In the context of a database, optimisation refers to the process of the query optimiser selecting the best query plan to execute.

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How to determine if an Index is required or necessary

I've been running an auto-index tool on our MS SQL database (I modified a script originating from Microsoft that looks at the index statistics tables - Automated Auto Indexing). From the stats, I now ...
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4answers
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Logical operators OR AND in condition and order of conditions in WHERE

Let's examine these two statements: IF (CONDITION 1) OR (CONDITION 2) ... IF (CONDITION 3) AND (CONDITION 4) ... If CONDITION 1 is TRUE, will CONDITION 2 be checked? If CONDITION 3 is FALSE, will ...
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3answers
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Does “WHERE 1=1” usually have an impact on query performance?

I recently saw the question "where 1=1 statement"; a SQL construct I have used often in constructing dynamic SQL in an effort to write cleaner code (from the perspective of the host language). ...
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4answers
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Is it possible to increase query performance on a narrow table with millions of rows?

I have a query that is currently taking an average of 2500ms to complete. My table is very narrow, but there are 44 million rows. What options do I have to improve performance, or is this as good as ...
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Suddenly Slow Execution Plan for Stored Proc

I'm trying to understand an issue we're having with SQL Server 2000. We are a moderately transactional website and we have a stored proc called sp_GetCurrentTransactions which accepts a customerID, ...
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280 views

Indexes for SQL query with WHERE condition and GROUP BY

I am trying to determine which indexes to use for an SQL query with a WHERE condition and a GROUP BY which is currently running very slow. My query: SELECT group_id FROM counter WHERE ts between ...
9
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5answers
898 views

Force sql server to run query conditions as written?

Im using Sql server 2008 R2 And I have this pseudo query (SP) : select ... from ... WHERE @LinkMode IS NULL AND (myColumn IN (...very long time exeted query...)) ... ... The ...
9
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5answers
2k views

How do I query this 20 million record view faster?

For a search functionality I am using a view that has the records from all the tables within which I need to search for. The view has almost 20 million records. Searches against this view are taking ...
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2answers
692 views

Optimization: Moving variable declarations to the top of your procedure

While working on optimizing some stored procedures, I sat down with the DBA and went through some sprocs with high blocking and/or high read/write activity. One thing the DBA mentioned was I should ...
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315 views

How many Sproc Parameters is too many?

I've just started writing a Stored Procedure in SQL Server 2008 and have 30+ parameters. I've never written one with more than ~10 parameters, and that got me thinking... At what point are there too ...
9
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3answers
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Optimizing a CTE hierarchy

Update below I have a table of accounts with a typical acct/parent account architecture to represent a hierarchy of accounts (SQL Server 2012). I created a VIEW using a CTE to hash out the hierarchy, ...
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When to use views in MySQL?

When creating tables from multiple joins for use in analysis, when is it preferred to use views versus creating a new table? One reason that I would prefer to use views is that the database schema ...
9
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1answer
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Why is Clustered Index Scan Number of Executions so high?

I have two similar queries that generate the same query plan, except that one query plan executes a Clustered Index Scan 1316 times, while the other executes it 1 time. The only difference between ...
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4answers
1k views

How can I optimize this MySQL query further?

I have a query that is taking a particularly long time to run (15+ seconds) and it is only getting worse with time as my dataset grows. I have optimized this in the past, and have added indices, ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Monumental difference in execution time between queries when using RECOMPILE query hint

I have two almost identical queries running on the same SQL Server 2005 instance: The first one is the original SELECT query as generated by LINQ (I know, I know... I'm not the application ...
7
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2answers
368 views

Data Compression Through Base36 Encoding

I'm trying to store a lot of large numbers that truncate when stored as INT values. Unfortunately they are too large for this type. I'm thinking about using Base36 encoding to accomplish this. Are ...
7
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2answers
182 views

Is there any way to prevent the memo structure from being pruned?

We know that the memo structure is pruned and some expensive alternative plans are discarded during optimization. I was wondering if there is any way to prevent this and let the optimizer just ...
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2answers
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How do Application Like Yelp Retrieve distance information from data base efficiently

For example, say I have a table: Business(BusinessID, Lattitude, Longitude) All are indexed of course. Also there are 1 million records Say I want to find businesses closest to 106,5, for example, ...
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3answers
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Splitting SQL query with many joins into smaller ones helps?

We need to do some reporting every night on our SQL Server 2008 R2. Calculating the reports takes several hours. In order to shorten the time we precalculate a table. This table is created based on ...
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2answers
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Optimization problem: compound clustered keys, flag conditions and index-merge

Three tables: product: with columns: ( a, g, ...a_lot_more... ) a: PK, clustered g: bit-column main: with columns: ( c, f, a, b, ...a_lot_more... ) c: PK, clustered f: bit-column (a, b): UQ ...
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2answers
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Why is this query not using my nonclustered index, and how can I make it?

As follow up to this question about increasing query performance, I'd like to know if there is a way to make my index used by default. This query runs in about 2.5 seconds: SELECT TOP 1000 * FROM ...
6
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2answers
470 views

What are the pros/cons of splitting date and time into separate fields vs. using the datetime data type and storing the date in a single field?

My database is extremely large and growing at a rate of ~20m rows/day. I have timestamp data that is important but most of the reporting is based on date ranges and week over week or month over month ...
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3answers
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Avoiding temporary tables while sorting by a column in a different table

So I have this MySQL InnoDB query here: SELECT s.vid, s.body, s.timestamp, COUNT(v.id) AS votecnt FROM stories s LEFT JOIN votes v ON s.vid = v.vid WHERE s.lv = 1 AND s.status = 1 GROUP BY s.vid ...
6
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2answers
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Is there a good “rule of thumb” for translating EXPLAIN cost to (wall-clock) runtime?

From time to time, consumers of my database processes will ask for an estimate of when a given task will be done. While I feel like I know how to read an EXPLAIN in most database engines, I have ...
6
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2answers
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Adding a Clustered index to a HEAP table on someone else's app

We're using a proprietary application based on SQL Server 2005, which has many HEAP based tables (that is, no Clustered index). Over the years, these tables have grown badly fragmented (e.g. 99% ...
6
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1answer
764 views

Password hashes: Fixed-length binary fields or single string field?

I'm currently having am amusing debate with a friend, and we simply can't agree on the best method to store salted passwords in a database. The two options on the table are: Storing the hash and the ...
6
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1answer
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On-the-fly query/command modification

I'm responsible for administrating an instance of SQL Server 200x which has the misfortune of serving as a backend to a turnkey application written with a disgusting performance problem. It repeatedly ...
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2answers
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How to optimise T-SQL query using Execution Plan

I have a SQL query that I have spent the past two days trying to optimise using trial-and-error and the execution plan, but to no avail. Please forgive me for doing this but I will post the entire ...
6
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1answer
120 views

Why are the plans different if the queries are logically alike?

I wrote two functions to answer Day 3's first homework question from Seven Databases in Seven Weeks. Create a stored procedure where you can input a movie title or actor's name you like, and it ...
6
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1answer
354 views

Is the optimisation fence behaviour of a CTE (WITH query) specified in the SQL:2008 standard? If so, where?

I see frequent references to WITH queries (common table expressions, or CTEs) acting as an optimisation fence, where the server isn't permitted to push filters down into the CTE queries, pull common ...
6
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1answer
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Benefits of running the OPTIMIZE TABLE Query in MySQL DB Server

I would like to know what are the benefits [really practical] that can be reaped by running the OPTIMIZE TABLE tbl_name query in MySQL Server. I checked this once and found that after this is run, ...
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How should I Optimize storage for this table?

I'm using MySql to store a basic table of this format: id int(11) //Auto-Incrementing ID data varchar(5120) //Random input data, compressed by a program, not mysql. ...
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3answers
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Optimize UNION query in MySQL

I have a problem with a UNION query in MySQL. We have 10 millions players on our website and we would like to select players with a multi-criterias system. For exemple, selecting US people, men, more ...
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5answers
531 views

Does SQL Sentry Plan Explorer work?

Does SQL Sentry Plan Explorer work as advertised and is it legitimate? Are there any gotchas or something to be concerned about? It looks like it shows the hot path in color commpared to SSMS's ...
5
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2answers
285 views

How to optimize NOT IN statement

Why does NOT IN performs INDEX SCAN instead of INDEX SEEK? Here's my current index on the table, CREATE NONCLUSTERED INDEX [idx_dmcasarms_CourseList_cDesc] ON [dbo].[courselist] ( [c_desc] ...
5
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3answers
612 views

Does SQL server optimize or pre-parse stored procedures?

Despite what DBAs will tell you ("use stored procedures because the server will optimize them thus they are faster than ad-hoc queries"), I have heard that SQL server does not actually optimize stored ...
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4answers
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MySQL subquery slows down drastically, but they work fine independently

Query 1: select distinct email from mybigtable where account_id=345 takes 0.1s Query 2: Select count(*) as total from mybigtable where account_id=123 and email IN (<include all from above ...
5
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2answers
673 views

Bulk Data Loading and Transaction Log

im currently working on a project which bulk import data from flat files(csv) about 18 differents files each linking to a specific table through some store procedure. I followed the steps as advised ...
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MySQL: Index when joining to tables not being used (Performance optimizing question)

I need to optimize the following query: SELECT /* [things omitted] */ articles.blogpost_id, articles.id AS articleid FROM blogposts JOIN articles ON articles.blogpost_id = blogposts.id WHERE ...
5
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1answer
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Is it possible to decouple row size estimation from maximum column width?

In other words, is it possible to declare a column VARCHAR(n) and have the estimated size be something other than n/2? An example use-case might be storing URLs - you expect most to be relative and ...
5
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2answers
769 views

Speed up INSERTs

I need to have a way to insert to a table, fast, synchronous, with minimal duration. What I've tried ("blind") is : Have no index on the table whatsoever Switch to simple logging (from full logging) ...
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2answers
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Insert-heavy InnoDB table won't use all my CPU

I have a packet log database, which is almost never queried. It just needs to be fast on inserts. I'm using InnoDB because I'd like to maintain ACID compliance, since even losing a single packet could ...
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2answers
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REBUILD - Clustered Index, TABLE, or both?

I'm having trouble finding a definitive resource on this anywhere, so hopefully a guru can give me an answer here. I have a very large table that we had to add a column to. The clustered index is ...
5
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2answers
517 views

How recording of every change of a row in a database is generaly stored?

In a project I'm working on, every change to the rows in some tables of the database must be tracked for further audit or rollback. It must be easy to find who modified the row, from which IP address ...
5
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3answers
321 views

Database Indexing - Maintenance Jobs

I have created a script that runs every night to rebuild & re-organize indexes based on the fragmentation, Indexes with Fragmentation > 30% are rebuilt, Indexes with Fragmentation 10% - 30% are ...
5
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1answer
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Walking a BTREE index as far as possible in MySQL

Suppose one has a column of words on which one builds a BTREE index: CREATE TABLE myTable ( words VARCHAR(25), INDEX USING BTREE (words) ); LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE '/usr/share/dict/words' INTO ...
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2answers
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How to use merge hints to isolate complex queries in SQL Server

I can understand that if I join individual queries that are "individually fast" the combination may become slow because the default execution plan may be non-optimal. However when I know the number ...
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1answer
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Determining which isolation level is appropriate

This is a homework question. For the following transactions state the isolation level that will maximize throughput without lowering the integrity of the database. Explain the answer. ...
5
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1answer
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Query performance while using sqlcmd [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Running queries with SQLCMD vs. Running queries with SSMS I have a number of scripts that query the data from different tables and consequently update them. I have ...
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4answers
804 views

Where to look for a bottleneck after elimitating CPU, memory, and disk

I have a database job that runs each night to create a warehouse table. Using my new database server and SAN I have gotten the process down from 4 1/2 hours to 35 minutes. I have optimized it to run ...