Microsoft's SQL Server is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. It originated from the Sybase SQL Server codebase, which is why both products use the extension of SQL called Transact-SQL (T-SQL).

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3
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2answers
1k views

Restore a Database into a Current Database and merge

I want to know how, or if it is possible, to backup a database then should the user wish, restore that database at a later date and merge it with the one they are currently using. Both Databases will ...
3
votes
1answer
384 views

Shrinking log file

Some of the sql log files (idf) are hugh like 5gb. Found a article (http://extended64.com/blogs/rhoffman/archive/2009/06/11/shrink-sql-server-2008-database-log-file-script.aspx) but not sure why he ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Is SQL Server Backup single or multi-threaded?

If you perform a... BACKUP DATABASE [DB_Name] TO DISK=N'c:\backups\db_name.bak' WITH STATS=10 Will that perform a single or multi-threaded write? Our Server support company advised us that if we ...
2
votes
3answers
657 views

How to speed up a multiple select query

EDIT - Putting my whole stored procedure: I have the below stored procedure: CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[data_Update] @Owner NVARCHAR(255), @ID VARCHAR(255), @Division VARCHAR(255), @Manager ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Automatically restore SQL Server database from file from another server

We have a daily task to overwrite a number of development databases using backups of the associated production databases. The backups are produced by maintenance plans on the production server then ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Moving SQL Server 2012 Database to SQL Server 2008 R2

I follow the answer of Mr. Kin in this post How to move a database from SQL Server 2012 to SQL Server 2005 I run the query without errors, but when I check my blank database created on SQL Server ...
1
vote
1answer
265 views

Restoring a differential backup in SQL server 2005

I have created a full back up of my database by executing the line below in my application: Dim Query As String = "backup database Ari to disk='G:\Documents and Settings\i\Desktop\BKAR\" & ...
0
votes
1answer
6k views

How to copy backup files to remote share in SQL Server Agent job without AD/domain accounts involvement?

MS SQL Server 2012... with nightly databases backups to the same/local as SQL Server machine... I am trying to add another SQL Server Agent Job to copy the .bak files to remote (non-windows, i.e. ...
-4
votes
1answer
669 views

Why does a VIEW with a CLUSTERED index not use the index?

I have a view that has a clustered index along with other non-clustered indexes. A simple SELECT query does not use any of the indexes even when I select an indexed column. What could be the ...
33
votes
4answers
25k views

What risks are there if we enable read committed snapshot in sql-server?

I have read here that some extra data will be stored per row so we might see a performance degradation but what other risks are there? eg. Will this affect recovery of the database? Is there anything ...
39
votes
2answers
95k views

How to the get current date without the time part

In SQL Server 2005 how do I get the current date without the time part? I have been using GETDATE() but would like it to have a time of 00:00:00.0
15
votes
2answers
9k views

What are the best practices for running SQL Server in a Virtual Machine?

What are the best practices for running SQL Server in a Virtual Machine? My on-line transaction activities are very low, but there is a high amount of data processing for the purpose of providing ...
35
votes
11answers
4k views

How can I track database dependencies?

As internal applications evolve over a number of years, you occasionally find there are a number of tables that people believe are no longer relevant and want to cull. What are the practical methods ...
20
votes
3answers
8k views

Running total with count?

As the title suggests I need some help getting a running total in T-SQL. The problem is that the sum I need to do is the sum of a count: sum(count (distinct (customers))) Say if I ran the count ...
21
votes
7answers
37k views

How can I tell if a SQL Server database is still being used?

We're looking to decommission a SQL Server instance which has a couple databases still remaining on it. How can I tell if they are still being used by users or a web application? I found a forum ...
13
votes
1answer
8k views

Trigger in combination with transaction

Suppose we have the following situation: We have a table (let's say Table_A), wich has a trigger on INSERT. The trigger job is to update some rows in table_B based on the inserted values in table_A. ...
12
votes
5answers
21k views

SQL Server 2012 slower than 2008

I migrated a large website and database from an older server (Windows 2008 / SQL Server 2008 / 16 GB RAM / 2 x 2.5 GHz Quad Core / SAS disks) to a newer, much better server (Windows 2008 R2 / SQL ...
24
votes
1answer
6k views

Why is using a table variable more than twice as fast as a #temp table in this specific case?

I was looking at the article here Temporary Tables vs. Table Variables and Their Effect on SQL Server Performance and on SQL Server 2008 was able to reproduce similar results to those shown there for ...
22
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does query error with empty result set in SQL Server 2012?

When running the following queries in MS SQL Server 2012 the second query fails but not the first. Also, when run without the where clauses both queries will fail. I am at a loss why either would fail ...
17
votes
1answer
10k views

Connection pools being reset with Error: 18056, Severity: 20, State: 46. & Perfmon Counters not showing

We are using SQL authentication & .net 4.0 Connection strings to connect to an Enterprise Edition 2012 SP1 SQL Server on a windows 2008r2 Enterprise Server. We use about 50 Servers split into 8 ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does DELETE leave a lingering effect on performance?

At the end is a test script for comparing the performance between a @table variable and a #temp table. I think I've set it up correctly - the performance timings are taken outside of the ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

SQL Server database design for “archived but available” data

We have this large database (>1TB) that we intend to "shrink". The database revolves around one main entity, let's call it "Visit". For discussion, let's say it is a database for a medical practice. ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

SQL Server Join/where processing order

After reading Slow SQL query, not sure how to optimize, it got me thinking about the general performance of queries. Surely, we need the results of the first table (when other tables are joined) to be ...
6
votes
4answers
7k views

SQL Server - Separating data, log, and TempDB files on a SAN

I have a SQL Server connected to a SAN. Our new storage vendor recommends that all LUNs span the entire disk array, which is RAID5. I would normally request 3 separate LUNs (data, log, and TempDB) ...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

Performance of Non Clustered Indexes on Heaps vs Clustered Indexes

This 2007 White Paper compares the performance for individual select/insert/delete/update and range select statements on a table organized as a clustered index vs that on a table organized as a heap ...
16
votes
1answer
7k views

GO After every T-SQL statement

What is the reasoning behind using the GO statement after every SQL statement? I understand that GO signals the end of batch and/or allows the reputation of statements but what advantage does it have ...
11
votes
2answers
5k views

SQL Server 2008 - Partitioning and Clustered Indexes

So let me preface by saying I do not have total control over my db design, so a lot of the aspects of the current system cannot be changed for the purposes of this scenario. Comments about how we ...
8
votes
2answers
16k views

After moving database (backup, restore), I have to re-add user

I occasionally move a database (SQL Express 2012) from a development machine to a server, or vice versa, using database backup and restore in SQL Server Management Studio. Whenever I do this, the ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Is there a better option than Union All for multiple selects from the same row?

Example Schema: CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Base]( [ID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL, [Option1ID] [int] NULL, [Option2ID] [int] NULL, [Option3ID] [int] NULL, [Option1Name] [varchar] NULL, [Option2Name] ...
6
votes
4answers
43k views

High CPU usage on SQL server - Slow queries [closed]

Our MS SQL Server is using about 95% of the CPU-power. After a server (hardware) restart, or a SQL-Service restart, the usage is 0% and slowly increases over the course of 1-3 days. Depending on how ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

SQL Server Primary key / clustered index design decision

Looking for some advice regarding a table / index design decision I've got to make on some tables that I've got to port into SQL server from an existing 4GL based database. I've got a product history ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Most Efficient Way to Retrieve Date Ranges

What's the most efficient way to retrieve date ranges with a table structure like this? create table SomeDateTable ( id int identity(1, 1) not null, StartDate datetime not null, EndDate ...
6
votes
6answers
3k views

Recommendations for MS SQL Server monitoring software or service? [closed]

I have a client with MS SQL Server instances (2000, 2005) scattered across 20-30 servers. I've been engaged to get things organized and will be periodically reviewing the state of the database ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Splitting TempDB into multiples files equal to number of CPUs

The article SQL Server tempdb Best Practices Increase Performance suggests that I should split tempdb into a number of files equal to the number of cores. So for 4 cores you get 4 files. By ...
20
votes
3answers
7k views

Adding columns to production tables

What's the best way to add columns to large production tables on SQL Server 2008 R2? According to Microsoft's books online: The changes specified in ALTER TABLE are implemented immediately. If the ...
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does SQL Server require the datatype length to be the same when using UNPIVOT?

When applying the UNPIVOT function to data that is not normalized, SQL Server requires that the datatype and length be the same. I understand why the datatype must be the same but why does UNPIVOT ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do wildcards in GROUP BY statements not work?

I am trying to make the following SQL statement work, but I get a syntax error: SELECT A.*, COUNT(B.foo) FROM TABLE1 A LEFT JOIN TABLE2 B ON A.PKey = B.FKey GROUP BY A.* Here, A is a wide table ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there a reason to update statistics manually?

In SQL Server, statistics are updated automatically when Auto Update Statistics in True (which is the default). Is there a reason to update statistics manually and in what circumstances?
12
votes
4answers
4k views

What tools are there to generate test data for SQL Server?

As you can see from another question of mine, generating test data is my theme right now. At this point, I'm still generating my test data by hand. However, this process always generates small ...
8
votes
3answers
828 views

sql server database sharding - what to do with common data / non sharded data

We have a very large scale enterprise level database. As part of our business model all web users hit our web servers at the same time each month which in turn hammer our sql box. The traffic is very ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Inclusion of ORDER BY on query that returns no rows drastically affects performance

Given a simple three table join, query performance changes drastically when ORDER BY is included even with no rows returned. Actual problem scenario take 30 seconds to return zero rows but is instant ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Allow non-sysadmin, non-owner of a SQL Server Agent job to execute it

I have a job that runs an SSIS package. Currently the owner is a proxy account. I can run the job manually from a sys-admin account. Our web service logs in using a limited account. It needs to ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

In MS SQL how do I find out what tables have not been queried or updated in a long time?

I'm maintaining a database that is being shared by a few systems. Over the years a few of those systems have been deprecated and lots of the tables are actually orphaned. Is there a query I can run to ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the consequences of setting varchar(8000)?

Since varchar takes disk space proportional to the size of the field, is there any reason why we shouldn't always define varchar as the maximum, e.g. varchar(8000) on SQL Server? On create table, if ...
14
votes
3answers
10k views

How does shrinking a SQL Server log file affect performance?

I have a SQL Server 2008 database that has a data file of some 2GB in size, but the log file is over 8GB. With pre-2008 databases I could use the 'Backup log' and the TRUNCATE_ONLY option but this is ...
12
votes
2answers
15k views

How To Profile Stored Procedures

I am using SQL Server 2012 and was wondering how to profile stored procedures For instance can profiler capture each individual SQL statement in a stored procedure, what it is, and how long it takes ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Is it possible to increase query performance on a narrow table with millions of rows?

I have a query that is currently taking an average of 2500ms to complete. My table is very narrow, but there are 44 million rows. What options do I have to improve performance, or is this as good as ...
11
votes
1answer
781 views

Behavior of data in indexes based on fill factor

Let's say you have a database where the default fill factor is 20. Whenever data is inserted, does it only create pages filled up to 20%? From my understanding, when the data is inserted there ...
10
votes
6answers
6k views

Suddenly Slow Execution Plan for Stored Proc

I'm trying to understand an issue we're having with SQL Server 2000. We are a moderately transactional website and we have a stored proc called sp_GetCurrentTransactions which accepts a customerID, ...
9
votes
4answers
11k views

Can I add a unique constraint that ignores existing violations?

I have a table which currently has duplicate values in a column. I cannot remove these erroneous duplicates but I would like to prevent additional non-unique values from being added. Can I create a ...