Structured Query Language (SQL). For questions about the language, not Microsoft SQL Server (tag sql-server).

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SQL services wont start due to incorrect drive letter after windows restore

SQL services wont start due to incorrect drive letter after windows restore Had a server crash, was successfully able to reinstall windows and restore the server SQL and all the necessary services ...
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4answers
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PostgreSQL execute a default query when no row are returned

I need to calculate the average score of a list of userId. I have a table user_place_score: (user_id, place_id, score) Sometimes I do not have the score (no row for (user_id,place_id) in the table)...
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2answers
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Convert date and time

I have a column with about 100 records in datetime (for example 2004-08-09 12:20:41:000) and I would like to convert all records or update same time just date only with format mm-dd-yyyy. Thank you.
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2answers
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MySQL Case problem

I am trying to run a SQL code (I use MySQL). What I want to do is to set DATE_REACT a value when the first condition is satisfied, and a different value when the first condition is not satisfied. The ...
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2answers
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Can I select data inserted in the same uncommited transaction?

Maybe this is a dumb beginner question, but I cannot find an answer anywhere. Everywhere I read about the Transaction Isolation which solves the visibility of data within the concurrent transactions. ...
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1answer
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Insert multiples rows/columns - PostgreSQL 9.2

I've got a table that has several columns, But I need to insert data into two columns of that table. I need to add data into those columns, from a select statement. Would it be something like: ...
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3answers
279 views

Remove duplicate values from query result

I am using Postgres 9.3.9. I have 2 tables : f_agent : CREATE TABLE f_agent ( f_agent__id bigserial NOT NULL, f_agent__total_users integer NOT NULL, f_agent__dim_time_id integer NOT NULL, ......
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2answers
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Which should I use on my DB? - Clustered Index or Non Clustered Index or Both

I just need advice on how I am going to optimize my database. Date ---- Time ---- Area ---- Block ---- Data1 ---- Data2 ---- Data3 ---- DataN I have that format of tables on my database. Each ...
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Counting unique records across 2 columns and computing a score based on boolean values

I have a table that looks like this in Google Big Query: custID InteractionDate Purchased? Sales 1 20150312 F 0 1 20150312 T 200 1 20150314 ...
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2answers
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Use column alias in GROUP BY

I have a query where I chain two columns. Why does the alias not work in the GROUP BY clause but in ORDER BY clause, it does work? How can I write the select correctly? SELECT KOS_VER_ID AS "...
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1answer
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The SQL server Log folder is expanding because of the SQL Dump files (what to do with it ?)

The "Log" folder SIZE in the SQL server root directory (X:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL11.MSSQLSERVER\MSSQL\Log) becomes too big , ~80 GB. When I checked it, I see that there are a lot of ...
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1answer
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How do I count the number of different child id's belonging to a parent record?

For instance I have two tables in a music database. Table album and table track. Each track record has (amongst other things), an album_id and an artist_id Each album record has a unique album_id ...
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1answer
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Validate each parent intermediary is also a parent to itself

I want to validate where each parent intermediary is also a parent to itself. So this query should return invalid parents in SELECT if table has any. I need to do is first of all get all parents ...
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2answers
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how to Create A SP with table variable and execute 3 SP statements in the same statement

how to Create A SP with table variable and execute 3 SP statements in the same statement . exec [dbo].[sp_KPI_Churn_MTD_Current_Year] exec [dbo].[sp_KPI_Churn_MTD_Previous_Year] exec [dbo].[...
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1answer
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Why all ranking is 1 for this query [closed]

Declare @ranking_term char set @ranking_term ='Amount' select case (@ranking_term)when'Amount' then ( select Dense_rank() over (order by Amount desc) ) else( select ...
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1answer
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how to query multiple row data in single column in oracle?

i have a table in which the values are id value ---------------- 1 10 1 20 1 30 2 33 2 34 I want the output given below using sql: id value ---...
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13answers
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Eliminate duplicates in ListAgg (Oracle)

Prior to Oracle 11.2 I was using a custom aggregate function to concatenate a column into a row. 11.2 Added the LISTAGG function, so I am trying to use that instead. My problem is that I need to ...
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1answer
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How to insert values into a table from a select query in PostgreSQL?

I have a table items (item_id serial, name varchar(10), item_group int) and a table items_ver (id serial, item_id int, name varchar(10), item_group int). Now I want to insert a row into items_ver ...
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When a previously-fast SQL query starts running slow, where do I look to find the source of the issue?

Background I have a query running against SQL Server 2008 R2 that joins and/or left-joins about 12 different "tables". The database is fairly large with many tables over 50 million rows and about 300 ...
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3answers
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CHECKPOINT or COMMIT writes to disk?

Let's say, for SQLServer2008R2 and higher, with full recovery mode databases. I always thought : When a transaction is commited (COMMIT), the transaction is written to the transaction log in RAM. ...
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9answers
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Where to learn advanced SQL coding

Where can I learn more advanced SQL programming to improve my ability in SQL? I have reviewed the database AdventureWorks 2008 but I need more.
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5answers
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How do I use currval() in PostgreSQL to get the last inserted id?

I have a table: CREATE TABLE names (id serial, name varchar(20)) I want the "last inserted id" from that table, without using RETURNING id on insert. There seem to be a function CURRVAL(), but I ...
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4answers
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SQL Server “empty table” is slow after deleting all (12 million) records?

I have a SQL Server 2008 instance with approximately 150 columns. I have previously populated this table with approximately 12 million entries, but have since cleared the table in preparation for a ...
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4answers
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Are individual queries faster than joins?

Conceptual question: Are individual queries faster than joins, or: Should I try to squeeze every info I want on the client side into one SELECT statement or just use as many as seems convenient? TL;...
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3answers
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Why are simple SELECTs on InnoDB 100x slower than on MyISAM?

I have quite an annoying problem. I want to use INNODB as my main database engine and give up on MyISAM as I need the former for using galera-cluster for redundancy. I copied (description follows) ...
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5answers
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Alter table on live production databases

How do most "popular" (MySQL, Postgres...) database system handle altering tables on live production databases (like adding, deleting or changing the type of colums)? I know the correct way is to ...
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1answer
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How to force drop database in SQL Server 2008

I'm trying to force drop a database, but after dropping the database, when I try to recreate the database, I'm getting the error cannot create file C:\Program Files.....[databasename].mdf because ...
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4answers
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How to differentiate between SQL and PL/SQL?

I know the question might sound too stupid, but I never understood this part. SQL*Plus works with both SQL and PL/SQL. How do I know whether some code is SQL or PL/SQL? If my code has a for ...
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5answers
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How to recursively find gaps where 90 days passed, between rows

This is a kind of trivial task in my C# homeworld, but I don't yet make it in SQL and would prefer to solve it set-based (without cursors). A resultset should come from a query like this. SELECT ...
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2answers
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Returning a result set with multiple rows based on max date

I have a child table that is something like this: [Cust Date Table] | Customer ID | Some Date | Balance | +-------------+------------+---------+ | 1 | 2012-04-30 | 20.00 | | 1 ...
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8answers
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What is the difference between an INNER JOIN and an OUTER JOIN ?

I am new to SQL and wanted to know what is the difference between those two JOIN types? SELECT * FROM user u INNER JOIN telephone t ON t.user_id = u.id SELECT * FROM user u LEFT OUTER JOIN ...
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How to execute SQL against all DBs on a Server

I have some standard SQL that I run against multiple databases on a single server to help me diagnose problems: select so.name, so.type, MAX(case when sc.text like '%remote%' then '' ...
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1answer
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Difference between Hash, Merge and Loop join?

In SQL Server you can specify the join hints: HASH JOIN MERGE JOIN LOOP JOIN What is the definition of those three join hints, and when should each be used?
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Is there a standard implementation of a Users Database?

I need to implement basic personalized user functionality for my website. Is there a standard structure for databases of this type? Like is it common practice to have all user info and data in a ...
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3answers
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How to Log All mysql queries into log file?

I am using Mysql 5.6.12 under Wamp server environment. Now I want to log All queries into ".log" file, the queries which are running by PHP or from PHPMyAdmin, I want to log them...
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Database behind a Multilingual User Interface

This question is about an issue somewhat more complicated than the one which has already been addressed in these old questions, all of which are duplicates of one another: Suggestion for database ...
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N prefix before string in Transact-SQL query

Would you tell me, please, when should I use N prefix before string in Transact-SQL query? I have started to work with a database where I don't get any results using query like this SELECT * FROM ...
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1answer
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Generate an exception with a Context

When PostgreSQL throws an exception, there is a line "CONTEXT" like: ERROR: INSERT has more target COLUMNS than expressions LINE 3: ... ...
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2answers
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Why does MySQL allow HAVING to use SELECT aliases?

In SQL, as far as I know, the logical query processing order, which is the conceptual interpretation order, starts with FROM in the following way: FROM WHERE GROUP BY HAVING SELECT ORDER BY ...
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5answers
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Sequential GUID or bigint for 'huge' database table PK

I know this type of question comes up a lot, but I've yet to read any compelling arguments to help me make this decision. Please bear with me! I have a huge database - it grows by about 10,000,000 ...
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6answers
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Find “n” consecutive free numbers from table

I have some table with numbers like this (status is either FREE or ASSIGNED) id_set number status ----------------------- 1 000001 ASSIGNED 1 000002 FREE 1 000003 ...
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2answers
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ORDER BY using custom priorities for text columns

This is a sample table: name | cat ---------- hugo | sal bob | mgr mike | dev jeff | mgr john | dev Both name and cat being Varchar. cat reflects a category for these names, but I like to assign ...
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5answers
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Update existing rows with squence number/char or any unique data

I added a new column in the Table X This column "cn" has to be unique and mandatory, but old data don't have any value. How to update the existing records with sequecely or random unique data? ...
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6answers
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Emulate REGEXP like behaviour in DB2 SQL

I posted the same on stackoverflow (please, let me know if I have to delete one). I'm working on a DB2 database and as far as I can see regexp is not supported (without additional libraries). So I ...
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7answers
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How do I copy a table with SELECT INTO but ignore the IDENTITY property?

I have a table with identity column say: create table with_id ( id int identity(1,1), val varchar(30) ); It's well known, that this select * into copy_from_with_id_1 from with_id; results in ...
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4answers
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Is table aliasing a bad practice?

I remember learning to do this in a DBMS course for Master of Information Services students. To save yourself some typing, you can type: SELECT t1.id, t2.stuff FROM someTable t1 ...
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MySQL and window functions

It seems that MySQL does not support window functions. E.g. the simple: COUNT(*) OVER() AS cnt does not work. What I am not sure is if this applies to commercial version as well (I assume the ...
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Can IS DISTINCT FROM be combined with ANY or ALL somehow?

Is a postgres way of combining IS DISTINCT FROM with ANY or some other neat way of getting the same result? select count(*) from (select 'A' foo union all select 'Z' union all select null) z where ...
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2answers
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Outer Apply vs Left Join Performance

I am Using SQL SERVER 2008 R2 I just came across APPLY in SQL and loved how it solves query problems for so many cases, Many of the tables I was using 2 left join to get the result, I was able to ...
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1answer
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Why are multiple COUNT faster than one SUM with CASE?

I wanted to know which of the following two approaches is faster: 1) Three COUNT: SELECT Approved = (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.Claims d WHERE d.Status = 'Approved'), Valid ...