PostgreSQL version 9.2

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13
votes
2answers
12k views

Why is a new user allowed to create a table?

I'm wondering why a newly created user is allowed to create a table after connecting to a database. I have one database, project2_core: postgres=# \l List of ...
10
votes
2answers
136 views

How often will a FOR EACH STATEMENT trigger execute if the operation is caused by an FK constraint with UPDATE CASCADE?

I understand that a trigger on table t defined with FOR EACH STATEMENT will run once when I execute an UPDATE t .... Now, when t is defined with FOREIGN KEY ... REFERENCES a ... ON UPDATE CASCADE, ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is SELECT * much faster than selecting all columns (in a different column order) by name?

On a table with columns a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k I get: select * from misty order by a limit 25; Time: 302.068 ms And: select c,b,j,k,a,d,i,g,f,e,h from misty order by a limit 25; Time: 1258.451 ms ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

What can I do with the new json field?

PostgreSQL 9.2 introduced the json field type. Why and when should I use it? What benefits does it have over a text field? I thought there were new query options available, however I haven't seen ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

PostgreSQL: Executing DDL on every schema

I've a multi-tenant DB setup, and need to add some columns. I'm using schemas (and search_path) to partition my users, so I'm looking for a ubiquitous way to apply a DDL-schema change to all my ...
7
votes
4answers
19k views

PostgreSQL user can not connect to server after changing password

I've met this with 4 roles I created: After changing password for a user in pgAdmin III using the GUI (1), that user can not log in any more. pgAdmin III show error message: An error has occurred: ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

VACUUM returning disk space to operating system

VACUUM usually does not return disk space to operating system, except in some special cases. From the docs: The standard form of VACUUM removes dead row versions in tables and indexes and marks ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Cannot shutdown old postmaster when upgrading to Postgres 9.2

I'm upgrading to Postgres 9.2.2 (from 9.1.4). When I try to upgrade the DBs using: pg_upgrade -b /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.1.4/bin -B /usr/local/Cellar/postgresql/9.2.2/bin -d ...
7
votes
1answer
315 views

LISTEN / NOTIFY privileges

I have a single postgres database, with two users; Alice and Bob. I would like to be able to do a NOTIFY alice_channel 'sensitive data' without Bob being able to sneakily LISTEN in just by guessing ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does Postgres generate an already used PK value?

I'm using Django, and every once in a while I get this error: IntegrityError: duplicate key value violates unique constraint "myapp_mymodel_pkey" DETAIL: Key (id)=(1) already exists. My ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How does Postgres 9.2's streaming replication handle schema changes, and initial table setup?

I want to set up a backup database on the physical server which sits right under my primary physical database server. I'm using Postgres 9.2, and I want to use synchronous, streaming replication (for ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

PostgreSQL “freeze”/“unfreeze” command equivalents

In Derby (an embedded database written in Java which is mostly used for testing or prototyping) there are "freeze" and "unfreeze" commands which can be used during an online backup. "Freeze" simply ...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

Is Postgres ignoring my function cost annotation?

Why does this: create or replace function dummy() returns double precision as $$ SELECT random() $$ LANGUAGE SQL COST 777; explain select dummy(); return this: Result (cost=0.00..0.01 rows=1 ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Struggling with pgBouncer

I've got Postgres 9.2 and PgBouncer (The version that came with the 'stack builder'). I have a .net application connecting via Npgsql version 2.0.12 on a win7 machine. My application can happily ...
5
votes
1answer
969 views

Performance impact of setting PostgreSQL to log all statements

PostgreSQL 9.2.2 on Windows 7 64-bit. The setting log_statement in the postgresql.conf file specifies what statements to log (none, DDL, data-modifying, or all). To what extent does setting ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Postgresql function to create table

I want to create a function in order to create a table with a specific structure pasing part of the name of the table as an argument so the name of the table is t_ . Similar to this: CREATE OR ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Order by distance

If I have a query returning nearby cafes: SELECT * FROM cafes c WHERE ( ST_DWithin( ST_GeographyFromText( 'SRID=4326;POINT(' || c.longitude || ' ' || c.latitude || ')' ), ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

Very slow DELETE in PostgreSQL, workaround?

I have a database on PostgreSQL 9.2 that has a main schema with around 70 tables and a variable number of identically structured per-client schemas of 30 tables each. The client schemas have foreign ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

Materialized View PostgreSQL

Is there any possibility of having built-in materialized views in PostgreSQL ? I don't want Gardner version or somehthing like physical table populated by triggers. I've read that was/is something ...
5
votes
2answers
740 views

PL/pgSQL fuction to find circular references

I have two tables ID Task 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 Col1 depend 2 3 2 4 3 1 4 2 ID and Col1 are related through FK constraint. I want to find out all circular references. Here ID ...
4
votes
5answers
775 views

Enforce NOT NULL for set of columns with a CHECK constraint only for new rows

I have a table and need to add a new column without a default value: Constraint: ALTER TABLE integrations.billables DROP CONSTRAINT IF EXISTS cc_at_least_one_mapping_needed_billables, ADD ...
4
votes
3answers
992 views

Full Text Search With PostgreSQL

i have a table with this rows: Stickers ------------------------------------------------------ ID | Title |Keywords (ts_vector) ------------------------------------------------------ ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to view the query of another session in pg_stat_activity without being super user?

I have a Postgresql 9.2 database. Two users are created on this database. When I perform the following query as superuser, I can see everything. select * from pg_stat_activity However, is it ...
4
votes
1answer
710 views

2 B-tree indices OR 1 GiST index on tsrange — which will perform better?

I have a table which is storing reservation data using the columns starts_at & ends_at Whenever I'm querying the table to find overlapping reservations, I have an option of using one of the ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

is it possible to run postgres with no WAL files being produced?

I am looking at a way of running a 9.2 postgres database on redhat 6 without any WAL files being produced. We have a end of day batch process which generates a large number of WAL files (and has ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Can column name be “Group” in Postgresql or in any databases

I was designing a project which specifies that in a table what column name should be and one of the column name in the specification is "group". I tried creating it but it always throw a syntax ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

PostgreSQL CREATE TABLE creates with incorrect owner

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.2.4. When I create a table as a non-superuser in a database owned by that non-superuser, it is owned by the postgres user, so I can't put any data into it unless I explicitly ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

How to avoid invoking functions twice when using GROUP BY and HAVING?

I have a PostgreSQL database (9.2) with a table of parent-child relations. I have a query that looks for nodes having multiple parents. The following query works and returns the correct results: ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Postgresql, write archive file over mount, secure against simultaneous access?

I am using Postgres 9.2.1 and am saving my archivable WAL over a NFS share. I just use the basic command, given as an example in the postgresql.conf test ! -f /mnt/server/archivedir/%f && cp ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Is replication from SQL Server 2008 to PostgreSql possible?

Is it possible ? Sql Server as publisher(master) and PostgreSql as slave(subscriber) ? Any type of replication really.
4
votes
1answer
502 views

Stored procedure deadlocking itself

I have a strange situation, seen from the log: Process 37278 waits for ExclusiveLock on advisory lock [16421,999999,12864385,2]; blocked by process 53807. Process 53807 waits for ExclusiveLock on ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Workaround the snapshot isolation in a writable CTE

The postgres docs say: The sub-statements in WITH are executed concurrently with each other and with the main query. Therefore, when using data-modifying statements in WITH, the order in which the ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

Rollback on \include error in psql

I'm trying to execute an sql script file in a single transation. The file contains includes for some other scripts which in my example create some tables. It looks like this: \include ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Could not open file “pg_clog/0000”: No such file or directory

My local PostgreSql 9.2 database won't start anymore this morning. I am on Windows 7. Yesterday, I performed a Windows Update before going to bed. I have checked the log and found: 2014-05-28 ...
4
votes
0answers
721 views

Getting multiple queries with “show transaction isolation level” in pg_activity

I am using PostgreSQL server for my production use. When I fire a query like select * from pg_stat_activity on my server, I am getting 98% of queries like SHOW TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL and ...
4
votes
1answer
473 views

Why aren't my Postgres WAL segments (up to the point of turning on archiving) being archived?

The pg_xlog directory for my master cluster looks like this: -rw------- 1 postgres postgres 16M Jun 21 21:42 000000010000000000000001 -rw------- 1 postgres postgres 16M Jun 21 22:42 ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Use cases for hstore vs json datatypes in postgresql [closed]

In Postgresql, the hstore and json datatypes seem to have very similar use cases. When would you choose to use one vs. the other? Initial thoughts: You can nest with json; you can't with hstore ...
3
votes
2answers
403 views

Constraint on Composite Type

How can I create a constraint on a sub-field of composite type? Pseudocode create type axis( major_axis float, minor_axis float, angle float constraint angle_constraint check(angle ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to define alias in an ARRAY_AGG expression?

I'm trying to return pure JSON from a Postgres 9.2 table. SELECT ARRAY_TO_JSON(ARRAY_AGG(ALBUM_ROW)) FROM ( SELECT album, max(release_year) AS release_year, ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

Creating a PostgreSQL SERIAL column using pgAdmin3

When I use pgAdmin3 to create a column of type serial, why does it instead create nextval('prices_id_seq'::regclass)? Should we keep this type defined by pgAdmin? Manually create the table with SQL ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Full text search in XML documents

I would like to do full-text search in XML documents. However, I can't get matches for attribute values (I get a syntax error if I provide the full attribute value including the : and / characters in ...
3
votes
1answer
600 views

Group By primary key or DISTINCT increase query time over 1000x with limit

Also see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/17741167/hibernate-jpa-improve-performance-of-distinct-query but I realized this is mainly a PostgreSQL issue. My application uses a 3rd party extension to ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

How to validate column while creating Table?

Need to validate the column while creating the tables in postgres , An example before developer create table We are in need to validate the Audit columns, Example : create table tab_1 ( a integer, b ...
3
votes
1answer
279 views

How to determine whether a PostgreSQL Hot Standby is fully mirrored?

I have set up a hot standby of a PostgreSQL server. It all seems to be working, but I just want to be sure that I'm not missing something. In /var/lib/pgsql/9.2/data/pg_log/postgresql-Wed.log I have ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Is it safe to use set-returning sql functions instead of security-barrier views?

Since 9.2, it's been possible to use the security_barrier attribute to guard against maliciously-chosen functions and operators accessing data 'hidden' behind filters in views (full info in the ...
3
votes
1answer
476 views

pg_upgrade and tablespaces (postgres 9.2 to 9.3)

I have a 9.2 installed with tablespaces sitting at: /var/lib/postgresql/9.2/main and /opt/postgres/9.2/second And unfortunately they are on different filesystems. This is a Debian package ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Upgrading using pg_upgrade on windows fails

When upgrading from postgres 9.2 to 9.3 by following the upgrade procedure found in PostgreSQL 9.3.4 documentation about pg_upgrade, the following command fails: RUNAS /USER:postgres "CMD.EXE" ...
3
votes
1answer
360 views

Postgresql 9.2.6 ignoring archive_command

I'm attempting to set up a 3-server chain by leveraging WAL-E. I've done this in the past with replication/wal segments and I'm attempting the exact same method, just with using WAL-E in between. My ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding by ID in postgresql very slow on big table

I have videos table with 18M rows. When I search for particular video by ID, it takes up to 6 seconds to complete. Sometimes it takes few milliseconds, sometimes up to 6 seconds, but on average it is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

I need help understanding Postgres's archive cleanup functionality

I'm reading http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.2/static/pgarchivecleanup.html and to me it seems like it will remove any and all WAL segments from my slave server that aren't required to perform ...