In relational database design, a primary key can uniquely identify each row in a table. A primary key comprises a single column or a set of columns.

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Why does Postgres generate an already used PK value?

I'm using Django, and every once in a while I get this error: IntegrityError: duplicate key value violates unique constraint "myapp_mymodel_pkey" DETAIL: Key (id)=(1) already exists. My database ...
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2answers
105 views

Msg 2627 Violation of PRIMARY KEY constraint

trying to make a database for teams in a tv show here. but when I try and insert data into tblShowteam the following error made its appearance. Msg 2627, Level 14, State 1, Line 2 Violation of ...
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1answer
105 views

Can one part of a multi-column primary key be used across tables?

I want to use SQLite as file format for my app, a reporting program. Below is an idea of the kind of schema I'll use (just the first few tables). There will be one report per file and all tables are ...
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1answer
37 views

Why does MySQL increment the auto_increment value when there's a constraint violation?

I have a table in a MySQL database with one column id, which has auto_increment and the Primary Key. There's also a Unique constraint in this table, on different columns. I noticed that when I try to ...
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1answer
19 views

Composite primary key from multiple tables / multiple foreign keys

I want to build a composite primary key made up of foreign keys from two different tables. I'm still pretty green to this... A great answer was given to building a composite key from multiple foreign ...
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3answers
477 views

What are the pros and cons of using my customer codes as a primary key?

I am designing a database for one of my sales teams. Right now, the goal is to get a master list of customers and their mailing addresses, but the DB will eventually expand to track some other ...
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0answers
36 views

SqlServer: can one table's PK be the FK of two table's?

I have three tables project, users and proj_user. The PK of proj_user table is the FK of project and users table's pk e.g.(project_id,user_id) My question is, is it possible if the project_id and ...
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4answers
73 views

SqlServer: can one table's PK be the FK of other two table's? [duplicate]

I have three tables project, users and proj_user. The PK of proj_user table is the FK of project and users table's pk e.g.(project_id,user_id) My question is, is it possible for the project_id and ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Sybase ASA: Saving and dropping all foreign keys and most Primary Keys for (Bulk) Insert

Background Information: I am trying to migrate from an ASA 12 Database, to a ASA 12 Database by using a Remote Server. I have to migrate a lot of Rows (not all), spread over a lot of tables (not ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Postgres primary key sorted in the reverse order. Will it use the index efficiently?

My Rails database is backed by Postgres database. As you may know, each table in Rails gets assigned a primary key which is of Integer type and is indexed. My list views show records in the reverse ...
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1answer
15 views

persistence entity with composite key

I have class named 'User'. It has the following properties firstname lastname mobile email pin I want to design a table or hibernate entity that will have unique email for each row; the same for ...
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1answer
26 views

How to include in the result of a `SELECT … GROUP BY …` all the other columns that are functionally dependent on the grouping ones?

I'll base this question on a toy example. Let this be table A: A ------------------------- U | V | W | X | Y | Z ------------------------- a | b | c | 1 | 6 | 8.3 a | b | c | 1 | 4 | ...
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1answer
58 views

“Transitive” keys

I have a central table, A, which will have a key that I'll call A_ID. Now, I have a table B in a "one to many" relationship with A (many B's map to one A). Each link will, of course, have a link ...
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1answer
93 views

Proper implementation of child (derived) table PK/FK during single and multiple inheritance hard coded generalization physical data model

Below is an image of hard coded generalization UML logical model of entities. I'd like to implement these classes as tables in a physical data model. Two derived classes/entities (Class2 and ...
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1answer
248 views

Retrieving all PK and FK

I have a big database that I need to extract all primary keys and foreign keys from each table. I have pgAdmin III. Is there a way to do this automatically and not go over each table manually?
3
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1answer
273 views

Is there any performance difference in using a unique index on primary key?

I know there are lost of similar questions to this one, but none that really answers this: Is there ANY difference in performance in using an unique index in a primary key, using a MyISAM table on a ...
0
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1answer
115 views

primary key: username+current time or serial

I need to choose a primary key, but I'm not sure what the best option would be. Currently I'm in a scenario where a user has machines (workers) calculating hashes. For each user I track the current ...
0
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0answers
36 views

Auto increment holes in primary key - any issues?

I have an application that is creating large holes in the auto incremented primary surrogate key to the table as it uses lots of INSERT ... ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE queries. I'm looking into changing ...
0
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2answers
79 views

Composite Primary Key column order

How would you do the ordering of the PK columns in this case (Oracle 11gR2 Standard Edition): I have a database where I offer the same application to many users. I want to be perfectly sure that all ...
2
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1answer
79 views

size of a primary key and foreign key

Do a primary key and a foreign key referencing it must have the same column size in sql server 2008 ? could someone indicate me a link to a documentation explaining this ? Thank you for help.
3
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5answers
328 views

Using Timestamp plus Integer as Primary Key

In Sql Server, what would the drawbacks and disadvantages be of using a primary key that is: Two Character Table Identifier + YEAR + MONTH + DAY + HOUR + MINUTE + MILLISECOND + random integer between ...
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2answers
131 views

Column suitable for natural key?

I have read many articles now about natural vs surrogate primary keys, and came to the conclusion there is no single best practice. I have a table that will have around 2000 definite unique values, ...
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1answer
293 views

What is the difference between Primary key and Super key in DBMS

I am new to DBMS and I am still learning the theory. I am getting really confused with this key business and after googling I have narrowed it down to just 2 keys I dont get (primary and super key) ...
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1answer
49 views

Batch converting indexes to keys [closed]

I have a legacy MS SQL Server database where all the primary and foreign keys were created as indexes. I am developing the new version of our software with Entity Frameworks, which I have learned ...
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1answer
24 views

Database relationship refresher

All, After several years of programming applications, I'm looking to refresh my understanding of databases. What I knew to begin with was fairly basic, and honestly, it's disappeared over time. I ...
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2answers
32 views

primary_key problem in MySql view

I have 3 tables. and I want to create a view. There is no problem about generating SQL qeury and creating a view. but when I want to use this view in my web app it says me (LIKE THIS): "your view's ...
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2answers
49 views

Is there a good way to select a row where the key represents the lower bound of a range?

I am designing some tables and a number of the tables have as the key a lower and upper bound which never overlap. I want to query by a value that can fall withing any of those ranges. If I keep both ...
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2answers
61 views

Relationship with a table without unique/primary key

I have a database with 3 tables. Table Work, with a field named workName. Table SubWorks, which have a field subWorkName and work with a relationship with Work.workName. And table Activity with ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Unique insert performance: Primary Key vs Unique Index

I have a table of unique values (domains_unique), with collumn domain varchar(255), with more than 20 mil records. What's the fastest way to insert into the table, by keeping the domain unique ...
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0answers
196 views

“Temporary file write failure” when trying to change primary key in MySQL

In MySQL, When I trying to change primary key by this query: ALTER TABLE `resources` DROP PRIMARY KEY, ADD PRIMARY KEY (`role_id`, `category_id`, `lang`, `model`, `rule`); I execute this query ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Should a surrogate key reflect one of my columns? [duplicate]

I currently have a column called LoadID which is a surrogate key that just increment by max()+1. I also have LoadNumber which always seems to have the exact same value of LoadID, since they will ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Almost sequential GUIDs vs random GUIDs?

I'm looking at using GUIDs (UUID) as primary key with clustered index in SQL Server. In my webb-app I have many clients who will create items client side in javascript and save them only now and ...
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2answers
59 views

compound primary key with separate id field for reference

I am trying to build locations into a database like so: Country -> Region -> Town Countries will be populated with a list of pre-defined worldwide countries, regions & towns are input by users. ...
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2answers
134 views

What is the advantage of using numeric primary keys in a relational database?

Many tables in a relational database system (in my admittedly limited experience) have this sort of structure (Oracle syntax as that's what I'm used to): create table widgets ( widget_id number ...
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2answers
1k views

How are auto_increment keys handled in INSERT (SELECT * FROM…)

I have table1 and table2 in MySQL. Both have a primary auto_increment key id. If the table schemas match and I do INSERT INTO table1 (SELECT * FROM table2) what happens with regards to the new rows ...
6
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3answers
3k views

How can you tell if a table in DB2 has a Primary Key?

We are using a tool that requires specific tables in our DB2 database to have a Primary Key defined. Is there a way using a select statement on the DB to see if a given table has one? Thanks.
3
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2answers
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“on duplicate key update” all the non-key fields mentioned in the insert

How can I update the field values mentioned in the insert portion without listing them again in the on duplicate key update portion? insert into tablename set keyname = 'keyvalue', fieldname = ...
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0answers
235 views

Crow Feet notation and identifying -vs- non-identifying relationships

Is it possible to distinguish between identifying and non-identifying relationships using the Crow Feet notation? Case in point: In table Book, part of the book's Primary Key is a FK to the Author ...
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1answer
404 views

Multiple primary keys in PostgreSQL

I have the following table: CREATE TABLE word( word CHARACTER VARYING NOT NULL, id BIGINT NOT NULL, repeat INTEGER NOT NULL ); ALTER TABLE public.word OWNER TO postgres; ALTER TABLE ONLY word ADD ...
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44 views

Difference between OID and Primary key

Although I understand basic difference that OID is external to the tuple and generated by the system and Primary key is inside the tuple and generated by the db designer, I want to understand why OID ...
0
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2answers
3k views

How can primary keys in a Netezza table be indexed?

What is the best way to index a Netezza fact table with lots of primary keys. For now, let's suppose we have 10 primary keys. This table is mainly used to store meta data about our database. ...
2
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3answers
176 views

Listing indexes and constraints

I am looking at a SQL Server database for an application I have inherited. I have not looked into SQL Server for approximately 10 years, so please bear with me. The database table I am looking at has ...
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1answer
132 views

What's better here - a single column or multicolumn primary key?

Let's assume you have a table groups and a table item. Each item belongs to exactly one group. It is an inherent part of that group. An item cannot exist outside of a group and it cannot be moved to ...
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1answer
280 views

postgresql bigserial or sequence using jpa

I'm a java developer working with jpa, before to define the indexes in my entities i would like to known which one is faster o better to use?.
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1answer
128 views

How do I validate all my constraints in postgresql?

It seems like I have been bitten by the first bug described in the release notes of postgresql 9.3.4: http://www.postgresql.org/docs/devel/static/release-9-3-4.html I now have e.g. duplicate primary ...
2
votes
2answers
50 views

EAV-like table with both primary column pointing to the same foreign column

Background: I'm a programmer who, while had to work with simple databases several times, never had to work with complex ones. I.e. I'm proficient with basic stuff, but clueless about advanced features ...
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2answers
2k views

What could cause an auto increment primary key to skip numbers?

I have a table created with the following T-SQL: CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TableName]( [id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [id] ASC )WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, ...
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161 views

Converting UUID's from CHAR(32) to BIN(16)

I have a few questions relating to UUID's, but before I go on, let me explain our schema a bit, first, we're on MySQL 5.5 (Percona's version to be exact)... In each applicable table, we use a two ...
5
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1answer
286 views

Why does InnoDB table by default uses the UNIQUE constraint instead of the PRIMARY KEY?

In my MySQL database I have a table with 4 columns, the PRIMRAY KEY, two columns with a FOREIGN KEY CONSTRAINT and one UNIQUE index on all fields except for the PRIMARY KEY. The SHOW CREATE TABLE: ...
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0answers
36 views

Primary keys optimized for database sync

I am implementing lazy multi-master database synchronization in star shape network using SymmetricDS. I can not estimate the number of nodes, so I can't use simple auto-increment integers. Database ...