7
votes
1answer
4k views

VACUUM returning disk space to operating system

VACUUM usually does not return disk space to operating system, except in some special cases. From the docs: The standard form of VACUUM removes dead row versions in tables and indexes and marks ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

No SA password. No SQL Server Management Studio. No OS authentication [duplicate]

I have this problem. I need to do some administrative tasks on a MS SQL Database using SA account. OS authentication is not set. SQL Server Manager Manager Studio is not installed. I have no other ...
8
votes
3answers
11k views

Why does MySQL ignore the index even on force for this order by?

I run an EXPLAIN: mysql> explain select last_name from employees order by last_name; +----+-------------+-----------+------+---------------+------+---------+------+-------+----------------+ | ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Dynamic SQL in MySQL stored routines

According to the restrictions on stored routines and triggers, dynamic sql cannot be used (restriction lifted for stored procedures in version 5.0.13 and later). Why is this limitation in place? And ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Running multiple instances on the same host

I need to set up multiple MySQL instances on the same host for one of our customers. As far as I see I could go with: mysqld_multi MySQL Sandbox This should be a long term solution for an ...
16
votes
1answer
4k views

How to get the MAX row

In SQL Server I've always found it a pain to get the max rows for a dataset, I'm looking for a list of the methods to retrieve the max rows with some guidance on performance and maintainability. ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an execution difference between a JOIN condition and a WHERE condition?

Is there a performance difference between these two example queries? Query 1: select count(*) from table1 a join table2 b on b.key_col=a.key_col where b.tag = 'Y' Query 2; select ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Do natural keys provide higher or lower performance in SQL Server than surrogate integer keys?

I'm a fan of surrogate keys. There is a risk my findings are confirmation biased. Many questions I've seen both here and at http://stackoverflow.com use natural keys instead of surrogate keys based ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

Cannot drop anonymous user from mysql.user

I am trying to DROP the anonymous users from my mysql.users database. However, I have been getting odd behavior. When I enter the command: DROP User ''@'WOPR'; I was getting a generic error ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Postgres Write Performance on Intel S3700 SSD

I'm not seeing the Postgres write performance increases I thought I would with a single SSD vs a hardware RAID 10 array of (16) 15k RPM SAS drives. I have a Dell R820 with a PERC H700 hardware RAID ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

SQL Server Many-to-One replication

I have 8 individual SQL Server 2008 R2 machines, each hosting 1 database. Each database has an identical table structure and schema, and entirely unique data. I would like to establish a reporting ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Scheduled optimization of tables in MySQL InnoDB

What is the best way to schedule automatic optimization of tables in a MySQL InnoDB database? Can I use events for example? I have recently had a big performance issue (when querying) with one of the ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Is 'Avoid creating a clustered index based on an incrementing key' a myth from SQL Server 2000 days?

Our databases consist of lots of tables, most of them using an integer surrogate key as a primary key. About half of these primary keys are on identity columns. The database development started in ...
6
votes
3answers
618 views

Help with a scenario of music groups and members in ERD design

Can someone please show me how to construct this ER diagram with the following scenario? I’m confused with the ‘or’ part of it. Description An Artist has a Name, and must be either a Group or a ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Changed max_allowed_packet and still receiving 'Packet Too Large' error

I use mysqldump to create a flat file for backup purposes. I have used this file to recreate the database on an alternate server. I ran the import process through ssh on the command line and I ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

MySQL EXPLAIN doesn't show 'use index' for FULLTEXT

I have a basic table : create table fullTextTest ( id INT(11) NOT NULL, superText CHAR(255) NOT NULL, superLongText TEXT NOT NULL, primary key (`id`), FULLTEXT KEY `superText` ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How does max_allowed_packet affect the backup and restore of a database?

I have a database based on mysql 5.0.75-0Ubuntu10.2, running under Ubuntu 9.04. I have a table in that database with a medium blob column. I have been using automysqlbackup to do nightly backups/dumps ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

How to enable MySQL general log?

I would like to enable the MySQL General Log to view all the (slow) queries. I'm using XAMPP as server and have no idea how to enable it. I can't find a good guide on the internet. Can someone help ...
54
votes
3answers
29k views

Advantages and Disadvantages to using ENUM vs Integer types?

Lets say in some random table, you have a column named status. It's real-world values would be either enabled or disabled. Is it better for this column's data type to be an int/bool (1 or zero) or to ...
36
votes
9answers
85k views

Passing array parameters to a stored procedure

I've got a process that grabs a bunch of records (1000's) and operates on them, and when I'm done, I need to mark a large number of them as processed. I can indicate this with a big list of IDs. I'm ...
19
votes
3answers
26k views

Optimizing queries on a range of timestamps (two columns)

I use postgresql-9.1 with ubuntu 12.04. I need to select records inside a range of time: my table time_limits has two timestamp fields and one property integer. Indeed there are other info columns ...
32
votes
4answers
34k views

Is it safe to use innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2

I turned innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2 and get a very fast write speed. But is it safe be used in production web site?
62
votes
8answers
6k views

Does SQL Server read all of a COALESCE function even if the first argument is not NULL?

I'm using a T-SQL COALESCE function where the first argument will not be null on about 95% of the times it is ran. If the first argument is NULL, the second argument is quite a lengthy process: ...
14
votes
7answers
30k views

Is it possible to mysqldump a subset of a database required to reproduce a query?

Background I would like to provide the subset of my database required to reproduce a select query. My goal is to make my computational workflow reproducible (as in reproducible research). Question ...
16
votes
4answers
10k views

Determining how a schema change occurred?

Something bad happened yesterday. A view that was created sometime back ago was modified by someone which eventually broke the reports. Unfortunately. somebody (knowingly or unknowingly) did this ...
11
votes
3answers
17k views

Why is 'LOAD DATA INFILE' faster than normal INSERT statements?

I've read an article that mentioned we can achieve 60,000 inserts per second by LOAD DATA IN FILE statement that read from csv files and insert it into database. Why should it differ from normal ...
20
votes
7answers
860 views

Where can I find some guidance on index strategies?

Most of us will probably agree that using database indexes is good. Too many indexes and performance can actually be degraded. As a general rule, which fields should be indexed? Which fields should ...
18
votes
2answers
10k views

Best way to populate a new column in a large table?

We have a 2.2 GB table in Postgres with 7,801,611 rows in it. We are adding a uuid/guid column to it and I am wondering what the best way to populate that column is (as we want to add a NOT NULL ...
9
votes
2answers
13k views

What to set innodb_buffer_pool and why..?

I have 170GB of InnoDB index and Data. I have to readjust the innodb_buffer_pool size for better performance.The Max table size of a InnoDB table(Index+data) is 28GB. So what should be the optimal ...
18
votes
5answers
4k views

SQL Server compatibility with New TLS Standards

The major browsers are moving beyond SSL3.0 and TLS1.0 . The PCI Security Council has declared an end-of-life date for these protocols to be considered sufficiently strong encryption. We need to ...
9
votes
5answers
9k views

Survey database design: associate an answer to a user

I'm doing the conceptual model for a survey database. The goal is store the answers given by users (it going to be an Android app). I have three entities: user, question and option. A question will ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

How (and why) does TOP impact an execution plan?

For a moderately complex query I am trying to optimize, I noticed that removing the TOP n clause changes the execution plan. I would have guessed that when a query includes TOP n the database engine ...
16
votes
2answers
10k views

How do I map an IS-A relationship into a database?

Consider the following: entity User { autoincrement uid; string(20) name; int privilegeLevel; } entity DirectLoginUser { inherits User; string(20) username; string(16) ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

innodb_file_format Barracuda

I have a couple questions for those more familiar. Most of my instances have been running Antelope despite having support for Barracuda. I was looking to play around with some compresses innodb ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Testing stored procedure scalability

I have an email application that will be called upon to deliver to the UI the number of new messages for a given user on each page load. I have a few variations of things I am testing on the DB level ...
14
votes
2answers
22k views

InnoDB: Error: Table “mysql”.“innodb_table_stats” not found after upgrade to mysql 5.6

I upgraded to mysql 5.6 from 5.5, and now my logs are littered with such messages on startup I found a possible solution here, but it does not seem official. ...
10
votes
3answers
8k views

Should I add an arbitrary length limit to VARCHAR columns?

According to PostgreSQL's docs, there's no performance difference between VARCHAR, VARCHAR(n) and TEXT. Should I add an arbitrary length limit to a name or address column? Edit: Not a dupe of Would ...
20
votes
1answer
9k views

DELETE vs TRUNCATE

I am trying to get a greater understanding on the differences between the DELETE and TRUNCATE commands. My understanding of the internals goes something along the lines of: DELETE -> the database ...
18
votes
4answers
48k views

Logical operators OR AND in condition and order of conditions in WHERE

Let's examine these two statements: IF (CONDITION 1) OR (CONDITION 2) ... IF (CONDITION 3) AND (CONDITION 4) ... If CONDITION 1 is TRUE, will CONDITION 2 be checked? If CONDITION 3 is FALSE, will ...
12
votes
2answers
11k views

For absolute performance, is SUM faster or COUNT?

This relates to counting the number of records that match a certain condition, e.g. invoice amount > $100. I tend to prefer COUNT(CASE WHEN invoice_amount > 100 THEN 1 END) However, this is ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Optimising BCP performance for BLOB data

I'm the process of planning the live migration of a 2TB database to partitioned tables. The system is broadly speaking a document store, the majority of the space being allocated to LOBs of between ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Any gotchas at all with converting from MyISAM to InnoDB?

I'm ready to move from MyISAM to InnoDB but wanted to know if there was a full list of things to look for? For example, I haven't seen any list mention that running DISABLE KEYS on an InnoDB table ...
5
votes
3answers
16k views

MySQL Error Reading Communication Packets

In MySQL error logs, I see these quite few a warnings like these: 120611 16:12:30 [Warning] Aborted connection 2619503 to db: 'db_name' user: 'user_name' host: 'webapp_hostname' (Got an error reading ...
16
votes
2answers
814 views

Decision criteria on when to use a non-dbo schema vs a new Database

I'm mostly an application developer but find myself having to do all the up-front database work for my current project (btw... its MS SQL Server 2008). As a first decision, I'm trying to figure out ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Postgres query plan of a UDF invocation written in pgpsql

It's possible when using the pgadmin or plsql to get a hold of a query plan for a sql statement executed via a UDF (using EXPLAIN). So, how do I get a hold of the query plan for a particular ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Select longest continuous sequence

I am trying to construct a query in PostgreSQL 9.0 that gets the longest sequence of continuous rows for a specifc field. Consider the following table: lap_id (Serial), lap_no (int), car_type ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

Deadlock error isn't returning the deadlock SQL

Transaction (Process ID) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction. I am getting this error randomly when one of my ...
9
votes
4answers
12k views

Audit logins on MySQL database

Is there a way to audit logins to MySQL? I'd like to be able to create a username for each employee and thereby create an audit trail of logins. However, googling has turned up no good results. The ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Is it bad to create many mysql temporary tables simultaneously?

I need to make heavy statistical analysis to deliver some data to users. Currently, I catch the data from mysql and process them via PHP arrays. However, mysql temporary tables are quite better ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Is this a normal set of MySQL privileges?

Using phpmyadmin on a local test wamp setup, and well as pretty much the title states, there are 3 users marked as user = ANY, password = NO, such as: USER | HOST | Password | Global Priv | Grant ...

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