PL/pgSQL is the default procedural language for the PostgreSQL database system. Questions about PL/pgSQL should probably be tagged "PostgreSQL" as well.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
15 views

How to trigger newlines in log messages?

Is it possible for log messages to span multiple lines? I am expecting: RAISE WARNING 'Line 1\nLine 2'; to result in the following log: Line 1 Line 2 But instead I get: Line 1\nLine 2 Any ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Writing a view that caches to another table

I have a table market_trades with columns timestamp, market_id, and amount: api_production=# \d market_trades; Table "public.market_trades" Column | ...
2
votes
1answer
18 views

trigger can't access column loop

SSCCE: The following script: $ cat test.sql CREATE TABLE public.foo ( loop INTEGER ); CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION public.foo_fun(loop INTEGER) RETURNS BOOLEAN AS $$ SELECT TRUE; $$ LANGUAGE SQL; ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

why is the name `loop` treated differently in PostgreSQL

I issue the following DDL: CREATE TABLE foo ( loopa INTEGER, loop INTEGER ); Then, examining the DDL in the server (using a client-side tool like DbVisualizer - sorry don't know the query to ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Dynamic access to record column in plpgsql function

How can I address a column from a record in a plpgsql function dynamically? In the following snippet I have access to a variable entity.colname that contains the column that should be checked in the ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Handling exceptions from inside a function

I need to add a trigger after insert or update on a table so that, where some row is updated and a certain condition is met, then some other table needs to be updated. However, that last update ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

PostgreSQL stored procedure to return rows or empty set

I have a stored procedure, which RETURNS SETOF ct_custom_type and inside I do RETURN QUERY EXECUTE 'some dynamic query' And I want to do this: If this 'dynamic query' returns >= 10 rows, I want to ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

SQL injection in Postgres functions vs prepared queries

In Postgres, are prepared queries and user defined functions equivalent as a mechanism for guarding against SQL injection? Are there particular advantages in one approach over the other?
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Removing all columns with given name

I am converting a MSSQL schema to PostgreSQL and in that schema most tables have a column called Timestamp that are of MSSQL timestamp datatype which is effectively rowversion. When inserting records ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Upsert statement never completes, infinite loop?

Edit: The function works, tested it by creating a small table. So the problem must be with my input, but I still can't see what the issue is - unless the function is just incredibly slow. It's not a ...
6
votes
3answers
521 views

Issue with composite type in an UPSERT function

I have a function in PostgreSQL 9.1 called fun_test. It has a composite type as input parameter and I keep getting a casting error when I call it. CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION netcen.fun_test(myobj ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

PL/pgSQL function or rCTE to detect depth of relations between two tables

I need to perform a PostgreSQL Function for checking the depth of relations. There is a circular binding from table a to b, back to another element in a and, in some cases back again to b. These ...
12
votes
1answer
8k views

Create index if it does not exist

I am working on a function that allows me to add an index if it does not exist. I am running into the problem that I cannot get a list of indexes to compare to. Any thoughts? This is a similar issue ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

How to make a table name an attribute in PostgreSQL?

I have received hundreds of tables in PostgreSQL with identical structure and each containing similar data of a different day, so that the table name is the date of the data. I would like to Union ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

How to log DML statements executed by a pl/pgsql function?

I have a pl/pgsql function (see below) that lists some fields and clears their contents using dynamically constructed UPDATE commands. When I set log_statement = 'mod', I can see nothing on the log ...
4
votes
2answers
8k views

Postgres plpgsql - Using a variable inside of a dynamic create statement

Using Postgres pl/pgsql, I'm attempting to create a table using a dynamic EXECUTE command, such as: ... DECLARE tblVar varchar := "myTable"; BEGIN EXECUTE 'CREATE TABLE $1 ( foo ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

What PL/pgSQL debugger can I use?

I'm building a lot of PL/pgSQL functions and a debugger would really come in handy because RAISE NOTICE is not enough. I read about a pgAdmin plugin you can install but it was only on Windows and I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Can I find errors without using testing data for all the branches of each function?

In PostgreSQL, syntax errors (except for trivial syntax errors) are reported while running the code in question; unlike Oracle, PostgreSQL can't find errors without running the part of the code. This ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Postgresql Function Trying to Insert into 1 row instead of 2

Postgresql 9.3, Mac OS X 10.6.7 I created this function and I would like to insert both results into the same row. Obviously the way I have it inserts into 2 rows. First, here is the Table T1: ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Return several values from a PL/pgSQL procedure - to speed up the query

I have a non-forking game daemon written in Perl, which uses acync queries to write player stats into a PostgreSQL 9.3 database. But when I need to read something from database (like if a player is ...
3
votes
2answers
527 views

Call multiple functions from trigger?

I run PostgreSQL-9.2.4 Is it possible to call 2 functions from a trigger? Let's say I have two functions for two different tables to be executed if following trigger fires: Trigger: CREATE TRIGGER ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Conditonally create temporary table

Invoking the following SQL leads to a warning 'column "s" has type "unknown"' which I can understand. What I'm trying to accomplish is to conditionally create a temporary in preparation of running a ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Is this inconsistent treatment of `void` return from sql and plpgsql functions documented?

begin; create table foo(id integer); create function f1() returns void language sql as $$delete from foo;$$; create function f2() returns void language plpgsql as $$begin delete from foo; end;$$; ...
1
vote
2answers
161 views

Dynamic UPDATE fails due to unwanted parenthesis around string in plpgsql

Using PostgreSQL 9.3.4 on Mac OSX 10.9.2 with Postgres.app. I want to apply a function to all columns in a table, specifically I want to trim white space. So far I've got this in a file test.sql: ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

PL/pgSQL fuction to find circular references

I have two tables ID Task 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 Col1 depend 2 3 2 4 3 1 4 2 ID and Col1 are related through FK constraint. I want to find out all circular references. Here ID ...
0
votes
1answer
185 views

Assign result of regexp_split_to_array() to Pl/pgSQL array variable

How do I create an array and then put a result of a function into it? I'm doing it like this: array text[]; select regexp_split_to_array('whatever this is it splits into array with spaces', E'\\s+') ...
-1
votes
1answer
105 views

Access table field on creating a trigger postgresql

How can I access table field on creating a trigger? CREATE TRIGGER foo_trigger AFTER INSERT OR UPDATE OR DELETE ON foo FOR EACH ROW EXECUTE PROCEDURE proc(foo.field);//here goes the parameter
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Insert values from a record variable into a table

I am developing a user-defined function that takes two arguments: create or replace function gesio( events_table_in regclass, events_table_out regclass) returns void as $$ ... $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

ERROR: loop variable of FOREACH must be a known variable or list of variables

I have few FOREACH loops in my functions. The loops seem to perfectly agree with the official postgresql documentation. This error message is returned: ERROR: loop variable of FOREACH must be a known ...
1
vote
1answer
286 views

I have an INSTEAD OF trigger, but PostgreSQL still complains while I insert into view

I have created a view and an INSTEAD OF trigger for inserting/ updating/ deleting from that view. Now I have tried to insert some data to the view, and PostgreSQL returns following error (translation ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

RETURN NEXT in Postgres Function

I'm currently writing a plpgsql function that will select from a table and produce a substantial amount of data. I was originally going to return an array, but I found a resource that explains the ...
1
vote
1answer
819 views

Concatenation of setof type or setof record

I use Postgresql 9.1 with Ubuntu 12.04. In a plpgsql function I try to concatenate setof type returned from another function. the type pair_id_value in question is created with create type ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Error: set_valued function called in context that cannot accept a set. What is it about?

I use Postgresql 9.1, with ubuntu 12.04. Inspired by Craig's answer to my question Concatenation of setof type or setof record I thought I would go well with using return query, setof record, and a ...
2
votes
1answer
657 views

returning set of records in stored procedure

I would like to return a set of records from a pl/pgsql. Is there a way to do that without using the "for" construct and cursors? For instance when I compared these two stored procedures: create or ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

How to create function(table_name) that returns a set of the table

I have a set of tables that share the same fields (some timestamps and users names used for version control). I need to create a function with dynamic sql that uses a table_name and a timestamp as ...
0
votes
1answer
515 views

Using dynamic column names in PostgreSQL

I am using PostgreSSQL 8.3. I want to execute this query: select COALESCE(col_fr,col,'Unknown') from my_table where id = 'abc'; Twist in the story is column name colum_fr should be generated ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Basic trigger in PL/pgSQL, to flip a boolean field if another field has text

I want a BOOLEAN field to be set to TRUE when a sibling TEXT field is set to a non-empty string. Vice versa, the BOOLEAN is set to FALSE when TEXT field is set to empty string. The following function ...
2
votes
2answers
638 views

Postgresql: Query across schemas

I have multiple schemas that I need to query across. The schemas are not know in advance for example: U111 U222 U333 I need to select across these three schemas from a specific table in each of ...
1
vote
2answers
188 views

How to do WHERE x IN (val1, val2,…) in plpgsql

I would like to update a selection of rows in a table; this works... UPDATE t1 SET col1 = 'newvalue' WHERE col0 in (2, 4, 5); But how can I do the same in a plpgsql function? The following gives a ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

How to access NEW or OLD field given only the field's name?

I'm writing a validation trigger. The trigger must validate that the sum of an array equals another field. Since I have many instances of this validation, I want to write a single procedure and create ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Self-join unique pairs

I have a table (players) containing a list of players, I would like to pair up these players in a unique way, so that every player's opponent is unique every round (ie. every time the SELECT query is ...
3
votes
2answers
346 views

Insert RECORD into a table in a trigger function

I would like to insert a RECORD data type variable (NEW variable) into a table in a trigger. What would the SQL look like? The following attempts were unsuccessful: EXECUTE 'INSERT INTO my_table ...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

How to get query runtime in PL/pgSQL to be as fast as console query runtime?

Basically I want to assign the result of a query to a custom type attribute. However I noticed that querying directly from the PostgreSQL console was about 0.071 ms and inside the function was 0.400 ...
3
votes
1answer
379 views

How to correctly return a query result only if it isn't NULL?

I'm writing a PL/pgSQL function that creates a cursor for a query that I need to check whether it returns something. What I'm doing is this: Run the query Check whether it returns something. If it ...
20
votes
4answers
13k views

Most idiomatic way to implement UPSERT in Postgresql nowadays

I've read about different UPSERT implementations in PostgreSQL, but all of these solutions are relatively old or relatively exotic (using writeable CTE, for example). And I'm just not a psql expert ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

PostgreSQL procedural languages - differences between PL/pgSQL and SQL

Can anybody please summarize the differences between: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/xfunc-sql.html and http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/plpgsql.html ? Main points: ...
16
votes
4answers
6k views

PostgreSQL Stored Procedure Performance

Coming from a MySQL background, where stored procedure performance (older article) and usability are questionable, I am evaluating PostgreSQL for a new product for my company. One of the things I ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Postgres function assign query results to multiple variables

I need to assign values to 2 variable as below in Postgres function. a := select col1 from tbl where ... b := select col2 from tbl where ... How can I assign 2 values to 2 variables in one line ...
1
vote
1answer
731 views

Automatic conversion of anonymous records returned from an UDF to well known table-type

Proprietary code (that we cannot change) has a bunch of user defined functions of the type: create or replace function f() returns record as $$ ... $$ which we call in the following way (for ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

How can I use an environment variable in a Postgres function?

Let's say I have a windows user environment variable SOME_STRING. Is it possible to use its value in a PL/pgSQL function? If not, do I need to use an untrusted language (like PL/pythonu) or can I ...