PostgreSQL is an enterprise class, open-source, object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) available for all major platforms including Linux, UNIX, Windows and OS X. Please mention your exact PostgreSQL version when asking questions.

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Database for building a realtime analytics system

I want to build a system similar to Google Analytics (only used for internal use, less traffic and less feature), and mainly focus on Real time counting of unique URI visit/PV by different ...
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Select longest continuous sequence

I am trying to construct a query in PostgreSQL 9.0 that gets the longest sequence of continuous rows for a specifc field. Consider the following table: lap_id (Serial), lap_no (int), car_type ...
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Starting PostgreSQL server after a HDD crash results in FAILED STATE

I am using Fedora 15 with PostgreSQL 9.1.4. Fedora crashed recently after which: An attempt to start the PostgreSQL server : service postgresql-9.1 start gives Starting postgresql-9.1 (via ...
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Concept of Schema in PostgreSQL

I am not able to understand concept and usage of schema in PostgreSQL. I have no idea how it can affect my database design. Why should I use it? Can it affect me in future if I decide to not think ...
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PostgreSQL: Creation date of a table

I've recently finished a project, during which many DB tables were created. Most of these tables contain temporary garbage, and I am looking for a simple way to list all these tables. Is there a ...
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Algorithm for finding the longest prefix

I have two tables. First one is a table with prefixes code name price 343 ek1 10 3435 nt 4 3432 ek2 2 Second is call records with phone numbers number time 834353212 10 ...
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Should I use the PostgreSQL bit string?

I've been learning about the bit string data type lately, and I am quite curious about: At the bottom of this doc page there is the sentence: ... plus 5 or 8 bytes overhead depending on the ...
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Finding empty columns of a table in PostgreSQL

What query would return the name of the columns of a table where all rows are NULL?
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Fast general method to calculate percentiles

I want to find n>1 percentiles of an unsorted column in PostgreSQL. For example the 20th, 40th, 60th, 80th and 100th percentile. An obvious solution is to count and sort the column and then do a ...
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What can I do with the new json field?

PostgreSQL 9.2 introduced the json field type. Why and when should I use it? What benefits does it have over a text field? I thought there were new query options available, however I haven't seen ...
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EC2 - How to correctly back up PostgreSQL data?

Here is the setup: 1 small Amazon Linux (EBS-backed) EC2 instance with 3 additional volumes. This is both a web server and database server. One volume for code, one for the PostgreSQL (8.4) data ...
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PostgreSQL: reuse of complex intermediate result in same query

Using PostgreSQL (8.4), I'm creating a view that summarizes various results from a few tables (e.g creating columns a, b, c in the view), and then I need to combine some of these results together in ...
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Equality query on NVARCHAR column yields multiple results in SQL Server 2012

I am in the process of moving a pet project from PostgreSQL (9.2.2) to SQL Server (2012 Standard). I've noticed an interesting phenomenon when querying unicode words. Given the definition: CREATE ...
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What happens in PostgreSQL checkpoint?

Here's part of my checkpoint log: 2014-03-26 11:51:29.341 CDT,,,18682,,532854fc.48fa,4985,,2014-03-18 09:15:24 CDT,,0,LOG,00000,"checkpoint complete: wrote 15047 buffers (1.4%); 0 transaction log ...
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Store a formula in a table and use the formula in a function

I have a PostgreSQL 9.1 database where part of it handles agent commissions. Each agent has his/her own formula of calculation how much commission they get. I have a function to generate the amount of ...
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How to use aes-encryption in PostgreSQL?

I tried aes-encryption by using following statement: SELECT encrypt('test', 'key', 'aes'); which worked, but I am not able to decrypt the value. I inserted it in a field of datatype bytea but I'm ...
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PostgreSQL 9.1 Hot Backup Error: the database system is starting up

I have been working on a hot backup for Postgres 9.1 for awhile and have run into a consistent issue. After restarting Postgres on the slave server the pgstartup log file and the daily log file under ...
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Postgresql performed a “fast shutdown” by itself. Why? How was it able to do that?

I've already googled and manual read as much as I could before posting this here. Version info: Postgres8.4 on Ubuntu10.x I have a personal laptop that I run a postgres server on, and a Java script ...
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PostgreSQL: Disk space not released after TRUNCATE

I haveTRUNCATEd a huge (~120Gb) table called files: TRUNCATE files; VACUUM FULL files; The table size is 0, but no disk space was released. Any ideas how to reclaim my lost disk space? UPDATE: The ...
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Adding nullable column to table costs more than 10 minutes

I have problems to add a new column on a table. I tried to run it a couple of times, but after more than 10 minutes running, I decided to cancel the query because of lock time. ALTER TABLE mytable ...
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PostgreSQL: Can I do pg_start_backup() on a live, running db under load?

Our established replication has broken ("requested WAL segment has already been removed" during downtime) We cannot easily stop the master again. Can we do pg_start_backup(), rsync ${PGDATA}/ ...
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Is the optimisation fence behaviour of a CTE (WITH query) specified in the SQL:2008 standard? If so, where?

I see frequent references to WITH queries (common table expressions, or CTEs) acting as an optimisation fence, where the server isn't permitted to push filters down into the CTE queries, pull common ...
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SQL Query Formatter [closed]

Are there any (Linux based) SQL Query Formatting programs/plugins/extensions? I use PostgreSQL and MySQL but other DB's are welcome as well. I can use a VM to test with but would prefer a Linux ...
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PostgreSQL PITR restore

I have a PostgreSQL 9.1 server running on a CentOS 5.8 32bit OS and I have enabled WAL archiving. On this server, there are three databases: databaseA, databaseB and databaseC. Someone deletes a ...
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MongoDB performance vs. PostgreSQL with 5.5 million rows / documents

Can someone help me compare these queries and explain why the PostgreSQL query executes in just under 2000ms and the MongoDB aggregate query takes almost 9000ms and sometimes as high as 130K ms? ...
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How to do incremental/differential backup every hour in Postgres 9.1?

Trying to do an hourly hot incremental backup of a single postgres server. I have the following setup in postgresql.conf: max_wal_senders=2 wal_level=archive archive_mode=on archive_command='copy ...
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Convert units of measurement

Looking to calculate the most suitable unit of measurement for a list of substances where the substances are given in differing (but compatible) unit volumes. Unit Conversion Table The unit ...
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Efficiently comparing prices in different currencies

I want to make it possible for user to search products within a price range. User should be able to use any currency (USD, EUR, GBP, JPY, ...), no matter what currency is set by the product. So, the ...
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PostgreSQL Failover - What tools should I use?

Here is the scenario: There are two machines running CentOS 6.2 - machine0 and machine1 Both have PostgreSQL 9.1 installed. One of them should be active, as a master system and through asynchronous ...
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How can I see a query after rules have been applied?

From docs - 37.3.1.1. "A First Rule Step by Step" CREATE TABLE shoelace_log ( sl_name text, -- shoelace changed sl_avail integer, -- new available value log_who ...
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In Postgres, how to get a list of current defined savepoint?

I'm using postgres SAVEPOINT which create a new savepoint within the current transaction, and would like to display the list of currently defined savepoint in a connection. To be more precise: I'd ...
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PostgreSQL data type text vs varchar without length

In PostgreSQL you can create a column with data type character varying (without length precision) or text like this: ALTER TABLE test ADD COLUMN c1 varchar; ALTER TABLE test ADD COLUMN c2 text; Is ...
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No NULLs, yet invalid byte sequence for encoding “UTF8”: 0x00

I've spent the last 8 hours trying to import the output of 'mysqldump --compatible=postgresql' into PostgreSQL 8.4.9, and I've read at least 20 different threads here and elesewhere already about this ...
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unable to insert row at id, but row does not exist

Here is the weird problem i am facing. I am trying to enter data using following query insert into product_product (id, product_tmpl_id, make_equip, model_equip, name_template, serial_num_equip, ...
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How to turn off header only in psql (postgresql)

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.1.X I am trying to build psql script to print results without a header but including a footer. http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/app-psql.html From the document ...
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Fast hamming distance queries in postgres

I have a large database (16M rows) containing perceptual hashes of images. I'd like to be able to search for rows by hamming distance in a reasonable timeframe. Currently, as far as I properly ...
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Migrate heroku database to Amazon RDS with minimum downtime

I have a heroku postgres database and want to migrate it to Amazon RDS to save cost. What's a way to do so with minimum downtime? Usually this involves replicating database in real time and then ...
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Should I add an arbitrary length limit to VARCHAR columns?

According to PostgreSQL's docs, there's no performance difference between VARCHAR, VARCHAR(n) and TEXT. Should I add an arbitrary length limit to a name or address column?
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Checking whether two tables have identical content in PostgreSQL

This has already been asked on Stack Overflow, but only for MySQL. I'm using PostgreSQL. Unfortunately (and surprisingly) PostgreSQL does not seem to have something like CHECKSUM table. A PostgreSQL ...
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Set a column's default value to the concatenation of two other columns' values?

I have a Postgresql 8.1 database. In one table, there are three columns: first_name, last_name, display_name. Is it possible to set the default value of display_name to be first_name + " " + ...
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Is DB2 more reliable and stable compared to PostgreSQL or MySQL?

Always i was using MySQL or PostgreSQL for my projects such as Web/Desktop apps. I had data loss few times and thanks to old backup i was always up and running. But for a recent project for Airport, ...
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Would index lookup be noticeably faster with char vs varchar when all values are 36 chars

I have a legacy schema (disclaimer!) that uses a hash-based generated id for the primary key for all tables (there are many). An example of such an id is: 922475bb-ad93-43ee-9487-d2671b886479 There ...
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Does running pg_dump on live db produce consistent backups?

I have a 3GB database that is constantly modified and I need to make backups without stopping the server (Postgres 8.3). My pg_dump runs for 5 minutes. What if the data is modified during the ...
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How to pass a table type with an array field to a function in postgresql

i have a table called book CREATE TABLE book ( id smallint NOT NULL DEFAULT 0, bname text, btype text, bprices numeric(11,2)[], CONSTRAINT key PRIMARY KEY (id ) ) and a ...
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Issue with composite type in an UPSERT function

I have a function in PostgreSQL 9.1 called fun_test. It has a composite type as input parameter and I keep getting a casting error when I call it. CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION netcen.fun_test(myobj ...
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Is there a need to keep refreshing the indexes from time-to-time?

This question is common for all the database products I use, viz. SQL Server, MySQL, Oracle and PostgreSQL. I have created a fresh database and the tables, at present, have no records. I have created ...
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PostgreSQL Complete Database Backup

I've been trying to figure out how I can completely backup my PostgreSQL database. I have not seen any resource that explains how to do a complete backup. I am aware of the pg_dump and pg_dumpall ...
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save/export PGAdmin server list configuration settings

I have a ton of configured connections listed in the Server Groups, is there a way I can save this? not just save the passwords but the Server Group Settings
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PostgreSQL: The database cluster initialization failed

Both C:\PostgreSQL and C:\PostgreSQL\data have postgres user with full access and admin rights. I ran postgresql-9.1.2-1-windows.exe from postgres user as admin. Target C:\PostgreSQL Every way I ...
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How to promote an existing index to primary key in PostgreSQL

I know how to make a primary key within a table, but how do I make an existing index a primary key? I'm trying to copy an existing table from one database to another. When I show the table, the index ...