PostgreSQL is an enterprise class, open-source, object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) available for all major platforms including Linux, UNIX, Windows and OS X. Please mention your exact PostgreSQL version when asking questions.

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Copying the database from SQL Server to PostgreSQL

I currently have SQL Server 2005 and I want to make a copy of the entire database into PostgreSQL. I don't want to migrate to new PostgreSQL but just a entire copy. I almost have more than 1 TB of ...
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Type conversion with default fallback value

In PostgreSQL (8.4), I'm trying to convert a string parameter into a date within a SQL query, falling back to now() when the string is not a valid date (or empty). In "pseudo-SQL", this would be ...
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postgres and passwordless authentication

We have users for out postgres database and none have passwords... Do not know the history behind it. When I try to use clients to connect to these databases, for instance, pgadmin III, the ...
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Solution for deploying multiple instances of Django Server with Database replication

have written a Django application that reads / writes data into a postgres database, at the moment I have been deploying one of these devices per client. I am faced with having to deploy multiple ...
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Removing Archive Logs after PostgreSQL PITR online-recovery

I'm using pgpool-II + PostgreSQL 8.4 on three servers: primary + standby1 + standby2. Replication mode is "on" Load balance mode is "on" (between primary and standby1) I followed the official ...
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Postgres 8.4 — connection refused (remote)

I'm new to postgres and looking to set up a small environment here with it. I've installed PostgreSQL 8.4 onto an ubuntu server, able to login to the postgres, submit commands, do queries, etc... ...
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Migration From Oracle to PostgreSQL Encoding Errors

I'm working on migrating data from an oracle database to a postgresql database. I running into a problem where I export the data from oracle, using sql developer, and importing it into postgresql. ...
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57 views

INSERT inside PL/pgSQL function gives different result

In PostgreSQL 9.4.1 I have created a custom type my_test_type and have found that doing a basic INSERT with NULL::my_test_type gives an expected result, but with NULL::my_test_type as a function ...
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79 views

How can I implement a sequence for each foreign key value?

In a PostgreSQL (9.3) database, I have a one-to-many relationship between Accounts and Customers, so within the Customers table, I have a globally-unique id for the primary key of each Customer, plus ...
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PostgreSql JSONB SELECT against multiple values

I have a very simple JSON table which I populate with some sample data: CREATE TABLE jsonthings(d JSONB NOT NULL); INSERT INTO jsonthings VALUES ('{"name":"First","tags":["foo"]}'); INSERT INTO ...
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Why is the CTE much worse than inline subqueries

Im trying to better understand how the query planner work in postgresql. I have this query: select id from users where id <> 2 and gender = (select gender from users where id = 2) ...
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PL/pgSQL - Indexes vs Collation vs Pattern Ops

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.3. Having already read articles and answers on DBA stackexchange: Why would you index text pattern ops on a text column PostgreSQL documentation: Indexes - Opclass Pattern ...
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Postgresql query plan differs with limit value making the query slower for lower limits

I have this query: SELECT "table_1".* FROM "table_1" WHERE "table_1"."deleted_at" IS NULL AND "table_1"."table_2_id" = 15797104 ORDER BY "table_1"."id" ASC LIMIT 1 The explain for the query ...
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Is 'internallength' always useful in custom type definition in Postgres?

In our database we use a custom type to store 3D locations: CREATE TYPE float3d AS ( x real, y real, z real); In many examples I see INTERNALLENGTH used as a parameter with the definition of ...
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519 views

Index for finding combinations of attributes in JSON array

Based on this related question on SO. This works fine if you only want simple matches. Suppose tracks have both Artist and Title field in the JSON data. So we have something like: INSERT INTO tracks ...
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Query with dynamic ranges in PostgreSQL based on status

We have a table with invoices classified per day, with normal invoices and void invoices (invoices that are voided, in our country we use the Spanish term "anuladas"). For example suppose that we have ...
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Postgres is stuck in recovery mode

I have a stand-alone instance of PostgreSQL which is in recovery mode. It has been saying 2014-03-24 18:45:57 MDT FATAL: the database system is starting up For many hours, and ps shows: postgres ...
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Postgresql subquery speed much slower than individual queries

In Postgres 9.1. I am attempting to do a single query to get the timezone of a given postal code. I have data loaded in my database, and I am using PostGIS to store the coordinates of each postal ...
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restarting postgresql quickly

I'm reading over the postgresql admin cookbook. Some of the database server parameters require a restart and with a busy database, you may need to restart quickly. There are a number of things to do ...
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PostgreSQL - VACUUM FULL does not free space back to the OS

On a Postgres 9.1 installation, I'm trying to reduce the amount of Postgres' disk usage by dropping records from tables and then running VACUUM FULL on those tables. My understanding of VACUUM FULL is ...
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178 views

Postgresql query slowed with table growth

I have a very simple table in Postgresql, and need some guidance to speed up my queries. Recent large expansion of the data in the table has made everything grind to halt. Table body_feature: ...
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793 views

PostgreSQL Streaming Replication - Slave remains in recovery mode

PostgesSQL 9.3.x I cannot run some commands on slave because: "ERROR: recovery is in progress" I set up streaming without archive. Initialized with pg_basebackup. Dataset has about 180GB . This is ...
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367 views

PostGIS ERROR: operator does not exist: postgis.geometry @ geometry

I have had PostgreSQL 9.3.1 and PostGIS 2.1.0 installed (via https://github.com/PostgresApp/PostgresApp/releases/tag/9.3.1.1-RC1) and working on my laptop for some time, and have been doing Ruby ...
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selective undoing of commited transactions in PostgreSQL

I have inherited a small (<1M rows) PostgreSQL DB which contains complex business rules split across several tables. Updates are very light, reads not so heavy, but the data is extremely valuable. ...
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PostgreSQL: How to backup only One Schema from a database and restore it on another server

I have a database named "A" which has two schemas "B" and "C". I want to backup and restore Schema "B" on a different server? not sure how to do this as I am new to Postgres. Do I have to create a new ...
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Migrating database live while being severely handicapped

I "inherited" a web application which is designed and implemented horribly (both the application and the database). For example, the main data is stored using a sort of emulated key-value storage in a ...
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235 views

Problem with PostgreSQL and the geqo optimizer

I'm trying to compare the two execution plans (exhaustive search and geqo) from the optimizer, but I always get the same plan from both types. These are the variables I use for geqo: SET geqo = true; ...
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What am I doing wrong with pg_hba.conf?

I'm trying to make it so that local connections to the database don't require a login. So I added the line local all all trust to the pg_hba.conf file, but then when I load pgAdmin and try to ...
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PostgreSQL COPY: is it always faster to delete and recreate indexes?

In this answer, Erwin Brandstetter recommends It is also substantially faster to delete indexes before a huge bulk INSERT / COPY and recreate them afterwards as it is much more costly to ...
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129 views

Streaming replication setup, sane setup?

Not being a DBA as main profession, I would like to know if the following assumptions are true. I have been searching the net for days and I think I have understand it correctly, but I would like to ...
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94 views

Workaround the snapshot isolation in a writable CTE

The postgres docs say: The sub-statements in WITH are executed concurrently with each other and with the main query. Therefore, when using data-modifying statements in WITH, the order in which the ...
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disallow SET command in a postgresql server

Im planning to publish my postgresql server to a few untrusted clients. I dont want them to modify any runtime setting, like work_mem or something risky to my server. In general I assume the ...
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Postgres caching and bytea

I have a DB which, among other things, stores images (as bytea, if that's interesting). It also stores users' metadata, activity logs, etc., but images currently take 500MB out of the total 600MB ...
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Does avg_query for PgBouncer include update and inserts?

Trying to tune our application and would like to know if the stats data that pgBouncer shows as avg_query, according to the PgBouncer docs on usage: avg_query Average query duration in ...
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499 views

Variable substitution in psql when using \copy

I'm using the psql command \copy and I would like to pass a variable to it from the shell (for table name) like I've done when scripting queries. I've read in the documentation for psql that: The ...
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635 views

Can't understand results of pg_stat_statements view

I configured my postgresql.conf (my version is 9.1) with the normal persistent configuration: shared_preload_libraries = 'pg_stat_statements,plperl' custom_variable_classes = ...
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550 views

Execution plan in simple query in PgSQL depends on offset clause, why?

Update on 2013-01-16 11:08: see below I am working on PostgreSQL 8.4.14 with the following table fed with 53k lines: CREATE TABLE botany.taxon_data_cache ( taxon_id int NOT NULL, ...
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911 views

Distinguish between schema and database

I had the error cross-database references are not implemented: scan.location.alias with this PL/pgSQL code: DECLARE v_tmp_host scan.location.alias%TYPE; v_ip_address character varying; BEGIN ...
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Looking for a possible multi-column index

I have a table highscore containing the columns: game (text) date (timestamp) score (integer) more irrelevant ones... The query most often run on it is: SELECT * FROM highscore WHERE game = ...
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Postgres Plus Cloud Database on AWS for write heavy social game?

I'm one of four founders of a big social gaming iPhone app in Sweden. We now suffer from severe database server issues so I'm turning to you guys to get some help. First of all, let me get this out ...
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696 views

High availability in postgresql

We will be switching from mysql cluster to either postgresql or oracle (with RAC). Mysql cluster is quite reliable, but lacks features in SQL that make programmers life easier (they consider it as ...
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How can I create a dblink from Postgresql 8.3 to SQL Server (2000 and 2008)?

I have a Postgresql database that need to read data from two SQL Servers (one SQL Server 2000 and one SQL Server 2008). I want to setup two dblinks to the SQL Servers. After googling, foruming, ...
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Postgres: Server does not listen even listen_addresses is set to '*' in postgresql.conf

I've set listen_addresses to '*' in postgresql.conf and stopped/started Postgres to "reload" configs. Even then, psql SHOW listen_addresses; is showing localhost. I'm sure I've edited and saved the ...
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594 views

Retrieving queries when the hour of starting timestamp is less than the hour of ending timestamp

I have a CTE-based query in which I retrieve hourly intervals between two given timestamps. My query works as following: Getting start and end datetimes (let's say 07-13-2011 10:21:09 and 07-31-2011 ...
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PostgreSQL 9.1 vs MySQL 5.6 with InnoDB ? Which is better for scaling?

PostgreSQL 9.1 vs MySQL 5.6 with InnoDB. I do know that PostgreSQL offers better SQL features. I am currently using MySQL 5.6 lab release (the one with InnoDb full text search feature)(not in ...
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Why is my postmaster process (sometimes) becoming unmanageable after a WAL base restore?

TL;DR: Un-stoppable, unusable postmaster is being spawned when Postgres is started right after restoring its data directory from a WAL base backup. Why? Context: We run postgresql 8.4, on CentOS 6, ...
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Tool for Reverse Engineering of PostgreSQL Database on Linux (Ubuntu)

Please suggest a tool to reverse engineer a PostgreSQL DB into an entity-relationship-diagram (ERD) or equivalent ?? Ideally, I'm looking for a simple ERD or UML class diagram in a format that is ...
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340 views

PostgreSQL memory spike upgrade from 8.2 to 9.1

We recently upgraded a few of our development computers from PostgreSQL 8.2 to 9.1, with plans on eventually upgrading our production servers. Everything seems well with the restore of the databases, ...
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398 views

Oracle to PostgreSQL

I'm having som test databases running Oracle 10 & 11 that I plan to try to migrate to PostgreSQL. Some googling hinted that the perl script "ora2pg" could be of use, and free of charge. However, ...
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How do I design a database for continents, countries, regions, cities and POIs?

I am not a database designer so I'm having trouble designing database with GIS information. The goal is to create a system with continents, countries, regions (including states, sub-regions, ...