psql is the primary interactive terminal for PostgreSQL. (DO NOT USE THIS TAG for questions targeting PostgreSQL!)

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564
votes
7answers
1.0m views

How do I list all databases and tables using psql?

I am trying to learn PostgreSQL administration and have started learning how to use the psql command line tool. When I log in with psql --username=postgres, how do I list all databases and tables? I ...
101
votes
2answers
47k views

How can I time SQL-queries using psql?

I would like to benchmark some SQL-queries agains my PostgreSQL database. Is there any way I can time SQL-queries using psql?
27
votes
3answers
67k views

List the database privileges using psql

I'm in the middle of a database server migration and I can't figure (after googling and searching here) how can I list the database privileges (or all the privileges across the server) on PostgreSQL ...
26
votes
12answers
73k views

PostgreSQL is running locally but I cannot connect. Why?

Recently updated my machine from Mac OS X Lion (10.7.4) to Mountain Lion (10.8) and I think it borked my PostgreSQL installation. It was installed originally via Homebrew. I'm not a DBA, but hoping ...
26
votes
1answer
47k views

How to use psql with no password prompt?

I wrote a script to REINDEX indexes in a database. Here is one of them: echo -e "\nreindex for unq_vbvdata_vehicle started at: `date "+%F %T"`" >> ${LOG_FILE} psql -U ${USERNAME} -h ${HOSTNAME} ...
25
votes
3answers
59k views

How to run psql on Mac OS X?

I installed PostgreSQL on a computer with Mac OS X using the One click installer. Then I try to access PostgreSQL using the psql command, but it doesn't seem to be available. I get this message: ...
17
votes
3answers
17k views

psql: Show current database

In psql I can use \c <database_name> to connect to a given database. How can I see what database I am currently connected to? When I do: my_db> current_database(); I get: ERROR: ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Source several files at once with psql

I want to execute several sql scripts sequentially with psql as a single transaction to set up my database schema. What is the best way to do this? In the past I know I had a master script that I ran ...
9
votes
2answers
10k views

How to turn off header only in psql (postgresql)

I'm using PostgreSQL 9.1.X I am trying to build psql script to print results without a header but including a footer. http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/app-psql.html From the document ...
9
votes
1answer
61 views

When are privileges listed in \l and when not?

When are access privileges listed by \l, and when are they not? The access privileges listed by \l can change after a grant and revoke: $ createuser -EP my_readonly $ psql development development=# \...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Why can't I see my table (PostgreSQL) when I use \dt(+) inside psql?

I have created the table donor in the schema reference as per: CREATE TABLE reference.donor ( donor_code smallint PRIMARY KEY, donor_name character varying NOT NULL, donor_type smallint ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a psql equivalent of bash's reverse-search-history?

I am very fond of bash's reverse-search-history (C-r) (command-line feature): Search backward starting at the current line and moving ‘up’ through the history as necessary. This is an incremental ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How to concatenate psql variables?

How can I concatenate two psql (PostgreSQL client) variables? I want to generate an absolute path by concatenating a directory path variable and a filename variable. I've tried this: \set path '/tmp/...
6
votes
1answer
7k views

How to insert an IP-address into an inet column in PostgreSQL?

I would like to insert an IP-address into a column that has type inet. In what format can I insert the data? is it only binary or is there any way I can insert from text e.g. "192.168.1.082"? Are ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Span single transaction over several sequential psql sessions

I am running PostgreSQL 8.4 database server and psql terminal front-end on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx and would like to span a single transaction over several sequential psql sessions. When I connect to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Getting SQLSTATE in psql error messages

I have the following problem. SELECT * FROM tgvbn(); ERROR: function tgvbn() does not exist LINE 1: SELECT * FROM tgvbn(); ^ HINT: No function matches the given name and ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Passing arguments to psql

I'm running a plpgsql script in Postgres 8.3 - I would like to pass arguments to this script via psql. I'm currently executing the script like: psql -d database -u user -f update_file.sql I came ...
5
votes
2answers
361 views

psql: SELECT * … except one column

I search for a simple way to select all columns except one in psql. With psql I mean the interactive command line. I would be happy with a tool that expands to * to a list of quoted column names. ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Restoring plain-text pg_dump with psql and --disable-triggers

I had to perform some tests with a short script to update some "legacy" data in one of my tables. Cautious as I am, using an untested script, I decided to backup the relevant table before doing so. ...
5
votes
0answers
2k views

Is there a Postgres admin GUI that can execute a master file containing multiple sql files

I'm developing a really long script. I'd like to break the script into smaller, more manageable scripts and include each sql file in a master file, then just execute the master file. example: master....
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to execute a query from psql without waiting for the result?

My query (to create a new table from existing table) takes a very long time. So I've set up a remote database in my office - more RAM there. I can connect to my database from home as usual with psql. ...
4
votes
4answers
396 views

psql, getting a list of databases to be parsed by a script

I want to use psql to list all of the databases on a Postgres server, to be parsed by a script. This command lists them: psql -l -A -t but the output shows an obvious issue: the records are ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

psql won't list databases

I have a situation that I'm scratching my head over, but I'm new to postgresql, so I may be overlooking something obvious. I set up a testbed server and set access in pg_hba.conf: local all ...
4
votes
1answer
654 views

PostgreSQL psql command line tool and SET CONSTRAINTS DEFERRED

I am using PostgreSQL 9.1.5 and the psql to run a scipt containing a series of INSERT statements in various tables: psql -U usernamefoo databasenamefoo -f dml_script.sql The table constraints have ...
4
votes
3answers
408 views

How to prevent query execution after exiting the \e editor in psql?

Is there an option that can change the "exit external editor -> query runs automatically" behaviour of the psql \e switch ? (Other than intentionally mangling the query syntax).
4
votes
2answers
4k views

How to conditionally stop a psql script (based on a variable value)?

Let's consider the following example (from the start of a psql script): \c :db_to_run_on TRUNCATE the_most_important_table; -- tried to avoid similarities to anything that exists out there Now if ...
4
votes
2answers
901 views

Variable substitution in psql when using \copy

I'm using the psql command \copy and I would like to pass a variable to it from the shell (for table name) like I've done when scripting queries. I've read in the documentation for psql that: The ...
4
votes
1answer
637 views

Dropped database still shows but causes errors PostgreSQL

I had dropped a database a couple weeks ago but it still shows with \l. I've tried using DROP DATABASE mixmobi_master; and the first time it gave me a confirmation message but mixmobi_master was ...
4
votes
1answer
435 views

Cannot revoke default privileges from postgresql user

I am using the psql tool: Command: my_db=# \ddp Result: Default access privileges Owner | Schema | Type | Access privileges ----------------+-------...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Rollback on \include error in psql

I'm trying to execute an sql script file in a single transation. The file contains includes for some other scripts which in my example create some tables. It looks like this: \include ../tables/...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why 't' and 'f' instead of TRUE and FALSE

Why does PostgreSQL return 't' and 'f' instead of TRUE and FALSE? The documentation itself advises us to use TRUE and FALSE when inserting boolean values or making comparisons, but returns a ...
3
votes
1answer
584 views

How to Substitute Variables in PostgreSQL

The given Oracle query inserts data into table by substituting variables. How I achieve the same in PostgreSQL? INSERT INTO control_threshold ( threshold_id, group_name, description, sql, ...
3
votes
1answer
15k views

Postgres client copy (\copy) command doesn't have access to a temporary table?

I'm generating a list of SQL commands to export some data that I ultimately run using psql -f. The queries all get the same subset of data, so I thought I'd factor the qualifications out and put a ...
3
votes
2answers
12k views

psql denies access to file when using COPY FROM

When I do this: COPY "mytable" FROM '/my/file.csv' WITH DELIMITER AS ',' CSV; On this: -rw-r--r-- 1 peter peter 54819176 2011-07-21 13:17 file.csv psql tells me this: ERROR: could not open ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Postgresql: set default psql client encoding

When I connect to a Postgresql DB using psql, I often get these messages: => SELECT * FROM question_view ; ERROR: character with byte sequence 0xd7 0x9e in encoding "UTF8" has no equivalent in ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

How do I automatically set meta commands when starting psql?

When I start a psql session, I would like certain meta commands to already be set. For instance: \x auto \set ON_ERROR_STOP on I was hoping to find an rc or config file but couldn't. The command ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How to paste chinese characters in psql terminal?

I am trying to paste chinese characters into psql terminal: $ psql => \encoding => UTF8 # Ctrl+v (艺术与设计) => ?????设计 When pasting into normal terminal (Max OS) it works fine: $ # Ctrl+v (...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Understanding postgres prompts

What is the difference between postgres=# and postgres-#? I tried googling it and looking on the official site but could not get a hit for the symbols.
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Queries show data but not column names

I'm getting through the postgresql tutorial, I've created my db, 2 tables, weather and cities and added a few lines of data. When I query my db with this sql statement for example: SELECT city, ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

psql coloured prompt misbehaving

In theory, there is a possibility to use coloured prompts in psql. I decided (not the first time :) that I need them, so I thought I would give them a try. So I have in my .psqlrc the following: \...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

PostgreSQL psql - not working but no errors [closed]

I'm a complete noob to PostgreSQL, so I'm probably missing something completely obvious. Connected to my local db via psql on terminal. Any command I run to make db changes, or even a simple select ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

PostgreSQL: Change default port used by utilites like psql, createdb, etc

I have 2 instances of PostgreSQL running on some servers. One on the default port (5432) and the other instance on port 5433. Some users (and processes) only need access to the second instance (5433) ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

send jobs via psql asynchronously

I want to backup a huge number of records and delete them, but I don't have complete access to database server so I can't run my script on the server. because it takes so long I need to submit jobs(...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How do I install pgcrypto on Windows?

I would like to install pgcrypto in Windows. I have a file C:\Program\PostgreSQL\9.0\share\contrib\pgcrypto.sql but when I try to run it in psql I get an error: C:: Permission denied How do I solve ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Can I use pg_restore to restore data to subset of tables?

I am trying to restore data in to select tables of a database (9.3.5). This is a data refresh from production to test, while maintaining some table data in the test database (like application users ...
2
votes
1answer
22k views

How to import a.csv file into a postgresql database using \copy?

I am trying to import a .csv file into a postgresql database. I am using pgadmin III for that on a win7 machine. My query looks like that: \COPY pop_grid(GRID_ID, POP_TOT, YEAR, METHD_CL, CNTR_CODE, ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Require JSON to have an element

When working with the json datatype, is there a way to ensure the input JSON must have an element? I don't mean primary, I want the JSON that gets inserted to at least have the id, name element. It ...
2
votes
1answer
495 views

Is there a way to define macros/alias in psql?

It is somewhat annoying to type EXPLAIN (ANALYZE, BUFFERS, VERBOSE) in psql tool every time you tune queries. So, is there a way to define an aliases (autocompletable ones would be very nice) in psql ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Cannot start psql with user postgres “Could not change directory to /home/user ”

I did a silly mistake. I wanted to set postgres permissions to a folder for exporting data from my database. So I set something like sudo chmod 777 -u postgres /home/user and then my home partition ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

Mismatch between size computed from pg_buffercahce Vs shared_buffers in postgresql?

I have a rather naive question regarding the size of shared_buffers computed from pg_buffercache and the shared_buffers size mentioned in postgresql.conf. Based on my understanding pg_buffercache ...