All versions of Microsoft SQL Server (not MySQL). Please also add a version-specific tag like sql-server-2016 if that is relevant to the question.

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10
votes
5answers
58k views

Why is SQL Server consuming more server memory?

Sqlserver is consuming 87.5 % of my server Ram. This recently causes alot of performance bottleneck such as slowness.I Research on this issue. One common solution i could find on the internet is to ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Run a PowerShell script on a different server - from inside a SQL Server job

I have a procedure to backup SSAS Databases. That is working as a charm. Now my server is filling up with SSAS backups and I would like to delete the backup files that are older than 2 days. to ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

gain admin access to sql express 2008

I have inherited a Windows 7 Professional pc with an existing instance of SQL Express 2008. I have local admin rights on the machine. I do not know the SA password. I am unable to create databases or ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Why is SSMS inserting new rows at the top of a table not the bottom?

Whenever I manually insert a row into a table in SQL Server Management Studio 2008 (the database is SQL Server 2005) my new row appears at the TOP of the list rather than the bottom. I'm using ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

DBA Tasks ( SQL Server 2008 ) - Recommendation - Maintenance plan

I'm a JR DBA on a big company. I was hired 6 months ago, and I'm learning things really fast (I'm the only DBA here). The old DBA left servers and SQL Server instances for me, to take care of it. ...
47
votes
6answers
44k views

What are the main causes of deadlocks and can they be prevented?

Recently one of our ASP.NET applications displayed a database deadlock error and I was requested to check and fix the error. I managed to find the cause of the deadlock was a stored procedure that was ...
86
votes
5answers
30k views

When should I use a unique constraint instead of a unique index?

When I want a column to have distinct values, I can either use a constraint create table t1( id int primary key, code varchar(10) unique NULL ); go or I can use a unique index create table t2( id ...
17
votes
7answers
50k views

Need to migrate SQL Server to MySQL

I have a database on SQL Server 2008 on a Windows server and I want to move all of the data to a MySQL database on a Ubuntu server. I have tried using the SQL Server Import and Export Wizard with the ...
15
votes
4answers
10k views

SQL Server Agent Jobs and Availability Groups

I'm looking for best practice in dealing with scheduled SQL Server Agent jobs in SQL Server 2012 availability groups. Maybe I missed something, however at the current state I feel that SQL Server ...
21
votes
4answers
9k views

Using SQL Profiler on a database that's in production

As a developer, I use SQL Profiler quite often. It's a good debugging tool, both to track what my code is doing and to analyse performance problems. But I've always used it on my development ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

How to create an Event Notification that runs a Job/procedure when mirroring state changes

I'm asking this question in the sequence of this one Can I send a string over TCP using T-SQL? Remus Rusanu exposes what it seems to be an optimal solution for my problem, but... I'm too immature to ...
6
votes
5answers
54k views

List all permissions for a given role?

I've searched around all over and haven't found a conclusive answer to this question. I need a script that can give ALL permissions for an associated role. Any thoughts, or is it even possible? ...
17
votes
3answers
16k views

Is it possible to restore sql-server bak and shrink the log at the same time?

We have a bak file from a client that we have transferred to our developer offices for problem investigation. The backup is currently 25GB and the restored database is about the same size however it ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Allow non-sysadmin, non-owner of a SQL Server Agent job to execute it

I have a job that runs an SSIS package. Currently the owner is a proxy account. I can run the job manually from a sys-admin account. Our web service logs in using a limited account. It needs to ...
14
votes
2answers
15k views

Why index REBUILD does not reduce index fragmentatation?

I have used ALTER INDEX REBUILD to remove index fragmentation. In some cases REBUILD does not seem to remove this fragmentation. What are the reasons why REBUILD does not remove fragmentation? It ...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

Need to understand parallel query execution error

Today we experienced a degradation in performance on our production sql server. Durring the time this occurred we logged several "The query processor could not start the necessary thread resources ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

SQL Server - How to determine ideal memory for instance?

We have some virtual machines that have X memory allocated to them. This amount of memory is somewhat random. It was allocated to the machine because that was the amount of memory the physical ...
5
votes
1answer
12k views

SQL Server Maximum and Minimum memory configuration

What are the correct settings for min-memory and max-memory in this use case? The server has 8GB ram, dual Intel Xeon processors, running Windows Server 2008 R2 / Sql Server 2008 Standard Edition. ...
4
votes
2answers
15k views

SQL query that concatenates values from duplicate rows in a single table

Let's say I have a table of employees, like this: Name Sex Role Bob M Developer Joe M QA Now, I have a problem with duplicated rows in this table. I will fix it ...
105
votes
8answers
82k views

What's the difference between a CTE and a Temp Table?

What is the difference between a Common Table Expression (CTE) and a temp table? And when should I use one over the other? CTE WITH cte (Column1, Column2, Column3) AS ( SELECT Column1, Column2, ...
34
votes
7answers
23k views

Writing a simple bank schema: How should I keep my balances in sync with their transaction history?

I am writing the schema for a simple bank database. Here are the basic specifications: The database will store transactions against a user and currency. Every user has one balance per currency, so ...
44
votes
4answers
14k views

What are Objective Business Reasons to Prefer SQL Server 2012 over 2008 R2?

My company is facing the decision whether to purchase SQL Server 2012 Denali or SQL Server 2008 R2 for a new database server. I am looking for objective reasons to choose one over the other. Our ...
53
votes
4answers
33k views

Why would SET ARITHABORT ON dramatically speed up a query?

The query is a single select containing a lot of grouping levels and aggragate operations. With SET ARITHABORT ON is takes less than a second, otherwise it takes several minutes. We have seen this ...
43
votes
3answers
27k views

Is it a bad practice to always create a transaction?

Is it a bad practice to always create a transaction? For example, it is a good practice to create a transaction for nothing but one simple SELECT? What is the cost of creating a transaction when it ...
22
votes
3answers
51k views

How to find out who deleted some data SQL Server

My boss had a query from a customer yesterday asking how they could find out who deleted some data in their SQL Server database (it is the express edition if that matters). I thought this could be ...
27
votes
2answers
5k views

Optimising plans with XML readers

Executing the query from here to pull the deadlock events out of the default extended events session SELECT CAST ( REPLACE ( REPLACE ( XEventData.XEvent.value ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

Handling growing number of Tenants in Multi-tenant Database Architecture

Handling a modest number of customers (tenants) in a common server with separate databases for each tenant's instance of the application is relatively straightforward and is normally the correct way ...
15
votes
5answers
17k views

Optimal drive configuration for SQL Server 2008R2

I have a fairly busy database server running SQL Server 2008 R2 that has the following setup: SATA RAID 1 (2 Drives) - OS / Programs SAS RAID 10 (4 Drives) - Sql Database Files (data and logs) SAS ...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

Identifying Unused Stored Procedures

This next year, I am helping an effort to clean several SQL Server environments. We have about 10,000 stored procedures and estimate that only about 1000 of them are used on a regular basis, and ...
31
votes
6answers
4k views

The smallest backup possible … with SQL Server

Daily we ship our SQL Server backups across the WAN. We need to minimize the size of these backups so it does not take forever. We don't mind if our backup process takes a bit longer; as it stands ...
16
votes
1answer
11k views

SQL query for combinations without repetition

I need a query which can be used in (or as) a function and retrieves all combinations of n values. And I need all combinations of length k where k = 1..n. Extended sample input and result so input ...
8
votes
2answers
18k views

Sql Server - Best Practices for Growing Database Files

I have been monitoring file growth via the data collector in sql server 2008 r2 for two weeks. The database is growing consistently at around 35(MB)/Day. The DB has not yet hit the initial size of 2 ...
22
votes
5answers
5k views

Why use an int as a lookup table's primary key?

I want to know why I should use an int as a lookup table's primary key instead of just using the lookup value as the primary key (which in most cases would be a string). I understand that using a ...
10
votes
1answer
42k views

Setting user permissions for different SQL Server schemas

I need to limit access to a particular user, but they still need to be able to see the data in tables owned by dbo. I'm trying to do the following: dbo schema functions as it would normally, has ...
29
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are Denali sequences supposed to perform better than identity columns?

In his answer to Which is better: identity columns or generated uinique id values? mrdenny says: When SQL Denali comes out it will support sequences which will be more efficient than identity, but ...
14
votes
4answers
34k views

Methods of speeding up a huge DELETE FROM <table> with no clauses

Using SQL Server 2005. I am performing a huge DELETE FROM with no where clauses. It's basically equivalent to a TRUNCATE TABLE statement - except I'm not allowed to use TRUNCATE. The problem is ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are queries parsed in such a way that disallows the use of column aliases in most clauses?

While trying to write a query, I found out (the hard way) that SQL Server parses WHEREs in a query long before parsing the SELECTs when executing a query. The MSDN docs say that the general logical ...
9
votes
4answers
48k views

Copy complete structure of a table

Using some methods, when you create a copy of a table you lose indexes, PK, FK, etc. For example in SQL Server I can say: select * into dbo.table2 from dbo.table1; This is just a simple copy of the ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Over use/correct use of schemas?

Having asked This question on Stackoverflow, I wondered where what I have done is correct/best practise. Basically, every object that I create is going into a schema with the schema name reflecting a ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Is that a good idea to use one database for 50.000+ shops?

I know Shopify use only one database for all shops. But how can they handle their database with such a big data? Is that a good idea to use single database for 50.000+ shops?
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Transactional replication altering tables and adding stored procedures

I have a database that is replicated in several locations. It is setup as transactional replication. However, now I need to add more columns to the table. Add more stored procedures and etc. Hence, if ...
9
votes
4answers
849 views

Is a join optimized to a where clause at runtime?

When I write a query like this... select * from table1 t1 join table2 t2 on t1.id = t2.id Does the SQL optimizer, not sure if that is the correct term, translate that to... select * from table1 ...
3
votes
1answer
463 views

VLDB with large quantity of data file imports

I am a little out of my league with this scenario and hope this community can help get me on the right direction. I have recently been tasked with re-designing and implementing a database application ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

Justify NOT using (nolock) hint in every query

Have you ever had to justify NOT using a query hint? I am seeing WITH (NOLOCK) in every single query that hits a very busy server. It is to the point that the developers think it should just be on ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

The transaction log for database 'database_name' is full due to 'XTP_CHECKPOINT'

I have a question about XTP_CHECKPOINT. I'm using SQL Server 2014. I have a database that is in SIMPLE recovery model mode. It is also being replicated. There are no open transactions. I've run DBCC ...
7
votes
2answers
21k views

Quick look at how much RAM is allocated to SQL Server?

With SQL Server 2005, you could look at the Task Manager and, at least, get a cursory look at how much memory is allocated to SQL Server. With SQL Server 2008, the Working Set or Commit Size never ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What minimum permissions do I need to provide to a user so that it can check the status of SQL Server Agent Service?

I have created a user and granted many permissions and roles to it including SQLAgentUserRole and SQLAgentReaderRole. My application checks the status of the agent to see if it is running or not, and ...
1
vote
2answers
14k views

How to select top 10 records from each category [duplicate]

I have a table with fields Hour, PathId, Duration, Event, CellId, Channel I have 50+ CellId. Each CellId has four PathId (i.e. 0, 1, 2, 3). Each PathId has many Events and Durations. Now I want to ...
15
votes
4answers
6k views

Is it possible to backup and restore part of a database in sql-server?

We have a sql-server 2005 database that we regularly transfer from our client site to ours. This takes a long time because we don't have a direct connection and have to transfer the file over their ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Error running Powershell Script in SQL Server Agent

I have a SQL job that runs via SQL Server Agent (Running SQL Server 2012 Enterprise). The last step of the job is to run an application located on a network share. Unfortunately I don't know the name ...