1
vote
0answers
35 views

triggers vs views [on hold]

I have a mysql database with the following tables Penalties Scores player_instance When penalties is updated/deleted then it will update scores (via a trigger). Also when a player-instance row is ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How to select column names that contains specific value from other table's column

Suppose I have table items and logs. Both tables have col1, col2, col3, col4... col(n). col1.. col(n) in table items simply specifies key name (col1 = "beef", col2 = "chicken", col3 = "bacon") ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Tables names in a supertype/subtype schema

I have 3 types of users in my app. The users share some common attributes, but they also have quite a bit of stuff that pertains uniquely to each user type. I have a person table that contains limited ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

SQL order by query results in any arbitrary (but reproducible) manner

For testing purposes I need to get some data from a set of database tables in any arbitrary (but reproducible) order. The idea being that I can later compare two runs using a textual diff tool. Is ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Disable all constraints and table checks while restoring a dump

I've obtained a dump of my PostgreSQL database with: pg_dump -U user-name -d db-name -f dumpfile which I then proceed to restore in another database with: psql X -U postgres -d db-name-b -f ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Separation of users columns in another table

I've got a quite a lot of columns on the users table and I have been cleaning it up recently. Now since I'm searching over the users I figured it would improve performance if I separated verification ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Storing DB credentials in an application source code?

I am making an app which connects to a DB, and the app will have plenty different userslogins. Is it a good design choice to have a specific DB login/password for the application, using which the ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Unique constraint to enforce max one null per item

I am using PostgreSQL 9.3. Suppose we are manufacturing some items of certain types, at any moment we are producing at most one item of a certain type. The following table captures our history of ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

How to predict the growth of a PostgreSQL database

I'm looking for a way to predict growth of the database given its fields, indexes, constraints (as foreign key), number of lines, and so. I searched on Google, but I found only means to determine the ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

DB design, when to split out into schemas

I am building a storage solution to store important themes/concepts referenced in books. At a high level the system will contain one or more catalogs and each catalog will contain one or more books. ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Restrict two specific column values from existing at the same time

I have a PostgreSQL example table where at most one row that is not of type 'c' should be allowed. I would appreciate any help creating a constraint that will enforce this. CREATE TABLE example ( ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

For alignment optimized table is bigger than original table - why?

In another question I learned that I should optimize the layout from one of my tables to save space and have better performance. I did this, but ended up with a larger table than before and ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Database Design for classifieds site [closed]

I'm creating a classifieds site where there are many categories and subcategories. 1) Each category has different fields. 2) Each listing has one or more images I need help with the database design. ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Auto increment char varying column prefixed with some characters

I have a table in PostgreSQL for hospital patients and I want to make a primary key for it as PAT0000001 (char varying) and to keep that field as auto-increment as well. Is there a way to achieve ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Database Design Help: MySql/PostgreSQL Single Database/Multiple Databases

We are planning to build a web based custom business analytics tool using PHP and MySQL/PostgreSQL. In our application, we are planning to upload customer’s data using a Excel sheet and these data ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

How to change schema so that account_id reference is unique among 3 tables

Original image: Updated to have more-correct terminology and an 'is_debit' column: I am designing a (PostgreSQL) schema for a lottery website that uses double-entry accounting. 'jackpots', ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Mixed search in multiple columns

I have a table which has a particular column of type JSON, where some user's contact information are stored. I can alter the table and add new columns with cached values to increase search performance ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Update new column with value from old columns for all the rows

I've got an odd db design in place that was here when I got on my new work space. We have a column named params which contains some string data which appears that it belongs in more than one column, ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Optimize finding the next batch of data from A to be crunched and inserted into B

I'm using PostgreSQL to store data produced by a large distributed computation. There are several stages to this computation; the idiom we've settled on is that there's a table containing the results ...
1
vote
3answers
264 views

Postgresql: datatype for email address

What would be the right datatype to store email addresses in PostgreSQL? I can use varchar (or even text), but I wonder if there is a more specific data type for emails.
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Import using pgAdmin3 produces ERROR: duplicate key value violates unique constraint

I am importing from the GUI a CSV file into a table. I have created the following table: CREATE TABLE jira_tickets.daqa_rpt_tbl ( daqa_report_id bigint NOT NULL DEFAULT ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Postgresql - How to Convert all Column Names to Lowercase

I have a travel survey with a series of tables (lots and lots of columns) that I exported from MS Access into a postgres database. I've search around a lot for an explanation of how to convert all the ...
1
vote
2answers
203 views

When normalizing a relational database, should multiple “type” tables be combined into one?

Before making substantial changes to the content, functionality and design of my website (I'll be refactoring everything, almost a complete rewrite), I'm setting up a new PostgreSQL database to hold ...
5
votes
1answer
192 views

HStore vs. multiple tables with inheritance - do I have a good use case for HStore?

My broader question here has to do with when it is appropriate to use HStore vs. multiple tables vs. one table for storing document-like objects. Now, for my localized example: I’m designing a ...
1
vote
4answers
144 views

Mass data upload from Excel - technology

I am a Developer seeking help in terms of DB technology for a specific requirement. I have done some research but can not conclude with list. Requirement: There will be a web application which will ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

What's better here - a single column or multicolumn primary key?

Let's assume you have a table groups and a table item. Each item belongs to exactly one group. It is an inherent part of that group. An item cannot exist outside of a group and it cannot be moved to ...
0
votes
1answer
327 views

postgresql bigserial or sequence using jpa

I'm a java developer working with jpa, before to define the indexes in my entities i would like to known which one is faster o better to use?.
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Organizing a couple tables in postgresql

I have a data structure that is represented like this: { 'question_id': 1, 'is_required': False, 'question_text': [ { 'id': 1, ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Reduce read write delays in specific database setup

I have a database with a large table with 15 columns (type double). It contains a large amount of data (~ 100 rows of data for every second. Holds 3 days of data). I also have a real-time program that ...
1
vote
6answers
858 views

Efficiently storing irregular/repeating intervals (think calendar/events)

I am developing a service that relies on users being able to recieve messages that they themselves choose. These messages need to be stored somewhere before they are send for processing. Right now ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Spliting Datetime into 2 Columns for Restaurant Reservation Schema?

Using PostgreSQL. The primary driver of this is that while no reservation will exist without a date and time, a user can search for and monitor reservations using a time or date or both. With a ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Fixing table structure to avoid `Error: duplicate key value violates unique constraint`

I have a table which is created this way: -- -- Table: #__content -- CREATE TABLE "jos_content" ( "id" serial NOT NULL, "asset_id" bigint DEFAULT 0 NOT NULL, ... "xreference" varchar(50) ...
0
votes
1answer
860 views

Best Approach to storing chat history?

I'm building a chat application (Yes, another one :P) and am really curious about the best way to store a chat's history(String username, String Message, Time, and possibly string channel depending on ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Best approach on storing/displaying sanitized data

Surfing the web I find two approaches on storing data in databases. Approach 1: Store data in the database with the html-specialcharacters sanitized $userdata = $_POST['field']; ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Choosing between single table and multiple table database scheme [closed]

I'm building an application which saves addresses in a PostgreSLQ 9.3/PostGIS 2.1.1 database. Currently I am trying to find an efficient database schema, so far I've come up with two that would ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

To normalize or not to normalize for few distinct values

Assuming in a Postgres database, you have a table called party, which can have less than 5 well-defined party_types such as 'Person' or 'Organization'. Would you store the party_type in the party ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Non-overlapping rectangles constrained to a boundary

I am trying to model placement of parts on a circuit board. Without any meaningful constraints, my basic schema looks like this: create table part ( part_id bigserial primary key, name text ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Most performant way to fetch last record

I have a Postgres table Prices with the columns price (Decimal) product_id (Int) Prices get updated regularly and I keep old prices in the table. For a given product, the last price in the table ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Enforcing constraints “two tables away”

I ran into some trouble modeling an electrical schematic in SQL. The structure I'd like to capture is part ←────────── pin ↑ ↑ part_inst ←───── pin_inst where "inst" is short ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

Hierarchical structure with limited number of records per user

I am planning schema for an affiliate network. For all hierarchical queries I am using Postgres tablefunc extension but here is another problem. Any user can refer only 3 other users at max. So for ...
5
votes
0answers
221 views

Storing and querying rolling data in PostgreSQL

I have a large quantity of weather model data being put into a PostgreSQL database. The machine has 8 cores and 16 GB of RAM. I'm running PostgreSQL 9.3 with PostGIS 2.1. Each table will have a ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Geographic Synonyms

Let's say I have a table representing principal country divisions (ex States): create table principal_country_divisions ( id int primary key, name text not null, country_code char(2) ); insert ...
2
votes
1answer
454 views

Two-column foreign key constraint only when third column is NOT NULL

Given the following tables: CREATE TABLE verified_name ( id SERIAL PRIMARY KEY, name TEXT NOT NULL, email TEXT NOT NULL, UNIQUE (name, email) ); CREATE ...
2
votes
1answer
927 views

Need for indexes on foreign keys

I'm struggling with indexes, primary keys and foreign keys... And the need of having them all. If I have two tables, both of them have an integer as a primary key. The first table references ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

Database design for holding read/unread content state

In forum application I have member table and post table. What I need is to keep track of what posts have been read by which members. What I thought about is to have a junction table with two columns: ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Nullable One To Many w/Join Table - Indexing

I have a question regarding database design, I am working with PostgreSQL using Hibernate for ORM, the design I inherited includes the following tables users user_id (pk) user_name user_dob ... ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

How can you have a combined primary key for one table?

I have exactly the same question as posted here. But in my case I do not use MySQL but Postgres. Can this be done with Postgres? All things indicate I can not use a combined index in Postgres, so ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

PostgreSQL 9.2 tstzrange null/infinity CONSTRAINT CHECK

I'd like to limit a PostgreSQL 9.2 tstzrange to valid dates at both ends. No NULLs nor 'infinity'. Various revisions of this SQL isn't constraining '-/+infinity' input: CREATE TABLE bill ( id ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Design DB for users with different information fields?

Let's say I want to register all faculty of a university and they are in different fields and have different resume information. Here we have some common fields and some field specific fields. for ...
2
votes
3answers
358 views

Many to many link tables with history? [closed]

While creating a PostgreSQL database of customer subscribed services with DNS domains, I want to: enable customers to subscribe to multiple services each service can have multiple domain names per ...