In the context of a database, optimisation refers to the process of the query optimiser selecting an efficient physical execution plan.

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How to optimize multiple ORDER BYs?

I'm getting sluggish performance on a table with ~300,000 rows and B-Trees on each column. This is for a dynamic pagination page where the query is constructed on demand, and the application caches ...
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207 views

Can I rely on this SQL shortcut to save a query?

Consider a table with a status field that holds one of two values: | status | set('active','default') | YES | | active | I need to know how many records are in the table, and additionally how ...
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89 views

DROP TABLE on a huge InnoDB table

I have an innodb table with over 140 million rows taking 26GB. I would like to drop this table however this is taking way too long, probably days. How can I speed up this query? processor: Intel® ...
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87 views

How is the number of records on a select determined as high or low by optimizer?

What is the threshold between using the index and doing an direct access to the database? I assume this decision is related to the number of index access (and subsequent access to the tables). If this ...
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1k views

GUID stored in a varchar field

I have inherited several databases that use GUIDs as PKs. Instead of all the datatypes being uniqueidentifier most are varchar(50) and some varchar(100). Fields are true GUID some where created by ...
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75 views

Need some support on MySQL Query

I have a query SELECT leads.id, sfav.id is_favorite FROM leads INNER JOIN teams tst ON tst.team_set_id = leads.team_set_id INNER JOIN members members ON tst.team_id = ...
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1k views

boolean purpose column char(0) or tinyint(1)

For Boolean purpose column which one is better: nullable char(0) or tinyint(1). I know bool is an alias for tinyint(1) , but in "High Performance MySQL" book that published by O'reilly said: "If ...
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243 views

XML Large DataBase is the best? [closed]

Is the best way to implement a large database is XML? Or is there a better way? 1 - reduce the time complexity 2 - Reduce the amount of traffic between the tables And other factors ... Which ...
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186 views

Is there a way to get slow-query-log-like profiling information on a single query?

Specifically, I'm looking for this information: # Query_time: 0.011922 Lock_time: 0.000088 Rows_sent: 107 Rows_examined: 663 Rows_affected: 0 Rows_read: 107 # Bytes_sent: 4152 Tmp_tables: 3 ...
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141 views

How to restructure this slow query

For the following query: SELECT l.* FROM `leads` AS `l` INNER JOIN `users` AS `u` ON l.client_id = u.id WHERE (`l`.`lender_id` = 1) AND (l.claimed_date IS NULL) AND (`l`.`disabled` = 0) AND ...
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5k views

What would be the fastest approach to bulk update this mysql table (Innodb)?

I have a table with 100M rows. I am able update my table like 850 updates / minute. How to speed this up? I am using following approach: mysql -uroot < query_file where query_file contains 1M ...
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49 views

No value to update but still an TABLE UPDATE Operator

I see this type of code a lot in my databases IF EXISTS(SELECT 1 FROM sample WHERE ID=@id) BEGIN UPDATE sample SET name='cat' WHERE id=@id; END So from my primary analysis it does 2 scan in ...
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69 views

Are nonclustered indexes used when joining tables?

I know that joins of type Sort-Merge don't use nonclustered indexes, because they work by sorting both tables and then joining them. But I've read recommendations to noncluster index all FKs, I ...
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392 views

MongoDB performance problem

I have a MongoDB for storing result like this {_id, type, imei, lat, lng, spd, dir, time} {_id, type, imei, lac, cid, time} If type is f first one is used and if it is l second one is used. Here ...
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93 views

optimize the query with big and low cardinality

I have big enough dataset and few joins to get them all with help next query: SELECT DISTINCT c.c_id FROM c_active z1 INNER JOIN cs c ON (z1.cv_id=c.cv_id) INNER JOIN indi i ON (c.m_id=i.m_id) INNER ...
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108 views

Postgres: my “data/backup” directory is way too large

In my postgres 9.3 data directory, there exists a subdir called "backup" that is 6.1G compared to my pg_xlog which is only 130M. I understand that pg_xlog is the WAL logs, so what is in the backup? ...
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249 views

inserting large quantity of data into mysql table

I need to insert about 400 000 000 rows of test data into the InnoDB table. Table is quite simple: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `tgt` ( `id_1` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL, `id_2` int(10) unsigned NOT ...
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169 views

How to store temp tables in memory during table “optimize”?

When optimizing tables, SHOW PROCESSLIST lists it as "copying to tmp table". I'm trying to ensure the copy takes place in memory to speed up the process. I've tried adjusting the tmp_table_size to ...
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134 views

What's the best way to translate a website [closed]

I have a website in Django using MySQL, and I have more than 4.000 entries that I want to translate. What's the best way to do it? Create a new database for every language? Create other table for ...
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76 views

Will a specific denormalization increase performance in a specific scenario?

Suppose I have a table with fields | a | b | c | d | ... | z | which contains millions of records and which will serve millions of queries a day. And the field z holds the id of some parameter which ...
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176 views

Need to optimize simple SELECT query for InnoDB table with 2million rows

I'd like to make this query the fastest possible, since it's called really often. SELECT login_events.id FROM login_events WHERE ( DATE(created_at) >= DATE(CURRENT_DATE) AND person_id = 1 ) ...
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Convert to JOIN [duplicate]

I have a correlated sub query, which is taking 16 Minutes to execute how can i convert it to join or optimize it. SELECT SSF.SM_StockCode, SSF.ST_ItemSize FROM Stock AS SSF WHERE SSF.SM_StockCode = ...
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68 views

Does limit impact affected rows or not?

I have this table: CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `usergroups` ( `id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `user_id` int(11) unsigned NOT NULL, `group_id` smallint(5) unsigned NOT ...
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576 views

Table clean up taking too long

I am selecting around 10 million rows which are invalid from table grid into ##grid_temp and deleting their related info from grid_info table. I am running this in a python script. It is taking more ...
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78 views

Query optimization when no row is returned

I am using explain to figure out what is happening in my query which is: explain select t from c where u1_id = 1 group by t; I see "Using where" in the Extra column of the resultset. But this only ...
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88 views

Database and query optimizacion

I have a database containing three tables: tbl_database (main table is the primary), tbl_cmdatabase and tbl_blacklist. The three tables share the same structure but differ in the number of records ...
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74 views

Message system - delete message, or flag for deletion?

I'm wondering, what is the best approach about message deletion in a mysql based message system. Plan A: When the sender sends a message, it will be saved in 2 versions. One for the sender and other ...
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117 views

Does PostgreSQL optimize queries in transaction?

In my app I need to make big imports from user files, and to achieve that all records are updated/created I do it inside transaction. But before it I need to update massive, already existing in DB, ...
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711 views

Slow query with straight_join for small result

I have a performance-problem with a query in my application and I don’t understand the behavior of mysql. The query consists of different joins, especially the join to the mentioncache-table. If the ...
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95 views

What is the best relationship model for high performance?

I want to model a relationship between Customer and Transaction. However, because Customer is only described by a unique string and no extra info, I have two possibilities to implement it in the ...
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2k views

Planning simple CMS: How much relation?

I'm currently in the process of designing the database for a rather minimalistic Content Management System I'm working on alone. It should allow scalability while remaining speed, especially on boxes ...
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157 views

Optimizing table and choosing storage engine

Having the follow MyISAM table: +----------------------+-----------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+ | Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra | ...
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102 views

Should I Avoid Repeated References to Aggregate Columns in a View?

So I'm wanting to summarize the balance of the accounts in my business application. My (simplified for our purposes) data model looks like: --Main account table that holds the single accounts create ...
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24 views

Finding the end of a Relationship chain optimally

I have a table that contains an id column, a parent column, and it's child column. So for every record, I know what record comes before it and what will come after it in a chain relationship, but from ...
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48 views

If a database is in memory does it still need indexing?

INFO I'm following lessons on databases. We're learning about indices now. Question If big parts of a table are in the memory, would using a index still have benefits? My side I would assume ...
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54 views

How to manipulate join order of PostgreSQL optimizer?

I am working on table join order optimization. While query processing, I want to get table join order generated by optimizer, and update it by using my own algorithm in PostgreSQL? How can I update ...
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39 views

Speed Up Index Creation in MySQL

In MySQL 5.5, I have a table which is recreated on a daily basis and for which the process of adding an index is taking about 50 minutes which I'm hoping to reduce. At the time when the index is ...
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147 views

Database design suggestions for a data scraping/warehouse application?

I'm looking into the database design for a data warehouse kind of project which involves a large number of inserts daily. The data archives will be further used to generate reports. I will have a ...
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313 views

Optimizing GROUP BY Query

I'm running the following query: SELECT `type`, MAX(`time`) AS `last_updated` FROM `stocks` GROUP BY `type` On the following table: CREATE TABLE `stocks` ( `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, ...
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67 views

index for OR operator with different columns

What would be best index for this kind of query: -- id is the PK create table test3(id number,name varchar2(30) not null,lastname varchar2(30) not null); select id from test3 where id=:1 and ...
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57 views

How can I optimize this query?

I'm trying to select the time field from five tables and return the oldest time. The userid field in every table is indexed. Here's the query: ( SELECT `time` FROM `eventlog` WHERE userid = ...
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1k views

InnoDB: very bad performance on INSERT/UPDATE

Lately I have really big problems with INSERTs and UPDATEs. On my website 80% of all queries are SELECTs but in query slow log there are only INSERTs and UPDATEs. My dedicated server has 32GB RAM, ...
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2k views

Optimize a MySQL Database using MySQL Workbench

I actually have a few issues. First, I found this information about optimizing: MySQL OPTIMIZE all tables? The problem is, I don't seem to have a mysqlcheck program anywhere. I'm using MySQL ...
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82 views

MySQL geospatial query optimisation suggestions

I am new to DB Administration. Trying to sort out this query which is the heart of our application. I am searching google on similar questions, but would like an experts opinion on my particular ...
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221 views

MySQL (InnoDB) UPDATE SET performance with value in WHERE AND clause

If an UPDATE query is performed where the values being SET are also part of the WHERE clause, in the form of an additional AND statement on the column being set's value, is there a significant ...
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87 views

extra steps after changing storage engine and adding index

Someone told me to look into his website for quick optimization; I'm a programmer and i don't have much experience optimizing databases. I have a php/MySQL site uses the MyISAM storage engine. It ...
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521 views

Exploring and optimizing SQL performance of your system (PostgreSQL and Hibernate)?

Imagine you have inherited some project with extensive usage of SQL queries. Let us assume that Hibernate is used as ORM and PostgreSQL as database, but thats not the point. A question is: could ...
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78 views

Mysql performance for a nullable unique id column in a large table that references a record in another table

We have a large table of contacts (8 million records) that we promote to with mailings. When these people register we store them in a different members table. But we want to go back and update the ...
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860 views

MySQL subqueries that use range based on values of main queries don't use indices properly

I think I've isolated a problem that has been affecting many of my queries lately. And would like some help to figure out a solution for this. Ok so my findings are that a normal query that runs very ...
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139 views

Is there a tuning parameter for MySQL that allows you to set an on-disk gap between non-sequential primary keys?

I understand that one of the primary issues with using a non-sequential primary key is that every disk/memory write that does not come after the last known key causes a re-write of everything from the ...