Structured Query Language (SQL). For questions about the language, not Microsoft SQL Server (tag sql-server).

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Returning a result set with multiple rows based on max date

I have a child table that is something like this: [Cust Date Table] | Customer ID | Some Date | Balance | +-------------+------------+---------+ | 1 | 2012-04-30 | 20.00 | | 1 ...
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718 views

Where to start with Oracle?

This question only needs one answer: a list of great resources for getting started with Oracle, including Database Administration, PL/SQL and SQL. You may find your question has been closed as a ...
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SQL Server 2005/8 Query Optimisation Hints

I'm looking at educating a team on writing better SQL Server queries and was wondering what people's best hints were for improving performance. For instance I once had a DBA who insisted that count(*)...
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Why are multiple COUNT faster than one SUM with CASE?

I wanted to know which of the following two approaches is faster: 1) Three COUNT: SELECT Approved = (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM dbo.Claims d WHERE d.Status = 'Approved'), Valid ...
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3answers
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Combining separate ranges into largest possible contiguous ranges

I'm trying to combine multiple date ranges that may or may not overlap into the largest possible contiguous date ranges. For example: Data: CREATE TABLE test ( id SERIAL PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL, ...
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Outer Apply vs Left Join Performance

I am Using SQL SERVER 2008 R2 I just came across APPLY in SQL and loved how it solves query problems for so many cases, Many of the tables I was using 2 left join to get the result, I was able to ...
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How many Sproc Parameters is too many?

I've just started writing a Stored Procedure in SQL Server 2008 and have 30+ parameters. I've never written one with more than ~10 parameters, and that got me thinking... At what point are there too ...
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What are the alternatives for an ORDER BY clause in a View?

This question just had to be in this site :) ORDER BY is forbidden to use in a view, as I understood because of the possibility for multiple order by's when using this view. I know that there are ...
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PostgreSQL: schema diff/patch tool [closed]

Consider the following setting: A production DB A dev db, on which schema changes are made to enable new features When the development of a new feature is complete, I have to manually update the ...
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Many to Many and Weak Entities

I have an entity that cannot exist without being defined by another, and I want this entity to participate in a many-to-many relationship. Example: An artist has an album (the album cannot exist ...
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Query Performance Tuning

When you finish writing a query/stored proc/function, what's the most informative way to quickly get some performance parameters? Do you run the query and view the actual execution plan? If so, what ...
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Error 3154 while restoring a backup using WITH REPLACE

I have SQL 2012 with SP1 installed on my computer. I made a backup of a database test.bak. I have a database with the name test2 which is the same database, but the data changed. I want to restore ...
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How to delete a procedure which name is ambigous?

I am using informix... I dont know how i did it, but there are two procedures with the same name in my database. When i try to remove them with a DROP PROCEDURE myProc; then i get a error message ...
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Theil-Sen estimator function in T-SQL

Does anyone have a Theil-Sen regression function written in T-SQL? I found one written in Perl, but I'm not able to recode it into SQL.
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1answer
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Why is SELECT * much faster than selecting all columns (in a different column order) by name?

On a table with columns a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k I get: select * from misty order by a limit 25; Time: 302.068 ms And: select c,b,j,k,a,d,i,g,f,e,h from misty order by a limit 25; Time: 1258.451 ms ...
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SELECT DISTINCT on one column, while returning the other columns?

I have a query which uses three lookup tables to get all the information I need. I need to have DISTINCT values for one column, however I also need the rest of the data associated with it. My SQL ...
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1answer
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Deadlock when update different rows with non-clustered index

I'm solving a deadlocking issue while I noticed the lock behavior is different when I use clustered and non-clustered index on the id field. The deadlock issue seems to be solved if clusted index or ...
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2answers
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Efficient query to get greatest value per group from big table

Given the table: Column | Type id | integer latitude | numeric(9,6) longitude | numeric(9,6) ...
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Database starts always in recovery mode

Everytime I restart my server, the database is always in recovery mode, and it takes about 20 minutes for it to behave as normal. This always and only happens when I restart the server, so I have a ...
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1answer
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Is the optimisation fence behaviour of a CTE (WITH query) specified in the SQL:2008 standard? If so, where?

I see frequent references to WITH queries (common table expressions, or CTEs) acting as an optimisation fence, where the server isn't permitted to push filters down into the CTE queries, pull common ...
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SQL Query Formatter [closed]

Are there any (Linux based) SQL Query Formatting programs/plugins/extensions? I use PostgreSQL and MySQL but other DB's are welcome as well. I can use a VM to test with but would prefer a Linux (...
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Find total duration of each consecutive series of rows

MySQL Version The code will run in MySQL 5.5 Background I have a table like the following one CREATE TABLE t ( id INT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT , patient_id INT NOT NULL , bed_id INT NOT NULL , ...
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Why does a query run slower in a Stored Procedure than in the Query window?

I have a complex query which runs in 2 seconds in the query window, but about 5 minutes as a Stored Procedure. Why is it taking so much longer to run as a stored procedure? Here's what my query looks ...
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Treating certain Arabic characters as identical

In Arabic we have characters like ا (alef) and أ (alef with hamza). Users write them interchangeably and we want to search them interchangeably. SQL Server treats them as separate characters. How ...
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1answer
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Why is query thousands of times slower with DESC?

I have a PostgreSQL database (AWS RDS) and ran the following queries in psql: livenet=> EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM outputs ORDER BY height LIMIT 10; Limit (cost=0.57..36.82 rows=10 width=...
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Stored Procedure to return dynamically created table data

Quick back story, we are working with an outside vendor that has a survey system. The system is not necessarily designed the best in that when you create a new survey and the system creates a new ...
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Is a join optimized to a where clause at runtime?

When I write a query like this... select * from table1 t1 join table2 t2 on t1.id = t2.id Does the SQL optimizer, not sure if that is the correct term, translate that to... select * from table1 t1,...
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Do you know an easy way to generate one record for each hour of the past 12 hours?

I have a report that shows the count of events for the past 12 hours, grouped by the hour. Sounds easy enough, but what I am struggling with is how to include records that cover the gaps. Here is an ...
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3answers
566 views

Are these two queries logically equivalent?

Are these two queries logically equivalent? DECLARE @DateTime DATETIME = GETDATE() Query 1 SELECT * FROM MyTable WHERE Datediff(DAY, LogInsertTime, @DateTime) > 7 Query 2 SELECT * FROM ...
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6answers
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Backing up SQL DB more frequently

I currently have a scheduled task that fires off each night at 2 AM that calls SQLCMD.exe and passes it a .sql script to run for the backup (shown below). We're a pretty small company with growing ...
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4answers
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How to list all views in SQL in PostgreSQL?

How do I list all views for a database using an SQL command in PostgreSQL? I would like something similar to output of the psql \dv command, but preferably just a list of view names. e.g., SELECT ...
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3answers
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Used Memory not freed up after a SQL BULK Insert / BCP Export

I have created a very basic SQL table as following CREATE TABLE [dbo].[TickData]( [Date] [varchar](12) NULL, [Time] [varchar](12) NOT NULL, [Symbol] [varchar](12) NOT NULL, [Side] [varchar](2) ...
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Storing date as integer (numeric), what are the advantages

Question 1 I am working with a system where date is stored as integer (actual numeric(8,0)) and I have noticed that other systems also store date as int such as cisco in this thread. Example ...
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overstating field size in database design

I have some fields for my tables that are strings and at the moment, most of the field size have pretty high character limits. For instance, 100 char for the street name. Is there a penalty for using ...
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3answers
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How to avoid a cyclic dependency (circular reference) between 3 tables?

I have 3 tables: People Post Likes When I design the ER model it has a cyclic dependency: 1:N People --------< Post 1:N Post ----------< Likes 1:N People --...
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How to check if a subquery has exactly one distinct result and a specified value concisely?

I found myself writing the following: select 'yes' where exists(select * from foo where val=1) and not exists(select * from foo where val<>1); and wondering if there is a more concise way ...
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1answer
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Could a null column be part of a primary key?

I'm developing a SQL Server 2012 database and I have a question about a One-to-Zero-Or-One relationship. I have two tables, Codes and HelperCodes. A code could have zero or one helper code. This is ...
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What does NVL stand for?

What does NVL stand for? I'm talking about the Oracle and Informix (perhaps some others too) function used to filter out non NULL values from query results (similar to COALESCE in other databases).
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How to Log All mysql queries into log file?

I am using Mysql 5.6.12 under Wamp server environment. Now I want to log All queries into ".log" file, the queries which are running by PHP or from PHPMyAdmin, I want to log them...
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What is the best way to find out how many records do not have a proper phone number in SQL Server?

I have a field that people historically could use to freely supply a value. I need to identify the records which do not have an appropriate value so I can clean them. I've been looking around in SSIS ...
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3answers
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Is there a way to programmatically script all objects associated with a given table?

I know that in SQL management studio I can right click a table/trigger/key and script object as.... Is there a way to do this programmatically, given an object's name? If so, is there a way to find ...
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Oracle: How do I query a Hierarchical table?

Background This is for the construction of some views we'll be using for reporting. I have an table of locations, the key fields being "location" and "parent". The structure that these two fields ...
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How can I optimize this MySQL query further?

I have a query that is taking a particularly long time to run (15+ seconds) and it is only getting worse with time as my dataset grows. I have optimized this in the past, and have added indices, code-...
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2answers
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Why does MySQL allow HAVING to use SELECT aliases?

In SQL, as far as I know, the logical query processing order, which is the conceptual interpretation order, starts with FROM in the following way: FROM WHERE GROUP BY HAVING SELECT ORDER BY ...
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2answers
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function hangs with null case operation

I created a function that accepts a start and end date, with the end date being optional. I then wrote a CASE in the filter to use the start date if no end date is passed. CASE WHEN @dateEnd IS NULL ...
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How to wrap long lines when SELECTing SQL text columns?

I'm selecting from a table with long text columns. I'd like to wrap long lines to a maximum line length. From: SELECT * FROM test; test_id | text --------+-----------...
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LNNVL Justification

LNNVL is an oracle built in function that returns TRUE for conditions evaluating to FALSE or UNKNOWN, and returns FALSE for conditions evaluating to TRUE. My question is what would be the benefit of ...
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Insert with OUTPUT correlated to sub query table

I am modifying the structure of a database. The content of several columns of the table FinancialInstitution has to be transferred into the table Person. FinancialInstitution is linked to Person with ...