In relational database design, a primary key can uniquely identify each row in a table. A primary key comprises a single column or a set of columns.

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Auto increment holes in primary key - any issues?

I have an application that is creating large holes in the auto incremented primary surrogate key to the table as it uses lots of INSERT ... ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE queries. I'm looking into changing ...
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2answers
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Composite Primary Key column order

How would you do the ordering of the PK columns in this case (Oracle 11gR2 Standard Edition): I have a database where I offer the same application to many users. I want to be perfectly sure that all ...
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size of a primary key and foreign key

Do a primary key and a foreign key referencing it must have the same column size in sql server 2008 ? could someone indicate me a link to a documentation explaining this ? Thank you for help.
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5answers
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Using Timestamp plus Integer as Primary Key

In Sql Server, what would the drawbacks and disadvantages be of using a primary key that is: Two Character Table Identifier + YEAR + MONTH + DAY + HOUR + MINUTE + MILLISECOND + random integer between ...
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1answer
43 views

What is the difference between Primary key and Super key in DBMS

I am new to DBMS and I am still learning the theory. I am getting really confused with this key business and after googling I have narrowed it down to just 2 keys I dont get (primary and super key) ...
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1answer
36 views

Batch converting indexes to keys [closed]

I have a legacy MS SQL Server database where all the primary and foreign keys were created as indexes. I am developing the new version of our software with Entity Frameworks, which I have learned ...
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1answer
22 views

Database relationship refresher

All, After several years of programming applications, I'm looking to refresh my understanding of databases. What I knew to begin with was fairly basic, and honestly, it's disappeared over time. I ...
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2answers
30 views

primary_key problem in MySql view

I have 3 tables. and I want to create a view. There is no problem about generating SQL qeury and creating a view. but when I want to use this view in my web app it says me (LIKE THIS): "your view's ...
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2answers
46 views

Is there a good way to select a row where the key represents the lower bound of a range?

I am designing some tables and a number of the tables have as the key a lower and upper bound which never overlap. I want to query by a value that can fall withing any of those ranges. If I keep both ...
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2answers
57 views

Relationship with a table without unique/primary key

I have a database with 3 tables. Table Work, with a field named workName. Table SubWorks, which have a field subWorkName and work with a relationship with Work.workName. And table Activity with ...
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0answers
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“Temporary file write failure” when trying to change primary key in MySQL

In MySQL, When I trying to change primary key by this query: ALTER TABLE `resources` DROP PRIMARY KEY, ADD PRIMARY KEY (`role_id`, `category_id`, `lang`, `model`, `rule`); I execute this query ...
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2answers
50 views

Msg 2627 Violation of PRIMARY KEY constraint

trying to make a database for teams in a tv show here. but when I try and insert data into tblShowteam the following error made its appearance. Msg 2627, Level 14, State 1, Line 2 Violation of ...
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Should a surrogate key reflect one of my columns? [duplicate]

I currently have a column called LoadID which is a surrogate key that just increment by max()+1. I also have LoadNumber which always seems to have the exact same value of LoadID, since they will ...
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1answer
36 views

Sybase ASA: Saving and dropping all foreign keys and most Primary Keys for (Bulk) Insert

Background Information: I am trying to migrate from an ASA 12 Database, to a ASA 12 Database by using a Remote Server. I have to migrate a lot of Rows (not all), spread over a lot of tables (not ...
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1answer
47 views

Almost sequential GUIDs vs random GUIDs?

I'm looking at using GUIDs (UUID) as primary key with clustered index in SQL Server. In my webb-app I have many clients who will create items client side in javascript and save them only now and ...
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2answers
56 views

compound primary key with separate id field for reference

I am trying to build locations into a database like so: Country -> Region -> Town Countries will be populated with a list of pre-defined worldwide countries, regions & towns are input by users. ...
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2answers
96 views

What is the advantage of using numeric primary keys in a relational database?

Many tables in a relational database system (in my admittedly limited experience) have this sort of structure (Oracle syntax as that's what I'm used to): create table widgets ( widget_id number ...
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126 views

Crow Feet notation and identifying -vs- non-identifying relationships

Is it possible to distinguish between identifying and non-identifying relationships using the Crow Feet notation? Case in point: In table Book, part of the book's Primary Key is a FK to the Author ...
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1answer
211 views

Multiple primary keys in PostgreSQL

I have the following table: CREATE TABLE word( word CHARACTER VARYING NOT NULL, id BIGINT NOT NULL, repeat INTEGER NOT NULL ); ALTER TABLE public.word OWNER TO postgres; ALTER TABLE ONLY word ADD ...
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Difference between OID and Primary key

Although I understand basic difference that OID is external to the tuple and generated by the system and Primary key is inside the tuple and generated by the db designer, I want to understand why OID ...
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3answers
130 views

Listing indexes and constraints

I am looking at a SQL Server database for an application I have inherited. I have not looked into SQL Server for approximately 10 years, so please bear with me. The database table I am looking at has ...
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1answer
115 views

What's better here - a single column or multicolumn primary key?

Let's assume you have a table groups and a table item. Each item belongs to exactly one group. It is an inherent part of that group. An item cannot exist outside of a group and it cannot be moved to ...
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1answer
179 views

postgresql bigserial or sequence using jpa

I'm a java developer working with jpa, before to define the indexes in my entities i would like to known which one is faster o better to use?.
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1answer
109 views

How do I validate all my constraints in postgresql?

It seems like I have been bitten by the first bug described in the release notes of postgresql 9.3.4: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/devel/static/release-9-3-4.html I now have e.g. duplicate primary ...
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2answers
44 views

EAV-like table with both primary column pointing to the same foreign column

Background: I'm a programmer who, while had to work with simple databases several times, never had to work with complex ones. I.e. I'm proficient with basic stuff, but clueless about advanced features ...
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2answers
1k views

What could cause an auto increment primary key to skip numbers?

I have a table created with the following T-SQL: CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TableName]( [id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [id] ASC )WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, ...
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123 views

Converting UUID's from CHAR(32) to BIN(16)

I have a few questions relating to UUID's, but before I go on, let me explain our schema a bit, first, we're on MySQL 5.5 (Percona's version to be exact)... In each applicable table, we use a two ...
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1answer
252 views

Why does InnoDB table by default uses the UNIQUE constraint instead of the PRIMARY KEY?

In my MySQL database I have a table with 4 columns, the PRIMRAY KEY, two columns with a FOREIGN KEY CONSTRAINT and one UNIQUE index on all fields except for the PRIMARY KEY. The SHOW CREATE TABLE: ...
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30 views

Primary keys optimized for database sync

I am implementing lazy multi-master database synchronization in star shape network using SymmetricDS. I can not estimate the number of nodes, so I can't use simple auto-increment integers. Database ...
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1answer
47 views

one to one relationship

This is my database structure: Users {user_id, username} Profiles {profile_id, user_id, user_views} My question is: If I do it the way mentioned above, should I to set user_id as primary key or ...
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2answers
605 views

How are auto_increment keys handled in INSERT (SELECT * FROM…)

I have table1 and table2 in MySQL. Both have a primary auto_increment key id. If the table schemas match and I do INSERT INTO table1 (SELECT * FROM table2) what happens with regards to the new rows ...
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1answer
50 views

Can a complex primary key made up of 4 fields have only one of this fields set to AUTO INCREMENT?

I have a complex primary key, I wonder if what I write in the title is possible: I have a look up table with 4 fields (they should compose the primary key of the table): 1) an INT column; 2) ...
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2answers
127 views

Column suitable for natural key?

I have read many articles now about natural vs surrogate primary keys, and came to the conclusion there is no single best practice. I have a table that will have around 2000 definite unique values, ...
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179 views

Is matriculation number a good primary key?

I am trying to design a grade assignment database and i am facing the following dilemma. I have a student table which has the following characteristics: matriculation number which i know for a fact ...
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2answers
732 views

Best practice to avoid a composite key?

Suppose my students fill every year a survey, containing some questions (called fields) which answer is real-valued (called value). Every student may answer the survey, at most once a year. A simple ...
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21 views

Impact of additional int field as primary key

Directly to the point, at one time I have a table like this: create table item( item_id varchar(50), constraint pk_item1 primary key (item_id) } However from my discussion one day, there is ...
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2answers
104 views

Primary key for link/junction table with time-dependent data

I want to link two tables in such a way that for any given time period the relationship is one-to-one, but over time the relationship can change. As an minimal example, suppose I want to list the ...
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1answer
119 views

MySQL, temporary on disk table on primary key retrieval?

MySQL 5.5.24, Windows 7 64-bit. I've InnoDB table with primary key defined on three columns: CREATE TABLE `common_descriptions` ( `object_id` mediumint(8) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0', ...
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1answer
64 views

Table design for departments with duplicate department numbers

How should I define a database table for my company's departments where we have a set of duplicate department numbers used by an upper management tier. dept_id dept_name manager_id ...
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1answer
91 views

How to set up multiple fields as primary key in MySQL?

I have a table with fields EmployeeID blahblah blahblah2 ..... RecordMonth RecodrdYear so each employee should only have a matching entry for a month, year, Emp#. How do I set up a table. ...
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2answers
119 views

Should I replace my varchar primary key with an integer primary key?

I have a table that has a varchar primary key that's associated with "Base Product Codes". They rarely change, and if they do, it's usually just being deleted or added. I figured it would be better ...
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1answer
975 views

MySQL Subquery returns more than one row

I have a table namely tbl_plays. It has the following columns and data id(PK)| gameid | drawid | etc ---------------------------------------------- 1 | 1509 | 73 | ...
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1answer
784 views

Auto Increment Primary ID inserting random values

Today I was asked to look into this problem and I have never seen anything like this before. A table in our MySQL database, with a primary IDs column, which is set to autoincrement int, had some weird ...
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Keys of a relation

I got relation: R = { (ABCDEF) , (A B F -> C, B C -> F, F -> A, F -> B, D E -> E, E -> D)} keys of this relation are: {BCE}, {EF} But i dont get it... why? Why not only {EF}.. it got less ...
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59 views

Overcoming the HDD IOPS limits on a billion row table? Is getting SSD the only solution?

I have a table with this structure: CREATE TABLE `requests` ( `userid` int(11) NOT NULL, `messageid` int(11) NOT NULL, `queueid` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `problem_id` int(3) NOT NULL, ...
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1answer
86 views

Primary Key Question

Building a database on Access 2007 and having trouble selecting the primary key. The tables consists of a student table and another table where the students are checked in. I would have liked to make ...
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1answer
106 views

primary key: username+current time or serial

I need to choose a primary key, but I'm not sure what the best option would be. Currently I'm in a scenario where a user has machines (workers) calculating hashes. For each user I track the current ...
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How to retrieve pkey value in mysql/python on duplicate key update

I'm currently using _mysql library in python. it uses pkey(int, auto increment) value that's created when inserting data using function conn.insert_id() This is how the query is made. INSERT INTO ...
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Can one part of a multi-column primary key be used across tables?

I want to use SQLite as file format for my app, a reporting program. Below is an idea of the kind of schema I'll use (just the first few tables). There will be one report per file and all tables are ...
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1answer
86 views

Proper implementation of child (derived) table PK/FK during single and multiple inheritance hard coded generalization physical data model

Below is an image of hard coded generalization UML logical model of entities. I'd like to implement these classes as tables in a physical data model. Two derived classes/entities (Class2 and ...