DO NOT USE this for questions targeting Microsoft SQL Server, use the tag sql-server instead. "SQL" is an acronym for "Structured Query Language", it is used in relational database management systems (RDBMS) to query, update, delete, and insert data as well as modify the structure of the database. ...

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3answers
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SELECT DISTINCT on one column, while returning the other columns?

I have a query which uses three lookup tables to get all the information I need. I need to have DISTINCT values for one column, however I also need the rest of the data associated with it. My SQL ...
8
votes
3answers
901 views

SQL Server query slow when paginated

I am seeing some strange behaviour with the following T-SQL query in SQL Server 2012: select Id FROM dbo.Person WHERE CONTAINS(Name, '"John" AND "Smith"') order by Name Executing this query alone ...
8
votes
2answers
8k views

Table not getting created under dbo schema

When creating tables in SSMS, I've realized that if you execute the following statement: CREATE TABLE [tableName]; the table will be created under your own schema (and not dbo). So in order to ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Is there an execution difference between a JOIN condition and a WHERE condition?

Is there a performance difference between these two example queries? Query 1: select count(*) from table1 a join table2 b on b.key_col=a.key_col where b.tag = 'Y' Query 2; select ...
8
votes
6answers
7k views

SQL Query Formatter [closed]

Are there any (Linux based) SQL Query Formatting programs/plugins/extensions? I use PostgreSQL and MySQL but other DB's are welcome as well. I can use a VM to test with but would prefer a Linux ...
8
votes
4answers
127 views

What are the trade offs for incrementing ids vs. fulltext keys for foreign key designs?

In a lot of relational database designs there are fields that are referenced in other tables. For example consider a user table with a unique username and a second table storing address data. One ...
8
votes
2answers
863 views

LNNVL Justification

LNNVL is an oracle built in function that returns TRUE for conditions evaluating to FALSE or UNKNOWN, and returns FALSE for conditions evaluating to TRUE. My question is what would be the benefit of ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the security implications of sp_executesql?

By default, in SQL Server, the [public] role has EXECUTE rights on sp_executesql. However, I've inherited a database server where the previous DBA has revoked the EXECUTE right on sp_executesql. As ...
8
votes
2answers
14k views

SQL Server backup failing. Error: 3041, Severity: 16, State: 1

First of all, I'm very new at stackexchange, so please bear with me. I'm running a SQL Server 9.0.4060. My problem is: my SQL Server backup keeps failing on a lot of the databases. The Maintenance ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

SQL Server 2008 datetime index performance bug

We are using SQL Server 2008 R2, and have a very large (100M+ rows) table with a primary id index, and a datetime column with a nonclustered index. We are seeing some highly unusual client/server ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How does using separate schemas affect SQL Server 2008 performance?

I want to use separate schemas for objects with different purposes in our SQL Server 2008 database. Right now we use a fairly mind-numbing naming convention to indicate the purpose of a table or ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Handling time zones in data mart/warehouse

We are starting to design the building blocks of a data mart/warehouse and we need to be able to support all time zones (our clients are from all over the world). From reading discussions online (and ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Friends relations in MySQL

I'm developing a friendship relation in MySQL where friend relation is mutual. If A is friend of B, then B is friend of A. If one of the users end friendship then relation drops. I want to learn which ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Database design: Dividing multiple identical tables, good or bad?

I am very new at SQL and databases in general. I only use them for the occasional homework so I haven't even tried to master them. I have seats at a theater, the seats are divided into 4 main areas ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

A good SQL sniffer

Can anyone point me to a good SQL sniffer where I can watch the SQL commands that run against my database in real time? If it's free, that would be great.
7
votes
3answers
57k views

How do I insert a row which contains a foreign key?

Using PostgreSQL v9.1. I have the following tables: CREATE TABLE foo ( id BIGSERIAL NOT NULL UNIQUE PRIMARY KEY, type VARCHAR(60) NOT NULL UNIQUE ); CREATE TABLE bar ( id BIGSERIAL ...
7
votes
5answers
16k views

In Oracle how do I save a sequence.nextval in a variable to be reused in multiple inserts?

I'm writing a script to populate some tables with data for testing. I would like to write something like the following but I don't know how to do it (I'm Oracle 11g) SET ENABLED_USER_ID = ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Do SQL Server stored procedures cache data results?

I have heard this from friends, but I never investigated whether this is true. Is it true that the data results of an executed query are stored in cache? I mean, if I have a stored procedure like : ...
7
votes
2answers
928 views

Is there any difference between putting a column alias at the start or the end of the column definition?

I've always seen and written my column aliases as SELECT 1 as ColumnName but today came across a query that used SELECT ColumnName = 1 Is there any difference in how these two queries get ...
7
votes
6answers
3k views

attach/detach v.s. backup/restore

I am using SQL Server 2008 Enterprise. I need to transfer the database (as a whole) to another server (to make a duplicate database to setup another test environment). I have two choices, (1) making ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

ORDER BY using custom priorities for text columns

This is a sample table: name | cat ---------- hugo | sal bob | mgr mike | dev jeff | mgr john | dev Both name and cat being Varchar. cat reflects a category for these names, but I like to assign ...
7
votes
4answers
58k views

Combine column from multiple rows into single row

I've got some customer_comments split out into multiple rows due to database design, and for a report I need to combine the comments from each unique id into one row. I previously tried something ...
7
votes
3answers
713 views

More Databases Per Sql Server 2005 Instance

Our company currently hosts about 400 databases per SQL Server 2005 instance. 500-600 databases and we see performance start to deteriorate. Database size ranges from 50mb to 40-60gb in the extreme, ...
7
votes
4answers
22k views

Update existing rows with squence number/char or any unique data

I added a new column in the Table X This column "cn" has to be unique and mandatory, but old data don't have any value. How to update the existing records with sequecely or random unique data? ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How to find parent rows that have indentical sets of child rows?

Suppose I have structure like this: Recipes Table: RecipeID Name Description RecipeIngredients Table: RecipeID IngredientID Quantity UOM What are some good ways for ...
7
votes
2answers
499 views

What is the purpose of the USING parameter in SQL?

Working with some code on a standard MySQL database, and I came across this statement: SELECT * FROM foo LEFT JOIN bar USING ('bar_id') WHERE foo_id = 1 What's throwing me is: what is USING for, ...
7
votes
1answer
850 views

Why 0 is equal to empty string?

I need some help in finding why the following T-SQL statement returns 1 (true): SELECT IIF( 0 = '', 1, 0) I guess someone has change an ANSI option like SET ANSI_NULLS or something else that is ...
7
votes
3answers
8k views

SQL Calculated Field in both SELECT and GROUP BY clause

Often in querying my MS SQL Server databases, I need to create a calculated field, such as this (CASE WHEN A.type = 'Workover' THEN 'Workover' ELSE (CASE WHEN substring(C.category, 2, 1) = 'D' ...
7
votes
2answers
446 views

Where to start with Oracle?

This question only needs one answer: a list of great resources for getting started with Oracle, including Database Administration, PL/SQL and SQL. You may find your question has been closed as a ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

For a MySQL query, how do you determine physical and logical I/O?

I'm used to having a showplan in Microsoft SQL and have gotten lazy with using tools to tune MySQL queries. How can I determine physical/logical I/O for a query in MySQL? (EXPLAIN shows the index ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Select longest continuous sequence

I am trying to construct a query in PostgreSQL 9.0 that gets the longest sequence of continuous rows for a specifc field. Consider the following table: lap_id (Serial), lap_no (int), car_type ...
7
votes
1answer
606 views

selecting where two columns are in a set

This might be a silly question, and my suspicion is that I can't do this, but is there a construct in SQL that would allow me to do something like the following: SELECT whatever WHERE col1,col2 IN ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Why are NULLs sorted first?

Why is it that when we have a NULL value in a column and we order by the value ascending, the NULLs are sorted first? select 1 as test union all select 2 union all select NULL union all select 3 ...
7
votes
1answer
158 views

IN and NOT IN for XML column

I have a table with a xml column. Xml is similar to <Root> <Row> <user>abc</user> <Rowid>1</Rowid> </Row> <Row> ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Algorithm for finding the longest prefix

I have two tables. First one is a table with prefixes code name price 343 ek1 10 3435 nt 4 3432 ek2 2 Second is call records with phone numbers number time 834353212 10 ...
7
votes
2answers
366 views

Why do we have SHRINKDATABASE command in SQL Server

I have read across the internet where Finest Developer says shrinkdatabse should be avoided as it causes increase in fragmentation and decrease in performance . So i would like to know from you guys ...
7
votes
1answer
521 views

Adding SPARSE made table much bigger

I have a generic log table, about 5m rows. There's a "strongly typed" field that stores event type, and a bunch of "losely typed" columns that contain data relevant to the event. That is, meaning of ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Multiple operations using WITH

Is there a way to execute multiple operations using the WITH statement? Something like WITH T AS ( SELECT * FROM Tbl ) BEGIN OPEN P_OUTCURSOR FOR SELECT * FROM T; SELECT COUNT(*) INTO ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to effectively query and aggregate a normalized SQL db?

In relation to Most efficient way to return multiple aggregates in a single stored proc? I have an email type application and want to select all the messages (inbox) for a user. The problem is that I ...
7
votes
1answer
256 views

Is it possible to limit the maximum disk usage for a user

Is it possible to set a limit on the amount of physical disk space a user (or group of users) can use within a single database? For example is there some method of associating a schema with a ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the differences between SQL I/O Sim and SQL IO tools?

I want to test my different SQL Server alternatives with a benchmark tool. I found two tools by Microsoft: SQLIO Disk Subsystem Benchmark Tool SQL IO Sim What are the differences between them? is ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

SQL Server 2008 R2 High CPU

We are having a SQL Server R2 Web Edition database, based on Windows Server 2008 R2 with a strong CPU and 32GB RAM DDR3. Our database works very hard (we run around 600,000 queries in 1 minute) and ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Oracle's left join and where clauses errors

CREATE TABLE "ATABLE1" ( "COLUMN1" VARCHAR2(20 BYTE), "COLUMN2" VARCHAR2(20 BYTE) ); CREATE TABLE "ATABLE2" ( "COLUMN1" VARCHAR2(20 BYTE), "COLUMN2" VARCHAR2(20 BYTE) ); ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Database behind a Multilingual User Interface

This question is about an issue somewhat more complicated than the one which has already been addressed in these old questions, all of which are duplicates of one another: Suggestion for database ...
7
votes
3answers
478 views

How to express this constraint in a database schema?

I have the following functional dependencies which are in BCNF: a,b -> c a -> d b -> d With the additional constraint, that no a and b should be combined with a c, where a and b have ...
7
votes
2answers
45k views

How do you show SQL executing on an Oracle database?

How can you show the SQL that is currently executing on an oracle db? Extra information that would be useful would include user, session id etc.
7
votes
4answers
387 views

Mathematical equality of two SQL statements

Is there a way to get check the mathematical equality of two SQL statements? I have two SQL statements: SQL_STATEMENT_1 SQL_STATEMENT_2 Running both statements on data and comparing the output ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Database size - MDF too large?

I'm maintaining a SQL Server 2005 database which hosts approximately 2.9Tb of data (2 x 1.45Tb - I have a RAW schema and an ANALYSIS schema so basically two copies of the data ingested). The recovery ...
7
votes
1answer
15k views

CREATE INDEX vs ALTER TABLE ADD INDEX - MySQLism, or SQL Standard?

Just came across a weird issue, whereby depending on how I create an index, an index name is required. http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/create-index.html ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Oracle 11g: performance improvements of inserts

I have a table of 500 millions of rows (and growing) I did the following to improve performance of inserts: On database side: dropped all indexes and constraints disabled logging On application ...