A set of zero, one or more attributes, the value(s) of which are guaranteed to be unique for each tuple (row) in a relation.

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29
votes
3answers
23k views

PostgreSQL multi-column unique constraint and NULL values

I have a table like the following: create table my_table ( id int8 not null, id_A int8 not null, id_B int8 not null, id_C int8 null, constraint pk_my_table primary key (id), ...
18
votes
1answer
24k views

Optimal way to ignore duplicate inserts? [duplicate]

Background This problem relates to ignoring duplicate inserts using PostgreSQL 9.2 or greater. The reason I ask is because of this code: -- Ignores duplicates. INSERT INTO db_table ...
54
votes
5answers
17k views

When should I use a unique constraint instead of a unique index?

When I want a column to have distinct values, I can either use a constraint create table t1( id int primary key, code varchar(10) unique NULL ); go or I can use a unique index create table t2( id ...
2
votes
1answer
6k views

How can I optimize my mysql setup to create my index faster?

I have a server running Ubuntu 10.04 with Mysql 5.1x installed via package. The system has 128GB ram, 8 cores, and has 4TB's free space where Mysql & Mysql tmp are stored. I have an MyISAM like ...
6
votes
2answers
853 views

Custom unique column constraint, only enforced if one column has a specific value

Is it possible to have a custom unique column constraint as follows? Suppose I have two cols, subset and type, both strings (though the data types probably doesn't matter). If type is "true", then ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

PostgreSQL duplicate key violates unique constraint error

CentOS 6.2 64bit Server PostgreSQL 8.4.9 installed via yum I am seeing errors from time to time in PostgreSQL's logs about a table called events. The events table is used to stores information ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Managing CTE execution order under uncertainty

I am writing a large, multi-step CTE for performance reasons. In one query, data must be moved from one table to another, but the quantity of rows moved is uncertain and could be zero. In a ...
4
votes
2answers
430 views

How can I enforce ensure uniqueness of an association with a time dimension?

I have a database table AB which tracks the association of A and B over time: create table AB columns ( ARef ..., -- FK of A BRef ..., -- FK of B Since as Timestamp, Until as Timestamp, ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Unique combination key MySQL

Lets say I have a table with 3 fields: id1 id2 mapTypeId What I want is a primary/unique key that is any combination of id1 and id2. For example if I have this record already in the database: ...
2
votes
1answer
291 views

NEWSEQUENTIALID() resets sequence on server restart

MSDN learns me that NEWSEQUENTIALID(): Creates a GUID that is greater than any GUID previously generated by this function on a specified computer since Windows was started. After restarting ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Unique constraint to enforce max one null per item

I am using PostgreSQL 9.3. Suppose we are manufacturing some items of certain types, at any moment we are producing at most one item of a certain type. The following table captures our history of ...
8
votes
4answers
467 views

What are the performance considerations between using a broad PK vs a separate synthetic key and UQ?

I have several tables where records can be uniquely identified with several broad business fields. In the past, I've used these fields as a PK, with these benefits in mind: Simplicity; there are no ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

In MySQL if column X has unique values what's the difference between UNIQUE index and B-Tree index

Let's assume that I have table data: CREATE TABLE `test`.`data` ( `row_id` INT NOT NULL , `data_id` INT NOT NULL , PRIMARY KEY (`row_id`) ); Now, let's assume that data_id has unique values. Is ...
1
vote
2answers
328 views

Best type to use in a composite key when one of the values varies in type

I am building a data store for the content of multiple blog sites which have been scraped. Each of these sites is going to have an entry in a Blog table BlogId Url ...
0
votes
4answers
111 views

SqlServer: can one table's PK be the FK of other two table's? [duplicate]

I have three tables project, users and proj_user. The PK of proj_user table is the FK of project and users table's pk e.g.(project_id,user_id) My question is, is it possible for the project_id and ...