All versions of Microsoft SQL Server (not MySQL). Please also add a version-specific tag like sql-server-2016 if that is relevant to the question.

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21
votes
2answers
38k views

How to find the SQL statements that caused tempdb growth?

The tempdb of a server (SQL Server 2008) increases to 500GB+ several times every month. Is it possible to find out which SQL statements caused this problem? The problem is usually not caused by create ...
16
votes
4answers
7k views

Identifying Unused Stored Procedures

This next year, I am helping an effort to clean several SQL Server environments. We have about 10,000 stored procedures and estimate that only about 1000 of them are used on a regular basis, and ...
26
votes
7answers
50k views

How can I tell if a SQL Server database is still being used?

We're looking to decommission a SQL Server instance which has a couple databases still remaining on it. How can I tell if they are still being used by users or a web application? I found a forum ...
11
votes
4answers
36k views

Query to report disk space allocation and used space

We are using 6 databases in total for an application, and we can only share 4TB of space among all 6 auto-grow databases (via SAN storage). I'd like to write a query (report) for a single database ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Who changed/modified stored procedure in SSMS 2005 or 2008? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Determining how a schema change occurred? I have a stored procedure that was modified late last night and just spent the majority of the morning tracing issues back to this ...
43
votes
5answers
31k views

Why does ALTER COLUMN to NOT NULL cause massive log file growth?

I have a table with 64m rows taking 4.3 GB on disk for its data. Each row is about 30 bytes of integer columns, plus a variable NVARCHAR(255) column for text. I added a a NULLABLE column with data-...
26
votes
4answers
6k views

Does the order of columns in a table's definition matter?

When defining a table, it's helpful to order the columns in logical groups and the groups themselves by purpose. The logical ordering of columns in a table conveys meaning to the developer and is an ...
20
votes
1answer
16k views

How do I read Query Cost, and is it always a percentage?

I'm currently studying for SQL 70-433 (the Microsoft Certification exam), and I'm getting very confused about the "query cost" performance metric. According to any documentation I could find via ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Why are queries parsed in such a way that disallows the use of column aliases in most clauses?

While trying to write a query, I found out (the hard way) that SQL Server parses WHEREs in a query long before parsing the SELECTs when executing a query. The MSDN docs say that the general logical ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Over use/correct use of schemas?

Having asked This question on Stackoverflow, I wondered where what I have done is correct/best practise. Basically, every object that I create is going into a schema with the schema name reflecting a ...
36
votes
3answers
3k views

Performance of Non Clustered Indexes on Heaps vs Clustered Indexes

This 2007 White Paper compares the performance for individual select/insert/delete/update and range select statements on a table organized as a clustered index vs that on a table organized as a heap ...
24
votes
1answer
13k views

GO After every T-SQL statement

What is the reasoning behind using the GO statement after every SQL statement? I understand that GO signals the end of batch and/or allows the reputation of statements but what advantage does it have ...
17
votes
3answers
17k views

Is it possible to restore sql-server bak and shrink the log at the same time?

We have a bak file from a client that we have transferred to our developer offices for problem investigation. The backup is currently 25GB and the restored database is about the same size however it ...
11
votes
2answers
8k views

SQL Server 2012: Generate Scripts from command line

I am running SQL Server 2012. The SQL Server Management Studio has the option to right click on a database then select Tasks and Generate Scripts. Is there a way to automate that via command line ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

Help me choose a RAID level combination for a SQL Server 2008 instance

I am going to rebuild one IBM 3400 server from scratch. This server is dedicated to a SQL Server 2008 instance running on Windows 2008 R2. I am going to make new RAID configuration. I have 6 SCSI ...
10
votes
1answer
35k views

Login failed for user - Error 18456 - Severity 14, State 38

Message that SQL Server Log File Viewer shows: Login failed for user [User] Error: 18456, Severity: 14, State 38 What it actually means: Failed to open the explicitly specified database My ...
8
votes
2answers
36k views

Return a column per date in a range

Let's say I have Table A: BookingsPerPerson Person_Id ArrivalDate DepartureDate 123456 2012-01-01 2012-01-04 213415 2012-01-02 2012-01-07 What I need to achieve with a ...
21
votes
3answers
11k views

Adding columns to production tables

What's the best way to add columns to large production tables on SQL Server 2008 R2? According to Microsoft's books online: The changes specified in ALTER TABLE are implemented immediately. If the ...
9
votes
4answers
861 views

Is a join optimized to a where clause at runtime?

When I write a query like this... select * from table1 t1 join table2 t2 on t1.id = t2.id Does the SQL optimizer, not sure if that is the correct term, translate that to... select * from table1 t1,...
8
votes
1answer
10k views

What does role db_owner allow

I have been trying to troubleshoot a login that is not able to view certain tables in a SQL Server 2012 database. In doing so I find I don't quite understand what membership in the db_owner role ...
17
votes
3answers
3k views

The transaction log for database 'database_name' is full due to 'XTP_CHECKPOINT'

I have a question about XTP_CHECKPOINT. I'm using SQL Server 2014. I have a database that is in SIMPLE recovery model mode. It is also being replicated. There are no open transactions. I've run DBCC ...
16
votes
3answers
818 views

Setting up a central CLR stored procedure / function respository library for internal stored procs in other databases to use?

I would like to use code that I developed in C# CLR to be used in all of the databases on the system so that I don't have to set each to trustworthy and turn CLR on and keep a bunch of the same code ...
12
votes
4answers
55k views

SQL Server database size didn't decrease after deleting large number of rows.

I'm no good in SQL, but I've got a database to maintain. There's almost no place left for it, so I've decided to delete all the data for, let's say, year 2008. After executing delete query (had ...
5
votes
5answers
9k views

SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn: need to automatically add databases by script- T-sql or PowerShell

I've installed and successfully configured our SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn 2-node servers for our new "Intranet" that is coming out. I've gotten AlwaysOn working great, and our Front End servers for the ...
11
votes
2answers
729 views

Setting READ UNCOMMITTED when reading DMVs

I've seen several people call SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ UNCOMMITTED before reading system DMVs. Is there ever any reason to do this, assuming you aren't mixing calls to DMVs and tables in ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

SQL Server 2012 Page Life Expectancy resets to 0 after about 50 days

I've noticed an odd behavior on a 2-server HA cluster and I was hoping someone could confirm my suspicion, or maybe offer some other explanation... Here is my setup: A 2-server SQL 2012 SP1 ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Error running Powershell Script in SQL Server Agent

I have a SQL job that runs via SQL Server Agent (Running SQL Server 2012 Enterprise). The last step of the job is to run an application located on a network share. Unfortunately I don't know the name ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

SQL Server: hierarchy of permissions for schema?

We have several databases under development and I would like to start using SQL Server schemas for permission management and logical grouping of database objects. Under Schema Properties there is ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

Automatically restore SQL Server database from file from another server

We have a daily task to overwrite a number of development databases using backups of the associated production databases. The backups are produced by maintenance plans on the production server then ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Creating Users on secondary server in log shipping

I have a production Server say ServerA I have setup log shipping to ServerB which is left in read-only mode. The purpose of this log shipping is to lower the load on production server for some ...
3
votes
1answer
542 views

Limiting database security

A number of texts signify that the most important aspects offered by a DBMS are availability, integrity and secrecy. As part of a homework assignment I have been tasked with mentioning attacks which ...
2
votes
5answers
6k views

Autogrowth - Percentage Use?

Is it best not to use Percentage file growth for autogrowth settings? The below recommends using percent value growth for databases under 500GB but is this recommended? http://performance-expert....
17
votes
2answers
9k views

How to know when/if I have too many indexes?

Running Microsoft SQL Server Profiler every now and then, it suggests me with a bunch of new indexes and statistics to create ("...97% estimated improvement..."). From my understanding every added ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Can't find process that is creating backups

We have an instance of SQL Server 2008 installed on a customer server. The customer's IT department is in charge of the various backups of the machine. The SQL Server log shows there is a full backup ...
7
votes
3answers
20k views

Error: “To run a ssis package outside of sql server data tools you must install [send successful email] of Integration Services or higher.”

NOTE that the title of this qusetion is a verbatim error message specific to this user. The error message illustrates a bug in the dtexec application, which substitutes a user variable into the error ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to get server cpu, memory, network usage from SQL Server

For reporting purposes, I want to get SQL Server box CPU, memory, network (not SQL Server process alone) and show it in report. Do you have any idea how to pull this? My initial thoughts are run wmi ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Conversion of varchar data to datetime failing

We are in the process of moving data from a legacy table (all varchar fields) into a strongly typed counterpart cue cheering As part of this effort, we are taking data from the base Entity table and ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Why has my database connection failed?

Recently I have developed software using SQL Server 2012. Now when I try to connect, I get this error message: Cannot connect to AAFI\SQLEXPRESSA network-related or instance-specific error ...
2
votes
3answers
942 views

Copy database to local from server [duplicate]

As I show , I have server database version-10.50.1600 and local database version-10.0.1600 . How can I copy database (with all tables and data(s)) from server to local which has different version ? I ...
1
vote
2answers
8k views

How to copy backup files to remote share in SQL Server Agent job without AD/domain accounts involvement?

MS SQL Server 2012... with nightly databases backups to the same/local as SQL Server machine... I am trying to add another SQL Server Agent Job to copy the .bak files to remote (non-windows, i.e. ...
93
votes
5answers
59k views

When should a primary key be declared non-clustered?

While creating a test database for another question I asked earlier, I remembered about a Primary Key being able to be declared NONCLUSTERED When would you use a NONCLUSTERED primary key as opposed ...
24
votes
2answers
5k views

How to make a transition from SQL Server DBA to Oracle?

As an interest, if I would to transition from a SQL Server DBA to Oracle what will be the major learning or unlearning that I would have to do? I would assume the concepts are the same and the ...
24
votes
2answers
4k views

As a DBA, how would I go about transitioning from Oracle to SQL Server?

I'm an Oracle DBA that also has Sybase experience. What are the major architectural and conceptual differences between the two RDBMS platforms? An answer similar to the SQl Server->Oracle question ...
41
votes
5answers
3k views

Date range rolling sum using window functions

I need to calculate a rolling sum over a date range. To illustrate, using the AdventureWorks sample database, the following hypothetical syntax would do exactly what I need: SELECT TH.ProductID, ...
32
votes
5answers
37k views

SQL Server suspect database?

What do you do when you have a database that is marked as 'suspect'? Restore from the last backup? Please advise. Thank you!
18
votes
4answers
125k views

What's the easiest way to create a temp table in SQL Server that can hold the result of a stored procedure?

Many times I need to write something like the following when dealing with SQL Server. create table #table_name ( column1 int, column2 varchar(200) ... ) insert into #table_name execute ...
17
votes
1answer
31k views

SIMPLE or FULL recovery model for databases?

When should I use the full recovery model and when should I use the simple recovery model for databases? I always used the full recovery model because it is the default, but today i encountered this ...
14
votes
3answers
16k views

What can cause a mirroring session to timeout then failover? SQL Server 2005

We have two production SQL Servers running SQL Server 2005 SP4 with cumulative update 3. Both servers run on physical machines that are identical. DELL PowerEdge R815 with 4 x 12 core CPUs and 512GB (...
20
votes
2answers
53k views

Connect to SQL Server with Windows Authentication in a different domain

I am trying to connect to a remote SQL Server on a VPN in a different domain. When I enter the Server name on the SQL Server and choose Additional Connection Parameters to add some extra stuff needed ...
15
votes
3answers
6k views

SQL Server database synchronization

Problem definition Our users need the ability to query a database that is mostly up to date. The data can be stale up to 24 hours and that is acceptable. What would be the lowest cost approach to ...