psql is the primary interactive terminal for PostgreSQL. (DO NOT USE THIS TAG for questions targeting PostgreSQL!)

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441 views

How can I time SQL-queries using psql from command line?

I am sorry, I cannot comment, so I am posting a new question. There is already a question "How can I time SQL-queries using psql?" but I am missing answer how to do that from command line. How to run ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Postgresql: set default psql client encoding

When I connect to a Postgresql DB using psql, I often get these messages: => SELECT * FROM question_view ; ERROR: character with byte sequence 0xd7 0x9e in encoding "UTF8" has no equivalent in ...
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1answer
43 views

Can PostgreSQL results include the query?

I run the following command to run 2 queries in a sql file. Could be 1, could be 50 queries. Depends on the deployment. psql -U <username> -h <servername> -d <databasename> -f ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Understanding postgres prompts

What is the difference between postgres=# and postgres-#? I tried googling it and looking on the official site but could not get a hit for the symbols.
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1answer
1k views

Restore postgres in command line on ubuntu failed

This question may be asked many times. We are trying to move a postgres db from windows (psql 9.3) to ubuntu runing postgres 9.3. Here is what we did: In windows, create backup for db cis with ...
2
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1answer
464 views

Is there a way to define macros/alias in psql?

It is somewhat annoying to type EXPLAIN (ANALYZE, BUFFERS, VERBOSE) in psql tool every time you tune queries. So, is there a way to define an aliases (autocompletable ones would be very nice) in psql ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

How do I automatically set meta commands when starting psql?

When I start a psql session, I would like certain meta commands to already be set. For instance: \x auto \set ON_ERROR_STOP on I was hoping to find an rc or config file but couldn't. The command ...
3
votes
1answer
538 views

How to Substitute Variables in PostgreSQL

The given Oracle query inserts data into table by substituting variables. How I achieve the same in PostgreSQL? INSERT INTO control_threshold ( threshold_id, group_name, description, sql, ...
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1answer
1k views

Is there a psql equivalent of bash's reverse-search-history?

I am very fond of bash's reverse-search-history (C-r) (command-line feature): Search backward starting at the current line and moving ‘up’ through the history as necessary. This is an incremental ...
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0answers
123 views

Postgres 9.2 on Windows

Simple question, but utterly infuriating. Trying to use psql from a command prompt, but can't access any of the previous commands with the up/down cursors. I could also really do with finding out ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Understanding the output of \d <table> in psql

Say I run the following command: \d mtb.big_table I get the output shown below. My questions are: What are column modifiers? (what does default now() mean?) Under Indexes, Why do some indices ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Saving output of \ commands to disk

When I try to run the following command: my_db> \copy \dt *. to /home/john/list.txt I get an error: \copy: parse error at "*" Why? How can I save the output to disk?
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3answers
15k views

psql: Show current database

In psql I can use \c <database_name> to connect to a given database. How can I see what database I am currently connected to? When I do: my_db> current_database(); I get: ERROR: ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Cannot start psql with user postgres “Could not change directory to /home/user ”

I did a silly mistake. I wanted to set postgres permissions to a folder for exporting data from my database. So I set something like sudo chmod 777 -u postgres /home/user and then my home partition ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

Listing all databases in PostgreSQL [closed]

I have a basic question about PostgreSQL: When connecting to my database server via pgadmin3, I can see that there are multiple databases. For example, let's say I can see "test", "test1", and ...
4
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4answers
381 views

psql, getting a list of databases to be parsed by a script

I want to use psql to list all of the databases on a Postgres server, to be parsed by a script. This command lists them: psql -l -A -t but the output shows an obvious issue: the records are ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

psql coloured prompt misbehaving

In theory, there is a possibility to use coloured prompts in psql. I decided (not the first time :) that I need them, so I thought I would give them a try. So I have in my .psqlrc the following: ...
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2answers
338 views

Storing data in PostgreSQL: One table or two?

I've just started using PostgreSQL 9.2 and my data consists of product prices at various points in time, usually a different price every month. Question: Because every product can have different ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

Mismatch between size computed from pg_buffercahce Vs shared_buffers in postgresql?

I have a rather naive question regarding the size of shared_buffers computed from pg_buffercache and the shared_buffers size mentioned in postgresql.conf. Based on my understanding pg_buffercache ...
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2answers
5k views

PostgreSQL cannot start after replacing contents inside its Data folder

When recovering the Postgresql database from a hacked Ubuntu 12.04 server, I copied the data directory to another location, reinstalled the OS and PostgreSQL, stopped PostgreSQL service, removed the ...
1
vote
1answer
153 views

Hiding variable input in psql

I am attempting to prompt for a username and password when running a database creation script, and I want to hide any text input for my password prompt. In Oracle's sqlplus, I can use HIDE at the end ...
5
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0answers
2k views

Is there a Postgres admin GUI that can execute a master file containing multiple sql files

I'm developing a really long script. I'd like to break the script into smaller, more manageable scripts and include each sql file in a master file, then just execute the master file. example: ...
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3answers
2k views

psql asks for password, CREATE USER didn't specify one

I used to have a user, say 'jack' in postgresql, and then I forgot what the password. I reassigned all its ownerships to user postgres, removed the user, and then created it again with CREATE USER ...
4
votes
2answers
825 views

Variable substitution in psql when using \copy

I'm using the psql command \copy and I would like to pass a variable to it from the shell (for table name) like I've done when scripting queries. I've read in the documentation for psql that: The ...
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vote
1answer
107 views

There is an equivalent of login.sql on PostgresSQL?

When you log on Oracle database with SQLplus, it looks for a login.sql file in the current directory. If the file exists, it's executed. It's usefull to set preferences... There is an equivalent ...
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3answers
387 views

How to prevent query execution after exiting the \e editor in psql?

Is there an option that can change the "exit external editor -> query runs automatically" behaviour of the psql \e switch ? (Other than intentionally mangling the query syntax).
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0answers
3k views

restore compressed dump query in postgresql asks password [closed]

I'm using ubuntu OS and I took backup using sudo -u postgres pg_dump dbname | gzip > filename.gz in the file path as... /home/administrator/Documents/DB_Backup# sudo -u postgres pg_dump dbname ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Getting SQLSTATE in psql error messages

I have the following problem. SELECT * FROM tgvbn(); ERROR: function tgvbn() does not exist LINE 1: SELECT * FROM tgvbn(); ^ HINT: No function matches the given name and ...
4
votes
1answer
634 views

PostgreSQL psql command line tool and SET CONSTRAINTS DEFERRED

I am using PostgreSQL 9.1.5 and the psql to run a scipt containing a series of INSERT statements in various tables: psql -U usernamefoo databasenamefoo -f dml_script.sql The table constraints have ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to execute a query from psql without waiting for the result?

My query (to create a new table from existing table) takes a very long time. So I've set up a remote database in my office - more RAM there. I can connect to my database from home as usual with psql. ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

PostgreSQL psql - not working but no errors [closed]

I'm a complete noob to PostgreSQL, so I'm probably missing something completely obvious. Connected to my local db via psql on terminal. Any command I run to make db changes, or even a simple select ...
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2answers
4k views

How to conditionally stop a psql script (based on a variable value)?

Let's consider the following example (from the start of a psql script): \c :db_to_run_on TRUNCATE the_most_important_table; -- tried to avoid similarities to anything that exists out there Now if ...
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2answers
10k views

How to turn off header only in psql (postgresql)

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.1.X I am trying to build psql script to print results without a header but including a footer. http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/app-psql.html From the document ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

PostgreSQL: Change default port used by utilites like psql, createdb, etc

I have 2 instances of PostgreSQL running on some servers. One on the default port (5432) and the other instance on port 5433. Some users (and processes) only need access to the second instance (5433) ...
0
votes
1answer
601 views

PL/pgSQL function + client-side lo_import

I have a problem with importing documents into PostgreSQL. I have a plpgsql function, which simplified could look like this: create function add_file(flag integer, sth varchar) returns void as begin ...
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11answers
70k views

PostgreSQL is running locally but I cannot connect. Why?

Recently updated my machine from Mac OS X Lion (10.7.4) to Mountain Lion (10.8) and I think it borked my PostgreSQL installation. It was installed originally via Homebrew. I'm not a DBA, but hoping ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

Drop multiple databases in one script

I am trying to figure out how to drop multiple databases on PostgreSQL in one sql script. I preferably need it to work both when executed in pgAdmin console, and when used in psql command line tool. ...
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votes
3answers
2k views

How to concatenate psql variables?

How can I concatenate two psql (PostgreSQL client) variables? I want to generate an absolute path by concatenating a directory path variable and a filename variable. I've tried this: \set path ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

Passing arguments to psql

I'm running a plpgsql script in Postgres 8.3 - I would like to pass arguments to this script via psql. I'm currently executing the script like: psql -d database -u user -f update_file.sql I came ...
2
votes
1answer
21k views

How to import a.csv file into a postgresql database using \copy?

I am trying to import a .csv file into a postgresql database. I am using pgadmin III for that on a win7 machine. My query looks like that: \COPY pop_grid(GRID_ID, POP_TOT, YEAR, METHD_CL, CNTR_CODE, ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

send jobs via psql asynchronously

I want to backup a huge number of records and delete them, but I don't have complete access to database server so I can't run my script on the server. because it takes so long I need to submit ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

psql won't list databases

I have a situation that I'm scratching my head over, but I'm new to postgresql, so I may be overlooking something obvious. I set up a testbed server and set access in pg_hba.conf: local all ...
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vote
3answers
1k views

access columns returned by psql from bash

I want to use value returned by psql in bash. This is the script: psql "connection parameters" -c "SELECT pg_database_size('dbname');" The output is like this: pg_database_size ...
1
vote
1answer
864 views

How to know how many lines are copied from table - psql

I want to write a script to backup a table using COPY. psql "connection parameters" -c "COPY (SELECT * FROM tbl WHERE insertion_date > 'date') TO STDOUT WITH CSV HEADER;" | bzip2 -c > ...
24
votes
1answer
44k views

How to use psql with no password prompt?

I wrote a script to REINDEX indexes in a database. Here is one of them: echo -e "\nreindex for unq_vbvdata_vehicle started at: `date "+%F %T"`" >> ${LOG_FILE} psql -U ${USERNAME} -h ${HOSTNAME} ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

PostgreSQL dump/restore from 8.4 to 8.1 in a shell script

I have to restore a DB table every day from a postgresql 8.4 to 8.1. For the backup, I use this code (windows server): D:\PostgreSQL\8.4\bin\pg_dump -U postgres -p 5433 -t my_table myDB > ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Span single transaction over several sequential psql sessions

I am running PostgreSQL 8.4 database server and psql terminal front-end on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx and would like to span a single transaction over several sequential psql sessions. When I connect to ...
4
votes
1answer
627 views

Dropped database still shows but causes errors PostgreSQL

I had dropped a database a couple weeks ago but it still shows with \l. I've tried using DROP DATABASE mixmobi_master; and the first time it gave me a confirmation message but mixmobi_master was ...
3
votes
1answer
14k views

Postgres client copy (\copy) command doesn't have access to a temporary table?

I'm generating a list of SQL commands to export some data that I ultimately run using psql -f. The queries all get the same subset of data, so I thought I'd factor the qualifications out and put a ...
22
votes
3answers
61k views

List the database privileges using psql

I'm in the middle of a database server migration and I can't figure (after googling and searching here) how can I list the database privileges (or all the privileges across the server) on PostgreSQL ...