PostgreSQL is a powerful, enterprise class, open source RDBMS. It has more than 15 years of active development and a proven architecture that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability and data integrity. It runs on all major operating systems, including Linux, UNIX and Windows. It prides ...

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8
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1answer
900 views

How do I stop/disable PITR and safely clean WAL segments?

Our production server is running PostgreSQL v8.2.3 on CentOS release 5.2 (Final). We've setup PITR in our production server. For some reasons, after setting up PITR, we're not able to manage and ...
8
votes
2answers
5k views

PostgreSQL for high volume transactions and for Data warehousing

Am quite new to PostgreSQL, I have never done a large deployment using it before. But, I have good experience in enterprise solutions and I want to try and apply some of what I learned using ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Are there any professional fulltime PostgreSQL DBA's?

For my job I work on a JavaEE application with PostgreSQL as the database. Although we have a sysadmin for our productions servers, who also manages our database servers, we have no full-time DBA ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Can't rename columns in PostgreSQL views with CREATE OR REPLACE

In PostreSQL 8.3, I'm trying to create a view which will look just like an existing table but have different column names. This works CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW gfam.nice_builds AS SELECT ...
7
votes
5answers
11k views

How can I use a default value in a Select query in PostgreSQL?

I would like to use a default value for a column that should be used if no rows is returned. Is that possible in PostgreSQL? How can I do it? Or is there any other way I can solve this? E.g. ...
7
votes
4answers
947 views

How to check if a subquery has exactly one distinct result and a specified value concisely?

I found myself writing the following: select 'yes' where exists(select * from foo where val=1) and not exists(select * from foo where val<>1); and wondering if there is a more concise way ...
7
votes
4answers
740 views

Should I invest the time to change the column type from CHAR(36) to UUID?

I have a few million rows in my database already. I didn't know about the PostgreSQL UUID data type when I designed my schema. One of the tables has 16M rows (about 3.5M to 4 M records per shard), ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I create an index to speed up an aggregate LIKE query on an expression in postgres 8.4?

I may be asking the wrong question in the title. Here are the facts: My customer service folk have been complaining about slow response times when doing customer lookups on the administration ...
7
votes
2answers
14k views

PgAdmin III - How to connect to database when password is empty?

I have installed PostgreSQL 9.1 on my PC (Win 7). I have a small Java application connecting successfully to it with login=sa and password="". The connection works. However, it is refused from ...
7
votes
1answer
549 views

Unexpected Seq Scan when doing query against boolean with value NULL

I have a database column called auto_review where column type is boolean. There is an index for that field, created using the ActiveRecord ORM. CREATE INDEX index_table_on_auto_renew ON table USING ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Starting PostgreSQL server after a HDD crash results in FAILED STATE

I am using Fedora 15 with PostgreSQL 9.1.4. Fedora crashed recently after which: An attempt to start the PostgreSQL server : service postgresql-9.1 start gives Starting postgresql-9.1 (via ...
7
votes
2answers
18k views

How to get the timestamp column in only milliseconds from PostgreSQL?

I have a column "created" with type timestamp without time zone default now() in a PostgreSQL database. If I select colums, it has a nice and readable format per default: SELECT created FROM ...
7
votes
1answer
512 views

Concept of Schema in PostgreSQL

I am not able to understand concept and usage of schema in PostgreSQL. I have no idea how it can affect my database design. Why should I use it? Can it affect me in future if I decide to not think ...
7
votes
2answers
835 views

Best way to populate a new column in a large table?

We have a 2.2 GB table in Postgres with 7,801,611 rows in it. We are adding a uuid/guid column to it and I am wondering what the best way to populate that column is (as we want to add a NOTNULL to ...
7
votes
1answer
848 views

Algorithm for finding the longest prefix

I have two tables. First one is a table with prefixes code name price 343 ek1 10 3435 nt 4 3432 ek2 2 Second is call records with phone numbers number time 834353212 10 ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to optimization database for heavy I/O from updates (software and hardware)

The situation I have a postgresql 9.2 database which is quite heavily updated all the time. The system is hence I/O bound, and I'm currently considering making another upgrade, I just need some ...
7
votes
1answer
10k views

How to get a working and complete PostgreSQL DB backup and test

I was hoping I could get a clear answer on how to ensure taking a full Postgres backup just like you would get with MS SQL Server, and then take care of orphaned users. From what I've read, and it ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Fast general method to calculate percentiles

I want to find n>1 percentiles of an unsorted column in PostgreSQL. For example the 20th, 40th, 60th, 80th and 100th percentile. An obvious solution is to count and sort the column and then do a ...
7
votes
1answer
600 views

Equality query on NVARCHAR column yields multiple results in SQL Server 2012

I am in the process of moving a pet project from PostgreSQL (9.2.2) to SQL Server (2012 Standard). I've noticed an interesting phenomenon when querying unicode words. Given the definition: CREATE ...
7
votes
2answers
438 views

Pros and Cons of Checking if value exist for unique column or let db raise unique error on inserting

While writing a query other day a thought came to me and have stuck in my mind. What is preferable, first checking if a value for a unique column exists and then inserting or insert and let db raise ...
7
votes
2answers
15k views

How to solve UTF8 invalid byte sequence copy errors on a restore, when the source database is encoded in UTF8?

I was given the task to migrate a PostgreSQL 8.2.x database to another server. To do this I'm using the pgAdmin 1.12.2 (on Ubuntu 11.04 by the way) and using the Backup and Restore using the ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

BLOBs or references in PostgreSQL

I need to store binary data files in a PostgreSQL database which runs on an Ubuntu server. Initially there will be a few dozen files of approximately 250kb in size each. However, the number of files ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

PostgreSQL EXCLUDE USING error: Data type integer has no default operator class

In PostgreSQL 9.2.3 I am trying to create this simplified table: CREATE TABLE test ( user_id INTEGER, startend TSTZRANGE, EXCLUDE USING gist (user_id WITH =, startend WITH &&) ); ...
7
votes
3answers
941 views

Store a formula in a table and use the formula in a function

I have a PostgreSQL 9.1 database where part of it handles agent commissions. Each agent has his/her own formula of calculation how much commission they get. I have a function to generate the amount of ...
7
votes
1answer
447 views

Is the optimisation fence behaviour of a CTE (WITH query) specified in the SQL:2008 standard? If so, where?

I see frequent references to WITH queries (common table expressions, or CTEs) acting as an optimisation fence, where the server isn't permitted to push filters down into the CTE queries, pull common ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

PostgreSQL: Disk space not released after TRUNCATE

I haveTRUNCATEd a huge (~120Gb) table called files: TRUNCATE files; VACUUM FULL files; The table size is 0, but no disk space was released. Any ideas how to reclaim my lost disk space? UPDATE: The ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

PostgreSQL pg_stat_activity shows COMMIT

We recently replaced our database server with an upgraded machine with 4 x quad core CPUs and 32Gb of ram. We also repurposed our old box to serve as a slave with streaming replication. Both boxes are ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to do incremental/differential backup every hour in Postgres 9.1?

Trying to do an hourly hot incremental backup of a single postgres server. I have the following setup in postgresql.conf: max_wal_senders=2 wal_level=archive archive_mode=on archive_command='copy ...
7
votes
2answers
637 views

Convert units of measurement

Looking to calculate the most suitable unit of measurement for a list of substances where the substances are given in differing (but compatible) unit volumes. Unit Conversion Table The unit ...
7
votes
3answers
467 views

Efficiently comparing prices in different currencies

I want to make it possible for user to search products within a price range. User should be able to use any currency (USD, EUR, GBP, JPY, ...), no matter what currency is set by the product. So, the ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

PostgreSQL Failover - What tools should I use?

Here is the scenario: There are two machines running CentOS 6.2 - machine0 and machine1 Both have PostgreSQL 9.1 installed. One of them should be active, as a master system and through asynchronous ...
7
votes
1answer
76 views

How can I see a query after rules have been applied?

From docs - 37.3.1.1. "A First Rule Step by Step" CREATE TABLE shoelace_log ( sl_name text, -- shoelace changed sl_avail integer, -- new available value log_who ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Non-unique multicolumn foreign key

I have a "comments" table that models a conversation on a topic, like this: id serial topic_id integer parent_comment_id integer body text So, every comment has a reference to its topic AND ...
7
votes
1answer
8k views

PostgreSQL: permission denied for relation

I'm a bit confused about setting permissions in PostgreSQL. I have these roles: List of roles Role name | Attributes | Member of ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

PostgreSQL failover and replication

I'm evaluating PostgreSQL 9.1 and have few questions related to failover and replication details. I have few test scenarios. First one with a Master server and few Slaves. In case Master crashes I ...
7
votes
1answer
82 views

How do data checksums interact with streaming replication?

Data checksums are a new feature introduced in 9.3, and: there is a new GUC parameter "ignore_checksum_failure" which will force PostgreSQL to continue processing a transaction even if corruption ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

How to I grant a user account permission to create databases in postgresql?

Title says it all. I cannot figure out how to give a user account the ability to create and drop databases. Is there a way to do this with GRANT ?
6
votes
4answers
8k views

tuning postgresql for large amounts of ram

I have two identical servers (in terms of hardware), they are both standard installations of windows server 2008 r2, with minimal software installed (basically my code and required stuff like jvm ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Is PostgreSQL replication production ready?

How does PostgreSQL native replication compare to MySQL? I know asynchronous replication has been supported for longer than sync, which is recent. Is synchronous reliable to be used in real projects? ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

How to view data in pgAdmin III

I can't believe they make it this hard. I am at a loss about how to view the data in my database. Is there an easy way to see what data is in my tables with pgAdmin III? Alternatively, is there a ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is DB2 more reliable and stable compared to PostgreSQL or MySQL?

Always i was using MySQL or PostgreSQL for my projects such as Web/Desktop apps. I had data loss few times and thanks to old backup i was always up and running. But for a recent project for Airport, ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Does running pg_dump on live db produce consistent backups?

I have a 3GB database that is constantly modified and I need to make backups without stopping the server (Postgres 8.3). My pg_dump runs for 5 minutes. What if the data is modified during the ...
6
votes
3answers
410 views

Is there a need to keep refreshing the indexes from time-to-time?

This question is common for all the database products I use, viz. SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle and PostgreSQL. I have created a fresh database and the tables, at present, have no records. I have created ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there a way to access temporary tables of other sessions in postgres?

I'm working with a Windows application that uses a (local) postgres Database and stores some information in a temporary table. I'd like to have a look at the temporary table, but pgadmin and dbVis ...
6
votes
3answers
455 views

Casting issue when calling a function with composite type parameter

I have a function in PostgreSQL 9.1 called fun_test. It has a composite type as input parameter and I keep getting a casting error when I call it. what could be the issue? CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Optimizing queries on a range of timestamps (two columns)

I use postgresql-9.1 with ubuntu 12.04. I need to select records inside a range of time: my table time_limits has two timestamp fields and one property integer. Indeed there are other info columns ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Created user can access all databases in PostgreSQL without any grants

I must be missing something with regards to setting up PostgreSQL. What I'd like to do is create multiple databases and users that are isolated from each other so that a specific user only has access ...
6
votes
2answers
993 views

Database for building a realtime analytics system

I want to build a system similar to Google Analytics (only used for internal use, less traffic and less feature), and mainly focus on Real time counting of unique URI visit/PV by different ...
6
votes
5answers
9k views

PostgreSQL: The database cluster initialization failed

Both C:\PostgreSQL and C:\PostgreSQL\data have postgres user with full access and admin rights. I ran postgresql-9.1.2-1-windows.exe from postgres user as admin. Target C:\PostgreSQL Every way I ...
6
votes
2answers
17k views

List the database privileges using psql

I'm in the middle of a database server migration and I can't figure (after googling and searching here) how can I list the database privileges (or all the privileges across the server) on PostgreSQL ...