detail: I have 100k biz record each with ...
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I am using the MEMORY storage engine but MySQL still writes to my disk…Why?

I am using the MEMORY Engine for all tables associated with a particular MYSQL query because speed of access is paramount to my project. For some reason, I have noticed that a large amount of disk ...
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Slow MySQL Database Import with mysqldump and USE .. SOURCE

I have about 12 tables in MySQL innoDB, one of them has 11 million records in it. I used this command to back things up: mysqldump -u [USERNAME] -p [DBNAME] | gzip > [/path_to_file/DBNAME].sql.gz ...
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MySQL Cluster RAM requirement

From MySQL 5.1, the data doesn't need to be entirely in memory anymore. I've read that the indexed columns (I think the entire index structure) must still be in memory (MySQL High Availability, 2010, ...
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How to use prepared statements within MySQL stored procedures?

I'm using mysql and I need to somehow use the column curid returned by the prepared statement in the later query. I use prepared statements because as I've read, it is the only way to pass a variable ...
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Are relations slower than a big, inefficient table?

I've been asked in my job to violate the first normal form (repeating groups across columns, using empty / null values) several times, "for the sake of computer processing power". In a nutshell, a ...
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Deleting large amounts (4 million rows) of mysql data efficiently, on a very regular basis

We have a mysql table that at any given time has about 12 million rows. We need to delete old data to keep the size of the table somewhat manageable. Right now we are running this query daily, at ...
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MySQL creates temporary tables on disk. How do I stop it?

We are running a site (Moodle) that the users currently find slow. I think I have tracked down the problem to MySQL creating temporary tables on disk. I watch the variable created_tmp_disk_tables in ...
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Should I separate frequently updated columns?

I have a users table that contains users' information and a column named credits that is frequently updated. On index page I'm showing list of users with basic user information but I don't need ...
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Why would an UPDATE SET REPLACE() statement match rows, but change none and give no warnings?

I'm seeking a certain string in a field and want to replace it with a new string. Specifically, I want all references to one URL to be changed to another URL. I've crafted this SQL statement and am ...
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Why does MySQL say I'm out of memory?

I was trying to execute a fairly large INSERT...SELECT in MySQL with JDBC, and I got the following exception: Exception in thread "main" java.sql.SQLException: Out of memory (Needed 1073741824 bytes) ...
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What's a good way to add a PRIMARY KEY to a large InnoDB table?

I have a table with around 30 million rows in MySQL 5.5 using the InnoDB storage engine. This table has a foreign key that links to another table with around 3 million rows. I want to add a primary ...
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How to get the most out of MySQL on a QuadCore machine with 16 GB of RAM?

I'm running a MySQL 5.5 server on my workstation for scientific data analysis and wonder how to configure MySQL in order to get the most out of it performance-wise. The types of query that I typically ...
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Trigger to UPDATE after UPDATE?

I want to make a trigger to record the time of any update as CREATE TRIGGER col_update AFTER UPDATE ON col FOR EACH ROW BEGIN UPDATE col SET updated=NOW() WHERE id=NEW.id; // or OLD.id END The ...
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MySQL reads / writes per table

I am optimising our DB. Essentially I am trying to find the most written and the most read tables in our db. After that I will follow by sym-linking those tables into separate drives. Is there a way ...
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MySQL column defined with NOT NULL is allowing nulls

I had created a table a while back and started adding data to it. Recently I added a new column (address) to it with NOT NULL as part of the new column. The old rows (pre-addition) are still null, ...
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MySQL deadlock - cannot restart normally?

MySQL version 5.5.13-1 A snippet from the SHOW ENGINE INNODB STATUS\G: LATEST DETECTED DEADLOCK ------------------------ 111218 10:22:34 *** (1) TRANSACTION: TRANSACTION 1318D95B, ACTIVE 0 sec ...
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Do I need to add a new single column index to a table if a multi-column index on that field already exists?

I've a table with a multi-column UNIQUE index on _job_id__ and __keyword_id__. Would I also need to add another index to __job_id__ if I have a frequent query which performs a GROUP BY on that ...
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What Mechanism does MySQL use to schedule Backups on Windows Server 2008?

When scheduling database backups on MySQL Server (v5.1.45-community) running on Windows Server 2008, what mechanism is used to trigger the backups to run? I think it's using the Windows Task ...
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Can you “su -” in MySQL?

If I have root on a mysql database and I want to drop privileges to that of a normal user, without using their password, can I do it? if so how? think # su - username on unix. Basically, I'm just ...
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What's the maximum number of tables that can be referenced in a query in MySQL?

In the days of SQL Server 2000 and 2005, the maximum number of tables in a query was 256. Does MySQL have a similar limitation? I know that such query of such size means that either there's ...
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Autoincrement primary key in CREATE TABLE … AS SELECT

I created table using a complicated select query via CREATE TABLE ... AS SELECT.... How can I add an autoincrement primary key in this query? For example: create table `user_mv` select ...
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PHP -> Mysql persistent connection pooling WITHOUT mysql_pconnect - Possible?

I have been trying to figure out a nice way of doing this for a while now. But have had a hard time finding the right pieces to do this. I am guessing this must be possible. To put it in simple terms ...
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Is MySQL Replication Affected by a High-Latency Interconnect?

We've got a vanilla master and slave MySQL setup that reside in different data centers, and another slave in the same datacenter as the master. The bandwidth between the datacenter is pretty high (in ...
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From where does the MySQL Query Optimizer read index statistics?

I'm trying to determine from where the MySQL optimizer obtains the list of indexes that are available for a table when it estimates the cost of (prepares) a query from.
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How do I do a complex GROUP BY in MySQL?

I have a table that contains several keys into other tables (where each key is comprised of multiple columns). I would like to be able to group rows together that have an equal key, but I don't want ...
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How to properly kill MySQL?

I have CentOS 64bit with CPanel installed and I use service mysql stop However, it keeps doing ..... for minutes and it never stops. It used to be instant. Any idea why it does that and how to fix? ...
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MySQL Indexing VarChar

I am trying to index my blogentries database for better performance but found an issue. Here is the structure: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `blogentries` ( `id_id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, ...
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Optimization problem: compound clustered keys, flag conditions and index-merge

Three tables: product: with columns: ( a, g, ...a_lot_more... ) a: PK, clustered g: bit-column main: with columns: ( c, f, a, b, ...a_lot_more... ) c: PK, clustered f: bit-column (a, b): UQ ...
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Appropriate multi-language schema, or overkill?

UPDATE 2: I've actually ended up using this, and it's great after a couple tweaks. Here's my post on its actual design, and in action: http://tim.hithlonde.com/2013/lemon-schema-works/ I am building ...
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BigInt or Varchar for a large number I won't ever sort / calculate on

I need to store users' Facebook IDs in a column in my DB. The ID always consists of only digits, and can be as large as a number in excess of 500 million. Considering that I won't ever need to do ...
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One slave, multiple masters MySql

Is it possible to set-up MySql Replication to have one slave listening to two different masters?
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Dump only the Stored Procedures in MySQL

I need to dump only the stored procedures : no data, no table creation. How can I do this using mysqldump?
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InnoDB table SELECT returns ERROR 2006 (HY000): MySQL server has gone away (after power outage)

This server is a virtual machine running CentOS 6.0, MySQL 5.5.21 There is a database named devSystem. There are InnoDB tables within. Running the following commands causes error ERROR 2006 ...
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Maximum value from multiple tables

Consider the following situation: we have T1, T2, & T3 tables in which saved id and price of products. Now we need to find the id of products which have maximum price of all 3 tables. I have this ...
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Using Replication for Scale-Out

Having read Using Replication for Scale-Out, how can I route different queries to different servers, for example, SELECTI want to route to slaves and NON-SELECT to master. I assume as loadbalancer I ...
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recover a single mysql database on a busy master-slave replicated system

Looking for a strategy or tool to deal with recovering a single database to a point-in-time in a busy replicated system. I have 12 databases running on 2 MySQL 5.0.77 servers in master-slave ...
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How to convert control characters in MySQL from latin1 to UTF-8?

While converting a database to UTF-8 I noticed a strange behavior regarding the control characters 0x80-0x9F. For example, 0x92 (right apostrophe) would not get converted to UTF-8 and truncate the ...
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MySQL 5.1 InnoDB Configuration / 24GB RAM - bi-xeon high load

i'm running a facebook app which currently has 300 - 600 concurrent users (and growing). To get the hardware ready for growing i changed my i7 / 12gb ram / 2x 80gb intel x25 ssd's (debian 5.0 / mysql ...
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Does making a field unique make it indexed?

If I make a unique constraint on a field, do I also need to make an index on that field in order to get a scalable insert time? Or is this done for me (even if the index it uses isn't publicly ...
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MySQL Hanging Completely when `ALTER TABLE… ENABLE KEYS`

I know very little about database administration but I have to deal with some very large tables on my site. This server has 64GB of RAM and Intel Core i7-3820 (4 x 3600 MHz). Most of everything it ...
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Individual queries run on 10ms, with UNION ALL they are taking 290ms+ (7.7M records MySQL DB). How to optimise?

I have a table that stores available appointments for teachers, allowing two kinds of insertions: Hourly based: with total freedom to add unlimited slots per day per teacher (as long as slots don't ...
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How to speed up queries on a large 220 million rows table (9 gig data)?

The issue: We have a social site where members can rate each other for compatibility or matching. This user_match_ratings table contains over 220 million rows (9 gig data or almost 20 gig in ...
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No NULLs, yet invalid byte sequence for encoding “UTF8”: 0x00

I've spent the last 8 hours trying to import the output of 'mysqldump --compatible=postgresql' into PostgreSQL 8.4.9, and I've read at least 20 different threads here and elesewhere already about this ...
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Performance of a Trigger vs Stored Procedure in MySQL

A post here on DBA.StackExchange (What are the best practices for triggers to maintain a revision number on records?) has spawned an interesting question (at least, interesting to me) regarding ...
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SELECTing multiple columns through a subquery

I am trying to SELECT 2 columns from the subquery in the following query, but unable to do so. Tried creating alias table, but still couldn't get them. SELECT DISTINCT petid, userid, (SELECT ...
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Friends relations in MySQL

I'm developing a friendship relation in MySQL where friend relation is mutual. If A is friend of B, then B is friend of A. If one of the users end friendship then relation drops. I want to learn which ...