Category of database management systems characterised by the ability to join two data sets by matching on common fields, using mathematics-based relational logic.

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21
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4answers
13k views

How should I design a relationship table for friendship?

If A is a friend of B, then should I store both values AB and BA, or one is enough? What are the advantages and disadvantages of both methods. Here is my observation: If I keep both then I have to ...
19
votes
3answers
6k views

Proper Use of Lookup Tables

I'm having trouble figuring out exactly how to place good boundaries for when and where to use lookup tables in a database. Most sources I've looked at say that I can never have too many but, at some ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

What standard should I follow when naming tables and views?

What standard should I follow when naming tables and views? For instance, is it a good idea to put something like tbl_ at the beginning of table names? Should I designate code/lookup tables in some ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

How to have a one-to-many relationship with a privileged child?

I want to have a one-to-many relationship in which for each parent, one or zero of the children is marked as a “favorite.” However, not every parent will have a child. (Think of the parents as ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How do Application Like Yelp Retrieve distance information from data base efficiently

For example, say I have a table: Business(BusinessID, Lattitude, Longitude) All are indexed of course. Also there are 1 million records Say I want to find businesses closest to 106,5, for example, ...
8
votes
2answers
999 views

How to structure a model to properly and efficiently represent tree-like data on relational databases?

Based on Traversing tree-like data in a relational database using SQL question, I would like to know how the way regularly used to describe tree-like data on relational databases considering physical ...
8
votes
4answers
604 views

Arbitrarily ordering records in a table

A common need when using a database is to access records in order. For example, if I have a blog, I want to be able to reorder my blog posts in arbitrary order. These entries often have lots of ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Friends relations in MySQL

I'm developing a friendship relation in MySQL where friend relation is mutual. If A is friend of B, then B is friend of A. If one of the users end friendship then relation drops. I want to learn which ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Is one-to-one relationship normalized?

Consider we have a large set of statistical data for a record; e.g. 20-30 INT columns. Is it better to keep the entire set in one table as they all belong to a record OR creating a another table ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Designing a user authenication (Roles & Rights) module

I am trying to model a User Authentication module for a MS SQL Server database that will be the back end to a Delphi UI Application. Basically, I want to have user accounts where the user belongs to ...
7
votes
2answers
580 views

Best relational database structure for this data

I'm in the process of creating a database scheme for the following scenario: There are users Users have roles (such as "Developer" or "CEO") Roles have applications (such as "Topdesk") Applications ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to normalize Time Sheet data?

I am having a terrible time finding an appropriate way to store this data in a database. The current excel (simple) version looks something like this: http://i.stack.imgur.com/BEZOw.png Staff and ...
6
votes
2answers
967 views

What's a good relational structure for units and complex unit conversions?

My company is in the Energy industry and I need to come up with a good way to represent the conversion of units of measurement. I've done some searching and have yet to find a good article covering ...
6
votes
2answers
388 views

Definition for “logical difference”?

I'm currently reading "SQL and Relational Theory" by C.J. Date. And although I'm quite far in the book, I've got a few basic questions. I want to know what the term "logical difference" means, The ...
6
votes
4answers
434 views

Database Design for updatable sequential records

I am working on creating a data model for storing data related to production tracking. I work for an engineering firm that models and analyzes data for our clients. There are several steps in the ...
5
votes
1answer
339 views

Database structure, relational or data warehouse?

Good morning, Im having some issues with how my database should be laid out and would appreciate some guidance. I have several tables (rainfall data), each containing the following columns: Date ...
5
votes
2answers
11k views

Relational Design - Multiple tables into one foreign key column?

Take a table that tracks meat purchases. It has a "meat_id" foreign key column to indicate what type of meat the purchase was. But, the different types of meat are unique in some way (such as USDA ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Two relationships to same table

i have one transaction table, each transaction has 5-6 contacts involved. each contact has the same fields like name, address, cell, email etc. So the best thing I guess is to use the same contact ...
5
votes
3answers
676 views

Replace relational database with “poor” design in software product with non-relational DB? [closed]

Edit: This question is about how to deal with many issues that arose from a overall system design, which made parts of the system deviate from common standards. For example, managing everything in the ...
4
votes
1answer
481 views

Would appreciate some suggestions on how I should model this data

I am setting up a website that will have users. Users can search for songs and (if signed in) save them to a playlist or their library of songs. I want it to be like iTunes in that all the songs on ...
4
votes
3answers
250 views

How to design this simple DB?

How to design this simple DB? I need to add some things to a DB I use to keep track of servers. Table looks something like this. Matrix | Name | Description | Etc | Etc | ...
4
votes
1answer
414 views

How should I model a worflow of status/activities ? (rules like “if is 3 go to 4, if is 4 go to 5” etc)

I'm trying to model a workflow (status and activities) to create "rules". Let me give you an example. The main "object" let's say are "vehicle requirements", I will have this table: idRequirement, ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

unique constraint on a set

With reference to this SO question, what would be a correct way to implement Unique tag Combination Constraint in SQL Server 2005? To illustrate the problem, I make an example: A tag_bundle consists ...
4
votes
1answer
853 views

How to use a relational database to store all users who belong to a group, and all groups which a user belongs to?

This is a beginner question: A user can belong to many groups, and a group can contain many users. Let's say the two tables look something like this: user_id user_name user_email group_id ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

How can I improve this design?

I'm creating an event planning PHP/MySQL web application as a learning project. The whole app revolves around the idea of the event and its various components (participants, groups, lists, etc.) I ...
4
votes
1answer
455 views

database design issue

This is my first time on this beautiful content rich site. I have a sql server 2008 database, but am not too experienced with good relational database design. My project is this: I have a school ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

Transforming table to third normal form

I have a table like this: L(A, B, C, D, E) and functional dependencies are: AB -> CDE C -> D D -> B D -> E I need to transform this table into 3NF. I think it's not even in 2NF. I ...
3
votes
2answers
345 views

Should I use a compound or surrogate PK in a many-to-many table?

I have a database: DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `books`; CREATE TABLE `books` ( `isbn` VARCHAR(255) NOT NULL, `title` VARCHAR(255) NULL DEFAULT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (`isbn`) ) COMMENT 'Books used at this ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Which tables to create according to relations

We are planning a new system with a new DB (MS SQL Server). We have the following entities and the following relations: Entities: Clubs, Chains, PaymentTypes, etc... Relations: Clubs-Chains (M-M); ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Optimised Schema for City-to-City Distance Table

This is my first question, forgive me if this question is simple. I'm stuck here, trying to implement the relations for the data represented below. I want to scale it vertically (new rows), instead of ...
3
votes
1answer
322 views

What scope(s) is “hasMany” a part of?

I realize, when talking about structures, obviously if you say "post hasMany comments" there are many records about comments relating to each post. What I don't understand is what context these sort ...
3
votes
3answers
72 views

Is it better to create another table to possible null values in relational databases?

I'm designing a relational database to use in MySQL. I have the next situation: In one table there are fields that in the most of situations are NULL. The fields would be like: Table name: tabla ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

XML vs. Relational databases?

I feel like this isn't the best question to ask on a programming site like this, but I haven't really found a satisfying answer online and I would really like to get a different perspective on this. ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

Can relationships have relationships?

I have the following requirements (as part of a larger system). In the database, I need to maintain a list of parts, suppliers who sell those parts. Many suppliers can sell the same part and each ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Number of ISA relationship triangles in an Entity Relationship Diagram

The following two diagrams are nearly identical. However, in one, there are two ISA triangles from the Entity "Movie" and in the other there is just one. What is the difference in meaning?
3
votes
1answer
545 views

Applying user-defined fields to arbitrary entities

Currently we have an old (rather crude) system that has user-defined fields, which are mapped against rows in arbitrary tables. This was an after-the-fact modification based on a customer request, and ...
3
votes
1answer
27 views

What is the correct way to map relationships between structurally similar comments tables and commentable entities?

I'm working on the usual comments table in postgres that has a one-to-many relationship with a commentable entity. In other words, one comment belongs to a post, and a post can have many comments. ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Table Structure: 2 Related Entities Share the Same Entity

I was hoping I could get some advice on my table structure. Im writing a simple workout tracker for me and my buddies. These are the requirements: Multiple users A user can have multiple workouts A ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Database Design - One table for different types of transactions

Considering a procurement system as an example. Would it make sense to have one single table for the following: Quote, Order, Invoice and Credit Memo? There will be some details that are different. ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

First Normal Form, why is it good and how does it reduce redundancy

I asked a similar question on SO and was advised to ask the type of question here. This is for a course on relational databases. A sample problem asks "how come every table in a relational database ...
2
votes
1answer
658 views

Foreign Keys with Composite Key

Imagine I have a table with the following dependency: (Name, BoughtFrom, TimeBought) --> Cost Where the three attributes in bold form a composite primary key for the table. Now then, I want to ...
2
votes
3answers
442 views

Express union which is dependent on other results

I would like to make a union of two tables that are actually in a hierarchical constellation. How would I write that in relational algebra? Say table A is the parent of B in a 1:n relationship. ...
2
votes
2answers
422 views

Advanced search engine or server for relational database

In my current project we are storing big volume of data in relational database. One of the recent key requirements is to enrich application by adding some advanced search capabilities. In the Project ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How to insert values in junction table for many to many relationships?

I have three tables in database: trips(trip_id(pk), trip_name(unique), user_id(fk)) places(place_id(pk), place_name(unique)) trips_places_asc(trip_id(fk), place_id(fk)) Since many trips can ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Algebra of joins, is there ever a need to repeat a table in a series of joins?

First, I'm just asking about inner joins. And, I'm thinking self joins or reflexive joins through a join table are special cases which depend on how the data is structured (e.g. city - state - ...
2
votes
2answers
8k views

MySQL Workbench, how to refresh EER diagram?

I'm using MySQL Workbench to design my MySQL database and model how entities would look like and how they would relate to each other. Now, sometimes I use Doctrine ORM. When using Doctrine ORM, I ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I persist recurring events?

I've been tasked with designing a system to recur events. Events may recur daily, hourly, monthly or yearly. Users should be able to schedule events "every 3rd Wednesday of the month" or "The 1st of ...
2
votes
1answer
802 views

Relationships between subtypes of an entity

I have a very big (hundred of milions rows) table which represent an entity (event) having many subtypes (different kind of recorded events). Each row is identified by an id (obj_id) and has an ...
2
votes
1answer
704 views

How to store several lists and their items

The app I'm working on revolves around projects. Each project can contain several lists, and each list is made up of several items. Each list relates to a single project. Is it better to have one ...
2
votes
2answers
209 views

mySQL Relational Tables

Say I have 3 tables Products, Orders and Orders Product Products Table ID | StockNum | Description | Price 4 | 452SB | Black | 45.65 5 | 752SA | Green | 17.12 Orders Table ID ...