DO NOT USE this for questions targeting Microsoft SQL Server, use the tag sql-server instead. "SQL" is an acronym for "Structured Query Language", it is used in relational database management systems (RDBMS) to query, update, delete, and insert data as well as modify the structure of the database. ...

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15
votes
1answer
17k views

Difference between Hash, Merge and Loop join?

In SQL Server you can specify the join hints: HASH JOIN MERGE JOIN LOOP JOIN What is the definition of those three join hints, and when should each be used?
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Generate an exception with a Context

When PostgreSQL throws an exception, there is a line "CONTEXT" like: ERROR: INSERT has more target COLUMNS than expressions LINE 3: ... ...
22
votes
1answer
39k views

How to force drop database in SQL Server 2008

I'm trying to force drop a database, but after dropping the database, when I try to recreate the database, I'm getting the error cannot create file C:\Program Files.....[databasename].mdf because ...
19
votes
5answers
10k views

How do I copy a table with SELECT INTO but ignore the IDENTITY property?

I have a table with identity column say: create table with_id ( id int identity(1,1), val varchar(30) ); It's well known, that this select * into copy_from_with_id_1 from with_id; results in ...
13
votes
2answers
11k views

MySQL and window functions

It seems that MySQL does not support window functions. E.g. the simple: COUNT(*) OVER() AS cnt does not work. What I am not sure is if this applies to commercial version as well (I assume the ...
11
votes
3answers
12k views

Are individual queries faster than joins?

Conceptual question: Are individual queries faster than joins, or: Should I try to squeeze every info I want on the client side into one SELECT statement or just use as many as seems convenient? ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Optimization: Moving variable declarations to the top of your procedure

While working on optimizing some stored procedures, I sat down with the DBA and went through some sprocs with high blocking and/or high read/write activity. One thing the DBA mentioned was I should ...
9
votes
2answers
30k views

Connect to SQL Server with Windows Authentication in a different domain

I am trying to connect to a remote SQL Server on a VPN in a different domain. When I enter the Server name on the SQL Server and choose Additional Connection Parameters to add some extra stuff needed ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How can I optimize this MySQL query further?

I have a query that is taking a particularly long time to run (15+ seconds) and it is only getting worse with time as my dataset grows. I have optimized this in the past, and have added indices, ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Why does MySQL allow HAVING to use SELECT aliases?

In SQL, as far as I know, the logical query processing order, which is the conceptual interpretation order, starts with FROM in the following way: FROM WHERE GROUP BY HAVING SELECT ORDER BY ...
5
votes
5answers
9k views

Emulate REGEXP like behaviour in DB2 SQL

I posted the same on stackoverflow (please, let me know if I have to delete one). I'm working on a DB2 database and as far as I can see regexp is not supported (without additional libraries). So I ...
4
votes
2answers
606 views

Open source and commercial tools to build dynamic queries of fact tables in star schema [closed]

What user interfaces or tools (commercial and/or open source) can query a star schema model (Ralph Kimball dimensional model)? So for example, if we have X fact tables, and Y dimension tables, and Z ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

Should I join datetime to a date using cast or range?

This question is a take-off from the excellent one posed here: Cast to date is sargable but is it a good idea? In my case, I am not concerned with the WHERE clause but in joining to an events table ...
17
votes
2answers
52k views

Sql Server database in recovery: How to stop, Take ofline or delete?

I have a development database which has entered recovery mode on restart, and has been recovering for the last hour or so. I need to either stop the recovery, or kill it in some way. I dont care one ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Is table aliasing a bad practice?

I remember learning to do this in a DBMS course for Master of Information Services students. To save yourself some typing, you can type: SELECT t1.id, t2.stuff FROM someTable t1 ...
11
votes
3answers
529 views

Can IS DISTINCT FROM be combined with ANY or ALL somehow?

Is a postgres way of combining IS DISTINCT FROM with ANY or some other neat way of getting the same result? select count(*) from (select 'A' foo union all select 'Z' union all select null) z where ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Handling time zones in data mart/warehouse

We are starting to design the building blocks of a data mart/warehouse and we need to be able to support all time zones (our clients are from all over the world). From reading discussions online (and ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a way to programmatically script all objects associated with a given table?

I know that in SQL management studio I can right click a table/trigger/key and script object as.... Is there a way to do this programmatically, given an object's name? If so, is there a way to find ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Oracle 11g: performance improvements of inserts

I have a table of 500 millions of rows (and growing) I did the following to improve performance of inserts: On database side: dropped all indexes and constraints disabled logging On application ...
7
votes
1answer
692 views

Is the optimisation fence behaviour of a CTE (WITH query) specified in the SQL:2008 standard? If so, where?

I see frequent references to WITH queries (common table expressions, or CTEs) acting as an optimisation fence, where the server isn't permitted to push filters down into the CTE queries, pull common ...
5
votes
1answer
319 views

MySQL fulltext selection performance

I have 1.5M rows in a table. Following is the table create code: CREATE TABLE `jobs` ( `id` INT(8) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `job_id` VARCHAR(50) NOT NULL DEFAULT '', `title` VARCHAR(255) ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

Executing a very large SQL file

I have a 830mb .sql file which is a scripted DB. I wish to execute this SQL so it will create and insert data into a database on a hosted server. I cannot get it to open in SQL Server Management ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Grouping records based on intervals of time

I have a table with the following schema, and I need to define a query that can group data based on intervals of time (Ex. records per minute) and then provide the sum of the changes to the ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Optimizing indexes

I just began optimizing my schemas with indexes (pretty late I guess). I never dealt with huge dataset but I'll be soon coping with about 1 to 5 millions rows. Here is the schema I'm using right now ...
3
votes
2answers
620 views

Help with a multi-language medical database

My project is to design a database for medicines in many countries. Medicines have various criteria like composition, price, manufacturer. Database will be multi-language; related to each country. ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

How? SQL Cluster with multiple active nodes (not failover)

I'm building a new SQL 2008 R2 (Enterprise) Cluster that is backed by an EqualLogic iSCSI SAN. Instead of building a failover cluster (which I have done), I would instead like to setup several nodes ...
2
votes
0answers
410 views

Transform XPath map into XML document using relational data [closed]

Background Most modern databases have XML functions that can be used to extract data in an XML format. I want to avoid the task of manually calling XML functions to extract the data. This problem ...
2
votes
1answer
11k views

Multiple “GROUP_CONCAT”s with WHERE clause

In a table as id name type info 1 BMW car yes 2 Reno car no 3 IBM electronics no 4 Sony electronics yes 5 Mazda ...
2
votes
5answers
340 views

How define select, if bridge pair may have 3 players?

Normaly a pair has 2 players, but if there is an odd number of players at the club, one 'pair' has 3 players. Table, members: pair, player_id 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 3 5 3 6 4 7 4 8 5 9 5 10 6 11 6 12 6 ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it normal to use many Triggers?

I have many so-called summary columns throughout my database to count number of rows in other tables. For example, counting the number of comments by a user (a column in the user table). Currently, I ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Restore Database script

I have a live database which i would like to create a backup and restore script that will take the "live" database every night, create a back, then drop the existing "testing" database (if any) and ...
0
votes
2answers
535 views

Tsql Query speed slow due to Or within where clause, causing index scan instead of seek

I have been working on making this query work more efficiently. I found that the number of Ors within the where clause are the biggest problem within this query. This query sits in a stored ...
0
votes
3answers
547 views

Can a RDBMS connect to a remote server, execute a select query and copy them into a local table just with SQL commands?

I'm sorry it may sound stupid but I've been wondering about how multiple databases are automated before the virtualization era. Can a DB Adminsitrator make a stored procedure to get data from a remote ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does ANSI SQL define SUM(no rows) as NULL?

The ANSI SQL standard defines (chapter 6.5, set function specification) the following behaviour for aggregate functions on empty result sets: COUNT(...) = 0 AVG(...) = NULL MIN(...) = NULL MAX(...) = ...
16
votes
1answer
11k views

How do I read Query Cost, and is it always a percentage?

I'm currently studying for SQL 70-433 (the Microsoft Certification exam), and I'm getting very confused about the "query cost" performance metric. According to any documentation I could find via ...
12
votes
1answer
352 views

Why does subquery use parallelism and join doesn't?

Why does SQL server use parallelism when running this query which uses a subquery but it doesn't when using a join? The join version runs in serial and takes around 30 times longer to complete. Join ...
10
votes
3answers
210 views

Combining separate ranges into largest possible contiguous ranges

I'm trying to combine multiple date ranges that may or may not overlap into the largest possible contiguous date ranges. For example: Data: CREATE TABLE test ( id SERIAL PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL, ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

Benefits of using backtick (`) in MySQL queries?

In MySQL we can create queries with or without the backtick (`) symbol. Example: SELECT * FROM TEST; SELECT * FROM `TEST`; Both works fine in mysql-console. Is there any technical difference ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find parent rows that have indentical sets of child rows?

Suppose I have structure like this: Recipes Table: RecipeID Name Description RecipeIngredients Table: RecipeID IngredientID Quantity UOM What are some good ways for ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Multiple operations using WITH

Is there a way to execute multiple operations using the WITH statement? Something like WITH T AS ( SELECT * FROM Tbl ) BEGIN OPEN P_OUTCURSOR FOR SELECT * FROM T; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Slow ORDER BY with LIMIT

I have this query: SELECT * FROM location WHERE to_tsvector('simple',unaccent2("city")) @@ to_tsquery('simple',unaccent2('wroclaw')) order by displaycount I'm happy with it: "Sort ...
6
votes
1answer
876 views

adding an order by to this query returns faster than without, why?

Any ideas on why adding a sort to this query returns considerably faster than without the order by? I would expect the opposite so what could make this happen? SELECT TOP (500) ...
5
votes
1answer
13k views

Syntax of INNER JOIN nested inside OUTER JOIN vs. query results

TLDR; If you look at the 2 execution plans, is there an easy answer to which is better? I purposefully did NOT create indexes so it's easier to see what's happening. Following up on my previous ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Mysql sub query returns more than 1 row

SELECT * FROM wp_posts WHERE ID IN ( (SELECT courses FROM wp_category WHERE CatID =401) OR (SELECT meta_value FROM wp_postmeta WHERE post_id IN (SELECT courses FROM wp_category WHERE CatID =401) ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Send email when certain Data is being inserted in MS SQL Server

I realize that there is an integrated email notification system in SQLServer, where I can configure it to send an email using my organization's Exchange server. I want to use that to send email on ...
5
votes
1answer
485 views

Dealing with temp tables when I have not control over db variables

I have no control over things like tmp_table_size and max_heap_table_size, and so as our tables grow the time taken by queries requiring temp tables is growing geometrically. I am wondering if there ...
4
votes
2answers
514 views

Is a Postgres long-running query aborted if the connection is lost/broken?

If I open a connection to Postgres and issue a long-running query, and then break the connection (e.g., kill the client process that opened the connection), will the long-running query continue to ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

GROUP BY one column, while sorting by another in PostgreSQL

How can I GROUP BY one column, while sorting only by another. I'm trying to do the following: SELECT dbId,retreivalTime FROM FileItems WHERE sourceSite='something' GROUP BY seriesName ...
4
votes
2answers
649 views

Order of columns in a compound index in PostgreSQL (and query order)

I have a table with 50K rows. It is actually a PostGIS table. The query has 4 parts (1 mandatory) (3 Optional) intersection box (a geography rectangle) with 4 lat,long (I use st_intersects) ...
4
votes
1answer
15k views

Split/explode comma delimited string field into SQL query

I have field id_list='1234,23,56,576,1231,567,122,87876,57553,1216' and I want to use it to search IN this field: SELECT * FROM table1 WHERE id IN (id_list) id is integer id_list is varchar/text ...