PostgreSQL is an enterprise class, open-source, object-relational database management system (ORDBMS) available for all major platforms including Linux, UNIX, Windows and OS X. Please mention your exact PostgreSQL version when asking questions.

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SQL ANSI JOIN precedence

I have a query that looks like this: SELECT * FROM TBLA A LEFT JOIN TBLB B ON A.Col1 = B.Col2 RIGHT JOIN TBLC C ON B.Col3 = C.Col4 JOIN TBLD D ON C.Col5 = D.Col6 In which order ...
6
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2answers
100 views

How can I fake inet_client_addr() for unit tests in PostgreSQL?

I have a simple stored procedure whose return value depends on the value of inet_client_addr(). How can I override inet_client_addr() for the purpose of unit tests when testing my stored procedure? ...
6
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4answers
230 views

Store millions of rows of denomalized data or some SQL magic?

My DBA experience doesn't go much further than simple storage + retrieval of CMS style data - so this may be a silly question, I don't know! I have a problem whereby I need to lookup or calculate ...
6
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1answer
537 views

PostgreSQL PREPARE query with IN () parameters

I'm trying to prepare a query from PHP like: pg_prepare($con, "prep", "select * from test where tid in ($1)"); and then execute it with: $strpar = "3,4,6,8,10"; pg_execute($con, "prep", ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

How to determine the sweet spot between pool size and database connections in PostgreSQL

We are having trouble handling the traffic during peak hours to our database server. We're looking into improving the hardware (see this question about that side of things) but we also want to work on ...
6
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2answers
6k views

Is there a simple way in PL/pgSQL to check if a query returned no result?

I'm currently experimenting a bit with PL/pgSQL and want to know if there is a more elegant way to do something like this: select c.data into data from doc c where c.doc_id = id and c.group_cur > ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Single data type for imprecise date values, as allowed by ISO 8601

How can I store date and time values with reduced precision in a PostgreSQL type, and have them behave as date and/or time values? ISO 8601 allows date values with reduced precision. ‘1964’, ...
6
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1answer
6k views

How to set Postgresql database to see date as “MDY” permanently

Ho can I set my database to see the 'date' as "MDY" without running: SET datestyle = "ISO, MDY"; every-time I'm trying to access it? I'm using Postgresql version 9.1, Ubuntu 12.04. My system ...
6
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1answer
459 views

Can PostgreSQL tell me what configuration files it's using?

I am having trouble with some changes I'm making to a configuration file. I think PostgreSQL is not using the ones I'm modifying. Is there any way to get postgres (maybe some environment variable) to ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Get WAL files from AWS RDS PostgreSQL instance

We have a Postgres RDS instance on Amazon Web Services. We have automatic backups enabled, and we take snapshots on a daily basis. We would like to generate a local 'up-to-date' backup of the RDS ...
6
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4answers
13k views

Why won't PostgreSQL 9.3 start on Ubuntu?

I have successfully installed PostgreSQL 9.3 from the APT repository on 2 VM's running Ubuntu 12.04 and 13.04...however, I cannot get it to install properly on my host machine running Ubuntu 12.04. ...
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1answer
278 views

Privileges required to install PostgreSQL

I am new to PostgreSQL Database. I need to install it in my machine. I am not administrator in my system. Can some one suggest, if Non-Administrator can install it. If there is any other way of ...
6
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1answer
4k views

Moving postgresql data to different drive

I am using AWS as my cloud environment. I installed PostgreSQL on the same drive as my root instance volume. I have attached and mounted the second drive to my instance. Now I want to move all my ...
6
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1answer
7k views

How to use aes-encryption in PostgreSQL?

I tried aes-encryption by using following statement: SELECT encrypt('test', 'key', 'aes'); which worked, but I am not able to decrypt the value. I inserted it in a field of datatype bytea but I'm ...
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3answers
9k views

SQL to read XML from file into PostgreSQL database

How can I write SQL to read an XML file into a PostgreSQL XML value? PostgreSQL has a native XML data type with the XMLPARSE function to parse a text string to that type. It also has ways to read ...
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1answer
4k views

PostgreSQL: COUNT(*) uses a sequential scan, not index

Why does PostgreSQL sequentially scans the table for COUNT(*) query, while there is a very small and indexed primary key?
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1answer
491 views

What happens in PostgreSQL checkpoint?

Here's part of my checkpoint log: 2014-03-26 11:51:29.341 CDT,,,18682,,532854fc.48fa,4985,,2014-03-18 09:15:24 CDT,,0,LOG,00000,"checkpoint complete: wrote 15047 buffers (1.4%); 0 transaction log ...
6
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1answer
1k views

MATCH FULL vs MATCH SIMPLE

I've noticed a MATCH SIMPLE or MATCH FULL option in phpPgAdmin, but I can't find a description in the docs. How do they function? The default is set to MATCH SIMPLE.
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1answer
2k views

Why would you index text_pattern_ops on a text column?

Today Seven Databases in Seven Weeks introduced me to per-operator indexes. You can index strings for pattern matching the previous queries by creating a text_pattern_ops operator class index, as ...
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1answer
623 views

PostgreSQL “freeze”/“unfreeze” command equivalents

In Derby (an embedded database written in Java which is mostly used for testing or prototyping) there are "freeze" and "unfreeze" commands which can be used during an online backup. "Freeze" simply ...
6
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1answer
186 views

How should we handle rows which won't be queried once they are old in PostgreSQL?

We have a table in a PostgreSQL database which is growing on the order of millions of rows per day. Each row consists of: ID Foreign user ID Date and time Other data The date and time aren't ...
6
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1answer
536 views

PostgreSQL partition hierarchy design for centralized logging

I am looking into setting up logging from all of my servers into a centralized postgresql database. It makes sense to be able to drop logs by date or by host, so I'd like to set it up with ...
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4answers
2k views

Determine when a PostgreSQL database was last changed

I'm looking at altering how backups are done and am wondering if there is a way to determine which databases in a postgreql cluster have not been recently changed? Instead of using pg_dumpall, I'd ...
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2answers
2k views

How to wrap long lines when SELECTing SQL text columns?

I'm selecting from a table with long text columns. I'd like to wrap long lines to a maximum line length. From: SELECT * FROM test; test_id | text ...
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2answers
131 views

Index that is not used, yet influences query

I've got a PostgreSQL 9.3 table with some numbers and some additional data: CREATE TABLE mytable ( myid BIGINT, somedata BYTEA ) This table currently has about 10M records and takes 1GB of ...
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2answers
758 views

Is this temp table behaviour documented?

Query Language (SQL) and PL/pgSQL functions treat temp tables differently: begin; create table foo(id) as values (1); select * from foo; /* id ---- 1 */ savepoint s; create function f() returns ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I request a flush of the postgresql transaction logs?

I have the following problem: a "vertical" Linux distribution (Sophos UMT) comes with PostgreSQL 9.2 to store its configuration. Unfortunately, since the last update, it seems that the transaction ...
6
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1answer
9k views

Usage of COPY FROM STDIN in postgres

I just started using Postgres and I'm trying to create a sample db to understand its functions, looking around, I found some scripts in pgfoundry.org. I understand the commands, since I previously ...
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2answers
4k views

Can I have one table be an “alias”, or “symlink”, to another?

I have two tables with the same structure, A and B. A certain application is written so that it always writes the same data to both tables. After a discussion with a colleague about the potential to ...
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3answers
1k views

Postgres, MVCC, and Locking

I have a series of SQL statements that look like the following: BEGIN; SELECT counter FROM table WHERE id=X FOR UPDATE; REALLY COMPLEX QUERY; UPDATE table SET counter=Y WHERE id=X; END; I'd like to ...
6
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1answer
538 views

Optimizing PostgreSQL for transient data

I have several tables with 100-300 columns of integer types each, that hold highly volatile data. The datasets are keyed by one or two primary keys, and when refresh occurs, the whole dataset is ...
6
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3answers
5k views

PostgreSQL Sequential Scan instead of Index Scan Why?

Hi All I've got a problem with my PostgreSQL database query and wondering if anyone can help. In some scenarios my query seems to ignore the index that I've created which is used for joining the two ...
6
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2answers
2k views

PostgreSQL: Can I do pg_start_backup() on a live, running db under load?

Our established replication has broken ("requested WAL segment has already been removed" during downtime) We cannot easily stop the master again. Can we do pg_start_backup(), rsync ${PGDATA}/ ...
6
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1answer
298 views

in postgres, can one optimize a table across partitions?

in a database with many companies, segregating them using schema and search_path almost all access comes at the company level, that is, limited to a single schema. some data-warehouse and accounting ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Non-unique multicolumn foreign key

I have a "comments" table that models a conversation on a topic, like this: id serial topic_id integer parent_comment_id integer body text So, every comment has a reference to its topic AND ...
6
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1answer
274 views

Hierarchical structure with limited number of records per user

I am planning schema for an affiliate network. For all hierarchical queries I am using Postgres tablefunc extension but here is another problem. Any user can refer only 3 other users at max. So for ...
6
votes
1answer
279 views

Can we use old primary to sync with standby after failover in PostgreSQL?

If my standby (postgres) is behind by few seconds before failover. What is the easiest way to sync back my old primary after failover in PostgreSQL. In Oracle we have the option of Reinstating a ...
6
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3answers
351 views

Is using SUM() twice suboptimal?

I know I have to write SUM twice, if I wish to use it in a HAVING clause (or use a derived table otherwise): SELECT id, sum(hours) AS totalhours FROM mytable GROUP BY id HAVING sum(hours) ...
6
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1answer
208 views

How to dive into the PostgreSQL's optimizer and trace each step it takes to optimize the query?

Just like the MEMO structure in SQL Server which is kind of a "paper trail" of steps the optimizer takes in optimizing the query. Does PostgreSQL have the similar structure which records steps the ...
6
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1answer
166 views

LISTEN / NOTIFY privileges

I have a single postgres database, with two users; Alice and Bob. I would like to be able to do a NOTIFY alice_channel 'sensitive data' without Bob being able to sneakily LISTEN in just by guessing ...
6
votes
1answer
162 views

What is a good way to determine the performance I should expect from a PostgreSQL server?

Trying to figure out how I should expect my database to perform. Basically, I need to determine when the server I have set up is reaching its performance limits - which would help me plan server ...
6
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1answer
413 views

Storing logs on per day basis in PostgreSQL

Requirements here are to store historical logs. For the sake of simplicity I'll assume this sample scenario where we are selling some products on our website and we need to keep records of sales of ...
6
votes
3answers
606 views

How can I export a subset of tabledata from a prodution database into my local testing database?

We have a relatively big production postgres based db: ~20GB. The PostgreSQL database is hosted on heroku. I would like to copy a small subset of the table data to my local database so I can run ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How to turn off header only in psql (postgresql)

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.1.X I am trying to build psql script to print results without a header but including a footer. http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/app-psql.html From the document ...
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2answers
166 views

Altering db schema in production environment

I have some questions on db schema changes in production environment without taking the database server and the webapp offline. Q1- I want to be able to make changes to database schema (adding, ...
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2answers
363 views

Postgres performance difference on insert

I was tried to partition one large table, and come with such Postgres behavior that I could not explain. Maybe you will have any suggestions? I went quite straight forward way (i know that it is not ...
6
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2answers
136 views

Can I get the union of the a Postgres fulltext index?

I have a fulltext index on a table. Is it possible to retrieve the set of terms used in the index (gist or gin)? With weights if possible? To clarify: If I have the following table: create table ...
6
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0answers
141 views

How to handle bad query plan caused by exact equality on range type?

I'm performing an update where I require an exact equality on a tstzrange variable. ~1M rows are modified, and the query takes ~13 minutes. The result of EXPLAIN ANALYZE can be seen here, and the ...
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0answers
388 views

Fast hamming distance queries in postgres

I have a large database (16M rows) containing perceptual hashes of images. I'd like to be able to search for rows by hamming distance in a reasonable timeframe. Currently, as far as I properly ...
6
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0answers
167 views

Modification to GEQO (Genetic Query Optimization) of PostgreSQL

I need to implement a functionality that is in line with the GEQO functionality of PostgreSQL. I understand that GEQO approach is to encode query plans as integer strings and GEQO generates these ...