In the context of a database, optimisation refers to the process of the query optimiser selecting an efficient physical execution plan.

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Insert-heavy InnoDB table won't use all my CPU

I have a packet log database, which is almost never queried. It just needs to be fast on inserts. I'm using InnoDB because I'd like to maintain ACID compliance, since even losing a single packet could ...
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Speed up INSERTs

I need to have a way to insert to a table, fast, synchronous, with minimal duration. What I've tried ("blind") is : Have no index on the table whatsoever Switch to simple logging (from full logging) ...
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715 views

Optimizing PostgreSQL for transient data

I have several tables with 100-300 columns of integer types each, that hold highly volatile data. The datasets are keyed by one or two primary keys, and when refresh occurs, the whole dataset is ...
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1answer
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Benefits of running the OPTIMIZE TABLE Query in MySQL DB Server

I would like to know what are the benefits [really practical] that can be reaped by running the OPTIMIZE TABLE tbl_name query in MySQL Server. I checked this once and found that after this is run, ...
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How should I Optimize storage for this table?

I'm using MySql to store a basic table of this format: id int(11) //Auto-Incrementing ID data varchar(5120) //Random input data, compressed by a program, not mysql. ...
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MySQL performance problem using indexed datetime column

I tried to solve the following problem for about one hour now and still didn't get any further with it. Okay, I have a table (MyISAM): ...
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317 views

Determining which isolation level is appropriate

This is a homework question. For the following transactions state the isolation level that will maximize throughput without lowering the integrity of the database. Explain the answer. ...
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1answer
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How much does table size affect performance?

Lets say I have a MyISAM table (amongst other tables) with 2938347 rows. This table is merely being used for logging and doesn't get emptied very often. By not regularly archiving or deleting these ...
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Optimize UNION query in MySQL

I have a problem with a UNION query in MySQL. We have 10 millions players on our website and we would like to select players with a multi-criterias system. For exemple, selecting US people, men, more ...
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How can I speed up “show columns” on MySQL?

My application depends on running "show columns" for certain tables. It takes about 60ms to run, whereas all our other queries take under a ms. Querying information_schema directly is even slower. ...
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Is there a way to hint to query optimizer to MySQL which constraints should be done first?

This is my current query: SELECT BusinessID as ID, 111151.29341326*SQRT(pow(-6.186751-X(LatLong),2)+pow(106.772835-Y(LatLong),2)*0.98838574205337) AS Distance from ( SELECT * FROM ...
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454 views

Optimize where clause using dates

I'm trying to optimize several queries that all use a similar pattern on one of the WHERE clauses: AND (DATEADD(DAY , ISNULL(a.[due_days], 30) + 30 , [dbo].[CalcDate]([type], ...
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MySQL subquery slows down drastically, but they work fine independently

Query 1: select distinct email from mybigtable where account_id=345 takes 0.1s Query 2: Select count(*) as total from mybigtable where account_id=123 and email IN (<include all from above ...
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818 views

Does SQL server optimize or pre-parse stored procedures?

Despite what DBAs will tell you ("use stored procedures because the server will optimize them thus they are faster than ad-hoc queries"), I have heard that SQL server does not actually optimize stored ...
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3answers
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MySQL Query Optimization : Indexing and Pagination

I'm adding pagination to my 'latest news' php script and running in to an issue. SELECT sid, title, time, bodytext, author, url FROM news WHERE approved=1 ORDER BY time desc LIMIT $start, $limit I ...
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optimizing a compare query

Suppose I have two tables, A and B, and I know that size(A) = size(B). I want to confirm that the data in both tables is the same in three given columns, suppose they are X, Y, and Z (there are no ...
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Bulk Data Loading and Transaction Log

im currently working on a project which bulk import data from flat files(csv) about 18 differents files each linking to a specific table through some store procedure. I followed the steps as advised ...
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Fastest validation query in PostgreSQL

What is the fastest query in PostgreSQL, which I can use as a validationQuery binding a JNDI resource? I though that SELECT 1 is the simplest, but in this document it is said that in PostgreSQL we ...
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MySQL: Index when joining to tables not being used (Performance optimizing question)

I need to optimize the following query: SELECT /* [things omitted] */ articles.blogpost_id, articles.id AS articleid FROM blogposts JOIN articles ON articles.blogpost_id = blogposts.id WHERE ...
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Is it possible to decouple row size estimation from maximum column width?

In other words, is it possible to declare a column VARCHAR(n) and have the estimated size be something other than n/2? An example use-case might be storing URLs - you expect most to be relative and ...
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1answer
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Slow Queries Not Logging

I am attempting to enable slow query logging on our server in order to identify any queries that could use optimization. Sounds simple enough, however my file is not being written to. I get no errors ...
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Will I need to create a pivot or can I alter this query

The following Query that I wrote is working to a point. The problem that I found is that in each pump, cable, etc can be listed in each of the part columns. Example: What I would like to get is ...
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REBUILD - Clustered Index, TABLE, or both?

I'm having trouble finding a definitive resource on this anywhere, so hopefully a guru can give me an answer here. I have a very large table that we had to add a column to. The clustered index is ...
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Database Indexing - Maintenance Jobs

I have created a script that runs every night to rebuild & re-organize indexes based on the fragmentation, Indexes with Fragmentation > 30% are rebuilt, Indexes with Fragmentation 10% - 30% are ...
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392 views

New query slower even if it has less logical reads than the old one

I have a query in a stored procedure that must list all dates in a range and JOIN on it date from a table, if it exists for that day. The procedure was created before I was employed as the DBA, so I ...
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Schema for analytics table in Postgres

We use Postgres for analytics (star schema). Every few seconds we get reports on ~500 metrics types. The simplest schema would be: timestamp metric_type value 78930890 FOO ...
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my.cnf values not applying - Optimizing MySQL in CentOS LAMP

I have checked for other occurences of my.cnf and I have found only one occurrence of /etc/my.cnf. Then, I went ahead to fix in my values, e.g. query_cache_size etc. After saving and literally ...
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Joining in query decomposition

I have a question about query decomposition and localization, as in here: When joining 3 tables (here EMP, ASG and PROJ) is there any specifiy order, when to join which table? Why ASG and EMP are ...
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Postgres: Is migrating old records to separate table and creating new aggregated records a good strategy to improve search speed?

I have a table with 1M+ records. New records are created and updated each day each time an event occurs for each type of event (which there are many). I frequently need to find sums across many ...
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Multi-row insert vs multiple single row inserts

In my app I do multi-row inserts when I can just because it reduces the number of round trips between the db and the app. However, I was curious, is there any other advantages? For example, if ...
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Walking a BTREE index as far as possible in MySQL

Suppose one has a column of words on which one builds a BTREE index: CREATE TABLE myTable ( words VARCHAR(25), INDEX USING BTREE (words) ); LOAD DATA LOCAL INFILE '/usr/share/dict/words' INTO ...
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How to use merge hints to isolate complex queries in SQL Server

I can understand that if I join individual queries that are "individually fast" the combination may become slow because the default execution plan may be non-optimal. However when I know the number ...
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Query performance while using sqlcmd [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Running queries with SQLCMD vs. Running queries with SSMS I have a number of scripts that query the data from different tables and consequently update them. I have ...
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Find the user with closest taste of mine

I trying to write in SQL the following requirement: Each user can rate as much films as they like. (1= I don't like, 5=I love it) And the system should provide to the current user a list of films ...
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Where to look for a bottleneck after elimitating CPU, memory, and disk

I have a database job that runs each night to create a warehouse table. Using my new database server and SAN I have gotten the process down from 4 1/2 hours to 35 minutes. I have optimized it to run ...
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299 views

SQL Server Optimization/Configuration for Inflexible Application

I'm responsible for overseeing an application which uses SQL Server as its backend storage solution. Unfortunately, the application has no concept of how a RDBMS should be utilized and seems to use it ...
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Optimizing my update sequence

Whenever a user updates his profile, we conduct a set of queries like so: DELETE FROM `user_likes` WHERE `ID` = $id INSERT INTO `user_likes` VALUES (DEFAULT, $id, $interest_id, $interest_name) Is ...
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“Copying to tmp table” extremely slow

This is my example of query: SELECT nickname, CASE class_id WHEN 1 THEN 'Druid' WHEN 2 THEN 'Necromancer' WHEN 3 THEN 'Mage' WHEN 4 THEN 'Priest' WHEN 5 THEN ...
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Do cross-joins get optimised by the client library?

Note This is deliberately database agnostic, I'm interested in how different implementations, er, differ. I came across Joins are for lazy people on SO, and it's made me question an assumption I'd ...
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Does the order of fields in SELECT query matter when using composite indexing?

I understand that the order of columns in the index itself matters immensely; however, what about the order of columns in the subsequent SELECT queries that make use of that index? For example, if I ...
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I've got 16GB of ram, how should I configure MySQL Server?

I've got a dedicated production server with multiple cpus and 16GB of ram. I would like to know how can I configure it better to take advantage of the server resources for better performance because ...
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Postgres: count(*) vs count(id)

I saw in the documentation the difference between count(*) and count(pk). I had been using count(pk) (where pk is a SERIAL PRIMARY KEY) not knowing about the existence of count(*). My question is ...
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Sql server table insert performance optimization

Setting In a datawarehouse, I am joining a fact table to 20 dimensions. The fact table has 32 million rows and 30 columns. This is a temporary staging table so I don't have to deal with other users ...
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1answer
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250 billion rows - computing interconnectedness on a really huge scale

I have a table of approximately 700k rows, each identified by a unique itemnumber. Each row/item can be associated with any of the other rows/items in the table by calculating a single numerical ...
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How does the T-SQL optimizer handle “and false”

In SQL SERVER 2008 I'm thinking about a query such as: SELECT ... FROM ... WHERE ... AND @a=1 UNION SELECT ... FROM ... WHERE ... AND @a=2 Given that @a is clearly the same value, and therefore ...
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2answers
520 views

Huge database logging of event type rows and ways to optimize it

We have a database that stores events. Events are generated at a 1000 per sec rate. We need to keep these events accessible for some years. Usual use of these events is selecting some of them from the ...
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How to Correctly Estimate the Average Number of I/O Operations my RAID 10 disk can offer?

The average Input/Output Operations per Second a disk can sustain is a very important factor in the tuning of MySQL / InnoDB databases, as it drives the speed with which Dirty InnoDB Buffer Pool pages ...
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How to create multiple entries on index based on the fields of one row?

I never found a good way to index multiple fields of one row as entries of an index or simulate this feature on MySQL. The problem arises when you have fields working as tags or similar concept. Ex.: ...
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Optimize MySQL Query using LEFT JOIN

I have a query with execution plan as below and is taking more than 20 seconds to execute how can i optimize it EXPLAIN SELECT c.coupon_id as c_id, `c` . *, `st`.`name` AS `store` FROM `coupon` AS ...
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Can I optimize for the zIIP processor?

Is it possible to change SQL in a z/OS mainframe COBOL application so that it becomes eligible to be directed to the IBM System z Integrated Information Processor (zIIP)?