PL/pgSQL is the default procedural language for the PostgreSQL database system. Questions about PL/pgSQL should probably be tagged "PostgreSQL" as well.

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19
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1answer
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Is there a good way to run a trigger for each record in a postgres table?

I have a system where I can't control the design of some tables (replicated via Slony-I), and so I have a series of what we refer to as 'shadow tables', where I extract some information out of the ...
17
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4answers
8k views

Most idiomatic way to implement UPSERT in Postgresql nowadays

I've read about different UPSERT implementations in PostgreSQL, but all of these solutions are relatively old or relatively exotic (using writeable CTE, for example). And I'm just not a psql expert ...
16
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4answers
4k views

PostgreSQL Stored Procedure Performance

Coming from a MySQL background, where stored procedure performance (older article) and usability are questionable, I am evaluating PostgreSQL for a new product for my company. One of the things I ...
10
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1answer
840 views

Generate an exception with a Context

When PostgreSQL throws an exception, there is a line "CONTEXT" like: ERROR: INSERT has more target COLUMNS than expressions LINE 3: ... ...
9
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2answers
1k views

PostgreSQL procedural languages - differences between PL/pgSQL and SQL

Can anybody please summarize the differences between: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/xfunc-sql.html and http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/plpgsql.html ? Main points: ...
9
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2answers
284 views

Postgres query plan of a UDF invocation written in pgpsql

It's possible when using the pgadmin or plsql to get a hold of a query plan for a sql statement executed via a UDF (using EXPLAIN). So, how do I get a hold of the query plan for a particular ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Trigger: move deleted rows to archive table

I have a small (~10 rows) table called restrictions in my PostgreSQL database, where values are deleted and inserted on a daily basis. I would like to have a table called restrictions_deleted, where ...
8
votes
1answer
5k views

Create index if it does not exist

I am working on a function that allows me to add an index if it does not exist. I am running into the problem that I cannot get a list of indexes to compare to. Any thoughts? This is a similar issue ...
7
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5answers
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What are the differences between “Stored Procedures” and “Stored Functions”?

So a comment from this question mentions, that there is a slight difference in "Stored Procedrues" and "Stored Funtions" in PostgreSQL. The comment links to a wikipedia article but some of this don't ...
7
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2answers
478 views

Convert units of measurement

Looking to calculate the most suitable unit of measurement for a list of substances where the substances are given in differing (but compatible) unit volumes. Unit Conversion Table The unit ...
6
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3answers
352 views

Casting issue when calling a function with composite type parameter

I have a function in PostgreSQL 9.1 called fun_test. It has a composite type as input parameter and I keep getting a casting error when I call it. what could be the issue? CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION ...
6
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1answer
577 views

Postgres functions vs prepared queries

I'm sure it's there but I've not been able to find a simple definitive answer to this in the docs or via Google: In Postgres, are prepared queries and user defined functions equivalent as a ...
5
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1answer
402 views

Check what event called the trigger on PostgreSQL?

I'm trying to check what event called my trigger, like INSERT, UPDATE or DELETE. Oracle triggers can check this in a simple 'IF' statement: IF INSERTING, IF UPDATING or even IF DELETING Is there a ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Dynamic access to record column in plpgsql function

How can I address a column from a record in a plpgsql function dynamically? In the following snippet I have access to a variable entity.colname that contains the column that should be checked in the ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a simple way in PL/pgSQL to check if a query returned no result?

I'm currently experimenting a bit with PL/pgSQL and want to know if there is a more elegant way to do something like this: select c.data into data from doc c where c.doc_id = id and c.group_cur > ...
3
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1answer
66 views

How to access NEW or OLD field given only the field's name?

I'm writing a validation trigger. The trigger must validate that the sum of an array equals another field. Since I have many instances of this validation, I want to write a single procedure and create ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Insert RECORD into a table in a trigger function

I would like to insert a RECORD data type variable (NEW variable) into a table in a trigger. What would the SQL look like? The following attempts were unsuccessful: EXECUTE 'INSERT INTO my_table ...
3
votes
1answer
683 views

PostgreSQL 8.4: How to tell if a procedural language is installed or not?

I have a setup program that requires plpgsql to install stored procedures in a PostgreSQL 8.4 database. I need to make sure the language is installed or the app will fail. I don't want to drop the ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

How to correctly return a query result only if it isn't NULL?

I'm writing a PL/pgSQL function that creates a cursor for a query that I need to check whether it returns something. What I'm doing is this: Run the query Check whether it returns something. If it ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Postgres plpgsql - Using a variable inside of a dynamic create statement

Using Postgres pl/pgsql, I'm attempting to create a table using a dynamic EXECUTE command, such as: ... DECLARE tblVar varchar := "myTable"; BEGIN EXECUTE 'CREATE TABLE $1 ( foo ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

PostgreSQL Return Joined Results of Select

I'm learning PostgreSQL and was wondering if I can put long selects in stored procedures like this one: CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION api.book_list() RETURNS TABLE ( id BIGINT, published ...
3
votes
1answer
437 views

Distinguish between schema and database

I had the error cross-database references are not implemented: scan.location.alias with this PL/pgSQL code: DECLARE v_tmp_host scan.location.alias%TYPE; v_ip_address character varying; BEGIN ...
3
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0answers
75 views

What PL/pgSQL debugger can I use?

I'm building a lot of PL/pgSQL functions and a debugger would really come in handy because RAISE NOTICE is not enough. I read about a pgAdmin plugin you can install but it was only on Windows and I'm ...
2
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2answers
290 views

Bug in PL/pgSQL function creation

I don't know if this question better suits here or in SO ... This is a script that I'd like to launch (the code of the function was copied from a question on SO): \c mydb create or replace function ...
2
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2answers
439 views

Insert values from a record variable into a table

I am developing a user-defined function that takes two arguments: create or replace function gesio( events_table_in regclass, events_table_out regclass) returns void as $$ ... $$ ...
2
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1answer
590 views

Postgresql function to create table

I want to create a function in order to create a table with a specific structure pasing part of the name of the table as an argument so the name of the table is t_ . Similar to this: CREATE OR ...
2
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1answer
206 views

How to access the number of rows accumulated by RETURNs in PL/pgSQL

When performing RETURN QUERY ... in a PL/pgSQL function, is it possible afterwards to directly access the number of rows accumulated into the pile of records, which are returned when the function ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Declare variable of table type in PL/pgSQL

I am wondering if there is a way to declare a variable of type table in PL/pgSQL to hold query results? For instance how can I express something like: q1 = select * from foo; q2 = select * from bar; ...
2
votes
2answers
680 views

Running a CTE query in a loop using PL/pgSQL

I'm trying to execute query that is repeatedly called in a loop using plpgsql -the loop iterates over another table (named coordinates) that contains top left and bottom right latitude/longitude ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

How to create function(table_name) that returns a set of the table

I have a set of tables that share the same fields (some timestamps and users names used for version control). I need to create a function with dynamic sql that uses a table_name and a timestamp as ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

How to turn off all RAISE NOTICE on production server?

I put a lot of RAISE NOTICE in functions for debugging purpose. I think this will affect performance, so they should be removed on production environment. Is there any way to opt-out those ...
2
votes
1answer
534 views

returning set of records in stored procedure

I would like to return a set of records from a pl/pgsql. Is there a way to do that without using the "for" construct and cursors? For instance when I compared these two stored procedures: create or ...
2
votes
2answers
343 views

Plpgsql seems to be deleting and inserting instead of updating - Why?

I am using postgreSQL 7.4. I have a large table , call it table_a: key1 INT NOT NULL, key2 INT NOT NULL, data INT NOT NULL, itstamp INT NOT NULL DEFAULT (date_part('EPOCH'::text, ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Trigger update does not seem to finish

I'm new to PostgreSQL triggers & functions and such. I've got a table: keywords and each keyword should be unique. So when I try to insert a keyword that already exists, it should simply update ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

String handling in postgres 8.4

This started as a question about indexes, but then when I got my answer I realized I would have to try and convert the answer into 8.4 syntax (I can't believe that format does not exist). I thought I ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

Postgresql: Query across schemas

I have multiple schemas that I need to query across. The schemas are not know in advance for example: U111 U222 U333 I need to select across these three schemas from a specific table in each of ...
2
votes
1answer
572 views

Getting a random row from PostgreSQL?

I want to get a random row from my table by id. My table: ID|Word |Dificult|Category_id| 1 |'Dumb' |'Easy' | 3 | 2 |'Leopard'|'Medium'| 6 | If my user selects a category and ...
1
vote
2answers
984 views

Recursive query using plpgsql

I'm trying to write a plpgsql function that recursively returns a set of columns from records in a tree structure. I have a data table and a table to link the data together: DATATABLE ----------- id ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

How to do WHERE x IN (val1, val2,…) in plpgsql

I would like to update a selection of rows in a table; this works... UPDATE t1 SET col1 = 'newvalue' WHERE col0 in (2, 4, 5); But how can I do the same in a plpgsql function? The following gives a ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Assign values with the := operator

When I assign a variable with result := title || '', by '' || author; it is taking more time (approx. 15 sec) to run the function. However, when I assign the variable with result = title || '', by ...
1
vote
1answer
423 views

Triggers not being run on a partitioned table

I'm using PostgreSQL. I have a table that I have partitioned into three sub-tables - and as far as I can tell, this all works correctly. Rows are correctly inserted into the appropriate partition and ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

How to get query runtime in PL/pgSQL to be as fast as console query runtime?

Basically I want to assign the result of a query to a custom type attribute. However I noticed that querying directly from the PostgreSQL console was about 0.071 ms and inside the function was 0.400 ...
1
vote
1answer
301 views

Automatic conversion of anonymous records returned from an UDF to well known table-type

Proprietary code (that we cannot change) has a bunch of user defined functions of the type: create or replace function f() returns record as $$ ... $$ which we call in the following way (for ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Error: set_valued function called in context that cannot accept a set. What is it about?

I use Postgresql 9.1, with ubuntu 12.04. Inspired by Craig's answer to my question Concatenation of setof type or setof record I thought I would go well with using return query, setof record, and a ...
1
vote
1answer
437 views

Concatenation of setof type or setof record

I use Postgresql 9.1 with Ubuntu 12.04. In a plpgsql function I try to concatenate setof type returned from another function. the type pair_id_value in question is created with create type ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

RETURN NEXT in Postgres Function

I'm currently writing a plpgsql function that will select from a table and produce a substantial amount of data. I was originally going to return an array, but I found a resource that explains the ...
1
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2answers
27 views

Basic trigger in PL/pgSQL, to flip a boolean field if another field has text

I want a BOOLEAN field to be set to TRUE when a sibling TEXT field is set to a non-empty string. Vice versa, the BOOLEAN is set to FALSE when TEXT field is set to empty string. The following function ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Self-join unique pairs

I have a table (players) containing a list of players, I would like to pair up these players in a unique way, so that every player's opponent is unique every round (ie. every time the SELECT query is ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Call multiple functions from trigger?

I run PostgreSQL-9.2.4 Is it possible to call 2 functions from a trigger? Let's say I have two functions for two different tables to be executed if following trigger fires: Trigger: CREATE TRIGGER ...
1
vote
1answer
620 views

PostgreSQL stored function that returns arbitrary resultset

I would like to write a PostgreSQL stored function that essentially behaves like the stored procedures I know and love from MSSQL and MySQL where I can just wrap a query that takes no parameters and ...