30
votes
7answers
14k views

Writing a simple bank schema: How should I keep my balances in sync with their transaction history?

I am writing the schema for a simple bank database. Here are the basic specifications: The database will store transactions against a user and currency. Every user has one balance per currency, so ...
38
votes
4answers
13k views

What are Objective Business Reasons to Prefer SQL Server 2012 over 2008 R2?

My company is facing the decision whether to purchase SQL Server 2012 Denali or SQL Server 2008 R2 for a new database server. I am looking for objective reasons to choose one over the other. Our ...
13
votes
7answers
20k views

Get the rank of a user in a score table

I have a very simple MySQL table where I save highscores. It looks like that: Id Name Score So far so good. The question is: How do I get what's a users rank? For example, I have a users ...
56
votes
8answers
5k views

Does SQL Server read all of a COALESCE function even if the first argument is not NULL?

I'm using a T-SQL COALESCE function where the first argument will not be null on about 95% of the times it is ran. If the first argument is NULL, the second argument is quite a lengthy process: ...
25
votes
3answers
8k views

Parameter Sniffing vs VARIABLES vs Recompile vs OPTIMIZE FOR UNKNOWN

So we had a long running proc causing problems this morning (30 sec + run time). We decided to check to see if parameter sniffing was to blame. So, we rewrote the proc and set the incoming ...
22
votes
1answer
27k views

intermittent MySQL crashes with error “Fatal error: cannot allocate memory for the buffer pool”

Added on edit, 2013-05-29: Because this is a long question and discussion, here's a short summary of the question and the solution. I had problems running MySQL and Apache on a small Linux server (1 ...
19
votes
3answers
33k views

How to find out who deleted some data SQL Server

My boss had a query from a customer yesterday asking how they could find out who deleted some data in their SQL Server database (it is the express edition if that matters). I thought this could be ...
17
votes
1answer
21k views

Optimal way to ignore duplicate inserts?

Background This problem relates to ignoring duplicate inserts using PostgreSQL 9.2 or greater. The reason I ask is because of this code: -- Ignores duplicates. INSERT INTO db_table ...
13
votes
7answers
21k views

Is it possible to mysqldump a subset of a database required to reproduce a query?

Background I would like to provide the subset of my database required to reproduce a select query. My goal is to make my computational workflow reproducible (as in reproducible research). Question ...
49
votes
5answers
15k views

When should I use a unique constraint instead of a unique index?

When I want a column to have distinct values, I can either use a constraint create table t1( id int primary key, code varchar(10) unique NULL ); go or I can use a unique index create table t2( id ...
25
votes
20answers
1k views

How to dive into an ugly database?

I'm sure many of you are/were dealing with a ugly database. You know, that database that isn't normalized at all, that database where you have to do a large painfully query to get the most trivial ...
25
votes
8answers
11k views

Tool to generate large datasets of test data [closed]

Many times when trying to come up with an efficient database design the best course of action is to build two sample databases, fill them with data, and run some queries against them to see which one ...
9
votes
2answers
14k views

Which one is more efficient: select from linked server or insert into linked server?

Suppose I have to export data from one server to another (through linked servers). Which statement will be more efficient? Executing in source server: INSERT INTO ...
24
votes
13answers
8k views

How to implement a 'default' flag that can only be set on a single row

For example, with a table similar to this: create table foo(bar int identity, chk char(1) check (chk in('Y', 'N'))); It doesn't matter if the flag is implemented as a char(1), a bit or whatever. I ...
29
votes
6answers
3k views

The smallest backup possible … with SQL Server

Daily we ship our SQL Server backups across the WAN. We need to minimize the size of these backups so it does not take forever. We don't mind if our backup process takes a bit longer; as it stands ...
14
votes
1answer
7k views

SQL query for combinations without repetition

I need a query which can be used in (or as) a function and retrieves all combinations of n values. And I need all combinations of length k where k = 1..n. Extended sample input and result so input ...
8
votes
5answers
6k views

Survey database design: associate an answer to a user

I'm doing the conceptual model for a survey database. The goal is store the answers given by users (it going to be an Android app). I have three entities: user, question and option. A question will ...
17
votes
5answers
3k views

Why use an int as a lookup table's primary key?

I want to know why I should use an int as a lookup table's primary key instead of just using the lookup value as the primary key (which in most cases would be a string). I understand that using a ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are queries parsed in such a way that disallows the use of column aliases in most clauses?

While trying to write a query, I found out (the hard way) that SQL Server parses WHEREs in a query long before parsing the SELECTs when executing a query. The MSDN docs say that the general logical ...
9
votes
3answers
50k views

MySQL: how to restore table stored in a .frm and a .ibd file?

I have previously saved a copy of /var/lib/mysql/ddms directory ("ddms" is the schema name). Now I installed a new MySQL on a freshly installed Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS by running apt-get install ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Qcache_free_memory not full yet I get alot of Qcache_lowmem_prunes

I just started dabbling with the query cache for our CMS. Can anyone tell me (or at least give a good guess) why I get a lot of Qcache_lowmem_prunes when more than half of Qcache_free_memory is free? ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

SQL Server 2008 R2 “Ghost Memory”?

We have a dedicated SQL Server 2008 R2 machine that is experiencing some strange memory issues.. The machine itself has plenty of resources including two quad-core processors, 16gb of RAM and 64bit ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

MySQL Error Reading Communication Packets

In MySQL error logs, I see these quite few a warnings like these: 120611 16:12:30 [Warning] Aborted connection 2619503 to db: 'db_name' user: 'user_name' host: 'webapp_hostname' (Got an error reading ...
9
votes
1answer
11k views

Performance implications of using OPENQUERY in a view

Please see this question on stackoverflow : I am using an EasySoft ODBC driver to link a SQL Server 2008 R2 Express instance to Interbase and I am having some difficulty with getting metadata ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

SQL Server Transaction Timeout

Is there a way in SQL Server 2008 R2 to cause a timeout for a database modification involving a transaction? We have a scenario where our application code hangs or throws an exception and fails to ...
37
votes
5answers
17k views

Why does ALTER COLUMN to NOT NULL cause massive log file growth?

I have a table with 64m rows taking 4.3 GB on disk for its data. Each row is about 30 bytes of integer columns, plus a variable NVARCHAR(255) column for text. I added a a NULLABLE column with ...
11
votes
4answers
13k views

Aggressive Autovacuum on PostgreSQL

I'm trying to get PostgreSQL to aggressively auto vacuum my database. I've currently configured auto vacuum as follows: autovacuum_vacuum_cost_delay = 0 #Turn off cost based vacuum ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

Why index REBUILD does not reduce index fragmentatation?

I have used ALTER INDEX REBUILD to remove index fragmentation. In some cases REBUILD does not seem to remove this fragmentation. What are the reasons why REBUILD does not remove fragmentation? It ...
10
votes
1answer
4k views

Deadlock error isn't returning the deadlock SQL

Transaction (Process ID) was deadlocked on lock resources with another process and has been chosen as the deadlock victim. Rerun the transaction. I am getting this error randomly when one of my ...
8
votes
2answers
7k views

For absolute performance, is SUM faster or COUNT?

This relates to counting the number of records that match a certain condition, e.g. invoice amount > $100. I tend to prefer COUNT(CASE WHEN invoice_amount > 100 THEN 1 END) However, this is ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

Dump only the Stored Procedures in MySQL

I need to dump only the stored procedures : no data, no table creation. How can I do this using mysqldump?
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How large will a MySQL database be relative to the dump file?

I'm restoring a ~52GB dump to a MySQL database. The ibdata1 file has already exceeded the size of the dump file and the restore is still incomplete. Is there any way to estimate the final size of the ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

MySQL Replication - Introduce new Slave to replication

I've recently taken on a sys admin position managing a group of 20 (or so) servers. One thing I haven't dealt with before (apart from in a test situation), is introducing a new slave to the MySQL ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Disable trigger for just one table

Is it possible to disable a trigger momentarily but for just one table. For example I have table, TableA with an on insert, update and delete trigger. I also have a table B with the same triggers but ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

MySQL on SSD - what are the disadvantages? [closed]

Recently, I heard that I should not host my MySQL database on an SSD drive because there is a big chance of disk failure and data lost. Given that 20% of all queries in my database are INSERTs and ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

Fixing tables out of sync as reported by pt-table-checksum, pt-table-sync is not working

I have several tables being reported by pt-table-checksum with CRC_DIFF between my master and slave servers using the following commands: $ pt-table-checksum h=master,u=user,p=password ...
1
vote
2answers
711 views

Why is MySQL not using the index with the higher cardinality?

I have an index called source with cardinality of 1122 and a second index called state with cardinality of 22. MySQL keeps using the state index when when query SELECT C1 FROM tbl WHERE source = 'x' ...
7
votes
2answers
11k views

InnoDB: Error: Table “mysql”.“innodb_table_stats” not found after upgrade to mysql 5.6

I upgraded to mysql 5.6 from 5.5, and now my logs are littered with such messages on startup I found a possible solution here, but it does not seem official. ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

One slave, multiple masters MySql

Is it possible to set-up MySql Replication to have one slave listening to two different masters?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I determine if a column is defined as a serial data type instead of an integer based off the catalog?

So I'm currently creating some SQL to read through the postgres (9.1) catalogs to build table definitions. However, I am encountering a problem with SERIAL/BIGSERIAL data types. Example: CREATE ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Find transactions that are filling up the version store

we have enabled the "READ_COMMITTED_SNAPSHOT" for some of our SQL Server 2005 databases. Now from time to time we see that our TempDB is filling up the harddisk and we suspect the version store to be ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Choosing MyISAM over InnoDB for these project requirements; and long term options

Sorry for the long post, but I had to give as much info as possible to make this very vague question more specific. My project's aim is to let users search a (huge) database of variety of products. ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

How to setup replication(Master/slave) in MySQL 5.5.20?

I have two servers both running on MySQL 5.5.20 and I want to setup replication, so every update/insert on Master would reflect immediately on Slave machine. I tried following this tutorial (I used ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between XtraBackup and rsync?

Yes, I'm going to run strace on them both... However, I would like to know ... What is XtraBackup is doing over and above rsync -ac src dest ? What's so special about XtraBbackup ? How is XtraBackup ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Select rows where value of second column is not present in first column

I have this table structure: id1 id2 1 2 1 3 1 4 2 1 2 5 I need to build a query to select id2 where id1 is not in id2. For example if id1 = 1 then only id2=3 and id2=4. I tried ...
3
votes
1answer
10k views

Recover MySQL database from data folder without ibdata1 from ibd files

My WAMP directory accidentally get deleted by another user. Only data folder in MySQLis available. And, in that only database-folders (folders in "\bin\mysql\mysql5.6.12\data\" with name of databases) ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Can I specify a different disk for a specific MySQL table?

I use my home machine as my personal database for my hobby analytics project. This machine has an SSD for the main drive where MySQL stores its data. It also has a secondary hard drive that is ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Preventing mysql deadlocks in your php application that uses SELECT… LOCK IN SHARE MODE

If I understand SELECT ... LOCK IN SHARE MODE correctly, you can place it into a mysql transaction to select the rows you will be working with during that transaction. This is done in order to "lock ...
2
votes
2answers
608 views

Run a PowerShell script on a different server - from inside a SQL Server job

I have a procedure to backup SSAS Databases. That is working as a charm. Now my server is filling up with SSAS backups and I would like to delete the backup files that are older than 2 days. to ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

gain admin access to sql express 2008

I have inherited a Windows 7 Professional pc with an existing instance of SQL Express 2008. I have local admin rights on the machine. I do not know the SA password. I am unable to create databases or ...

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