A schema of a database system is its structure described in a formal language supported by the database management system (DBMS) and refers to the organization of data to create a blueprint of how a database will be constructed (divided into database tables).

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How do I list all schemas in PostgreSQL?

When using PostgreSQL v9.1, how do I list all of the schemas using SQL? I was expecting something along the lines of: SELECT something FROM pg_blah;
61
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5answers
7k views

How can a group track database schema changes?

What version control methodologies help teams of people track database schema changes?
53
votes
5answers
9k views

Is there a name for this database structure?

Noob question, sorry if it's too basic for this exchange. We process a routine data feed from a client who just refactored their database from a form that seems familiar (one row per entity, one ...
35
votes
5answers
86k views

Difference between database vs user vs schema

I'm really confused with the terms database, user and schema. Can anyone explain how they are different from each other (if they are)? If they are same then, what are the similarities between them? ...
28
votes
1answer
10k views

Best practices for schema changes and data migrations to a live database without downtime?

How do you make schema changes to a live database without downtime? For instance, lets say I have a PostgreSQL database with a table including various user data like email addresses etc, all ...
21
votes
4answers
16k views

Should dbo schema be avoided?

When it comes to the dbo schema: Is it a best practice to avoid using the dbo schema when creating database objects? Why should the dbo schema be avoided or should it? Which database user should own ...
16
votes
2answers
921 views

Decision criteria on when to use a non-dbo schema vs a new Database

I'm mostly an application developer but find myself having to do all the up-front database work for my current project (btw... its MS SQL Server 2008). As a first decision, I'm trying to figure out ...
15
votes
3answers
7k views

Schema design - best practices?

I understand the capabilities of SQL Server Schemas, but what are the best practices? Sure they give another layer of security, and provide logical grouping of database objects within the database, ...
15
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6answers
3k views

Redgate SQL Compare vs Visual Studio 2010 Premium/Ultimate database project

I currently use the Visual Studio Professional Edition which has the database project as a project template, but some of its features are not available, for example Schema Compare tool. The schema ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Schema-less/flexible + ACID Database?

I am looking at rewriting a VB based on-premise (locally installed) application (invoicing+inventory) as a web based Clojure application for small enterprise customers. I am intending this to be ...
12
votes
4answers
14k views

Is there a tool to check if my database is normalized to the third normal form?

I learned about normalization recently, and understand how important it is when implementing a new schema. How can I check if my database is 2NF or 3NF compliant ? Manual review is a sure option, ...
12
votes
1answer
85k views

How to transfer data using expdp and impdp commands?

I'm Oracle noob, and my intention is to transfer all data and metadata from one schema to another schema within an Oracle database. I'm planning to use datapump expdp and impdp commands. I have ...
12
votes
1answer
5k views

ERROR: no schema has been selected to create in

I am working on an amazon RDS postgresql database where I know there had been some issue with the public schema (maybe it was dropped). But apparently the schema exists, and anyway the problem is not ...
11
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6answers
18k views

Is there any good tool for making Database Design and Prototypes? [closed]

I would like to have a good tool for designing the Database Schema with all the tables, columns, data types and relations. Today I mostly do this with pen and paper but I would like to do it in a good ...
11
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4answers
50k views

Copy complete structure of a table

Using some methods, when you create a copy of a table you lose indexes, PK, FK, etc. For example in SQL Server I can say: select * into dbo.table2 from dbo.table1; This is just a simple copy of the ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

eCommerce orders table. Save prices, or use an audit/history table?

Im designing my first eCommerce schema. I've been reading around the subject for a little while, and am a bit confused about the relationship between an order_line_item and a product A product can ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Finding empty columns of a table in PostgreSQL

What query would return the name of the columns of a table where all rows are NULL?
10
votes
2answers
4k views

PostgreSQL: schema diff/patch tool [closed]

Consider the following setting: A production DB A dev db, on which schema changes are made to enable new features When the development of a new feature is complete, I have to manually update the ...
10
votes
3answers
421 views

How-to implement an entity with an unknown maximum number of attributes?

I am designing a baseball simulation program and I have run into a problem with designing the boxscore schema. The problem I have is that I want to track how many runs are scored in each inning. The ...
10
votes
1answer
11k views

Difference between Owned Schemas and Role Membership for Microsoft SQL Server

Are there differences between Owned Schemas and Role Members? From my understanding, the Role Members are compulsory - user need to have at least one of the check box under Role Members checked. ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

How recording of every change of a row in a database is generaly stored?

In a project I'm working on, every change to the rows in some tables of the database must be tracked for further audit or rollback. It must be easy to find who modified the row, from which IP address ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it bad idea to create foreign keys on the tables in a different schemas in the same database for big applications?

I am working on the transfer a big pl/sql web-based application to the dedicated server. This application is located in one schema with 70 packages of programm code. This application was made ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Do schema changes “break” SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn or are they handled transparently?

My organization is planning to adopt SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn and I am trying to understand what impact (if any) it will have on our application upgrade process. We release application updates on an ...
9
votes
2answers
262 views

Find rows where integer sequence contains a given subsequence

Problem Note: I refer to the mathematical sequences, not the sequences mechanism of PostgreSQL. I have a table representing sequences of integers. The definition are: CREATE TABLE sequences ( id ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Guidance for using composite keys to identify rows

Is it good practice (or would it have any adverse effects) to use a set of 4 columns to identify a row as being unique (one being a foriegn key, the other three being float data types)? I'm attempting ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

PostgreSQL: Creation date of a table

I've recently finished a project, during which many DB tables were created. Most of these tables contain temporary garbage, and I am looking for a simple way to list all these tables. Is there a ...
8
votes
1answer
778 views

Concept of Schema in PostgreSQL

I am not able to understand concept and usage of schema in PostgreSQL. I have no idea how it can affect my database design. Why should I use it? Can it affect me in future if I decide to not think ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How to version control PostgreSQL schema with comments?

I version control most of my work with Git: code, documentation, system configuration. I am able to do that because all my valuable work is stored as text files. I have also been writing and dealing ...
8
votes
1answer
144 views

Functional dependencies applies to whole database or to a particular relation?

I am new to dbms. I saw a lecture video about functional dependencies. But I am confused a bit that whether functional dependency is a constraint put on whole database or on a particular schema?
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Database Design - different objects with shared tagging

My background is more in web programming rather than database administration, so please correct me if I'm using the wrong terminology here. I'm trying to figure out the best way to design the ...
8
votes
2answers
519 views

Can I losslessly decompose this table?

I've stumbled across a database design problem that's out of my league, and my go-to DBA guru is off on fire drills. In essence, I have a table with the following primary key: child_id integer ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Why can't I see my table (PostgreSQL) when I use \dt(+) inside psql?

I have created the table donor in the schema reference as per: CREATE TABLE reference.donor ( donor_code smallint PRIMARY KEY, donor_name character varying NOT NULL, donor_type smallint ...
8
votes
1answer
559 views

SSDT Schema Compare fails when comparing my DB Project to my Azure Server

I have a SQL Database project that I have built our enterprise DB on. It has deployed several times on internal and AWS hosted SQL servers using SSDT's Schema Compare tool. The problem when I post ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Is there an Open Source Metadata Management Solution? [closed]

Is there an Open Source Metadata Management Solution? I'd like to create a Metadata Repository that will hold the details of the metadata of database schemas, tables and data items of hundreds of ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

What is the usage of performance_schema in MySQL 5.5?

I have upgraded to MySQL version 5.5. There, I had observed performance_schema in the schema list. What is the usage of this new schema..? How can we monitor using this schema..? What are the ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Schema to support dynamic object properties

I'm working on an editor that enables its users to create "object" definitions in real-time. A definition can contain zero or more properties. A property has a name, a type and possibly a default ...
8
votes
1answer
583 views

Designing Simple Schema for Disaggregation of Demand Forecast

I am doing a simple database design task as a training exercise where I have to come up with a basic schema design for the following case: I have a parent-child hierarchy of products (example, Raw ...
7
votes
2answers
141 views

What are the consequences of not specifying NOT NULL in PostgreSQL for fields which can't be null?

I have an application (data is stored in PostgreSQL), where majority of the fields in the tables are always not null, but the schema for these tables does not enforce this. For example look at this ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I organize my tables?

My database contains more than 200 tables. When I want to modify or insert a table, I find it difficult to find it among all those tables. Is there any way to collect related tables in a folder ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

MySQL Database Schema for Train Timetables

I am interested in what a MySQL database schema would look like for a train timetable. Generally this is presented in table format as the final result. Train No. 11111 22222 11111 Train Day ...
7
votes
1answer
493 views

Efficiently storing sets of key-value pairs with wildly different keys

I inherited an application that associates many different types of activities with a site. There are roughly 100 different activity types, and each one has differing set of 3-10 fields. However, all ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What's a good relational structure for units and complex unit conversions?

My company is in the Energy industry and I need to come up with a good way to represent the conversion of units of measurement. I've done some searching and have yet to find a good article covering ...
7
votes
2answers
14k views

Allow user to do anything within his own schema but not create or drop the schema itself

I have created a schema in SQL Azure and granted the following permissions to a database role: CREATE ROLE myrole AUTHORIZATION dbo; EXEC sp_addrolemember 'myrole', 'myuser'; CREATE SCHEMA myschema ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Is there a performance hit by breaking out tables into different schemas in SQL Server?

Is there any kind of performance hit when querying by placing tables in different schemas in SQL Server. For instance if I had 2 tables, Table1 and Table2, and put Table1 into the test schema and ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

PostgreSQL schemas and search_path

I'm reading Oreilly's PostgreSQL: Up and Running, and in the section Organizing Your Database Using Schemas it says the search_path may be set at the database level: For example, if we wanted all ...
7
votes
1answer
205 views

Purpose of owning a schema in SQL Server

I've been spending the last few days cleaning up database permissions, grouping them all into AD groups and removing orphaned users. This has lead me to a recurring scenario: Find a user that owns ...
6
votes
2answers
421 views

What is the name of this schema pattern

Its been a few years... but I've run into a problem-set that reminds me of a schema design pattern and I'm trying to recall the details. Essentially, the pattern consists of one database which is 3 ...
6
votes
4answers
847 views

How can a database be normalized when an optional field causes denormalization?

Suppose you have a warehouse full of widgets. Each widget in the warehouse is stored in a specific identifiable location within the warehouse. You might have a schema which looks like this: A ...
6
votes
2answers
219 views

Efficient Database schema for multi-lingual content?

Assume I have a table for blog posts, posts, and schema as id author title content and each post can belonged to some categories id name descrtiption So a blog post can belong to multiple ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How to migrate between schemas in bulk in SQL Server?

We currently have multiple databases but would like to combine them and, instead, separate our domain contexts using schemas. In MS SQL Server 2008 R2, how can I relocate all the contents of one ...