Structured Query Language (SQL). For questions about the language, not Microsoft SQL Server (tag sql-server).

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4
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4answers
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Recursive self joins

I have a comments table, which can be simplified down to this: comments ======= id user_id text parent_id where parent_id is nullable, but might be a key for its parent comment. Now, how can I ...
3
votes
3answers
7k views

Select columns inside json_agg

I have a query like: SELECT a.id, a.name, json_agg(b.*) as "item" FROM a JOIN b ON b.item_id = a.id GROUP BY a.id, a.name; How can I select the columns in b so I don't have b.item_id in the ...
3
votes
1answer
541 views

Limiting database security

A number of texts signify that the most important aspects offered by a DBMS are availability, integrity and secrecy. As part of a homework assignment I have been tasked with mentioning attacks which ...
3
votes
2answers
905 views

Optimize a query on two big tables

I have a very important query in my system that is taking too long to execute due to huge amount of data on tables. I'm a junior DBA and i need the best optimization I can get for this. Tables have ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Select ONE most recent post for each author

I'm sure its a simple question and I suppose it was asked many times, but I just can't figure it out from other answers, sorry. I use recent versions of PostgreSQL and MySQL. I have 2 tables: CREATE ...
33
votes
3answers
3k views

Unexpected scans during delete operation using WHERE IN

I've got a query like the following: DELETE FROM tblFEStatsBrowsers WHERE BrowserID NOT IN ( SELECT DISTINCT BrowserID FROM tblFEStatsPaperHits WITH (NOLOCK) WHERE BrowserID IS NOT NULL ) ...
35
votes
9answers
16k views

Is there a tool like Microsoft's “SQL Server Profiler” for MySQL?

While developing on MySQL I really miss being able to fire up a profiler. I find SQLyog is a good enough replacement for Query Analyzer but have not found a tool that works like SQL profiler. For ...
20
votes
2answers
52k views

Connect to SQL Server with Windows Authentication in a different domain

I am trying to connect to a remote SQL Server on a VPN in a different domain. When I enter the Server name on the SQL Server and choose Additional Connection Parameters to add some extra stuff needed ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Why do primary keys have names of their own?

From a mathematical view, granted that a table has at most one primary key, it seems to be a shortsighted design decision to refer to primary keys by some arbitrary name instead of a simple table ...
20
votes
1answer
16k views

How do I read Query Cost, and is it always a percentage?

I'm currently studying for SQL 70-433 (the Microsoft Certification exam), and I'm getting very confused about the "query cost" performance metric. According to any documentation I could find via ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Traversing tree-like data in a relational database using SQL

Is there a way to traverse tree data in SQL? I know about 'connect by' in Oracle, but is there another way to do this in other SQL implementations? I'm asking because using 'connect by' is easier ...
15
votes
3answers
14k views

How does shrinking a SQL Server log file affect performance?

I have a SQL Server 2008 database that has a data file of some 2GB in size, but the log file is over 8GB. With pre-2008 databases I could use the 'Backup log' and the TRUNCATE_ONLY option but this is ...
3
votes
2answers
480 views

SQL Backup tuning large databases

I am tuning SQL backups using compression, writing to multiple files, and changing the BufferCount and MaxTransferSize options. I have SQL instance with a 4 TB database and several smaller databases ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Algorithm for finding the longest prefix

I have two tables. First one is a table with prefixes code name price 343 ek1 10 3435 nt 4 3432 ek2 2 Second is call records with phone numbers number time 834353212 10 ...
3
votes
4answers
9k views

Can I combine the results from multiple columns into a single column without UNION?

I have a table with several columns which I want to SELECT: SELECT his_name , her_name, other_name FROM foo; Bu, I instead I want to combine the results all into a single column. As an example, I ...
13
votes
5answers
5k views

Efficiently select beginning and end of multiple contiguous ranges in Postgresql query

I've got about a billion rows of data in a table with a name and an integer in the range 1-288. For a given name, every int is unique, and not every possible integer in the range is present--so there ...
7
votes
3answers
13k views

GROUP BY one column, while sorting by another in PostgreSQL

How can I GROUP BY one column, while sorting only by another. I'm trying to do the following: SELECT dbId,retreivalTime FROM FileItems WHERE sourceSite='something' GROUP BY seriesName ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

MySQL Query Optimization : Indexing and Pagination

I'm adding pagination to my 'latest news' php script and running in to an issue. SELECT sid, title, time, bodytext, author, url FROM news WHERE approved=1 ORDER BY time desc LIMIT $start, $limit I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Concurrently update with limit mysql

I want to know if concurrently UPDATE .... LIMIT N will not overlap with more than one client querying the db. After UPDATE ... LIMIT N the client will make a SELECT with some client_id assigned. I ...
4
votes
1answer
688 views

Pull data from multiple tables in a view or function

There are 3 tables from which I need to pull data, and print it in a specific way. http://sqlfiddle.com/#!15/59481/8 Refer to this question to see how the query was produced. The version in the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Optimizing a Postgres query with a large IN

This query gets a list of posts created by people you follow. You can follow an unlimited number of people, but most people follow < 1000 others. With this style of query, the obvious optimization ...
3
votes
2answers
48k views

SQL Update column with data from another table

I am working on complicated problem, but I will simplify it to this problem. I have two tables A [ID, column1, column2, column3] B [ID, column1, column2, column3, column4] and i want to update ...
2
votes
6answers
4k views

Need separate columns that calculate percentage

I have the following table: NAME Alex Bob Bob Tim Alex Roger I need to produce the following: Name Count Percentage Alex 2 33% Bob 2 33% Roger 1 16.6% Tim 1 ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

'Conversion failed' error with ORDER BY CASE expression

I have the following Stored Procedure that works great EXCEPT when I set the 'OrderBy' to 'OrderNumber'. I get the following error: Conversion failed when converting the nvarchar value 'SK11270' to ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

How to remove known elements from a JSON[] array in PostgreSQL?

I'm facing an issue regarding using the JSON data type in PostgreSQL. I try to achieve storing a Java model denormalized in the DB. The model features lists of complex objects. Thus, I decided to ...
6
votes
2answers
10k views

Find which session is holding which temporary table

We have a SQL Server 2005 database the temp database has become full. By going into SQL Server Management Studio I can see all the temporary tables in the tempdb. Is it possible to tell which session ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Issues with TempDB mdf file ever increasing

I have a tempdb growth issue. Let me preface everything by giving my tempdb settings. Even with no queries running on the database/server tempdb keeps on increasing in size, at first rapidly and ...
5
votes
1answer
877 views

How to get text for default language

I have so tables: and so data at Language table: and so data at Text table: I have to return text for requested language if it exists and text for default language if it does not exist. Is it ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

Change column type from varchar to text in all tables at once

I am using Postgres. I would like to change column type in all tables where column name is "description" from varchar(255) to text. If anyone knows that I would be very glad for your help.
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Order result by count of common array elements

Using Postgres 9.4, I'm interested in having an array of integers like user_ids_who_like and provide an array of users (like user_ids_i_am_following) to sort that intersection. Something like: ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

NULLs in a composite primary key - SQL Server

I'm trying to work out the best way of creating SQL Server primary keys, foreign keys and constraints to accurately represent my data model in LINQ / Entity Data Objects. Let's assume - for the ...
4
votes
3answers
860 views

MySQL very slow query when changing one WHERE field despite no index/key

This is quite a confusing issue for me. I have a database full of baseball statistics. Running this query: SELECT * FROM hits JOIN stadiums ON stadiums.gameName = hits.gameName JOIN players ON (...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How does Log shipping knows to keep track

I have set up log shipping between 2 SQL Servers (SQL Server 2008 and SQL Server 2012). At first i took a full backup of the first one and restored it on the other one and than i set up the log ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I select rows from a hierarchical query with the lowest level?

I have a hierarchical query in Oracle 11gR2 that returns something like this: Parent (Level 1) Child (Level 2) Grandchild (Level 3) Child (Level 2) Grandchild (Level 3) Grandchild (Level 3) ...
2
votes
1answer
253 views

Search within same ID across several rows

My table has the following structure: +----+---------+------------+-------------+ | id | word_id | meaning_id | sentence_id | +----+---------+------------+-------------+ | 1 | 1 | 15333 | ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

identify multiple gaps and islands for n columns

In this previous question, I asked for a way of identifying some gaps and islands. with a table t below; +---------------------+------------+---------------+ | ts | EngOilP_sd | ...
2
votes
4answers
146 views

Make IN clause behave like AND clause

I've asked the same question on stackoverlow, but got no answer, so that's why I'm asking it here (I've read that simple sql questions should be asked at SO, but I have no choice). Suppose I have 3 ...
1
vote
3answers
297 views

Need to get identify all tables and columns in a SQL Query

I have a massive task to go through hundreds of SQL scripts and identify the Table and Columns in each query as we are updating our system and some of the columns and tables may be renamed or ...
1
vote
1answer
5k views

Get top most parent by nth child id?

Now there is a question we commonly use this technique to maintain the parent child relation i.e we store all the entities in one tables with a parent_id column and all top most parents have 0 in the ...
26
votes
1answer
11k views

Postgres UPDATE … LIMIT 1

I have a Postgres database which contains details on clusters of servers, such as server status ('active', 'standby' etc). Active servers at any time may need to fail over to a standby, and I don't ...
24
votes
5answers
118k views

How to select the first row of each group?

I have a table like this: ID | Val | Kind ---------------------- 1 | 1337 | 2 2 | 1337 | 1 3 | 3 | 4 4 | 3 | 4 I want to make a SELECT that will return just the ...
23
votes
3answers
11k views

Running total with count?

As the title suggests I need some help getting a running total in T-SQL. The problem is that the sum I need to do is the sum of a count: sum(count (distinct (customers))) Say if I ran the count ...
26
votes
1answer
8k views

Why is using a table variable more than twice as fast as a #temp table in this specific case?

I was looking at the article here Temporary Tables vs. Table Variables and Their Effect on SQL Server Performance and on SQL Server 2008 was able to reproduce similar results to those shown there for ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

SQL INDEX - how it works?

My knowledge of databases and SQL is based in most on university classes. Anyhow, I spent few monts (almost a year) in a company, where I was working with databases. I have read few books and I have ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

MySQL Replication without stopping master

I am currently setting up a replication for my database one of the ways i am thinking of synchronizing the master and slave without write locking the master, is by first taking a log position then ...
24
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does query error with empty result set in SQL Server 2012?

When running the following queries in MS SQL Server 2012 the second query fails but not the first. Also, when run without the where clauses both queries will fail. I am at a loss why either would fail ...
8
votes
4answers
78k views

Combine column from multiple rows into single row

I've got some customer_comments split out into multiple rows due to database design, and for a report I need to combine the comments from each unique id into one row. I previously tried something ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

SQL Server Primary key / clustered index design decision

Looking for some advice regarding a table / index design decision I've got to make on some tables that I've got to port into SQL server from an existing 4GL based database. I've got a product history ...
5
votes
2answers
8k views

Prevent copying to temp table (sql)

I have two tables - comments and votes : comments(id, text, user_id, page_id) votes(id, value) There are 2,000,000 rows in the votes table. I created the following query: SELECT SUM(votes.value)...
17
votes
5answers
183k views

How to update a table from a another table

I have one table A has column (id, field_1,field_2), and another table B has column (id,field_2) Now I want to merge table B to A, that means i want to update field_2 in table A to value of table B. ...