Primary interactive terminal for PostgreSQL

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224
votes
7answers
412k views

How do I list all databases and tables using psql?

I am trying to learn PostgreSQL administration and have started learning how to use the psql command line tool. When I log in with psql --username=postgres, how do I list all databases and tables? I ...
42
votes
2answers
18k views

How can I time SQL-queries using psql?

I would like to benchmark some SQL-queries agains my PostgreSQL database. Is there any way I can time SQL-queries using psql?
19
votes
9answers
41k views

PostgreSQL is running locally but I cannot connect. Why?

Recently updated my machine from Mac OS X Lion (10.7.4) to Mountain Lion (10.8) and I think it borked my PostgreSQL installation. It was installed originally via Homebrew. I'm not a DBA, but hoping ...
11
votes
1answer
19k views

How to use psql with no password prompt?

I have wrote a script to REINDEX many indexes in a database. Here is one of them: echo -e "\nreindex for unq_vbvdata_vehicle started at: `date "+%F %T"`" >> ${LOG_FILE} psql -U ${USERNAME} -h ...
10
votes
3answers
23k views

How to run psql on Mac OS X?

I installed PostgreSQL on a computer with Mac OS X using the One click installer. Then I try to access PostgreSQL using the psql command, but it doesn't seem to be available. I get this message: ...
8
votes
2answers
23k views

List the database privileges using psql

I'm in the middle of a database server migration and I can't figure (after googling and searching here) how can I list the database privileges (or all the privileges across the server) on PostgreSQL ...
6
votes
1answer
8k views

Usage of COPY FROM STDIN in postgres

I just started using Postgres and I'm trying to create a sample db to understand its functions, looking around, I found some scripts in pgfoundry.org. I understand the commands, since I previously ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

How to insert an IP-address into an inet column in PostgreSQL?

I would like to insert an IP-address into a column that has type inet. In what format can I insert the data? is it only binary or is there any way I can insert from text e.g. "192.168.1.082"? Are ...
5
votes
2answers
979 views

Span single transaction over several sequential psql sessions

I am running PostgreSQL 8.4 database server and psql terminal front-end on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx and would like to span a single transaction over several sequential psql sessions. When I connect to ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How to turn off header only in psql (postgresql)

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.1.X I am trying to build psql script to print results without a header but including a footer. http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/app-psql.html From the document ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to concatenate psql variables?

How can I concatenate two psql (PostgreSQL client) variables? I want to generate an absolute path by concatenating a directory path variable and a filename variable. I've tried this: \set path ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Source several files at once with psql

I want to execute several sql scripts sequentially with psql as a single transaction to set up my database schema. What is the best way to do this? In the past I know I had a master script that I ran ...
4
votes
1answer
437 views

PostgreSQL psql command line tool and SET CONSTRAINTS DEFERRED

I am using PostgreSQL 9.1.5 and the psql to run a scipt containing a series of INSERT statements in various tables: psql -U usernamefoo databasenamefoo -f dml_script.sql The table constraints have ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Passing arguments to psql

I'm running a plpgsql script in Postgres 8.3 - I would like to pass arguments to this script via psql. I'm currently executing the script like: psql -d database -u user -f update_file.sql I came ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Postgres Dump To TXT File

Is there a way to convert a Postgres dump file to a text file? I'm experiencing issues getting the dump to the proper file location of I would just restore from the dump file and then export to text. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

psql won't list databases

I have a situation that I'm scratching my head over, but I'm new to postgresql, so I may be overlooking something obvious. I set up a testbed server and set access in pg_hba.conf: local all ...
3
votes
2answers
7k views

psql denies access to file when using COPY FROM

When I do this: COPY "mytable" FROM '/my/file.csv' WITH DELIMITER AS ',' CSV; On this: -rw-r--r-- 1 peter peter 54819176 2011-07-21 13:17 file.csv psql tells me this: ERROR: could not open ...
3
votes
1answer
698 views

Getting SQLSTATE in psql error messages

I have the following problem. SELECT * FROM tgvbn(); ERROR: function tgvbn() does not exist LINE 1: SELECT * FROM tgvbn(); ^ HINT: No function matches the given name and ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

How to prevent query execution after exiting the \e editor in psql?

Is there an option that can change the "exit external editor -> query runs automatically" behaviour of the psql \e switch ? (Other than intentionally mangling the query syntax).
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to conditionally stop a psql script (based on a variable value)?

Let's consider the following example (from the start of a psql script): \c :db_to_run_on TRUNCATE the_most_important_table; -- tried to avoid similarities to anything that exists out there Now if ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

send jobs via psql asynchronously

I want to backup a huge number of records and delete them, but I don't have complete access to database server so I can't run my script on the server. because it takes so long I need to submit ...
3
votes
1answer
522 views

Dropped database still shows but causes errors PostgreSQL

I had dropped a database a couple weeks ago but it still shows with \l. I've tried using DROP DATABASE mixmobi_master; and the first time it gave me a confirmation message but mixmobi_master was ...
3
votes
1answer
448 views

Variable substitution in psql when using \copy

I'm using the psql command \copy and I would like to pass a variable to it from the shell (for table name) like I've done when scripting queries. I've read in the documentation for psql that: The ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to execute a query from psql without waiting for the result?

My query (to create a new table from existing table) takes a very long time. So I've set up a remote database in my office - more RAM there. I can connect to my database from home as usual with psql. ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

How to Substitute Variables in PostgreSQL

The given Oracle query inserts data into table by substituting variables. How I achieve the same in PostgreSQL? INSERT INTO control_threshold ( threshold_id, group_name, description, sql, ...
2
votes
4answers
240 views

psql, getting a list of databases to be parsed by a script

I want to use psql to list all of the databases on a Postgres server, to be parsed by a script. This command lists them: psql -l -A -t but the output shows an obvious issue: the records are ...
2
votes
1answer
16k views

How to import a.csv file into a postgresql database using \copy?

I am trying to import a .csv file into a postgresql database. I am using pgadmin III for that on a win7 machine. My query looks like that: \COPY pop_grid(GRID_ID, POP_TOT, YEAR, METHD_CL, CNTR_CODE, ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Postgres client copy (\copy) command doesn't have access to a temporary table?

I'm generating a list of SQL commands to export some data that I ultimately run using psql -f. The queries all get the same subset of data, so I thought I'd factor the qualifications out and put a ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Is there a way to define macros/alias in psql?

It is somewhat annoying to type EXPLAIN (ANALYZE, BUFFERS, VERBOSE) in psql tool every time you tune queries. So, is there a way to define an aliases (autocompletable ones would be very nice) in psql ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

psql coloured prompt misbehaving

In theory, there is a possibility to use coloured prompts in psql. I decided (not the first time :) that I need them, so I thought I would give them a try. So I have in my .psqlrc the following: ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Mismatch between size computed from pg_buffercahce Vs shared_buffers in postgresql?

I have a rather naive question regarding the size of shared_buffers computed from pg_buffercache and the shared_buffers size mentioned in postgresql.conf. Based on my understanding pg_buffercache ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

PostgreSQL: Change default port used by utilites like psql, createdb, etc

I have 2 instances of PostgreSQL running on some servers. One on the default port (5432) and the other instance on port 5433. Some users (and processes) only need access to the second instance (5433) ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

PostgreSQL dump/restore from 8.4 to 8.1 in a shell script

I have to restore a DB table every day from a postgresql 8.4 to 8.1. For the backup, I use this code (windows server): D:\PostgreSQL\8.4\bin\pg_dump -U postgres -p 5433 -t my_table myDB > ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Can't list users - “select * from user” returns only one row with one column

I have a heroku postgres add-on database with a user table. However, when I attempt to select * from user, all I get is: current_user ---------------- rtsjlhdfptlaqd (1 row) The table name is ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Cannot start psql with user postgres “Could not change directory to /home/user ”

I did a silly mistake. I wanted to set postgres permissions to a folder for exporting data from my database. So I set something like sudo chmod 777 -u postgres /home/user and then my home partition ...
2
votes
1answer
645 views

PostgreSQL psql - not working but no errors [closed]

I'm a complete noob to PostgreSQL, so I'm probably missing something completely obvious. Connected to my local db via psql on terminal. Any command I run to make db changes, or even a simple select ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I install pgcrypto on Windows?

I would like to install pgcrypto in Windows. I have a file C:\Program\PostgreSQL\9.0\share\contrib\pgcrypto.sql but when I try to run it in psql I get an error: C:: Permission denied How do I solve ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Can you force pgpool to require SSL connections?

Can you force pgpool to drop non-ssl connections? I know you can with postgresql (Force PostgreSQL clients to use SSL?), but dropping that same syntax (hostssl instead of host) results in a ...
2
votes
0answers
845 views

Is there a Postgres admin GUI that can execute a master file containing multiple sql files

I'm developing a really long script. I'd like to break the script into smaller, more manageable scripts and include each sql file in a master file, then just execute the master file. example: ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

psql: Show current database

In psql I can use \c <database_name> to connect to a given database. How can I see what database I am currently connected to? When I do: my_db> current_database(); I get: ERROR: ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Postgres: modify existing search_path (preserve current values)

Sometimes I would like to extend the existing search path, rather than replace it, say: To start with say it is already set like so: SET search_path TO schema_b, schema_c, public; I want to add my ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

How do I automatically set meta commands when starting psql?

When I start a psql session, I would like certain meta commands to already be set. For instance: \x auto \set ON_ERROR_STOP on I was hoping to find an rc or config file but couldn't. The command ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Understanding the output of \d <table> in psql

Say I run the following command: \d mtb.big_table I get the output shown below. My questions are: What are column modifiers? (what does default now() mean?) Under Indexes, Why do some indices ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

psql asks for password, CREATE USER didn't specify one

I used to have a user, say 'jack' in postgresql, and then I forgot what the password. I reassigned all its ownerships to user postgres, removed the user, and then created it again with CREATE USER ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

There is an equivalent of login.sql on PostgresSQL?

When you log on Oracle database with SQLplus, it looks for a login.sql file in the current directory. If the file exists, it's executed. It's usefull to set preferences... There is an equivalent ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

restore compressed dump query in postgresql asks password

I'm using ubuntu OS and I took backup using sudo -u postgres pg_dump dbname | gzip > filename.gz in the file path as... /home/administrator/Documents/DB_Backup# sudo -u postgres pg_dump dbname ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Drop multiple databases in one script

I am trying to figure out how to drop multiple databases on PostgreSQL in one sql script. I preferably need it to work both when executed in pgAdmin console, and when used in psql command line tool. ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

script for restore of postgres database localy from dump given on stdin - ambiguous redirect

Runing this command: sshpass -p "pass" ssh x@1.2.3.4 "pg_dump -U foo some_db" runs perfectly fine. It returns on stdandard output the dump of db. Then I would like to restore new_db based on dump ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Can I use pg_restore to restore data to subset of tables?

I am trying to restore data in to select tables of a database (9.3.5). This is a data refresh from production to test, while maintaining some table data in the test database (like application users ...
1
vote
1answer
638 views

Postgresql: set default psql client encoding

When I connect to a Postgresql DB using psql, I often get these messages: => SELECT * FROM question_view ; ERROR: character with byte sequence 0xd7 0x9e in encoding "UTF8" has no equivalent in ...