PL/pgSQL is the default procedural language for the PostgreSQL database system. Questions about PL/pgSQL should probably be tagged "PostgreSQL" as well.

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2
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1answer
54 views

PL/pgSQL function or rCTE to detect depth of relations between two tables

I need to perform a PostgreSQL Function for checking the depth of relations. There is a circular binding from table a to b, back to another element in a and, in some cases back again to b. These ...
12
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1answer
7k views

Create index if it does not exist

I am working on a function that allows me to add an index if it does not exist. I am running into the problem that I cannot get a list of indexes to compare to. Any thoughts? This is a similar issue ...
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2answers
95 views

How to make a table name an attribute in PostgreSQL?

I have received hundreds of tables in PostgreSQL with identical structure and each containing similar data of a different day, so that the table name is the date of the data. I would like to Union ...
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3answers
47 views

How to log DML statements executed by a pl/pgsql function?

I have a pl/pgsql function (see below) that lists some fields and clears their contents using dynamically constructed UPDATE commands. When I set log_statement = 'mod', I can see nothing on the log ...
4
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2answers
7k views

Postgres plpgsql - Using a variable inside of a dynamic create statement

Using Postgres pl/pgsql, I'm attempting to create a table using a dynamic EXECUTE command, such as: ... DECLARE tblVar varchar := "myTable"; BEGIN EXECUTE 'CREATE TABLE $1 ( foo ...
3
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1answer
164 views

What PL/pgSQL debugger can I use?

I'm building a lot of PL/pgSQL functions and a debugger would really come in handy because RAISE NOTICE is not enough. I read about a pgAdmin plugin you can install but it was only on Windows and I'm ...
1
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2answers
40 views

Can I find errors without using testing data for all the branches of each function?

In PostgreSQL, syntax errors (except for trivial syntax errors) are reported while running the code in question; unlike Oracle, PostgreSQL can't find errors without running the part of the code. This ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Postgresql Function Trying to Insert into 1 row instead of 2

Postgresql 9.3, Mac OS X 10.6.7 I created this function and I would like to insert both results into the same row. Obviously the way I have it inserts into 2 rows. First, here is the Table T1: ...
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2answers
77 views

Return several values from a PL/pgSQL procedure - to speed up the query

I have a non-forking game daemon written in Perl, which uses acync queries to write player stats into a PostgreSQL 9.3 database. But when I need to read something from database (like if a player is ...
3
votes
2answers
421 views

Call multiple functions from trigger?

I run PostgreSQL-9.2.4 Is it possible to call 2 functions from a trigger? Let's say I have two functions for two different tables to be executed if following trigger fires: Trigger: CREATE TRIGGER ...
1
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1answer
86 views

Conditonally create temporary table

Invoking the following SQL leads to a warning 'column "s" has type "unknown"' which I can understand. What I'm trying to accomplish is to conditionally create a temporary in preparation of running a ...
2
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1answer
73 views

Is this inconsistent treatment of `void` return from sql and plpgsql functions documented?

begin; create table foo(id integer); create function f1() returns void language sql as $$delete from foo;$$; create function f2() returns void language plpgsql as $$begin delete from foo; end;$$; ...
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2answers
136 views

Dynamic UPDATE fails due to unwanted parenthesis around string in plpgsql

Using PostgreSQL 9.3.4 on Mac OSX 10.9.2 with Postgres.app. I want to apply a function to all columns in a table, specifically I want to trim white space. So far I've got this in a file test.sql: ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

PL/pgSQL fuction to find circular references

I have two tables ID Task 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 Col1 depend 2 3 2 4 3 1 4 2 ID and Col1 are related through FK constraint. I want to find out all circular references. Here ID ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Assign result of regexp_split_to_array() to Pl/pgSQL array variable

How do I create an array and then put a result of a function into it? I'm doing it like this: array text[]; select regexp_split_to_array('whatever this is it splits into array with spaces', E'\\s+') ...
-1
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1answer
89 views

Access table field on creating a trigger postgresql

How can I access table field on creating a trigger? CREATE TRIGGER foo_trigger AFTER INSERT OR UPDATE OR DELETE ON foo FOR EACH ROW EXECUTE PROCEDURE proc(foo.field);//here goes the parameter
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Insert values from a record variable into a table

I am developing a user-defined function that takes two arguments: create or replace function gesio( events_table_in regclass, events_table_out regclass) returns void as $$ ... $$ ...
0
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1answer
70 views

ERROR: loop variable of FOREACH must be a known variable or list of variables

I have few FOREACH loops in my functions. The loops seem to perfectly agree with the official postgresql documentation. This error message is returned: ERROR: loop variable of FOREACH must be a known ...
1
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1answer
202 views

I have an INSTEAD OF trigger, but PostgreSQL still complains while I insert into view

I have created a view and an INSTEAD OF trigger for inserting/ updating/ deleting from that view. Now I have tried to insert some data to the view, and PostgreSQL returns following error (translation ...
1
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1answer
57 views

RETURN NEXT in Postgres Function

I'm currently writing a plpgsql function that will select from a table and produce a substantial amount of data. I was originally going to return an array, but I found a resource that explains the ...
1
vote
1answer
729 views

Concatenation of setof type or setof record

I use Postgresql 9.1 with Ubuntu 12.04. In a plpgsql function I try to concatenate setof type returned from another function. the type pair_id_value in question is created with create type ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Error: set_valued function called in context that cannot accept a set. What is it about?

I use Postgresql 9.1, with ubuntu 12.04. Inspired by Craig's answer to my question Concatenation of setof type or setof record I thought I would go well with using return query, setof record, and a ...
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2answers
1k views

PostgreSQL stored procedure to return rows or empty set

I have a stored procedure, which RETURNS SETOF ct_custom_type and inside I do RETURN QUERY EXECUTE 'some dynamic query' And I want to do this: If this 'dynamic query' returns >= 10 rows, I want to ...
2
votes
1answer
629 views

returning set of records in stored procedure

I would like to return a set of records from a pl/pgsql. Is there a way to do that without using the "for" construct and cursors? For instance when I compared these two stored procedures: create or ...
2
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1answer
68 views

How to create function(table_name) that returns a set of the table

I have a set of tables that share the same fields (some timestamps and users names used for version control). I need to create a function with dynamic sql that uses a table_name and a timestamp as ...
0
votes
1answer
332 views

Using dynamic column names in PostgreSQL

I am using PostgreSSQL 8.3. I want to execute this query: select COALESCE(col_fr,col,'Unknown') from my_table where id = 'abc'; Twist in the story is column name colum_fr should be generated ...
1
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2answers
103 views

Basic trigger in PL/pgSQL, to flip a boolean field if another field has text

I want a BOOLEAN field to be set to TRUE when a sibling TEXT field is set to a non-empty string. Vice versa, the BOOLEAN is set to FALSE when TEXT field is set to empty string. The following function ...
2
votes
2answers
426 views

Postgresql: Query across schemas

I have multiple schemas that I need to query across. The schemas are not know in advance for example: U111 U222 U333 I need to select across these three schemas from a specific table in each of ...
1
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2answers
149 views

How to do WHERE x IN (val1, val2,…) in plpgsql

I would like to update a selection of rows in a table; this works... UPDATE t1 SET col1 = 'newvalue' WHERE col0 in (2, 4, 5); But how can I do the same in a plpgsql function? The following gives a ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

How to access NEW or OLD field given only the field's name?

I'm writing a validation trigger. The trigger must validate that the sum of an array equals another field. Since I have many instances of this validation, I want to write a single procedure and create ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Self-join unique pairs

I have a table (players) containing a list of players, I would like to pair up these players in a unique way, so that every player's opponent is unique every round (ie. every time the SELECT query is ...
3
votes
2answers
293 views

Insert RECORD into a table in a trigger function

I would like to insert a RECORD data type variable (NEW variable) into a table in a trigger. What would the SQL look like? The following attempts were unsuccessful: EXECUTE 'INSERT INTO my_table ...
1
vote
1answer
253 views

How to get query runtime in PL/pgSQL to be as fast as console query runtime?

Basically I want to assign the result of a query to a custom type attribute. However I noticed that querying directly from the PostgreSQL console was about 0.071 ms and inside the function was 0.400 ...
3
votes
1answer
324 views

How to correctly return a query result only if it isn't NULL?

I'm writing a PL/pgSQL function that creates a cursor for a query that I need to check whether it returns something. What I'm doing is this: Run the query Check whether it returns something. If it ...
19
votes
4answers
12k views

Most idiomatic way to implement UPSERT in Postgresql nowadays

I've read about different UPSERT implementations in PostgreSQL, but all of these solutions are relatively old or relatively exotic (using writeable CTE, for example). And I'm just not a psql expert ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

PostgreSQL procedural languages - differences between PL/pgSQL and SQL

Can anybody please summarize the differences between: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/xfunc-sql.html and http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/plpgsql.html ? Main points: ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

PostgreSQL Stored Procedure Performance

Coming from a MySQL background, where stored procedure performance (older article) and usability are questionable, I am evaluating PostgreSQL for a new product for my company. One of the things I ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Postgres function assign query results to multiple variables

I need to assign values to 2 variable as below in Postgres function. a := select col1 from tbl where ... b := select col2 from tbl where ... How can I assign 2 values to 2 variables in one line ...
1
vote
1answer
638 views

Automatic conversion of anonymous records returned from an UDF to well known table-type

Proprietary code (that we cannot change) has a bunch of user defined functions of the type: create or replace function f() returns record as $$ ... $$ which we call in the following way (for ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

How can I use an environment variable in a Postgres function?

Let's say I have a windows user environment variable SOME_STRING. Is it possible to use its value in a PL/pgSQL function? If not, do I need to use an untrusted language (like PL/pythonu) or can I ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Postgres functions vs prepared queries

I'm sure it's there but I've not been able to find a simple definitive answer to this in the docs or via Google: In Postgres, are prepared queries and user defined functions equivalent as a ...
1
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2answers
302 views

Assign values with the := operator

When I assign a variable with result := title || '', by '' || author; it is taking more time (approx. 15 sec) to run the function. However, when I assign the variable with result = title || '', by ...
2
votes
2answers
231 views

Trigger update does not seem to finish

I'm new to PostgreSQL triggers & functions and such. I've got a table: keywords and each keyword should be unique. So when I try to insert a keyword that already exists, it should simply update ...
7
votes
2answers
680 views

Convert units of measurement

Looking to calculate the most suitable unit of measurement for a list of substances where the substances are given in differing (but compatible) unit volumes. Unit Conversion Table The unit ...
2
votes
1answer
939 views

Postgresql function to create table

I want to create a function in order to create a table with a specific structure pasing part of the name of the table as an argument so the name of the table is t_ . Similar to this: CREATE OR ...
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vote
1answer
748 views

PostgreSQL stored function that returns arbitrary resultset

I would like to write a PostgreSQL stored function that essentially behaves like the stored procedures I know and love from MSSQL and MySQL where I can just wrap a query that takes no parameters and ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

How to turn off all RAISE NOTICE on production server?

I put a lot of RAISE NOTICE in functions for debugging purpose. I think this will affect performance, so they should be removed on production environment. Is there any way to opt-out those ...
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vote
1answer
2k views

How to use array variable in query in PostgreSQL

Create table t1 ( xcheck varchar[], name text ); CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION fn_acgroup(xch varchar[]) RETURNS record AS DECLARE xrc as record; execute 'select name from t1 where xcheck @> ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

How to access the number of rows accumulated by RETURNs in PL/pgSQL

When performing RETURN QUERY ... in a PL/pgSQL function, is it possible afterwards to directly access the number of rows accumulated into the pile of records, which are returned when the function ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Special syntax sth.name() in the CREATE FUNCTION statement, what does it mean?

In this SO question about stored procedures in plpgsql, the stored procedure look like sth.name(). I don't know what is the meaning of the prefix sth. For example: create or replace function ...